Eastern India
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Food Security ◽  
2022 ◽  
Dileep Kumar Pandey ◽  
Kalkame Ch Momin ◽  
Shantanu Kumar Dubey ◽  
Poovaragavalu Adhiguru

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Matrujyoti Pattnaik ◽  
Jaya Singh Kshatri ◽  
Hari Ram Choudhary ◽  
Debaprasad Parai ◽  
Jyoti Shandilya ◽  

Abstract Background This study is a baseline survey to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices with regards to the anthrax disease among the communities before demonstrating a One Health approach for elimination of human anthrax in an endemic district of Odisha. A total of 2670 respondents from 112 villages of 14 blocks were interviewed for the study using a structured questionnaire by multi-stage sampling method. Descriptive statistics were reported and logistic regression was performed to estimate the relationship between the variables and knowledge of anthrax. Result Out of 2670 participants in the study, 76.25% were male and about half were illiterate. Most of the respondents (54.19%) were involved in agriculture as an occupation. 71% of the respondents had livestock in their houses and farming was the main purpose for keeping the livestock. Only one-fifth of the respondents (20.26%) knew about anthrax and a majority of them have come across the disease during community outbreaks. Almost 25.9% of livestock owners had knowledge about vaccination against anthrax disease although 83.4% of the livestock owners disposed the animal carcass by burial method. Conclusion The study findings indicated that the community members had poor knowledge of cause, symptoms, transmission and prevention of anthrax disease which may be improved by a One Health approach.

2022 ◽  
Ranjan Sinha ◽  
Shalivahan Shrivastava

Abstract Saltwater intrusion and up coning in coastal aquifer is a common phenomenon brought either due to flow of seawater into freshwater aquifer originally caused by groundwater abstraction near the coast or due to wrong casing design of water wells. This necessitates a study of aquifer disposition along with demarcation of fresh water saline water interface of Kasai River basin, Eastern India to determine the depth to freshwater and recommend the borehole design. In this study geophysical and hydrogeological techniques were employed to map to demarcate fresh and saline water interface. The phenomenon of saline water up coning is also noticed and accordingly water wells have been designed. For the said study, twenty two geophysical logs, sixty five lithological logs and hydrogeological data of eighty eight sites spread across Kasai River basin were utilized. The study shows that there are three regional aquifers exist in the area. It is recommended that water wells in the study area is to be constructed with artificial gravel packing of size 2-3mm and screen slot size is suggested to be 1.2mm. Since the sites are affected with saline water, hence isolation of zone is mandatory with proper cementing material or packer. This research work is able to develop a design model for the boreholes located in the area. The work as a whole will serve as a vital role in scientific management of groundwater resource and enable the rational planning in coastal aquifers so as to avoid fresh and saline water intermixing and up-coning.

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Binod K Patro ◽  
Manish Taywade ◽  
Debjyoti Mohapatra ◽  
Rashmi R Mohanty ◽  
Kishore K Behera ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  

Purpose The purpose was to study the inter-dimensionality of three underlying dimensions -Task Performance (TP), Interpersonal Facilitation (IPF), and Job Dedication (JD) in. the Indian public sector, as seen by managers. Design/methodology/approach The study was based on a pen and paper survey with 162 managers from 13 PBUs in Bhubaneswar, capital of Odisha, a state in eastern India. Most have over 2,000 employees. The respondents were from a mixture of management levels, including junior management (52%), middle management (41%) and senior management (7%). They filled in 621 forms between them, 588 of which were usable. The questionnaire used had 22 items across the three dimensions. Findings The results showed that PSU managers do not perceive a difference between the performance measures, but that their ratings do not reflect that differentiation. Instead, they showed a concern for overall performance. Originality/value The authors said their study was the first to explore the perception of PSU managers on performance dimensionality in an Indian context.

Anderson Leal-Buitrago ◽  
Diver Mondragon-Ángulo ◽  
Nicolás Alberto Cely-Aldana ◽  
Michael Gregorio Ortega-Sierra ◽  
Maria Paz Bolaño-Romero

Amlan Kusum Datta ◽  
Prakash Chandra Ghosh ◽  
Mitali Bera ◽  
Adreesh Mukherjee ◽  
Jasodhara Chaudhuri ◽  

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