Palliative Chemotherapy
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ESMO Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (5) ◽  
pp. 100258
E. Younger ◽  
R.L. Jones ◽  
D. den Hollander ◽  
V.L.M.N. Soomers ◽  
I.M.E. Desar ◽  

Florian Moik ◽  
Gerald Prager ◽  
Johannes Thaler ◽  
Florian Posch ◽  
Sarah Wiedemann ◽  

Objective: Pancreatic cancer activates coagulation and increases risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We aimed at characterizing the association of hemostatic biomarkers and VTE with mortality and chemotherapy response. Approach and Results: Pancreatic cancer patients (n=145) were included in a prospective, observational cohort study (CATS [Vienna Cancer and Thrombosis Study]). Hemostatic biomarkers (D-dimer, extracellular vesicle–tissue factor activity, prothrombin fragment 1+2, fibrinogen, factor VIII, PAI-1 [plasminogen activator inhibitor 1], sP-selectin [soluble P-selectin], thrombin generation assay) were measured at inclusion. The impact of VTE on overall survival/progression-free survival (OS/PFS) was evaluated by multistate modeling. The association of biomarkers with OS was analyzed by Cox-regression and with PFS and disease control rate in patients initiating palliative chemotherapy (n=95) by Cox-regression and logistic regression. Multivariable analysis included stage, grade, sex, age, performance status, VTE (time-dependent), vascular infiltration/compression, and tumor marker levels (carbohydrate-antigen 19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen). VTE occurrence was associated with shorter OS (transition hazard ratio, 3.40 [95% CI, 2.05–5.64]) and shorter PFS (transition hazard ratio, 2.10 [1.16–3.79]). Median post-VTE OS/PFS in months was 5.5 [2.2–6.5] and 3.0 [1.5–3.9], compared with 13.4 [9.7–16.6] and 7.5 [5.9–9.8] in patients without VTE (both P <0.001). D-dimer, extracellular vesicle–tissue factor activity, PAI-1, and sP-selectin were associated with increased mortality (hazard ratio per doubling, 1.27 [1.00–1.61]; 1.63 [1.14–2.36]; 1.25 [1.06–1.47]; 1.52 [1.05–2.20]). In patients initiating palliative chemotherapy, higher D-dimer predicted shorter PFS (hazard ratio per doubling, 1.27 [1.01–1.60]) and lower disease control rate (odds ratio per doubling, 0.59 [0.36–0.98]). Conclusions: VTE diagnosis is associated with shorter OS and PFS. Higher baseline levels of D-dimer, extracellular vesicle–tissue factor activity, PAI-1, and sP-selectin were independently prognostic for increased mortality, and D-dimer predicted response to palliative chemotherapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 32 ◽  
pp. S1058-S1059
M.J. Allen ◽  
O. Espin-Garcia ◽  
C. Suzuki ◽  
E. Panov ◽  
L. Ma ◽  

Raquel Basto ◽  
Tatiana Cunha Pereira ◽  
Luís Rei ◽  
Fábio Rêgo Salgueiro ◽  
Joana Correia Magalhães ◽  

Background: The term phyllodes tumours, which account for less than 1% of breast neoplasms, describes a spectrum of heterogenous tumours with different clinical behaviours. Less than 30% present as metastatic disease. Complete surgical resection is the standard of care so that recurrence rates are reduced. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy is controversial. Patients with metastatic disease have a median overall survival of around 30 months. Case description: The authors present the case of a 57-year-old woman with an exuberant left malignant phyllodes tumour with bilateral involvement, as well as lung and axillar metastasis. The patient underwent haemostatic radiation therapy and started palliative chemotherapy with doxorubicin, achieving partial response with significant improvement in quality of life. A posterior simple mastectomy revealed a small residual tumour. Discussion: Metastatic malignant phyllodes tumours are rare, so therapeutic strategies rely on small retrospective studies and guidelines for soft tissue sarcoma. Palliative chemotherapy protocols include anthracycline-based regimens, either as monotherapy with doxorubicin or doxorubicin together with ifosfamide. With few treatment options, management of these patients must rely on a continuum of care

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (16) ◽  
pp. 3991
Rogier Baak ◽  
François E. J. A. Willemssen ◽  
Yvette van Norden ◽  
Ferry A. L. M. Eskens ◽  
Maaike T. W. Milder ◽  

Background: In unresectable pCCA, the standard of care is palliative chemotherapy. We investigated the feasibility and safety of adding stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) after chemotherapy. Methods: Patients with unresectable pCCA, stage T1-T4N0-N1M0, ECOG 0-1, having finished 6–8 cycles of cisplatin and gemcitabine without disease progression were eligible. SBRT was planned in 15 fractions of 3.0–4.5 Gy. The primary endpoints were feasibility (defined as completing SBRT as planned) and toxicity, evaluated within 3 months after SBRT (CTCAE v4.03). A conventional “3 + 3” design was used, corresponding to a sample size of 6 patients. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was defined as grade ≥ 4 hepatobiliary or grade ≥ 3 gastrointestinal toxicity. The secondary endpoints, measured from the start of radiotherapy, were local control, progression-free survival, overall survival, and quality of life (QoL). identifier: NCT03307538. Results: Six patients were enrolled between November 2017 and March 2020. SBRT was delivered as planned. All patients were treated with 60Gy (15 × 4.0Gy). No SBRT-related DLT was observed. The most common grade ≥ 3 toxicity was cholangitis (n = 5). The median follow-up was 14 months. The 12-month local control rate was 80%. We observed no substantial changes in QoL. Conclusion: In patients with unresectable pCCA with stable disease after palliative chemotherapy, adding SBRT is feasible and safe. The observed local control merits an additional evaluation of effectiveness.

2021 ◽  
Yoon Jung Jang ◽  
Dong-gon Hyun ◽  
Chang-Min Choi ◽  
Dae Ho Lee ◽  
Sang-We Kim ◽  

Abstract Background A primary pulmonary invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) is a rare subtype of invasive adenocarcinoma of the lung. The prognosis of advanced IMA depending on chemotherapy regimen has not been fully investigated. Here, we compared the clinical outcomes of patients with advanced IMA treated with different palliative chemotherapies that included novel therapeutics. Methods This single-center retrospective study included a total of 79 patients diagnosed with IMA and treated with palliative chemotherapy. The primary outcome was the comparison of overall survival according to palliative chemotherapy type. Risk factors associated with death were evaluated as a secondary outcome. Results The study cohort of 79 patients comprised 27 progressive or recurrent cases and 52 initial metastatic patients. Thirteen patients (16.5%) received targeted therapy and 18 cases (22.8%) received immunotherapy. When we compared the survival outcomes of the different treatment regimens, patients with IMA treated by immunotherapy (undefined vs. non-immunotherapy 17.0 months, p < 0.001) had better overall survival rates. However, there was no difference in the prognosis between the cases treated with a targeted therapy (35.6 vs. non-targeted therapy 17.0 months, p = 0.211). None of the conventional regimens produced a better outcome. By multivariable analysis, immunotherapy (HR 0.28; 95% CI 0.11–0.74; P = 0.008) was found to be an independent prognostic factor for death. Conclusions This study suggests that immunotherapy for patients with advanced IMA may provide favorable outcomes than other chemotherapy options.

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