shallow tunnel
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Berkane Aicha ◽  
Samy Mezhoud ◽  
Bouzid Tayeb ◽  
Karech Toufik ◽  
Noui Abdelkader

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Weijie Ding ◽  
Bei Jia ◽  
Dianshu Liu

Blasting excavation is extensively used in tunnel construction, and the adverse effect of ground vibration induced by blasting on surrounding structures and inhabitants is a critical problem. This study aims to investigate the tunnel hollow effect on triaxial peak particle velocities (PPV) and dominant frequencies induced by electronic detonator. Field experiments were conducted in a shallow tunnel construction site and the ground vibration waveforms were recorded. Variational mode decomposition (VMD) was applied to denoise and correct the zero-drift phenomenon, and the proposed method of selecting the optimal parameter was verified. A series of statistical analyses and tests were performed to evaluate the differences of peak particle velocity and dominant frequency among various monitoring points. The results showed that the hollow effect on Z-axis PPV is significant, and triaxial PPV is also affected when the horizontal distance exceeds 30 m. The hollow effect on dominant frequency could not be identified since the hollow of tunnel is a free face, and the dominant frequency of reflected wave remains unchanged. An augmented factor of 1.229 is determined carefully as the hollow effect factor on PPV. Therefore, blasting vibration induced by electronic detonator of the excavated zone should be attached with greater importance, and hollow effect on PPV should be considered in the blasting design of tunnel excavation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (19) ◽  
pp. 9059
Hui Qi ◽  
Wenjie Cui ◽  
Huaijian Li ◽  
Junwei Cheng ◽  
Lingdi Kong ◽  

This paper presents theoretical methods for the undrained stability analysis of shallow tunnels/sinkholes in clay based on the cavity contraction theory, with some assumptions and simplifications. To examine the accuracy and reliability of the new methods, a database was assembled, which consists of stability numbers of tunnel/sinkholes in clays from 22 centrifuge model tests, 10 field tests, and 62 FELA results. It is shown that the proposed methods give an average of 2.5% overestimation for the stability numbers from model tests and is in a good agreement with the FELA results. The cavity contraction theory-based methods are then discussed, which could provide useful guidance for designers to roughly assess shallow tunnel/sinkhole stability in clays.

2021 ◽  
pp. 243-253
J. Almeida e Sousa ◽  
A.S. Cardoso ◽  
M. Matos Fernandes ◽  
L. Ribeiro e Sousa

2021 ◽  
Vol 2033 (1) ◽  
pp. 012127
Jiansong Dong ◽  
Haidong Gao ◽  
Lei Sun ◽  
Yun Wei ◽  
Huazhong Cai ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 108 ◽  
pp. 103689
H.Y. Zhu ◽  
J.X. Chen ◽  
Y.B. Luo ◽  
Y. Li ◽  
Z. Shi ◽  

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