Cold Atmospheric Plasma
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Zahra Yazdani ◽  
Pooyan Mehrabanjoubani ◽  
Alireza Rafiei ◽  
Pourya Biparva ◽  
Mostafa Kardan

Curcumin (CUR) has interesting properties to cure cancer. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is also an emerging biomedical technique that has great potential for cancer treatment. Therefore, the combined effect of CAP and CUR on inducing cytotoxicity and apoptosis of melanoma cancer cells might be promising. Here, we investigated the combined effects of CAP and CUR on cytotoxicity and apoptosis in B16-F10 melanoma cancer cells compared to L929 normal cells using MTT method, acridine orange/ethidium bromide fluorescence microscopic assay, and Annexin V/PI flow cytometry. In addition, the activation of apoptosis pathways was evaluated using BCL2, BAX, and Caspase-3 (CASP3) gene expression and ratio of BAX to BCL2 (BAX/BCL2). Finally, in silico study was performed to suggest the molecular mechanism of this combination therapy on melanoma cancer. Results showed that although combination therapy with CUR and CAP has cytotoxic and apoptotic effects on cancer cells, it did not improve apoptosis rate in melanoma B16-F10 cancer cells compared to monotherapy with CAP or CUR. In addition, evaluation of gene expression in cancer cell line confirmed that CUR and CAP concomitant treatment did not enhance the expression of apoptotic genes. In silico analysis of docked model suggested that CUR blocks aquaporin- (AQP-) 1 channel and prevents penetration of CAP-induced ROS into the cells. In conclusion, combination therapy with CAP and CUR does not improve the anticancer effect of each alone.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (22) ◽  
pp. 12252
Author(s):  
Dušan Braný ◽  
Dana Dvorská ◽  
Ján Strnádel ◽  
Tatiana Matáková ◽  
Erika Halašová ◽  
...  

Cold atmospheric plasma has great potential for use in modern medicine. It has been used in the clinical treatment of skin diseases and chronic wounds, and in laboratory settings it has shown effects on selective decrease in tumour-cell viability, reduced tumour mass in animal models and stem-cell proliferation. Many researchers are currently focusing on its application to internal structures and the use of plasma-activated liquids in tolerated and effective human treatment. There has also been analysis of plasma’s beneficial synergy with standard pharmaceuticals to enhance their effect. Cold atmospheric plasma triggers various responses in tumour cells, and this can result in epigenetic changes in both DNA methylation levels and histone modification. The expression and activity of non-coding RNAs with their many important cell regulatory functions can also be altered by cold atmospheric plasma action. Finally, there is ongoing debate whether plasma-produced radicals can directly affect DNA damage in the nucleus or only initiate apoptosis or other forms of cell death. This article therefore summarises accepted knowledge of cold atmospheric plasma’s influence on epigenetic changes, the expression and activity of non-coding RNAs, and DNA damage and its effect in synergistic treatment with routinely used pharmaceuticals.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_6) ◽  
pp. vi165-vi165
Author(s):  
Sophie Peeters ◽  
Zhitong Chen ◽  
Richard Obenchain ◽  
Blake Haist ◽  
Robert Prins ◽  
...  

Abstract INTRODUCTION Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) selectively induces reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) in many types of cancerous cells. ROS-mediated lipid peroxidation is thought to induce ferroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy. We hypothesize that ferroptosis and apoptosis are key mechanisms of CAP-mediated cytotoxicity in high-grade glioma (HGG). METHODS B16, U87, GL261, EPD-210FHTC and human astrocyte NHA hTERT cells were treated with CAP for 10, 30, 60, 90, and 180 seconds. Proliferation and propidium iodide (PI)/annexin V flow cytometry assays were employed to quantify cytotoxicity, cell cycle phases and apoptosis. Mitochondrial superoxide concentration was measured using MitoSOX Red. Cells were pre-treated with ferroptosis inhibitors Ferrostatin-1 and Deferoxamine (DFO) in rescue assays. RESULTS Survival of GL261 and U87 cells after 90 seconds of CAP treatment was 3.7% and 7%, respectively, compared to 62% in NHA cells. A CAP dose-dependent increase in mitochondrial superoxide concentration was observed in GL261 and NHA (R2=0.88 and 0.99, respectively). A shift of EPD and NHA cells into G0 phase was noted after 180 seconds of treatment, compared to baseline (55.4% versus 1.2%, 100% vs. 27.5% respectively). Early apoptosis was more prominent in NHA cells (79% of dead cells), and late apoptosis in EPD cells after 60 seconds of treatment (86% of dead cells). DFO pre-treatment significantly reduced CAP cytotoxicity in GL261 (93% vs. 58% after 10 seconds) and U87 cells (85% vs. 13% after 60 seconds). DFO pre-treatment had no effect on NHA response to CAP. CONCLUSION CAP treatment induces dose-dependent increases in ROS and apoptosis in HGG lines tested more significantly than in NHA cells. CAP induces G1-phase cell cycle arrest in treated HGG cells and G0 arrest in non-cancerous cells. CAP-mediated cytotoxicity was significantly mitigated with DFO pre-treatment in HGG cells, suggesting that ferroptosis plays a critical role in the mechanism of CAP treatment in HGG.


2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (11) ◽  
pp. 904-914
Author(s):  
Jennifer Ernst ◽  
Murat Tanyeli ◽  
Thomas Borchardt ◽  
Moses Ojugo ◽  
Andreas Helmke ◽  
...  

Objective: The response of different critical acute and hard-to-heal wounds to an innovative wound care modality—direct application of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP)—was investigated in this clinical case series. Method: Over an observation period of two years, acute wounds with at least one risk factor for chronification, as well as hard-to-heal wounds were treated for 180 seconds three times per week with CAP. CAP treatment was additional to standard wound care. Photographs were taken for wound documentation. The wound sizes before the first CAP treatment, after four weeks, after 12 weeks and at wound closure/end of observation time were determined using image processing software, and analysed longitudinally for the development of wound size. Results: A total of 27 wounds (19 hard-to-heal and eight acute wounds) with a mean wound area of 15cm2 and a mean wound age of 49 months were treated with CAP and analysed. All (100%) of the acute wounds and 68% of the hard-to-heal wounds healed after an average treatment duration of 14.2 weeks. At the end of the observation period, 21% of hard-to-heal wounds were not yet closed but were reduced in size by >80%. In 11% of the hard-to-heal wounds (n=2) therapy failed. Conclusion: The results suggested a beneficial effect of additional CAP therapy on wound healing. Declaration of interest: This work was carried out within the research projects ‘Plasma for Life’ (funding reference no. 13FH6I04IA) with financial support from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). In the past seven years AFS has provided consulting services to Evonik and has received institutional support by Heraeus, Johnson & Johnson and Evonik. There are no royalties to disclose. The Department for Trauma Surgery, Orthopaedics and Plastic Surgery received charitable donations by CINOGY GmbH. CINOGY GmbH released the di_CAP devices and electrodes for the study. WV and AH were involved in the development of the used di_CAP device (Plasmaderm, CINOGY GmbH). WV is shareholder of the outsourced start-up company CINOGY GmbH.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2064 (1) ◽  
pp. 012127
Author(s):  
P P Gugin ◽  
D E Zakrevsky ◽  
E V Milakhina

Abstract A plasma source of atmospheric pressure with a planar geometry of the device and an adjustable number of planar discharge channels has been developed. The dependence of the recorded collector current on the amplitude of the applied voltage is investigated. It was found that the current in each of the channels consists of a set of independent current channels whose propagation does not depend on each other.


2021 ◽  
Vol 75 (11) ◽  
Author(s):  
Amit Kumar ◽  
Nikola Škoro ◽  
Wolfgang Gernjak ◽  
Nevena Puač

Abstract Water bodies are being contaminated daily due to industrial, agricultural and domestic effluents. In the last decades, harmful organic micropollutants (OMPs) have been detected in surface and groundwater at low concentrations due to the discharge of untreated effluent in natural water bodies. As a consequence, aquatic life and public health are endangered. Unfortunately, traditional water treatment methods are ineffective in the degradation of most OMPs. In recent years, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) techniques have received extensive attention for the mineralization of OMPs in water in order to avoid serious environmental problems. Cold atmospheric plasma discharge-based AOPs have been proven a promising technology for the degradation of non-biodegradable organic substances like OMPs. This paper reviews a wide range of cold atmospheric plasma sources with their reactor configurations used for the degradation of OMPs (such as organic dyes, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides) in wastewater. The role of plasma and treatment parameters (e.g. input power, voltage, working gas, treatment time, OMPs concentrations, etc.) on the oxidation of various OMPs are discussed. Furthermore, the degradation kinetics, intermediates compounds formed by plasma, and the synergetic effect of plasma in combination with a catalyst are also reported in this review. GraphicAbstract


Author(s):  
Sunil Kumar Dubey ◽  
Shraddha Parab ◽  
Amit Alexander ◽  
Mukta Agrawal ◽  
Pavan Kumar Achalla ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (21) ◽  
pp. 11728
Author(s):  
Dayun Yan ◽  
Qihui Wang ◽  
Xiaoliang Yao ◽  
Alisa Malyavko ◽  
Michael Keidar

In this study, we demonstrated that the widely used cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) jet could significantly inhibit the growth of melanoma cells using a contactless treatment method, The flow rate of helium gas was a key operational parameter to modulate electromagnetic (EM) effect on melanoma cells. Metal sheets with different sizes could be used as a strategy to control the strength of EM effect. More attractive, the EM effect from CAP could penetrate glass/polystyrene barriers as thick as 7 mm. All these discoveries presented the profound non-invasive nature of a physically based CAP treatment, which provided a solid foundation for CAP-based cutaneous/subcutaneous tumor therapy.


Biomedicines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (11) ◽  
pp. 1545
Author(s):  
Stephanie Arndt ◽  
Petra Unger ◽  
Anja-Katrin Bosserhoff ◽  
Mark Berneburg ◽  
Sigrid Karrer

Cold Atmospheric Plasma (CAP) has shown promising results in the treatment of various skin diseases. The therapeutic effect of CAP on localized scleroderma (LS), however, has not yet been evaluated. We investigated the effects of CAP on LS by comparing human normal fibroblasts (hNF), human TGF-β-activated fibroblasts (hAF), and human localized scleroderma-derived fibroblasts (hLSF) after direct CAP treatment, co-cultured with plasma-treated human epidermal keratinocytes (hEK) and with an experimental murine model of scleroderma. In hAF and hLSF, 2 min CAP treatment with the MicroPlaSterβ® plasma torch did not affect pro-fibrotic gene expression of alpha smooth muscle actin, fibroblast activating protein, and collagen type I, however, it promoted re-expression of matrix metalloproteinase 1. Functionally, CAP treatment reduced cell migration and stress fiber formation in hAF and hLSF. The relevance of CAP treatment was confirmed in an in vivo model of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis. In this model, CAP-treated mice showed significantly reduced dermal thickness and collagen deposition as well as a decrease in both alpha smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts and CD68-positive macrophages in the affected skin in comparison to untreated fibrotic tissue. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence for the successful use of CAP for treating LS and may be the basis for clinical trials including patients with LS.


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