Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma
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ESMO Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (5) ◽  
pp. 100258
E. Younger ◽  
R.L. Jones ◽  
D. den Hollander ◽  
V.L.M.N. Soomers ◽  
I.M.E. Desar ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol Volume 13 ◽  
pp. 6755-6766
Bader Alshamsan ◽  
Ahmad Badran ◽  
Aisha Alshibany ◽  
Fatma Maraiki ◽  
Mahmoud A Elshenawy ◽  

2021 ◽  
Jean-Yves Blay

Achieving a balance between long-term efficacy and good quality of life (QoL) is the main goal of treatment for patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma, some of whom experience prolonged survival without progression. An awareness of the challenges particular to this complex set of diseases can help preserve patient QoL during treatment. Histology is among the main factors to consider when selecting treatment in advanced disease. Close attention to the toxicity profiles of available regimens is of particular importance, especially in more advanced lines where the population is usually more vulnerable. Surgical outcomes are significantly better in patients managed with expert care, and early referral to sarcoma reference centers is key to improving survival and QoL.

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. 11517-11517
Steven Attia ◽  
Victor Manuel Villalobos ◽  
Nadia Hindi ◽  
Brian Andrew Van Tine ◽  
Andrew J. Wagner ◽  

11517 Background: Doxorubicin (doxo) remains standard first-line therapy for advanced STS. Doxo in combination with olaratumab (O) demonstrated superior clinical activity compared to doxo alone in a Ph 2 trial (NCT01185964), although this was not confirmed in the subsequent Ph 3 trial (NCT02451943). Gemcitabine (G) plus docetaxel (D) is a second line therapy for advanced STS. Here, we report a concurrent Ph 2 study that explored a second-line addition of O to G and D for advanced STS (ANNOUNCE 2 NCT02659020). Methods: Adult patients (pts) with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic STS, ≤ 2 prior lines of systemic therapy, and ECOG PS 0-1 were eligible. Pts were enrolled from 2 cohorts: O-naïve and O-pretreated. In both cohorts, pts were randomized 1:1 to either O, G plus D or placebo (PBO), G plus D. Pts received 21-day cycles of O (20 mg/ kg cycle 1 and 15 mg/kg other cycles, day (d) 1 and d8), G (900 mg/m2, d1 and d8) and D (75 mg/m2, d8). Pts continued treatment until progression, toxicity, or withdrawal. Randomization was stratified by histology (leiomyosarcoma [LMS] vs non-LMS), prior systemic therapy, ECOG PS, and prior pelvic radiation. The primary objective was overall survival (OS) in the O-naïve population using an alpha level of 0.20. Secondary endpoints included OS (O-pretreated) and other efficacy parameters, as well as safety and pharmacokinetics (PK). Results: 167 pts were enrolled in the O-naïve cohort and 89 pts in the O-pretreated cohort. Baseline patient characteristics were well balanced. OS for O-naïve pts was 16.8 vs 18.0 months (m) (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.64-1.40; p = 0.78) for the investigational vs control arm, respectively. Other efficacy outcomes are presented in the table. Safety was manageable across treatment arms. PK parameter estimates for O were consistent with previous studies. Conclusions: There was no statistically significant difference in OS between the two arms in the O-naïve population. However, while not statistically significant, the combination of O, G and D demonstrated favorable OS in the O-pretreated cohort, and PFS and objective response rate (ORR) in both cohorts. For O-naïve pts, a clinically meaningful progression-free survival (PFS) improvement was observed. Further investigations in specific histological subtypes are ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT02659020. [Table: see text]

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. 11551-11551
Hyo Song Kim ◽  
Hee Jin Cho ◽  
Kum-Hee Yun ◽  
Young Han Lee ◽  
Sung Hyun Kim ◽  

11551 Background: Based on the central role played by the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) in immunosuppression, we assessed the activity and safety of VEGFR inhibitor pazopanib plus anti-PD-L1 blockade durvalumab in soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Methods: We did a single-arm, single-center, phase 2 study that enrolled patients with metastatic or locally advanced STS aged 19 years or older, ECOG PS 0-1, with at least one measurable lesion, and received at least one previous line of systemic therapy. Patient were given pazopanib 800 mg orally daily and durvalumab 1500 mg intravenously for 60 min every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed objective response. Results: Between September 2019 and October 2020, 47 participants were enrolled, of whom 46 (97.9%) were evaluable for the efficacy analyses. With a median follow up of 12.3 months, complete and partial response (PR) was achieved in 1 (2.2%) and 12 (26.1%) patients, resulting in 28.3 % of objective response rate. Median time to achieve PR was 1.4 months and median duration of response was 11.0 months. The most common treatment-related adverse events of any grade include fatigue (20 [42.6%]), anorexia (17 [36.2%]), diarrhea (17 [36.2%]), and AST elevation (16, [34.0%]). Thirty-one patients (67.3%) had progressive disease, and the median progression free survival was 8.6 months (95% CI 3.6-13.6). Conclusions: Durvalumab and pazopanib showed encouraging activity in patients with advanced STS. Molecular predictors with whole exome and RNA sequencing will be presented. Clinical trial information: NCT03798106.

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. 11544-11544
Sylvie Bonvalot ◽  
Piotr Rutkowski ◽  
Juliette Thariat ◽  
Sebastien Carrère ◽  
Anne Ducassou ◽  

11544 Background: NBTXR3, a novel radioenhancer activated by radiotherapy (RT) demonstrated superior efficacy, as preoperative treatment, in patients with locally advanced soft tissue sarcoma (LA STS), compared to RT alone. Primary endpoint of pCR rate was 16% vs 8% (p=0.044) and R0 margin rate was 77% vs 64% (p=0.042) (Bonvalot et al. Lancet Oncol. 2019). No modification of the early safety profile of RT was observed, leading to market authorization. Here we report on the long-term safety, limb function and quality of life. Methods: This phase II/III randomized (1:1), international trial included adult patients with LA STS of the extremity or trunk wall, requiring preoperative RT (NCT02379845). Patients were treated with either a single intratumoral injection of NBTXR3 (volume equivalent to 10% of tumor volume, at 53.3g/L) plus EBRT (arm A), or EBRT alone (arm B) (50 Gy in 25 fractions), followed by surgery. The primary and main secondary efficacy endpoints were previously reported. Safety of NBTXR3+RT, as preoperative treatment, was evaluated as secondary endpoint. We present the safety analyses done in the “all treated population”, with data recorded during at least a two-year follow-up. Important parameters related to HR-QoL, including functional outcome were studied using the EQ-5D, RNLI, TESS and MSTS questionnaires. Results: Patients had at least two-year follow-up and the lost to follow-up rate was very low (1.9%). RT-related SAEs were observed in 11.2% (10/89) vs 13.3% (12/90) in A vs B. Post-treatment AEs, any grade, were observed in 51.7% (46/89) vs 57.8% (52/90) and serious post-treatment AEs in 13.5% (12/89) vs 24.4% (22/90) of patients in A vs B. Second primary cancer was observed in 1 patient in arm A and 6 patients in arm B. Long-term safety continues to demonstrate that NBTXR3 plus RT has no impact on post-surgical wound complications (24.7% vs 36.7%, A vs B). Furthermore, the evaluation of radiation late toxicities in limbs such as fibrosis (4.5% vs 7.7%), arthrosis (2.2% vs 0.0%) and edema (6.7% vs 2.2%) that may alter limb function showed no difference between arms. Accordingly, HR-QoL evaluation yielded no difference in functional outcome. In addition, the intratumoral injection of NBTXR3 did not induce cancer cell seeding at the former tumor site. Finally, sequelae or chronic tissue disturbances at the former tumor localization were similar in both treatment arms, confirming that the increase of energy dose deposit and the physical presence of NBTXR3 did not impact post-treatment limb functions. Conclusions: The long-term safety results demonstrate that the addition of NBTXR3 to EBRT neither added toxicity nor modified the bystander effect of RT. The results presented here associated with the efficacy data reported previously reinforce the favorable benefit-risk ratio of the use of NBTXR3 in patients with LA STS. Clinical trial information: NCT02379845.

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. e23530-e23530
Xin Sun ◽  
Wei Guo ◽  
Ranxin Zhang ◽  
Lu Xie ◽  
Jie Xu

e23530 Background: Anthracycline-based chemotherapy is the main first-line treatment option for advanced soft-tissue sarcoma (STS). Anlotinib has been approved for the treatment of STS by the Chinese agency. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Anlotinib combined with liposomal doxorubicin in first-line treatment of patients with advanced STS. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective study. Eligible patients were those ≥14 years old, ECOG performance state of 0-1, with histologically confirmed locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic STS, previously untreated, with measurable disease by RECIST v1.1. All patients received Anlotinib (12mg once daily, 2 weeks on and 1 week off) and liposomal doxorubicin (40-50 mg/m2, IV, D1, every 3 weeks) until disease progression or unacceptable adverse events. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Disease control rate (DCR), objective response rate (ORR), and side effects were also calculated. Results: Between April 2019 and December 2020, 8 patients were evaluated, including 2 undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, 1 liposarcoma, 4 fibrosarcomas, and 1 synovial sarcoma. The median age was 42 years. 2 patients (25%) achieved a confirmed partial response (PR) and 3(37.5%) had stable disease (SD). The ORR and DCR were 25% and 62.5% respectively. The median PFS was 11.3 months, and the PFS rate at 4 months was 50%. Treatment-related adverse events included hand-foot syndrome (3/8, 37.5%), pneumothorax (1/8, 12.5%), oral mucositis (2/8, 25%), epistaxis (2/8, 25%), hypertension (2/8, 25%), arrhythmias (1/8, 12.5%), and pharyngeal pain (1/8, 12.5%). Three patients experienced grade 3 or 4 adverse events, 2 hand-foot syndrome (2/8, 25%) and 1 pneumothorax (1/8, 12.5%). Conclusions: This study suggested that the combination of Anlotinib and liposomal doxorubicin might have anti-tumor activity and acceptable toxicity in first-line treatment of patients with advanced STS.

2021 ◽  
David S. Moura ◽  
Maria Peña‐Chilet ◽  
Juan Antonio Cordero Varela ◽  
Ramiro Alvarez‐Alegret ◽  
Carolina Agra‐Pujol ◽  

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