Renal Survival
Recently Published Documents





2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (19) ◽  
pp. 4405
Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak ◽  
Agnieszka Such-Gruchot ◽  
Karolina Cichoń-Kawa ◽  
Agnieszka Turczyn ◽  
Jadwiga Małdyk ◽  

The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of the intensity of mesangial C3 deposits in kidney biopsy and the serum C3 level on the clinical course and outcomes of IgAN in children. The study included 148 children from the Polish Pediatric IgAN Registry, diagnosed based on kidney biopsy. Proteinuria, creatinine, IgA, C3 were evaluated twice in the study group, at baseline and the end of follow-up. Kidney biopsy was categorized using the Oxford classification, with a calculation of the MEST-C score. The intensity of IgA and C3 deposits were rated from 0 to +4 in immunofluorescence microscopy. The intensity of mesangial C3 > +1 deposits in kidney biopsy has an effect on renal survival with normal GFR in children with IgAN. A reduced serum C3 level has not been a prognostic factor in children but perhaps this finding should be confirmed in a larger group of children.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Zi Wang ◽  
Xinfang Xie ◽  
Jingyi Li ◽  
Xue Zhang ◽  
Jiawei He ◽  

IntroductionCrescents, especially those found at a percentage greater than 50%, are often associated with rapid progression of kidney disease in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The mechanism of crescents forming in IgAN is still unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether excess complement activation participates in the formation of crescents in IgAN.MethodsOne hundred IgAN patients with various proportions of crescents—24 with 1%–24%, 27 with 25%–49%, 21 with 50%–74% 12 with more than 75%, and 16 without crescents—were included. Urinary concentrations of mannose-binding lectin (MBL), Bb, C4d, C3a, C5a, and soluble C5b-9 (sC5b-9) were measured at the time of biopsy. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to evaluate predictive ability of renal survival for urine complement activation. In addition, historical C4d, C5b-9, and C3d were stained by immunohistochemistry.ResultsIgAN patients with more than 50% crescent formation showed higher complement activation levels than the other patients (urinary C3a/creatinine (C3a/Cr): 6.7295 ng/mg, interquartile range (IQR) 1.4652–62.1086 ng/mg vs. 0.1055 ng/mg, IQR 0–1.4089 ng/mg; urinary C5a/Cr: 15.6202 ng/mg, 4.3127–66.7347 ng/mg vs. 0.3280 ng/mg, IQR 0.0859–2.4439 ng/mg; urinary sC5b-9/Cr: 98.6357 ng/mg, 8.8058–1,087.4578 ng/mg vs. 1.4262 ng/mg, 0.0916–11.0858 ng/mg, all p-values <0.001). The levels of urinary MBL and C4d representing lectin complement pathway showed a linear association with the proportion of crescents (r = 0.457 and 0.562, respectively, both p-values <0.001). Combined urine complement products could increase the predictive ability compared with crescents alone from 0.904 to 0.944 (p = 0.062) with borderline significance. Moreover, the glomerular C4d deposition rate elevated with the increase of proportions of crescents.ConclusionExcess complement activation may be involved in the formation of crescents, especially diffuse crescent formation, in patients with IgAN. Urinary C4d correlated with the proportion of crescents and was a potential biomarker for disease monitoring in crescentic IgAN.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (9) ◽  
pp. e0257397
Naoki Nakagawa ◽  
Masashi Mizuno ◽  
Sawako Kato ◽  
Shoichi Maruyama ◽  
Hiroshi Sato ◽  

The reclassification of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) into immune-complex MPGN (IC-MPGN) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) based on immunofluorescence findings in kidney biopsies has provided insights into these two distinct diseases. C3G is further classified into dense deposit disease and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) based on electron micrographic findings. Although these diseases have poor outcomes, limited Japanese literature confined to small, single-center cohorts exist on these diseases. We retrospectively analyzed 81 patients with MPGN type I and III from 15 hospitals in the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry to compare demographic, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with IC-MPGN to those with C3GN. Of the 81 patients reviewed by immunofluorescence findings in kidney biopsies, 67 patients had IC-MPGN and 14 patients had C3GN. Age at diagnosis and systolic and diastolic pressure were higher and proteinuria and impaired renal function were significantly more prevalent in patients with IC-MPGN than those with C3GN. About 80% of the patients in both groups were treated with immunosuppressive therapy. At last follow-up (median 4.8 years), complete remission rate of proteinuria was significantly higher in patients with C3GN (64.3%) than in those with IC-MPGN (29.9%; P = 0.015). The renal survival rate was lower in patients with IC-MPGN when compared to C3GN (73.1% vs. 100%; log-rank, P = 0.031). Systolic blood pressure and renal function at baseline were independent predictors of progression to end-stage kidney disease. The overall prognosis of patients with C3GN is more favorable than for patients with IC-MPGN.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Nóra Garam ◽  
Marcell Cserhalmi ◽  
Zoltán Prohászka ◽  
Ágnes Szilágyi ◽  
Nóra Veszeli ◽  

BackgroundFactor H-related protein 5 (FHR-5) is a member of the complement Factor H protein family. Due to the homology to Factor H, the main complement regulator of the alternative pathway, it may also be implicated in the pathomechanism of kidney diseases where Factor H and alternative pathway dysregulation play a role. Here, we report the first observational study on CFHR5 variations along with serum FHR-5 levels in immune complex-mediated membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (IC-MPGN) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) patients together with the clinical, genetic, complement, and follow-up data.MethodsA total of 120 patients with a histologically proven diagnosis of IC-MPGN/C3G were enrolled in the study. FHR-5 serum levels were measured in ELISA, the CFHR5 gene was analyzed by Sanger sequencing, and selected variants were studied as recombinant proteins in ELISA and surface plasmon resonance (SPR).ResultsEight exonic CFHR5 variations in 14 patients (12.6%) were observed. Serum FHR-5 levels were lower in patients compared to controls. Low serum FHR-5 concentration at presentation associated with better renal survival during the follow-up period; furthermore, it showed clear association with signs of complement overactivation and clinically meaningful clusters.ConclusionsOur observations raise the possibility that the FHR-5 protein plays a fine-tuning role in the pathogenesis of IC-MPGN/C3G.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Ting Zhou ◽  
Yiyun Wang ◽  
Li Shen ◽  
Xiaomei Li ◽  
Qiong Jiao ◽  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> Clinical indicators or pathological features alone cannot reliably predict renal survival in patients with biopsy-confirmed diabetic nephropathy (DN). Therefore, this analysis sought to develop and validate a predictive model incorporating both clinical and pathological markers to predict renal outcomes in patients with biopsy-confirmed DN. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> A predictive nomogram was developed based upon data pertaining to 194 patients with biopsy-confirmed DN. The prognostic relevance of individual clinicopathological variables was assessed through univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. A prognostic nomogram was then developed and validated based upon concordance (C)-index values and calibration curves. Internal validation was conducted through bootstrap resampling, while the clinical utility of this model was assessed via a decision curve analysis (DCA) approach. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Nephrotic-range 24-h proteinuria, late-stage CKD, glomerular classification III–IV, and IFTA score 2–3 were all identified as independent predictors of poor renal outcomes in DN patients and were incorporated into our final nomogram. Calibration curves revealed good agreement between predicted and actual 3- and 5-year renal survival in DN patients with the C-index value for this nomogram at 0.845 (95% CI: 0.826–0.864). DCA revealed that our nomogram was superior to models based solely upon clinical indicators. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> A predictive nomogram incorporating clinical and pathological indicators was developed and validated for the prediction of renal survival outcomes in patients with biopsy-confirmed DN. This model will be of value to clinicians, as it can serve as an easy-to-use and reliable tool for physicians to guide patient management based on individualized risk.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Yifan Zhang ◽  
Qifeng Jiang ◽  
Jianteng Xie ◽  
Chunfang Qi ◽  
Sheng Li ◽  

Abstract Background The significance of renal arteriosclerosis in the prediction of the renal outcomes of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains undetermined. Methods We enrolled 174 patients with DKD from three centres from January 2010 to July 2017. The severity and extent of arteriosclerosis were analysed on sections based on dual immunohistochemical staining of CD31 and α-smooth muscle actin. An X-tile plot was used to determine the optimal cut-off value. The primary endpoint was renal survival (RS), defined as the duration from renal biopsy to end-stage renal disease or death. Results The baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 135 qualified patients was 45 (29 ~ 70) ml/min per 1.73 m2, and the average 24-h urine protein was 4.52 (2.45 ~ 7.66) g/24 h. The number of glomeruli in the biopsy specimens was 21.07 ± 9.7. The proportion of severe arteriosclerosis in the kidney positively correlated with the Renal Pathology Society glomerular classification (r = 0.28, P < 0.012), interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA) (r = 0.39, P < 0.001), urine protein (r = 0.213, P = 0.013), systolic BP (r = 0.305, P = 0.000), and age (r = 0.220, P = 0.010) and significantly negatively correlated with baseline eGFR (r = − 0.285, P = 0.001). In the multivariable model, the primary outcomes were significantly correlated with glomerular class (HR: 1.72, CI: 1.15 ~ 2.57), IFTA (HR: 1.96, CI: 1.26 ~ 3.06) and the modified arteriosclerosis score (HR: 2.21, CI: 1.18 ~ 4.13). After risk adjustment, RS was independently associated with the baseline eGFR (HR: 0.97, CI: 0.96 ~ 0.98), urine proteinuria (HR: 1.10, CI: 1.04 ~ 1.17) and the modified arteriosclerosis score (HR: 2.01, CI: 1.10 ~ 3.67), and the nomogram exhibited good calibration and acceptable discrimination (C-index = 0.82, CI: 0.75 ~ 0.87). Conclusions The severity and proportion of arteriosclerosis may be helpful prognostic indicators for DKD.

Rina Oba ◽  
Go Kanzaki ◽  
Takaya Sasaki ◽  
Yusuke Okabayashi ◽  
Kotaro Haruhara ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Shin Young Ahn ◽  
Yoon Jin Choi ◽  
Jieun Kim ◽  
Gang Jee Ko ◽  
Young Joo Kwon ◽  

AbstractSeveral studies have demonstrated the nephroprotective effects of estrogen on renal damage. In light of the inconsistent results of previous findings, this study aims to evaluate the in-depth role of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on the development of end stage renal disease (ESRD). 3,109,506 Korean adult women who had undergone a medical examination in 2009 (index year) were initially identified for inclusion in this study. We excluded subjects had not experienced menopause naturally, had data missing for at least one variable, and were diagnosed with ESRD within 1 year from the index year. MHT data was obtained from self-reporting questionnaires and the primary outcome was the development of ESRD from the index year until December 31, 2018. A final total of 1,460,311 subjects were included in this study. The participants were divided into four groups according to the duration of MHT; no history of MHT, MHT < 2 years, 2 ≤ MHT < 5 years, MHT ≥ 5 years. During the 9-year study period, a total of 4905 participants developed ESRD. The participants who had a history of MHT use were found to have a 30% reduced risk of developing ESRD. Results from the subgroup analyses were similar to that of the primary study. The findings in this study demonstrate the beneficial effects of MHT on the development of ESRD in postmenopausal women. Based on results, our study may offer suggestions for further studies to investigate the therapeutic options on kidney disease.

2021 ◽  
pp. jclinpath-2021-207449
Zi-Shan Lin ◽  
Xu Zhang ◽  
Dan-Yang Li ◽  
Xiao-Juan Yu ◽  
Ai-Bo Qin ◽  

AimsA varying proportion of patients with multiple myeloma suffer from more than one type of kidney disease simultaneously, of which the most common pattern is coexistent light chain cast nephropathy and light chain deposition disease (LCCN+LCDD). We investigated clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of LCCN+LCDD in comparison with pure LCCN and pure LCDD.MethodsWe retrospectively analysed 45 newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients with pure LCCN (n=26), LCCN +LCDD (n=9) and pure LCDD (n=10) between 2000 and 2019 at Peking University First Hospital.ResultsPathologically, patients with LCCN+LCDD were more likely to have λ light chain isotype and presented atypical features of LCDD including less nodular glomerulosclerosis and less deposit distribution than patients with pure LCDD. In clinical characteristics, patients with LCCN +LCDD and patients with pure LCCN shared similar features. The death-censored renal survival in patients with LCCN +LCDD was similar to patients with pure LCCN but worse than patients with pure LCDD, but the overall survival was much better than patients with LCCN alone and similar to patients with pure LCDD. For patients with pure LCCN, the independent predictor of death-censored renal survival was lactate dehydrogenase, and the independent predictors of overall survival were the mean number of casts and serum albumin.ConclusionsPatients with LCCN+LCDD had similar renal outcome compared with patients with pure LCCN but the overall survival is much better. Thus, for patients with LCCN, especially those with λ restriction, pathologists should carefully evaluate the kidney specimens to exclude the possibility of combined LCDD.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Jennifer Scott ◽  
Carolina Canepa ◽  
Antonia Buettner ◽  
Louise Ryan ◽  
Bróna Moloney ◽  

AbstractData surrounding sex-specific differences in ANCA-associated vasculitis glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) outcomes is sparse. We hypothesised that the previously observed increased risk of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in males is driven by sex-specific variation in immunosuppression dosing. Patients were recruited to the Irish Rare Kidney Disease Registry or followed by the Royal Free Hospital vasculitis team (2012–2020). Inclusion criteria: prior diagnosis of ANCA-GN (biopsy proven pauci-immune glomerulonephritis) and positive serology for anti-MPO or -PR3 antibodies. Renal and patient survival, stratified by sex and Berden histological class, was analysed. The cumulative- and starting dose/kilogram of induction agents and prednisolone, respectively, was compared between sexes. 332 patients were included. Median follow-up was time 40.2 months (IQR 17.3–69.2). 73 (22%) reached ESKD and 47 (14.2%) died. Overall 1- and 5-year renal survival was 82.2% and 76.7% in males and 87.1% and 82.0% in females, respectively (p 0.13). The hazard ratio for ESKD in males versus females, after adjustment for age, ANCA serology, baseline creatinine and histological class was 1.07 (95% CI 0.59–1.93). There was no difference between sexes in the dose/kilogram of any induction agent. We did not observe a strong impact of sex on renal outcome in ANCA-GN. Treatment intensity does not vary by sex.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document