maternal exposure
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2022 ◽  
Vol 160 ◽  
pp. 107053
Jovine Bachwenkizi ◽  
Cong Liu ◽  
Xia Meng ◽  
Lina Zhang ◽  
Weidong Wang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 807 ◽  
pp. 150744
Chen Gong ◽  
Jianmei Wang ◽  
Zhipeng Bai ◽  
David Q. Rich ◽  
Yujuan Zhang

2022 ◽  
Vol 160 ◽  
pp. 107051
Frida Richter ◽  
Stine Kloster ◽  
Kirstine Wodschow ◽  
Birgitte Hansen ◽  
Jörg Schullehner ◽  

Akifumi Eguchi ◽  
Kenichi Sakurai ◽  
Midori Yamamoto ◽  
Masahiro Watanabe ◽  
Aya Hisada ◽  

Maternal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) during pregnancy is associated with a low birth weight; however, the congener-specific effects of PCB congeners are not well defined. In this study, we used maternal serum samples from the Chiba Study of Mother and Child Health (C-MACH) cohort, collected at 32 weeks of gestational age, to analyze the effects of PCB congener exposure on birth weight by examining the relationship between newborn birth weight and individual PCB congener levels in maternal serum (n = 291). The median total PCB level in the serum of mothers of male and female newborns at approximately 32 weeks of gestation was 39 and 37 ng g−1 lipid wt, respectively. The effect of the total PCB levels and the effects of PCB congener mixtures were analyzed using a linear regression model and a generalized weighted quantile sum regression model (gWQS). The birth weight of newborns was significantly associated with maternal exposure to PCB mixtures in the gWQS model. The results suggest that exposure to PCB mixtures results in low newborn birth weight. However, specific impacts of individual PCB congeners could not be related to newborn birth weight.

Jing Li ◽  
Yujiao Du ◽  
Fengyi Qu ◽  
Hui Jing ◽  
Hong Yan ◽  

Abstract Previous studies have suggested that maternal active smoking can increase the risk of birth defects, but evidence on second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is limited. We aimed to assess the association between maternal exposure to SHS and birth defects in a Chinese population. The data were based on a large-scale cross-sectional survey conducted in Shaanxi Province, China. Considering the characteristics of survey design and the potential impact of confounding factors, we adopted propensity score matching (PSM) to match the SHS exposure group and the non-exposure group to attain a balance of the confounders between the two groups. Subsequently, conditional logistic regression was employed to estimate the effect of SHS exposure on birth defects. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses were conducted to verify the key findings. After nearest neighbor matching of PSM with a ratio of 2 and a caliper width of 0.03, there were 6,205 and 12,410 participants in the exposure and control group, respectively. Pregnant women exposed to SHS were estimated to be 58% more likely to have infants with overall birth defects (OR = 1.58, 95% CI: 1.30–1.91) and 75% more likely to have infants with circulatory system defects (OR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.26–2.44). We also observed that the risk effect of overall birth defects had an increasing trend as the frequency of exposure increased. Additionally, sensitivity analyses suggested that our results had good robustness. These results indicate that maternal exposure to SHS likely increases the risk of overall birth defects, especially circulatory system defects, in Chinese offspring.

2022 ◽  
Huijun Huang ◽  
Qiu-Yan Yu ◽  
Tian Zheng ◽  
Shan-shan Wang ◽  
Xin-Jun Yang

Abstract Prenatal exposures to ambient air pollution have been proved to be associated with adverse perinatal outcomes in previous studies. However, few studies have examined the interaction between air pollution and season of conception on term low birth weight (TLBW) or macrosomia. Birth registry data of singleton live births in Wenzhou, China between January 2015 to December 2016 were accessed from the Wenzhou maternal and child health information management platform, and the ambient air pollutants in Wenzhou were obtained on the Chinese Air Quality Online Monitoring and Analysis Platform. Single/two-pollutant binary logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between ambient air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, NO2, SO2, and O3) and TLBW/macrosomia, further exploring if the season of conception interacts with air pollution to impact birth weight. Finally, 213,959 term newborns were selected, including 2452 (1.1 %) TLBW infants and 13173 (6.1 %) macrosomia. In single/two-pollutant models, we observed an increased risk of TLBW associated with maternal exposure to PM2.5, PM10, SO2, and NO2 during the entire pregnancy, especially in the the 2nd trimester. Maternal exposure to O3 during the 1st trimester was associated with increased macrosomia risk, and O3 exposure during the 3rd trimester was associated with increased TLBW risk contrarily. Pregnant women conceived in the warm season may undergo more adverse ambient air environment that is related to the risks of TLBW.

Nozomi Tatsuta ◽  
Kunihiko Nakai ◽  
Shoji F. Nakayama ◽  
Ayano Takeuchi ◽  
Takahiro Arima ◽  

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