dark sector
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2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (1) ◽  
Debasish Borah ◽  
Arnab Dasgupta ◽  
Devabrat Mahanta

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 (1) ◽  
Moritz Breitbach ◽  
Luca Buonocore ◽  
Claudia Frugiuele ◽  
Joachim Kopp ◽  
Lukas Mittnacht

Abstract Next generation neutrino oscillation experiments like DUNE and T2HK are multi-purpose observatories, with a rich physics program beyond oscillation measurements. A special role is played by their near detector facilities, which are particularly well-suited to search for weakly coupled dark sector particles produced in the primary target. In this paper, we demonstrate this by estimating the sensitivity of the DUNE near detectors to the scattering of sub-GeV DM particles and to the decay of sub-GeV sterile neutrinos (“heavy neutral leptons”). We discuss in particular the importance of the DUNE-PRISM design, which allows some of the near detectors to be moved away from the beam axis. At such off-axis locations, the signal-to-background ratio improves for many new physics searches. We find that this leads to a dramatic boost in the sensitivity to boosted DM particles interacting mainly with hadrons, while for boosted DM interacting with leptons, data taken on-axis leads to marginally stronger exclusion limits. Searches for heavy neutral leptons perform equally well in both configurations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 (01) ◽  
pp. 017
Adrienne L. Erickcek ◽  
Pranjal Ralegankar ◽  
Jessie Shelton

Abstract The early universe may have contained internally thermalized dark sectors that were decoupled from the Standard Model. In such scenarios, the relic dark thermal bath, composed of the lightest particle in the dark sector, can give rise to an epoch of early matter domination prior to Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, which has a potentially observable impact on the smallest dark matter structures. This lightest dark particle can easily and generically have number-changing self-interactions that give rise to “cannibal” behavior. We consider cosmologies where an initially sub-dominant cannibal species comes to temporarily drive the expansion of the universe, and we provide a simple map between the particle properties of the cannibal species and the key features of the enhanced dark matter perturbation growth in such cosmologies. We further demonstrate that cannibal self-interactions can determine the small-scale cutoff in the matter power spectrum even when the cannibal self-interactions freeze out prior to cannibal domination.

2021 ◽  
Theodota Lagouri

Abstract The Standard Model (SM), while extremely powerful as a description of the strong, electromagnetic and weak interactions, does not provide a natural candidate to explain Dark Matter (DM). Theoretical as well as experimental motivation exists for the existence of a hidden or dark sector of phenomena that couples either weakly or in a special way to SM fields. Hidden sector or dark sector states appear in many extensions to SM to provide a particular candidate DM in the universe or to explain astrophysical observations. If there is such a family of Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) particles and interactions, they may be accessible experimentally at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and at future High Energy Colliders. In this paper, the main focus is given on selected searches conducted at LHC experiments related to Higgs Hidden-Dark Sector Physics. The current constraints and future prospects of these studies are summarized.

Symmetry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 2341
Tania Robens

The THDMa is a new physics model that extends the scalar sector of the Standard Model by an additional doublet as well as a pseudoscalar singlet and allows for mixing between all possible scalar states. In the gauge-eigenbasis, the additional pseudoscalar serves as a portal to the dark sector, with a priori any dark matter spins states. The option where dark matter is fermionic is currently one of the standard benchmarks for the experimental collaborations, and several searches at the LHC constrain the corresponding parameter space. However, most current studies constrain regions in parameter space by setting all but 2 of the 12 free parameters to fixed values. In this work, we performed a generic scan on this model, allowing all parameters to float. We applied all current theoretical and experimental constraints, including bounds from current searches, recent results from B-physics, in particular Bs→Xsγ, as well as bounds from astroparticle physics. We identify regions in the parameter space which are still allowed after these were applied and which might be interesting for an investigation of current and future collider machines.

Universe ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (12) ◽  
pp. 480
Nick E. Mavromatos

Several aspects of torsion in string-inspired cosmologies are reviewed. In particular, its connection with fundamental, string-model independent, axion fields associated with the massless gravitational multiplet of the string are discussed. It is argued in favour of the role of primordial gravitational anomalies coupled to such axions in inducing inflation of a type encountered in the “Running-Vacuum-Model (RVM)” cosmological framework, without fundamental inflaton fields. The gravitational-anomaly terms owe their existence to the Green–Schwarz mechanism for the (extra-dimensional) anomaly cancellation, and may be non-trivial in such theories in the presence of (primordial) gravitational waves at early stages of the four-dimensional string universe (after compactification). The paper also discusses how the torsion-induced stringy axions can acquire a mass in the post inflationary era, due to non-perturbative effects, thus having the potential to play the role of (a component of) dark matter in such models. Finally, the current-era phenomenology of this model is briefly described with emphasis placed on the possibility of alleviating tensions observed in the current-era cosmological data. A brief phenomenological comparison with other cosmological models in contorted geometries is also made.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (12) ◽  
Takashi Hiramatsu ◽  
Masahiro Ibe ◽  
Motoo Suzuki ◽  
Soma Yamaguchi

Abstract We discuss how the topological defects in the dark sector affect the Standard Model sector when the dark photon has a kinetic mixing with the QED photon. In particular, we consider the dark photon appearing in the successive gauge symmetry breaking, SU(2) → U(1) → ℤ2, where the remaining ℤ2 is the center of SU(2). In this model, the monopole is trapped into the cosmic strings and forms the so-called bead solution. As we will discuss, the dark cosmic string induces the QED magnetic flux inside the dark string through the kinetic mixing. The dark monopole, on the other hand, does not induce the QED magnetic flux in the U(1) symmetric phase, even in the presence of the kinetic mixing. Finally, we show that the dark bead solution induces a spherically symmetric QED magnetic flux through the kinetic mixing. The induced flux looks like the QED magnetic monopole viewed from a distance, although QED satisfies the Bianchi identity everywhere, which we call a pseudo magnetic monopole.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (12) ◽  
Raghuveer Garani ◽  
Michele Redi ◽  
Andrea Tesi

Abstract We investigate the nightmare scenario of dark sectors that are made of non-abelian gauge theories with fermions, gravitationally coupled to the Standard Model (SM). While testing these scenarios is experimentally challenging, they are strongly motivated by the accidental stability of dark baryons and pions, that explain the cosmological stability of dark matter (DM). We study the production of these sectors which are minimally populated through gravitational freeze-in, leading to a dark sector temperature much lower than the SM, or through inflaton decay, or renormalizable interactions producing warmer DM. Despite having only gravitational couplings with the SM these scenarios turn out to be rather predictive depending roughly on three parameters: the dark sector temperature, the confinement scale and the dark pion mass. In particular, when the initial temperature is comparable to the SM one these scenarios are very constrained by structure formation, ∆Neff and limits on DM self-interactions. Dark sectors with same temperature or warmer than SM are typically excluded.

2021 ◽  
Vol 81 (12) ◽  
Nimmala Narendra ◽  
Narendra Sahu ◽  
Sujay Shil

AbstractWe propose a minimal model for the cosmic coincidence problem $$\Omega _\mathrm{DM}/\Omega _B \sim 5$$ Ω DM / Ω B ∼ 5 and neutrino mass in a type-II seesaw scenario. We extend the standard model of particle physics with a $$\mathrm SU(2)$$ S U ( 2 ) singlet leptonic Dirac fermion $$\chi $$ χ , which represents the candidate of dark matter (DM), and two triplet scalars $$\Delta _{1,2}$$ Δ 1 , 2 with hierarchical masses. In the early Universe, the CP violating out-of-equilibrium decay of lightest $$\Delta $$ Δ generates a net $$B-L$$ B - L asymmetry in the visible sector (comprising of SM fields), where B and L represents the total baryon and lepton number respectively. A part of this asymmetry gets transferred to the dark sector (comprising of DM $$\chi $$ χ ) through a dimension eight operator which conserves $$B-L$$ B - L . Above the electroweak phase transition, the $$B-L$$ B - L asymmetry of the visible sector gets converted to a net B-asymmetry by the $$B+L$$ B + L violating sphalerons, while the $$B-L$$ B - L asymmetry of the dark sector remains untouched which we see today as relics of DM. We show that the observed DM abundance can be explained for a DM mass about 8 GeV. We then introduce an additional singlet scalar field $$\phi $$ ϕ which mixes with the SM-Higgs to annihilate the symmetric component of the DM resonantly which requires the singlet scalar mass to be twice the DM mass, i.e. around 16 GeV, which can be searched at collider experiments. In our model, the active neutrinos also get small masses by the induced vacuum expectation value (vev) of the triplet scalars $$\Delta _{1,2}$$ Δ 1 , 2 . In the later part of the paper we discuss all the constraints on model parameters coming from invisible Higgs decay, Higgs signal strength, DM direct detection and relic density of DM.

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