scientific management
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Ranjan Sinha ◽  
Shalivahan Shrivastava

Abstract Saltwater intrusion and up coning in coastal aquifer is a common phenomenon brought either due to flow of seawater into freshwater aquifer originally caused by groundwater abstraction near the coast or due to wrong casing design of water wells. This necessitates a study of aquifer disposition along with demarcation of fresh water saline water interface of Kasai River basin, Eastern India to determine the depth to freshwater and recommend the borehole design. In this study geophysical and hydrogeological techniques were employed to map to demarcate fresh and saline water interface. The phenomenon of saline water up coning is also noticed and accordingly water wells have been designed. For the said study, twenty two geophysical logs, sixty five lithological logs and hydrogeological data of eighty eight sites spread across Kasai River basin were utilized. The study shows that there are three regional aquifers exist in the area. It is recommended that water wells in the study area is to be constructed with artificial gravel packing of size 2-3mm and screen slot size is suggested to be 1.2mm. Since the sites are affected with saline water, hence isolation of zone is mandatory with proper cementing material or packer. This research work is able to develop a design model for the boreholes located in the area. The work as a whole will serve as a vital role in scientific management of groundwater resource and enable the rational planning in coastal aquifers so as to avoid fresh and saline water intermixing and up-coning.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 9-12
Chengran Zhang

With the development of global economy and society, public relations, as a new management discipline, is more and more applied to enterprise management. At the same time, the definition of public relations in the development process has always been different, each definition explains the characteristics of public relations from different aspects. Therefore, it is particularly important to discuss the role of public relations in enterprise management. Combined with the actual case analysis, public relations in enterprise management can not only build a good image for enterprises, can help enterprises deal with the crisis through difficulties, but also can coordinate the relationship between enterprises and the public.with the development and progress of modern enterprises, public relations is no longer an activity mode of external publicity, but an indispensable management mode in the process of continuous development of enterprises. The scientific management of public relations can not only create a successful brand for the enterprise, but also pave the way for the scientific management within the enterprise, and reasonably regulate the relationship between the enterprise and the outside society, as well as the relationship between the enterprise employees. This paper discusses the application of public relations in enterprise management.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 118-122
N. Leela Krishna ◽  

An investigation was conducted to study the involvement of farm women in decision making of different dairy farm activities in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh .A total of 225 farm women were selected based on their land holding capacity. The study revealed that majority of the women in the study area took part in decision making on most of the dairy farm activities such as choosing the breed of the animal (68%), taking loans (79.11), purchase/ sale of animals (81.33), insurance of animals (77.77%), culling of animals (69.33%), construction of sheds (70.22%), farm expansion (72%), feeding of animals (77.33%), breeding practices ( 66.22%) health care of animals (87.55%), management of new born calves ( 88%), pregnant (87.11%) and sick (86.22%) animals, utility of dung(59.11%), adoption of scientific management practices( 55.55%) and sale of milk(73.33%), whereas majority (69.33%) of the women in study area were taking self decision regarding preparation of milk products. The study showed that among the landless, small and medium farmer categories the participation in decision making regarding choosing the breed of animal(74.66%), purchase or sale of animals(86.66%),insurance of animals (86.65%), culling of uneconomic animals (81.33%), construction of sheds (82.66%), farm expansion (76%), purchase of roughages and feeding of animals (86.66%), breeding practices (81.33%), utility of dung (69.33%) and adoption of scientific management practices (62.66%) was more in landless women compared to small and medium farmer categories.

2022 ◽  
Vol 44 (2) ◽  
pp. 147-152
R. N. Adhikari ◽  

Bellary region is characterized as one of the semi-arid zones of Karnataka, having only 508  mm of annual rainfall distributed over 35 rainy days. The ill-distribution of rainfall creates at least 5 drought years in every decade. The average rainfa1l distribution shows that there is a total failure in Kharif  season. However, some assured  rainfall  received during September and October a better prospect which assumes for rabi season .This  problem can be overcome to. certain extent by scientific management of crops and water. This calls for detailed analysis of any Important water resources Issues. Keeping this mind, an attempt made in this paper to analysis short and long period rainfall data. The probabilities analysis of. rainfall for shorter periods  for identification of suitable periods for sowing, return period analysis for designing of soil and water  conservation structures and determining the size of storage structures, the identification of number of Various rainfall events for designing water harvesting system for crop and water management are carried out and presented in this paper.

2021 ◽  
Yan Zhao ◽  
Congcong Wang ◽  
Bilin Liu ◽  
Gang Li ◽  
Hao Xu

Abstract The orangeback flying squid, Sthenoteuthis pteropus, is a species of significant potential value that is widely distributed in the tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic Ocean. There have been no reports of the population genetics and effective molecular markers for this species due to a lack of reliable information regarding its genetic structure and its many individual differences, as well as its complex and changeable life history. Therefore, the development of auxiliary molecular markers would contribute to the development, sustainable utilization, and protection of the species. In this study, 131 novel single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were developed by double digest restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (dd-RAD). The observed heterozygosity (Ho) and expected heterozygosity (He) ranged from 0.00 to 0.80 and 0.18 to 0.50, respectively. The polymorphism information content (PIC) value ranged from 0.18 to 0.50. None of the marker locations significantly deviated from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p >0.05) after a Bonferroni correction. These polymorphic SNPs will be important in the further analysis of the population heredity of S. pteropus and its scientific management.

Daria Vasylenko ◽  
Lаrysa Butko

The purpose of the article is the analysis of modernization process implementation of the managementsystem of the archival facility on the basis of means and instruments of archival institutions digitization.Methodology. To resolve the tasks of the research were used traditional complex of common scientificprinciples (determinism, imaging, unity of opposites) and methods (analysis and synthesis, systematicand structural, questionnaire, content analysis, observation, statistical). Scientific novelty aims at thedevelopment of theoretical components in the branch of the archival institution management in the context ofdigitalization, which includes the methods of the analysis, synthesis, and systematization for the developmentof the problem of implementing the governing technologies of digitalization in the archival branch. Theprocesses of scientific-technical progress in ХХІth century caused the formation of public strategy for thecommon digitization of the whole state. It is analyzed the elements of archival digitalization in the contextof innovative modernizations of the society and the state. With the implementation of innovative digitalizedtechnologies into the work of archival institutions, the state and society will acquire the opportunity toexpand their informational base access, using modern methods will help to receive the most truthful andauthentic information about the state, society, and scientific management will open the additional resourcesof analysis the informational wealth of archives facilities. Conclusions. The whole way of archival facilitydevelopment shows, that the main contradiction in archival activity is tracing in relation to traditionaland innovational methods of work. The reason is the demand for stable components for the stabilization ofarchival developing processes, which eventually will form compulsory innovations.Keywords: archive, innovation, management, digitization, information, rebranding, technologization, fund

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 69-88
Aijun Liu ◽  
Maurice Osewe ◽  
Yangyan Shi ◽  
Xiaofei Zhen ◽  
Yanping Wu

This paper reviews the primary scientific articles applicable to the logistics industry, and specifically those relating to cross-border e-commerce in China. The authors focused on reviewing the articles about the current status of cross-border e-commerce in China and the factors affecting its development, with the aim of highlighting literature gaps. The authors used a systematic literature review (SLR) to identify, gather, and analyze 60 primary papers selected from international peer-reviewed journals and international conference proceedings between 2001 and 2020. Chinese cross-border e-commerce has experienced a trend of steady progress, although several challenges remain. These challenges include, but are not limited to, low custom clearance efficiency, complex monitoring and supervision, tax rebate settlement challenges, payment risks, insufficient talent within the Chinese industry, and the lack of scientific management guidelines. The significant contributions of this paper include critical highlights of the current gaps and future research themes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 70-81
B. I. Bednyi ◽  
N. V. Rybakov ◽  
N. A. Khodeeva

Practical-oriented postgraduate programs aimed at developing graduates’ professional career outside the academic labor market have become widespread in leading foreign universities. There is a statutory unified format of postgraduate studies in Russia, aimed at training of personnel for science and higher education. At the same time, the need of adaptation of postgraduate training programs to the demands of the real economy sector is becoming more evident. The purpose of this review is to analyze scientific publications and case studies of foreign universities implementing practical-oriented postgraduate programs with professional degrees, which are equivalent to PhD in social status. Drawing on the analysis of international experience, the prospects of the establishment and development of such programs in Russian postgraduate studies are discussed. The study identified the most common characteristics of practical-oriented programs and their differences from academic postgraduate programs: 1) students’ involvement in applied research, which is relevant for the real economy sector; 2) an individual approach for postgraduate education considering professional interests of the students and employers’ demands; 3) a clearly structured system of education and scientific management, based on cooperation of universities and enterprises; 4) using innovative forms of final academic assessment. Based on the analysis of Russian experience it is concluded that practical-oriented training for postgraduate students is in demand and in fact already exists, but is not provided with necessary statutory regulation. It is pointed out that, owing to a lack of data, the extent of this arrangement and key barriers on the way to a degree among Russian practical-oriented postgraduate students have not been studied. The main directions of empirical research, which are necessary for making adequate management decisions on institutionalizing practical-oriented postgraduate programs in Russia, have been formulated. The article is of interest to researchers of higher education, scientific, pedagogical and administrative employees of higher education institutions, as well as for the state authorities responsible for implementing the policy of education and certification of highly trained personnel.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (27) ◽  
pp. 13-27
A.V. Tebekin ◽  
A.P. Taburchak ◽  
V.S. Petrov ◽  

The article presents the results of a study of the processes of implementing the principle of "formation of a labor incentive program" of the F. Taylor scientific management system, formed to manage enterprises as socio-economic systems of the microeconomic level, in relation to the modern macroeco-nomic system of socio-economic develop-ment at the state (national economy) level. The features of the implementation of the principle of the "labor incentive program" in the implementation of the processes of managing the socio-economic development of Russia both in conditions of nominal eco-nomic stability and in objectively crisis condi-tions of management are demonstrated. The problems of implementation of the principle of "formation of the labor incentive program" in the management of the national socio-economic system in modern conditions are analyzed, and proposals are formulated to ensure its implementation.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document