type ii
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2022 ◽  
Vol 140 ◽  
pp. 106377
Md Riyaj ◽  
A.M. Quraishi ◽  
P.M.Z. Hasan ◽  
Reem Darwesh ◽  
Sandhya Kattayat ◽  

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 312 ◽  
pp. 122865
Kang Li ◽  
Zhongfeng Zhao ◽  
Hong Lu ◽  
Xinran Liu ◽  
Ping'an Peng ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 43 (2) ◽  
pp. 693-712
Francieli Begnini Siepmann ◽  
Beatriz Sousa de Almeida ◽  
Tatiane Aparecida Gomes ◽  
Nina Waszczynskyj ◽  

The interplay between biochemical characteristics and the generation of volatile compounds in 11 type II sourdough fermented by single strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was studied. Samples were collected at 0, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 24h for analyses of microbial growth, pH, titratable acidity and CO2 production. During the first 12h, the LABs entered the stationary phase, and the formation of organic and carboxyl acids, alcohols, and esters were observed. Although acidity is an important characteristic of sourdough, in this work increasing the acetic acid content decreased yeast growth and the CO2 retention capacity of the doughs. The main carbohydrate consumed by autochthonous yeast was influenced by the LAB added (homo-or heterofermentative), as observed by correlation analysis. Maltose and glucose showed a strong and negative correlation with the yeast cell density in the dough fermented by homo and heterofermentative LAB, respectively. Moreover, LAB had an important effect on the aromatic profile, being the alcohols, aldehydes, alkanes, organics acids and esters mainly groups characterized. Altogether, 100 different volatile compounds were identified; however, each dough had a different volatile profile. This study shows, for the first time, the influence of a single strain of LAB on the characteristics of type II sourdough.

2022 ◽  
Vol 29 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-33
Kim Sauvé ◽  
Miriam Sturdee ◽  
Steven Houben

The standard definition for “physicalizations” is “a physical artifact whose geometry or material properties encode data”  [ 47 ]. While this working definition provides the fundamental groundwork for conceptualizing physicalization, in practice many physicalization systems go beyond the scope of this definition as they consist of distributed physical and digital elements that involve complex interaction mechanisms. In this article, we examine how “physicalization” is part of a broader ecology—the “physecology”—with properties that go beyond the scope of the working definition. Through analyzing 60 representative physicalization papers, we derived six design dimensions of a physecology: (i) represented data type, (ii) way of information communication, (iii) interaction mechanisms, (iv) spatial input–output coupling, (v) physical setup, and (vi) audiences involved. Our contribution is the extension of the definition of physicalization to the broader concept of “physecology,” to provide conceptual clarity on the design of physicalizations for future work.

2022 ◽  
Vol 155 ◽  
pp. 111716
Joseph Páez Chávez ◽  
Karunia Putra Wijaya ◽  
Carla M.A. Pinto ◽  
Clara Burgos-Simón

2022 ◽  
Vol 345 (2) ◽  
pp. 112685
Tao Yu ◽  
Meng Yang ◽  
Sihem Mesnager ◽  
Yang Yang
Type Ii ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 294-296
Shilpa A Pratinidhi ◽  
Yuvraj Badhe ◽  
Chaitanya Bhujbal ◽  
Mohak Tilokchandani

Magnesium is most important and vital element of body. It needs to be supplemented adequately. It plays a vital role in insulin secretion, insulin binding and homeostasis. When Serum Magnesium is adequate, the glycemic control is better and HbA1c values will fall, thus proving that serum magnesium plays a major role in glycemic control. It is now established that diabetes can by itself induce hypomagnesemia and hypomagnesemia can in turn induce onset or worsen diabetes mellitus.: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 48 diagnosed cases of type II diabetes mellitus. This study was planned to study if any correlation exists between the level of Serum Magnesium and HbA1C in diagnosed Type II diabetics.: The correlation between the two parameters was not found to be statistically significant.: Owing to COVID-19 restrictions history regarding the duration of disease, the dietary history of the participants could not be obtained : Serum magnesium does not bear a constant relationship with the diabetic control according to the findings of the current study and detailed studies including multi-parametric analysis along with duration of diabetes is required.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 159-167
Selvakumar Jagannathan

Background: Coping style is a person’s characteristic strategies used in response to life problems or traumas. Coping serves a protective function .This study aims to examine the impact of coping styles predominance in the training programme given to patients with type II diabetes of low socioeconomic status group.30 patients with type II diabetes of low socioeconomic status group were selected using purposive sampling from the diabetic clinic for the assessment of coping style. Coping style was assessed using “Coping styles of adults with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes” by Karlsen and Bru (1998). Paired t-test was used to assess the effectiveness of coping styles enhancement training programme for patients with type II diabetes. The study revealed that there is significant increase in the level of coping styles of patients with type II diabetes due to coping styles enhancement training programme.

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (3) ◽  
pp. 95-99
Karina Sarango-Amay ◽  
Alberth Muñoz-Gualan

Schizencephaly is a rare congenital brain malformation characterized by clefts in the cerebral cortex, it is classified in Type I (open lip) and Type II (close-lip). Patients with schizencephaly present seizures, hydrocephalus, motor and mental deficits. Ultrasound is used for in-utero and newborns patients’ diagnosis, and MRI or CT for already born patients. The management of schizencephaly is conservative, with rehabilitation in motor or mental deficits, medication or surgery for seizures and shunt in hydrocephalus with increased intracranial pressure. In the literature, only few giant bilateral cases have been reported. We report a case of giant bilateral open lip schizencephaly, in a 10-day old male patient, presenting with mild hypotonia and no seizures. This case is rare because the relatively benign features compared to other reported cases.

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