Polydopamine-stabilized ZIF-8: Improved water stability and lubrication performance

2022 ◽  
Vol 578 ◽  
pp. 152120
Qiao Tian ◽  
Xiaohua Jia ◽  
Jin Yang ◽  
Sizhe Wang ◽  
Yong Li ◽  
Yiming Han ◽  
Jing Wang ◽  
Xuyang Jin ◽  
Shanshan Wang ◽  
Rui Zhang

Under steady-state pure rolling conditions with low speed, the thickener fiber agglomerations can be maintained for a long time, generating a beneficial thicker film thickness. However, in industrial applications, motions with sliding or transient effects are very common for gears, rolling-element bearings or even chain drives, evaluation of the grease performance under such conditions is vital for determining the lubrication mechanism and designing new greases. In this project, optical interferometry experiments were carried out on a ball-disk test rig to study the disintegration time of the grease thickener agglomerations with the increase of the slide-to-roll ratio under steady-state and reciprocation motions. Under steady-state conditions, the thickener fiber agglomeration can exist for a while and the time becomes shorter with the increase of the slide-to-roll ratio above the critical speed. Below the critical speed, the thickener fiber can exist in the contact in the form of a quite thick film for a very long time under pure rolling conditions but that time is decreased with the increase of the slide-to-roll ratio. The introduction of the transient effect can further reduce the existence time of the thickener.

Friction ◽  
2021 ◽  
Thi D. Ta ◽  
Hien D. Ta ◽  
Kiet A. Tieu ◽  
Bach H. Tran

AbstractThe rapid development of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, as well as classical and reactive atomic potentials, has enabled tribologists to gain new insights into lubrication performance at the fundamental level. However, the impact of adopted potentials on the rheological properties and tribological performance of hydrocarbons has not been researched adequately. This extensive study analyzed the effects of surface structure, applied load, and force field (FF) on the thin film lubrication of hexadecane. The lubricant film became more solid-like as the applied load increased. In particular, with increasing applied load, there was an increase in the velocity slip, shear viscosity, and friction. The degree of ordering structure also changed with the applied load but rather insignificantly. It was also significantly dependent on the surface structure. The chosen FFs significantly influenced the lubrication performance, rheological properties, and molecular structure. The adaptive intermolecular reactive empirical bond order (AIREBO) potential resulted in more significant liquid-like behaviors, and the smallest velocity slip, degree of ordering structure, and shear stress were compared using the optimized potential for liquid simulations of united atoms (OPLS-UAs), condensed-phase optimized molecular potential for atomic simulation studies (COMPASS), and ReaxFF. Generally, classical potentials, such as OPLS-UA and COMPASS, exhibit more solid-like behavior than reactive potentials do. Furthermore, owing to the solid-like behavior, the lubricant temperatures obtained from OPLS-UA and COMPASS were much lower than those obtained from AIREBO and ReaxFF. The increase in shear stress, as well as the decrease in velocity slip with an increase in the surface potential parameter ζ, remained conserved for all chosen FFs, thus indicating that the proposed surface potential parameter ζ for the COMPASS FF can be verified for a wide range of atomic models.

Friction ◽  
2021 ◽  
Luyao Gao ◽  
Xiaoduo Zhao ◽  
Shuanhong Ma ◽  
Zhengfeng Ma ◽  
Meirong Cai ◽  

AbstractSilicone elastomers-based materials have been extensively involved in the field of biomedical devices, while their use is extremely restricted due to the poor surface lubricity and inherent hydrophobicity. This paper describes a novel strategy for generating a robust layered soft matter lubrication coating on the surface of the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) silicone elastomer, by entangling thick polyzwitterionic polyelectrolyte brush of poly (sulfobetaine methacrylate) (PSBMA) into the sub-surface of the initiator-embedded stiff hydrogel coating layer of P(AAm-co-AA-co-HEMA-Br)/Fe, to achieve a unified low friction and high load-bearing properties. Meanwhile, the stiff hydrogel layer with controllable thickness is covalently anchored on the surface of PDMS by adding iron powder to provide catalytic sites through surface catalytically initiated radical polymerization (SCIRP) method and provides high load-bearing capacity, while the topmost brush/hydrogel composite layer is highly effective for aqueous lubrication. Their synergy effects are capable of attaining low friction coefficient (COFs) under wide range of loaded condition in water environment with steel ball as sliding pair. Furthermore, the influence of mechanical modulus of the stiff hydrogel layer on the lubrication performance of layered coating is investigated, for which the COF is the lowest only when the modulus of the stiff hydrogel layer well matches the PDMS substrate. Surprisingly, the COF of the modified PDMS could remain low friction (COF < 0.05) stably after encountering 50,000 sliding cycles under 10 N load. Finally, the surface wear characterizations prove the robustness of the layered lubricating coating. This work provides a new route for engineering lubricious silicon elastomer with low friction, high load-bearing capacity, and considerable durability.

2021 ◽  
Yong Zheng ◽  
Changqing Wang ◽  
Chao Pu ◽  
Jiayu Gong ◽  
Fanming Meng

Lubricants ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (3) ◽  
pp. 33
Sravan K. Joysula ◽  
Anshuman Dube ◽  
Debdutt Patro ◽  
Deepak Halenahally Veeregowda

The extreme pressure (EP) behavior of grease is related to its additives that can prevent seizure. However, in this study following ASTM D2596 four-ball test method, the EP behavior of greases was modified without any changes to its additive package. A four-ball tester with position encoders and variable frequency drive system was used to control the speed ramp up time or delay in motor speed to demonstrate higher grease weld load and lower grease friction that were fictitious. A tenth of a second delay in speed ramp up time had showed an increase in the weld load from 7848 N to 9810 N for grease X and 6082 N to 9810 N for grease Y. Further increase in the speed ramp up time to 0.95 s showed that the greases passed the maximum load of 9810 N that was possible in the four-ball tester without seizure. The mechanism can be related to the delay in rise of local temperature to reach the melting point of steel required for full seizure or welding, that was theoretically attributed to an increase in heat loss as the speed ramp-up time was increased. Furthermore, the speed ramp up time increased the corrected load for grease X and Y. This resulted in lower friction for grease X and Y. This fictitious low friction can be attributed to decrease in surface roughness at higher extreme pressure or higher corrected load. This study suggests that speed ramp up time is a critical factor that should be further investigated by ASTM and grease manufacturers, to prevent the use of grease with fictitious EP behavior.

2017 ◽  
Vol 139 (4) ◽  
Cengiz Yegin ◽  
Wei Lu ◽  
Bassem Kheireddin ◽  
Ming Zhang ◽  
Peng Li ◽  

Recently, ionic liquids (ILs) have received an increasing attention as lubricants owing to their intriguing properties such as tunable viscosity, high thermal stability, low emissions, nonflammability, and corrosion resistance. In this work, we investigate how the incorporation of octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) functionalized silica nanoparticles (NPs) in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (trifluoromethysulfony)imide influences the tribological properties and rheological properties of IL under boundary lubrication and elastohydrodynamic conditions, respectively. It was found that the coefficient of friction was depended on the concentration of NPs in IL with a concave upward functional trend with a minimum at 0.05 wt.% for bare silica NPs and at 0.10 wt.% for OTS-functionalized silica NPs. For steel–steel sliding contact, the presence of functionalized NPs in IL at the optimum concentration decreased the coefficient of friction by 37% compared to IL and 17% compared to IL with bare silica NPs. While IL with bare NPs demonstrated a shear thinning behavior for all concentrations, IL with functionalized NPs showed a Newtonian behavior at low concentrations and shear thinning behavior at high concentrations. Overall, this study provides new insights into the antifriction and antiwear additives for lubrication systems involving ILs.

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