The soil water characteristic curve and microstructure evolution of unsaturated expansive soil improved by microorganisms in Nanning, Guangxi were studied by means of filter paper method and scanning electron microscope imaging (SEM). Based on Fredlung & Xing model, the influence law of different cement content on the soil water characteristic curve of improved expansive soil is proved. According to the analysis of SEM test results, the influence mechanism of MICP method on the engineering characteristics of improved expansive soil is revealed. The results show that with the increase of cement content, the saturated water content and residual water content of the improved expansive soil gradually increased. At the same time, the water stability gradually increased while the air inlet value gradually decreased. The improved expansive soil changes from the superposition of flat particles and flake particles to the contact between spherical particles and flake particles, which indicates that the aggregate increases significantly. With the increase of the content of cement solution, the contact between particles tends to be smooth and the soil pores gradually tend to be evenly distributed. The particle size and microstructure of soil particles was changed and the connection between particles was enhanced in the improved expansive soil. Eventually the strength and water stability of expansive soil were improved. The conclusions above not only provide a theoretical basis for the in-depth study of engineering characteristics of unsaturated expansive soil improved by MICP method, but also offer theoretical evidence for perfecting engineering technology of expansive soil improved by MICP method.
In order to study the influence of different aging conditions on the low-temperature crack resistance and water stability of polyester fiber asphalt mixture. Prepare standard Marshall specimens of asphalt mixture with 0.4 % polyester fiber doping, and carry out water immersion Marshall test and low temperature splitting test through indoor asphalt mortar aging, asphalt mixture short-term aging and long-term aging. The results show that: under the three aging conditions, when the water immersion and low temperature time are fixed, with the increase of the aging degree, the water stability and low temperature crack resistance of the asphalt mixture decrease. When the immersion time is 2 h, the stability of asphalt mortar aging and short-term aging decreases by 6.0% and 11.8%, respectively, compared with unaging, but the long-term aging is only 3.6% lower than the short-term aging. When the temperature is -5℃, the split tensile strength of asphalt mortar aged and short-term aged increases by 4.24% and 14.35%, respectively, compared with unaging, while long-term aging only increases 4.18% compared with short-term aging. This indicates that the short-term aging condition has the most significant effect on the water stability and low-temperature crack resistance of polyester fiber asphalt mixes. At the same time, this study established a regression equation between the test temperature and the low temperature evaluation index through quadratic fitting (the correlation coefficient is 0.960-0.998), and the regression relationship can be used to estimate the low temperature evaluation index at different test temperatures.
Chitosan has become increasingly applied in agriculture worldwide, thus entering the soil environment. We hypothesized that chitosan should affect the water stability of soil. Since this problem has not been studied to date, we examined, for the first time, the influence of chitosan on the water stability and wettability of soil aggregates. The aggregates were prepared from four soils with various properties amended with different amounts of two kinds of powdered chitosan, and subjected to 1 and/or 10 wetting–drying cycles. The water stability was measured by monitoring air bubbling after aggregate immersion in water, and the wettability was measured by a water drop penetration test. The biopolymer with a lower molecular mass, lower viscosity, and higher degree of deacetylation was more effective in increasing the water stability of the soil than the biopolymer with a higher molecular mass, higher viscosity, and lower deacetylation degree. After a single wetting-drying cycle, the water stability of the soil aggregates containing chitosan with a higher molecular mass was generally lower than that of the soil; after ten wetting–drying cycles, the water stability increased 1.5 to 20 times depending on the soil. The addition of low-molecular-mass chitosan after a single wetting-drying cycle caused the water stability to become one to two hundred times higher than that of the soil. A trial to find out which soil properties (pH, C and N content, bulk density, porosity, and particle size distribution) are responsible for the effectiveness of chitosan action was not successful, and this will be the objective of further studies.
Circulating fluidized bed slag (CFBS) is an industrial waste produced by coal combustion in power plants. To explore the application of CFB slag in cement-stabilized bases, this paper studies the influence of different dosage of CFBS on the mechanics, water stability, and shrinkage of cement-stabilized soil using laboratory experiments. The hydration activity and interface morphology of CFBS in cement-stabilized clay were observed using XRD and SEM. The improvement mechanism of CFBS on the performance of cement-stabilized clay was revealed. The results indicated that, compared with cement-stabilized clay, cement–CFBS-stabilized clay exhibited better mechanical and water stability, and significantly inhibited the shrinkage deformation of cement-stabilized clay. When the addition of CFBS was 70%, cement–CFBS-stabilized clay had the best mechanics and durability. Microscopic tests show that CFBS contains more active silicon aluminum oxide, which is easily dissolved and the hydration of which produces more gel products, so the mixture structure is denser, the strength is improved, and water does not easily evaporate; it has the characteristics of micro expansion which compensates for dry shrinkage deformation.