Support Vector Machine
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Complexity ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Muhammad Ali ◽  
Dost Muhammad Khan ◽  
Muhammad Aamir ◽  
Amjad Ali ◽  
Zubair Ahmad

Prediction of financial time series such as stock and stock indexes has remained the main focus of researchers because of its composite nature and instability in almost all of the developing and advanced countries. The main objective of this research work is to predict the direction movement of the daily stock prices index using the artificial neural network (ANN) and support vector machine (SVM). The datasets utilized in this study are the KSE-100 index of the Pakistan stock exchange, Korea composite stock price index (KOSPI), Nikkei 225 index of the Tokyo stock exchange, and Shenzhen stock exchange (SZSE) composite index for the last ten years that is from 2011 to 2020. To build the architect of a single layer ANN and SVM model with linear, radial basis function (RBF), and polynomial kernels, different technical indicators derived from the daily stock trading, such as closing, opening, daily high, and daily low prices and used as input layers. Since both the ANN and SVM models were used as classifiers; therefore, accuracy and F-score were used as performance metrics calculated from the confusion matrix. It can be concluded from the results that ANN performs better than SVM model in terms of accuracy and F-score to predict the direction movement of the KSE-100 index, KOSPI index, Nikkei 225 index, and SZSE composite index daily closing price movement.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1-2) ◽  
pp. 72-86
Shubham Sharma ◽  
Suraj Kumar Singh ◽  
Shruti Kanga ◽  
Nikola Kranjčić ◽  
Bojan Đurin

Urban Land use changes, measurements, and the analysis of rate trends of growth would help in resources management and planning, etc. In this study, we analyze the urban change dynamics using a support vector machine model. This method derives the urban and rural land-use change and various components, such as population growth, built-up areas, and other utilities. Urban growth increases rapidly due to exponential growth of population, industrial growth, etc. The population growth also affects the availability of various purposes in its spatial distribution. In this present study, we carried out using multi-temporal satellite remote sensing data Landsat MSS (Multispectral scanner), ETM+ (Enhanced thematic mapper), OLI (Operational land imager) for the analysis of urban change dynamics between years 1980-1990, 1990-2003, 2012-2020 in Kanpur Nagar city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. In our study, we used SVM (Support Vector Machine) Model to analyze the urban change dynamics. A support vector machine classification technique was applied to generate the LULC maps using Landsat images of the years 1980, 1990, 2003, and 2020. Envi and ArcGIS software had used to identify the land cover changes and the applying urban simulation model (CA- Markov model) in Idrisi selva edition 17.0 software. The LULC maps of 2003 and 2020 were used to simulate the LULC projected map for 2050 using (Cellular automata) CA- Markov based simulation model.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 258
Andi Taufik ◽  
Robi Sopandi

Legitimasi sebagai kelompok yang paling mewakili umat terus menjadi hal yang diperebutkan oleh kelompok Islam saat ini. Di satu sisi ada Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) dengan wacana Islam dan nasionalisme, di sisi lain ada Gerakan Nasional Pembela Fatwa Ulama (GNPF-Ulama) dengan wacana yang hanya menekankan pada aspek Islam. Pertarungan wacana kedua kelompok besar ini termasuk di media sosial Twitter sontak menimbulkan kebingungan pada umat Islam terutama yang awam, ditambah lagi banyaknya Buzzer dan Influencer yang berafiliasi kepada masing-masing kelompok. Penelitian ini akan melakukan klasifikasi tweet dari Influencer yang berafiliasi dengan NU dan GNPF-Ulama di media sosial Twitter. Algoritma yang digunakan adalah Naive Bayes dan Support Vector Machine. Data Twitter diambil menggunakan library tweepy, proses preprocessing menggunakan Python dengan penggunaan Library Sastrawi untuk melakukan stemming kata bahasa Indonesia. Klasifikasi dengan metode Naive Bayes dan Support Vector Machine dilakukan menggunakan aplikasi RapidMiner. Dari rangkaian proses yang dilakukan, metode Support Vector Machine menghasilkan nilai akurasi dan AUC yang lebih baik dari Naive Bayes yakni sebesar 77.28% dan AUC sebesar 0.863.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Jennifer Sudkamp ◽  
Mateusz Bocian ◽  
David Souto

AbstractTo avoid collisions, pedestrians depend on their ability to perceive and interpret the visual motion of other road users. Eye movements influence motion perception, yet pedestrians’ gaze behavior has been little investigated. In the present study, we ask whether observers sample visual information differently when making two types of judgements based on the same virtual road-crossing scenario and to which extent spontaneous gaze behavior affects those judgements. Participants performed in succession a speed and a time-to-arrival two-interval discrimination task on the same simple traffic scenario—a car approaching at a constant speed (varying from 10 to 90 km/h) on a single-lane road. On average, observers were able to discriminate vehicle speeds of around 18 km/h and times-to-arrival of 0.7 s. In both tasks, observers placed their gaze closely towards the center of the vehicle’s front plane while pursuing the vehicle. Other areas of the visual scene were sampled infrequently. No differences were found in the average gaze behavior between the two tasks and a pattern classifier (Support Vector Machine), trained on trial-level gaze patterns, failed to reliably classify the task from the spontaneous eye movements it elicited. Saccadic gaze behavior could predict time-to-arrival discrimination performance, demonstrating the relevance of gaze behavior for perceptual sensitivity in road-crossing.

Yihao Luo ◽  
Long Zhang ◽  
Ruoning Song ◽  
Chuang Zhu ◽  
Jie Yang ◽  

Early detection of lung tumors is so important to heal this disease in the initial steps. Automatic computer-aided detection of this disease is a good method for reducing human mistakes and improving detection precision. The major concept here is to propose the best CAD system for lung tumor detection. In the presented technique, after pre-processing and segmentation of the lung area, its features including different orders of Zernike moments have been extracted. After features extraction, they have been injected into an optimized version of Support Vector Machine (SVM) for final diagnosis. The optimization of the SVM is based on an enhanced design of the Crow Search Algorithm (ECSA). For validating the proposed method, it was applied to three datasets including Lung CT-Diagnosis, TCIA, and RIDER Lung CT collection, and the results are validated by comparing with three state-of-the-art methods including Walwalker method, Mon method, and Naik method to indicate the system superiority toward the compared methods. The system is also analyzed based on different orders of Zernike moment to select the best order. The final results indicate that the suggested method has a suitable accuracy for diagnosing lung cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 96-104

Halodoc is a telemedicine-based healthcare application that connects patients with health practitioners such as doctors, pharmacies, and laboratories. There are some comments from halodoc users, both positive and negative comments. This indicates the public's concern for the Halodoc application so it is necessary to analyze the sentiment or comments that appear on the Halodoc application service, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic in order for Halodoc application services to be better. The Naïve Bayes Classifier (NBC) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithms are used to analyze the public sentiment of Halodoc's telemedicine service application users. The negative category sentiment classification result was 12.33%, while the positive category sentiment was 87.67% from 5,687 reviews which means that the positive review sentiment is more than the negative review sentiment. The accuracy performance of the Naive Bayes Classifier Algorithm resulted in an accuracy rate of 87.77% with an AUC value of 57.11% and a G-Mean of 40.08%, while svm algorithm with KERNEL RBF had an accuracy value of 86.1% with an AUC value of 60.149% and a G-Mean value of 49.311%. Based on the accuracy value of the model can be known SVM Kernel RBF model better than NBC on classifying the review of user sentiment of halodoc telemedicine service

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (23) ◽  
pp. 8017
Nurfazrina M. Zamry ◽  
Anazida Zainal ◽  
Murad A. Rassam ◽  
Eman H. Alkhammash ◽  
Fuad A. Ghaleb ◽  

Wireless Sensors Networks have been the focus of significant attention from research and development due to their applications of collecting data from various fields such as smart cities, power grids, transportation systems, medical sectors, military, and rural areas. Accurate and reliable measurements for insightful data analysis and decision-making are the ultimate goals of sensor networks for critical domains. However, the raw data collected by WSNs usually are not reliable and inaccurate due to the imperfect nature of WSNs. Identifying misbehaviours or anomalies in the network is important for providing reliable and secure functioning of the network. However, due to resource constraints, a lightweight detection scheme is a major design challenge in sensor networks. This paper aims at designing and developing a lightweight anomaly detection scheme to improve efficiency in terms of reducing the computational complexity and communication and improving memory utilization overhead while maintaining high accuracy. To achieve this aim, one-class learning and dimension reduction concepts were used in the design. The One-Class Support Vector Machine (OCSVM) with hyper-ellipsoid variance was used for anomaly detection due to its advantage in classifying unlabelled and multivariate data. Various One-Class Support Vector Machine formulations have been investigated and Centred-Ellipsoid has been adopted in this study due to its effectiveness. Centred-Ellipsoid is the most effective kernel among studies formulations. To decrease the computational complexity and improve memory utilization, the dimensions of the data were reduced using the Candid Covariance-Free Incremental Principal Component Analysis (CCIPCA) algorithm. Extensive experiments were conducted to evaluate the proposed lightweight anomaly detection scheme. Results in terms of detection accuracy, memory utilization, computational complexity, and communication overhead show that the proposed scheme is effective and efficient compared few existing schemes evaluated. The proposed anomaly detection scheme achieved the accuracy higher than 98%, with (𝑛𝑑) memory utilization and no communication overhead.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Jamie Heredge ◽  
Charles Hill ◽  
Lloyd Hollenberg ◽  
Martin Sevior

AbstractQuantum computers have the potential to speed up certain computational tasks. A possibility this opens up within the field of machine learning is the use of quantum techniques that may be inefficient to simulate classically but could provide superior performance in some tasks. Machine learning algorithms are ubiquitous in particle physics and as advances are made in quantum machine learning technology there may be a similar adoption of these quantum techniques. In this work a quantum support vector machine (QSVM) is implemented for signal-background classification. We investigate the effect of different quantum encoding circuits, the process that transforms classical data into a quantum state, on the final classification performance. We show an encoding approach that achieves an average Area Under Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUC) of 0.848 determined using quantum circuit simulations. For this same dataset the best classical method tested, a classical Support Vector Machine (SVM) using the Radial Basis Function (RBF) Kernel achieved an AUC of 0.793. Using a reduced version of the dataset we then ran the algorithm on the IBM Quantum ibmq_casablanca device achieving an average AUC of 0.703. As further improvements to the error rates and availability of quantum computers materialise, they could form a new approach for data analysis in high energy physics.

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