brain stimulation
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 101054
Qi Wang ◽  
Bin Tang ◽  
Jianrong Tang

2022 ◽  
Vol 65 (5) ◽  
pp. 101580
Pasquale Balzan ◽  
Catherine Tattersall ◽  
Rebecca Palmer

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Eva Matt ◽  
Lisa Kaindl ◽  
Saskia Tenk ◽  
Anicca Egger ◽  
Teodora Kolarova ◽  

Abstract Background With the high spatial resolution and the potential to reach deep brain structures, ultrasound-based brain stimulation techniques offer new opportunities to non-invasively treat neurological and psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about long-term effects of ultrasound-based brain stimulation. Applying a longitudinal design, we comprehensively investigated neuromodulation induced by ultrasound brain stimulation to provide first sham-controlled evidence of long-term effects on the human brain and behavior. Methods Twelve healthy participants received three sham and three verum sessions with transcranial pulse stimulation (TPS) focused on the cortical somatosensory representation of the right hand. One week before and after the sham and verum TPS applications, comprehensive structural and functional resting state MRI investigations and behavioral tests targeting tactile spatial discrimination and sensorimotor dexterity were performed. Results Compared to sham, global efficiency significantly increased within the cortical sensorimotor network after verum TPS, indicating an upregulation of the stimulated functional brain network. Axial diffusivity in left sensorimotor areas decreased after verum TPS, demonstrating an improved axonal status in the stimulated area. Conclusions TPS increased the functional and structural coupling within the stimulated left primary somatosensory cortex and adjacent sensorimotor areas up to one week after the last stimulation. These findings suggest that TPS induces neuroplastic changes that go beyond the spatial and temporal stimulation settings encouraging further clinical applications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 281-286
Venkateshwarla Rama Raju

Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a highly effective treatment for motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Sub thalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is a therapeutic surgical procedure for reducing the symptoms Parkinson’s and restoring and increasing the motor functioning. However, precise intraoperative edge or perimeter detection of STN remains a procedural challenge. In this study, we present the micro electrode signals recordings (MER) of STNs and local field potentials (LFPs) were acquired from deep brain stimulation macro electrodes during trajectory towards STN, in Parkinson patients. The frequency versus intensity atlas of field potential activity was obtained and further than investigated in distinct sub band’s, to explore whether field potentials activity can be employed for STN edge detection. STN perimeter detections by means of L F Ps were evaluated to edge predictions by way of the functional stereotactic DBS neurosurgeon, based on micro electrode derived, single unit recordings (M E R – S N A of S T Ns). The findings show variation amongst M E R – S N A and macro electrode L F P-signals gathering through MER-system pertaining to the d o r s a l S T N b o r d e r of -1.00±0.85mm plus -0.42±1.08 mm in the and frequencies, correspondingly. For these sub band`s, root mean square of the voids was found to be 1.27milli meters and 1.07milli meters. The Assessment of other sub band`s didn`t set a limit for differentiating the posterior (c a u d a l) point of sub-thalamic nuclei. We may infer that In conclusion, macro electrode signal acquisitions of STNs derived L F P gatherings might offer an unconventional methodology in the direction of m e r – s n a, for detecting the aimed target subthalamic nucleus borders during DBS-surgery.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Tao Xie ◽  
Mahesh Padmanaban ◽  
Adil Javed ◽  
David Satzer ◽  
Theresa E. Towle ◽  

Tremor of the upper extremity is a significant cause of disability in some patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The MS tremor is complex because it contains an ataxic intentional tremor component due to the involvement of the cerebellum and cerebellar outflow pathways by MS plaques, which makes the MS tremor, in general, less responsive to medications or deep brain stimulation (DBS) than those associated with essential tremor or Parkinson's disease. The cerebellar component has been thought to be the main reason for making DBS less effective, although it is not clear whether it is due to the lack of suppression of the ataxic tremor by DBS or else. The goal of this study was to clarify the effect of DBS on cerebellar tremor compared to non-cerebellar tremor in a patient with MS. By wearing an accelerometer on the index finger of each hand, we were able to quantitatively characterize kinetic tremor by frequency and amplitude, with cerebellar ataxia component on one hand and that without cerebellar component on the other hand, at the beginning and end of the hand movement approaching a target at DBS Off and On status. We found that cerebellar tremor surprisingly had as good a response to DBS as the tremor without a cerebellar component, but the function control on cerebellar tremor was not as good due to its distal oscillation, which made the amplitude of tremor increasingly greater as it approached the target. This explains why cerebellar tremor or MS tremor with cerebellar component has a poor functional transformation even with a good percentage of tremor control. This case study provides a better understanding of the effect of DBS on cerebellar tremor and MS tremor by using a wearable device, which could help future studies improve patient selection and outcome prediction for DBS treatment of this disabling tremor.

Yang Wu ◽  
Yang-yang Xu ◽  
Yuan Gao ◽  
Jia-ming Li ◽  
Xiao-wei Liu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Adam Khalifa ◽  
Seyed Mahdi Abrishami ◽  
Mohsen Zaeimbashi ◽  
Alexander D. Tang ◽  
Brian Coughlin ◽  

Non-invasive stimulation of deep brain regions has been a major goal for neuroscience and neuromodulation in the past three decades. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), for instance, cannot target deep regions in the brain without activating the overlying tissues and has a poor spatial resolution. In this manuscript, we propose a new concept that relies on the temporal interference of two high-frequency magnetic fields generated by two electromagnetic solenoids. To illustrate the concept, custom solenoids were fabricated and optimized to generate temporal interfering electric fields for rodent brain stimulation. C-Fos expression was used to track neuronal activation. C-Fos expression was not present in regions impacted by only one high-frequency magnetic field indicating ineffective recruitment of neural activity in non-target regions. In contrast, regions impacted by two fields that interfere to create a low-frequency envelope display a strong increase in c-Fos expression. Therefore, this magnetic temporal interference solenoid-based system provides a framework to perform further stimulation studies that would investigate the advantages it could bring over conventional TMS systems.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Luigi Albano ◽  
Federica Agosta ◽  
Silvia Basaia ◽  
Camilla Cividini ◽  
Tanja Stojkovic ◽  

AbstractThis study aimed to identify functional neuroimaging patterns anticipating the clinical indication for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). A cohort of prospectively recruited patients with PD underwent neurological evaluations and resting-state functional MRI (RS-fMRI) at baseline and annually for 4 years. Patients were divided into two groups: 19 patients eligible for DBS over the follow-up and 41 patients who did not meet the criteria to undergo DBS. Patients selected as candidates for DBS did not undergo surgery at this stage. Sixty age- and sex-matched healthy controls performed baseline evaluations. Graph analysis and connectomics assessed global and local topological network properties and regional functional connectivity at baseline and at each time point. At baseline, network analysis showed a higher mean nodal strength, local efficiency, and clustering coefficient of the occipital areas in candidates for DBS over time relative to controls and patients not eligible for DBS. The occipital hyperconnectivity pattern was confirmed by regional analysis. At baseline, a decreased functional connectivity between basal ganglia and sensorimotor/frontal networks was found in candidates for DBS compared to patients not eligible for surgery. In the longitudinal analysis, patient candidate for DBS showed a progressively decreased topological brain organization and functional connectivity, mainly in the posterior brain networks, and a progressively increased connectivity of basal ganglia network compared to non-candidates for DBS. RS-fMRI may support the clinical indication to DBS and could be useful in predicting which patients would be eligible for DBS in the earlier stages of PD.

Gabriel Gonzalez-Escamilla ◽  
Nabin Koirala ◽  
Manuel Bange ◽  
Martin Glaser ◽  
Bogdan Pintea ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document