Coronary Heart Disease
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2021 ◽  
Chuang Li ◽  
Jingxun CHEN ◽  
Siyue Wei ◽  
Mei Zhang ◽  
Yushun Chu ◽  

Abstract Background The role of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics in the prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) in postmenopausal women is unclear.Objective To explore the NMR measured risk factors of CHD and the correlation among Gensini score, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) and NMR metabolomics.Method 300 postmenopausal women who were under moderate intensity statins were enrolled and assigned into CHD Group (242) and non-CAHD Group (58). Multivariate Logistic regression and Spearman correlation analysis were conducted for the risk factors of CHD and the relationship among Gensini score, PCSK9 and NMR results in all patients as well as the patients with CHD, diabetes mellitus (DM) and metabolic syndrome (MS). ResultsAge, the particle of LDL-6, LDL-6- triglyceride (TG) and LDL-6-free cholesterol (FC) were risk factors of CHD, while, glycerol were the protective factors of CHD. Lipoprotein contents of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-2 ~ VLDL-5, intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-1 and LDL-2 were positively related to Gensini score, while the lipoprotein contents, apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) and ApoA2 of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-1 ~ HDL-4 showed negative correlations with Gensini score. PCSK9 was negatively correlated to the particles of VLDL, IDL and LDL, total cholesterol (TC), ApoB/A1, and nearly all the lipid contents in VLDL-3 ~ VLDL-5, IDL and LDL-1.ConclusionIn postmenopausal women, under moderate intensity statins, age, and the NMR measured particle of LDL-6, LDL-6-TG and LDL-6-FC were risk factors of CHD, while glycerol were the protective factors of CHD. Lipoprotein contents of VLDL-2 ~ VLDL-5, IDL, LDL-1 and LDL-2 maybe the residual risk factors of CHD in postmenopausal women, who is under moderate intensive statin.

F1000Research ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. 791
Siprianus Ugroseno Yudho Bintoro ◽  
Ni Made Intan Dwijayanti ◽  
Dana Pramudya ◽  
Putu Niken Amrita ◽  
Pradana Zaky Romadhon ◽  

Background : This research aimed to examine and analyze risk factors for death, hematologic parameters and coagulation in COVID-19 patients at RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya, one of the referral centers for probable COVID-19 patient cases in East Java. Method : This was a retrospective analytical study by taking secondary data on patients with probable COVID-19 cases who were treated in hospital isolation rooms from May to September, 2020. Result : Of 538 probable COVID-19 patients, 217  tested positive, with an average age of 52.11±13.12 years, and there were 38 death cases. Hematologic parameters, such as white blood cell, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, were significantly different in the deceased group. On the other hand, coagulation parameters, consisting of D-dimer, CRP, PT, and aPTT showed significantly similar value in the deceased group. Univatiate analysis concluded that chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, WBC, NLR, and PPT counts could predict the mortality, while multivariate analysis revealed that coronary heart disease was the only significant independent predictor of mortality. Conclusion : This research shows that hematologic and coagulation parameters were increased in the majority of COVID-19 patients and the deceased group. While the number of neutrophils and WBC increases, the number of lymphocytes decreases significantly with increasing disease severity. Coronary heart disease is an independent predictor of mortality.

Circulation ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 144 (12) ◽  
pp. 916-929
Göran Bergström ◽  
Margaretha Persson ◽  
Martin Adiels ◽  
Elias Björnson ◽  
Carl Bonander ◽  

Background: Early detection of coronary atherosclerosis using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), in addition to coronary artery calcification (CAC) scoring, may help inform prevention strategies. We used CCTA to determine the prevalence, severity, and characteristics of coronary atherosclerosis and its association with CAC scores in a general population. Methods: We recruited 30 154 randomly invited individuals age 50 to 64 years to SCAPIS (the Swedish Cardiopulmonary Bioimage Study). The study includes individuals without known coronary heart disease (ie, no previous myocardial infarctions or cardiac procedures) and with high-quality results from CCTA and CAC imaging performed using dedicated dual-source CT scanners. Noncontrast images were scored for CAC. CCTA images were visually read and scored for coronary atherosclerosis per segment (defined as no atherosclerosis, 1% to 49% stenosis, or ≥50% stenosis). External validity of prevalence estimates was evaluated using inverse probability for participation weighting and Swedish register data. Results: In total, 25 182 individuals without known coronary heart disease were included (50.6% women). Any CCTA-detected atherosclerosis was found in 42.1%; any significant stenosis (≥50%) in 5.2%; left main, proximal left anterior descending artery, or 3-vessel disease in 1.9%; and any noncalcified plaques in 8.3% of this population. Onset of atherosclerosis was delayed on average by 10 years in women. Atherosclerosis was more prevalent in older individuals and predominantly found in the proximal left anterior descending artery. Prevalence of CCTA-detected atherosclerosis increased with increasing CAC scores. Among those with a CAC score >400, all had atherosclerosis and 45.7% had significant stenosis. In those with 0 CAC, 5.5% had atherosclerosis and 0.4% had significant stenosis. In participants with 0 CAC and intermediate 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease according to the pooled cohort equation, 9.2% had CCTA-verified atherosclerosis. Prevalence estimates had excellent external validity and changed marginally when adjusted to the age-matched Swedish background population. Conclusions: Using CCTA in a large, random sample of the general population without established disease, we showed that silent coronary atherosclerosis is common in this population. High CAC scores convey a significant probability of substantial stenosis, and 0 CAC does not exclude atherosclerosis, particularly in those at higher baseline risk.

2021 ◽  
pp. 25-32
E. V. Borisova ◽  
O. D. Ostroumova ◽  
A. P. Pereverzev ◽  
E. E. Pavleeva

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death among adults worldwide, including in the Russian Federation. At the same time, the leading position in the structure of causes of death from CVD is occupied by coronary heart disease (CHD) (16% of the total number of deaths in the world per year). The new clinical guidelines of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation for the management of patients with stable coronary heart disease in 2020 identify two main goals of conservative therapy – the elimination of symptoms of the disease and the prevention of cardiovascular complications (CVD). In this connection, when choosing antianginal therapy in patients with stable angina, it is necessary to consider the possibility of using combinations of both first-line and second-line drugs in order to really improve the effectiveness of treatment and achieve the goals set. It is advisable and justified to use more widely 2-line drugs, in particular trimetazidine, at any stage of therapy to enhance the antianginal effectiveness of b-blockers, calcium antagonists and prolonged-acting nitrates, especially in patients with hemodynamic features (arterial hypotension, rhythm and conduction disorders), which is demonstrated in the given clinical example. The effective addition of tremetazidine to the arsenal of traditional antianginal drugs is legislated in practice and is reflected in the new clinical recommendations of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation in 2020. The accumulated experience of using trimetazidine allows a pathogenetically sound approach to the treatment of stable CHD, restoring the balance between the need and delivery of oxygen to the heart muscle, and the safety profile expands the possibilities of use in patients with comorbid pathology. 

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Xianwen Tang ◽  
Jinguo Yang ◽  
Zhong Feng ◽  
Jingyu Piao ◽  
Quanhao Yan ◽  

Angina pectoris (AP) with coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the common cardiovascular diseases in clinical practice, which can be classified as “chest paralysis” in Chinese medicine according to its symptoms, and it is described in many ancient documents. Ancient Chinese medicine believes that the main pathogenesis of the disease is poor blood flow leading to paralysis of the heart and veins, so it is often treated by activating blood and removing blood stasis. In this study, 120 patients with AP of CHD of Qi stagnation and blood stasis type were randomly divided into the observation (n = 60) and the control group (n = 60). In the control group, basic care, conventional treatment, and unselected copper acupuncture scraping were used, while in the observation group, copper acupuncture scraping was performed at the right time of the heart meridian (11 : 00–13 : 00) on the basis of the control group, and all patients received the treatment for a total duration of 4 weeks. We collected data on the traditional Chinese medical (TCM) syndrome score, frequency and duration of angina attacks, nitroglycerin dosage, inflammatory factor levels, and hematological indices pretreatment and posttreatment in both groups. Patients’ adverse effects during treatment were recorded, and the clinical efficacy and ECG efficacy in both groups were evaluated after 4 weeks. We used SPSS.20 statistical software to statistically analyze the above data, and the results showed that the clinical efficacy and ECG efficacy of the observation group were significantly higher than the control group posttreatment. After treatment, the TCM symptom score, angina attack frequency, attack duration and nitroglycerin dosage, serum interleukin-8 (IL-8), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels, whole blood viscosity (WBV), plasma viscosity (PV), fibrinogen (FIB), and hematocrit (Hct) were significantly lower in both groups compared with those posttreatment. And the observation group showed a greater decrease when compared with the control group. The results also showed that the overall incidence of adverse reactions was lower in both groups during the treatment period. The above results indicate that while ensuring high safety, the copper stone based on theory of midnight-noon ebb-flow can more effectively improve the symptoms and inflammatory response of the body and reduce the viscosity of the blood in AP with CHD of Qi stagnation and blood stasis, and it has better therapeutic effects.

Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (37) ◽  
pp. e27253
Gaohong Wu ◽  
Qingyang Ji ◽  
Huiwen Huang ◽  
Xueping Zhu

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Gang-Qiong Liu ◽  
Wen-Jing Zhang ◽  
Jia-Hong Shangguan ◽  
Xiao-Dan Zhu ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  

Aims: The present study aimed to investigate the prognostic role of derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after PCI.Methods: A total of 3,561 post-PCI patients with CHD were retrospectively enrolled in the CORFCHD-ZZ study from January 2013 to December 2017. The patients (3,462) were divided into three groups according to dNLR tertiles: the first tertile (dNLR < 1.36; n = 1,139), second tertile (1.36 ≥ dNLR < 1.96; n = 1,166), and third tertile(dNLR ≥ 1.96; n = 1,157). The mean follow-up time was 37.59 ± 22.24 months. The primary endpoint was defined as mortality (including all-cause death and cardiac death), and the secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs).Results: There were 2,644 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 838 patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) in the present study. In the total population, the all-cause mortality (ACM) and cardiac mortality (CM) incidence was significantly higher in the third tertile than in the first tertile [hazard risk (HR) = 1.8 (95% CI: 1.2–2.8), p = 0.006 and HR = 2.1 (95% CI: 1.23–3.8), p = 0.009, respectively]. Multivariate Cox regression analyses suggested that compared with the patients in the first tertile than those in the third tertile, the risk of ACM was increased 1.763 times (HR = 1.763, 95% CI: 1.133–2.743, p = 0.012), and the risk of CM was increased 1.763 times (HR = 1.961, 95% CI: 1.083–3.550, p = 0.026) in the higher dNLR group during the long-term follow-up. In both ACS patients and CCS patients, there were significant differences among the three groups in the incidence of ACM in univariate analysis. We also found that the incidence of CM was significantly different among the three groups in CCS patients in both univariate analysis (HR = 3.541, 95% CI: 1.154–10.863, p = 0.027) and multivariate analysis (HR = 3.136, 95% CI: 1.015–9.690, p = 0.047).Conclusion: The present study suggested that dNLR is an independent and novel predictor of mortality in CHD patients who underwent PCI.

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