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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Xiaowen Wan ◽  
Atif Jahanger ◽  
Muhammad Usman ◽  
Magdalena Radulescu ◽  
Daniel Balsalobre-Lorente ◽  

The study explores the association between economic complexity, globalization, renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on the ecological footprint in the case of India from 1990–2018. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) is applied to measure the long-run elasticity, while the vector error correction model (VECM) is applied to classify the causal path. The empirical findings demonstrate that economic complexity, globalization process, and renewable energy consumption play a dominant role in minimizing environmental degradation. In contrast, economic growth and non-renewable energy consumption are more responsible for increasing the pollution level in both the short and long run. Furthermore, the VECM outcomes disclose that there is long-run causality between ecological footprint and economic complexity. Moreover, the empirical outcomes are robust to various robustness checks performed for analysis to the consistency of our main results. The Indian government/policymakers should encourage a more environmentally friendly production process and eco-friendly technologies in exports to minimize environmental degradation.

Dr. Mohan Kumar K

Digitalisation is the use of modern digital tools in the nation, In Indian history there was no significant growth of digital tools during independence moment, but later on there is more scope for the usage of digital tools for the study, like study of archaeological sources, Historical tourism pictures, by the help of the ASI (Archaeological survey in India). India has good flora and fauna in the world, India can generate revenue by expanding its digital implementation in all the tourism centres in India, some of the most visited tourist places by Indians and the foreigners, were The Taj-Mahal, Agra, the gate way of India, The Red fort, Mecca Masjid, some temples like Tirupathi, shabirimala etc, these cities are well aware digitalisation, e-payments, advertisement, online booking availability and the availability of internet has made these Indian cities to invest more in digitalisation to make benefit of the customers and to make profit in their business. More over some the Indian recent schemes like “Digital India, Make in India” can try to implement in Tourism and development of tourism GDP / income. So Indian government can try to announce the benefits for the tourist guides, and create lakhs of employment in India, due to pandemic the tourist visitors has decreased and lakhs of tourists lost their lively income, it became unemployed for many months. So India has to face lot of challenges in the pandemic time and try to increase the tourism income of the nation, sources involves online transactions, social or business and economic transactions in electronic or online mode in the state or country, as it provides benefits for the consumers, producers or citizens by saving time, availability in lower cost and reduces the cost of transportation to purchase any products in the sovereign country like India, like education, hotel services, banking insurance, social services like DBT (Direct Benefit Transfer) and commerce sectors. KEY WORDS: Social sectors, use of Digital technology in tourism, Covid-19, E-governance and the Indian Economy.

Dr. Mohan Kumar K

Oil is the most essential fuel for the world presently and the world, India is the third largest oil importer in the world, with 9.7 percent of the world oil imports, after China and USA, India imports around 80 percent of its oil needs and aims to bring down to 67 percent by 2022, by replacing it by local exploration, renewable energy and indigenous ethanol fuel, but in India there is lack of demand for crude oil and oil products due to Covid-19 epidemic, which made Indian government to imply restrictions, to lockdown of various firms, industries, public and private sector institutions, as health emergency, according to the report of IEA ( International Energy Agency) India’s 40 days lockdown has led to decrease in 30 percent fall in countries demand for energy. Price inflexibility is concern for Indian oil producers, as it is the biggest shock since the Second World War, The global economy is expected to enter recessionary zone in 2020, as countries have shut down there normal business activities, to fight the pandemic led to imbalances in demand and supply of oil prices in the Indian market, Indian oil companies are waiting for the tax reductions and packages by the government, in the short term imbalance in oil demand and supply situation. The purpose of the research paper is that, Indian government has a great task to fight against pandemic as a health emergency and oil prices fluctuations in the year 2020. KEY WORDS: History of the pandemic covid social growth and crude oil prices (PETROLEUM),

2022 ◽  
Vol 07 (01) ◽  
pp. 37-41
Ramdas Ransing ◽  
Sujita Kumar Kar ◽  
Vikas Menon

In recent years, the Indian government has been promoting healthcare with an insufficient evidence base, or which is non-evidence-based, alongside delivery of evidence-based care by untrained practitioners, through supportive legislation and guidelines. The Mental Health Care Act, 2017, is a unique example of a law endorsing such practices. In this paper, we aim to highlight the positive and negative implications of such practices for the delivery of good quality mental healthcare in India.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Sundus Shafat Ahmad ◽  
Manju Rahi ◽  
Poonam Saroha ◽  
Amit Sharma

AbstractMalaria constitutes one of the largest public health burdens faced by humanity. Malaria control has to be an efficient balance between diagnosis, treatment and vector control strategies. The World Health Organization currently recommends indoor residual spraying and impregnated bed nets as two malaria vector control methods that have shown robust and persistent results against endophilic and anthropophilic mosquito species. The Indian government launched the National Framework for Malaria Elimination in 2016 with the aim to achieve the elimination of malaria in a phased and strategic manner and to sustain a nation-wide malaria-free status by 2030. India is currently in a crucial phase of malaria elimination and novel vector control strategies maybe helpful in dealing with various challenges, such as vector behavioural adaptations and increasing insecticide resistance among the Anopheles populations of India. Ivermectin can be one such new tool as it is the first endectocide to be approved in both animals and humans. Trials of ivermectin have been conducted in endemic areas of Africa with promising results. In this review, we assess available data on ivermectin as an endectocide and propose that this endectocide should be explored as a vector control tool for malaria in India. Graphical Abstract

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 74-82
Niranjanaa. A

The cardinal principle of interpretation of a taxing statute is that every statute is prospective unless it is expressly stated that it is retrospective. The term retrospective means operating from a date in the past or taking effect from a past date. Thus, a taxing statute is said to have retrospective operation only when it is expressly or by necessary implication states that it will operate from a date in the past. The Indian revenue in spite of this settled principle of interpretation often tends to retrospectively impose tax for the purpose of gaining revenue. In addition to this, the Indian government has many times made retrospective amendments in the disguise of clarificatory and declaratory amendments. However, the Indian judiciary has always been the saviour of these kind of interpretations and amendments. The judiciary has given different principles both in favour of and against retrospective operation of taxing statutes. Thus, this paper first of all tries to identify the principles against and in favour of retrospective operation of taxing statutes. Then it explains about how a declaratory or clarificatory amendment of a taxing statute should be interpreted. Finally, it points out the rules laid down by the judiciary on retrospective operation of taxing statutes. Keywords: Clarificatory amendments, Declaratory amendments, Judicial rulings, Principles of interpretation, Retrospective operation.

2022 ◽  
Nilu Nagdev ◽  
Felix Akpojene Ogbo ◽  
Mansi Dhami ◽  
Thierno Diallo ◽  
David Lim ◽  

Abstract BackgroundFailure to use antenatal care (ANC) and inadequate receipt of components of ANC pose a significant risk for both the pregnant woman and baby. This study aimed to examine a regional analysis of factors associated with no or inadequate receipt of components of ANC services among Indian women.MethodInformation on 184,628 women of reproductive age 15-49 years from the 2015-16 India National Family Health Survey (NFSH-4) was used. Survey multinomial logistic regression analyses that adjust for cluster and survey weights were conducted to assess the socio-demographic and other factors associated with no or receipt of inadequate receipt of components of ANC in the six regions in India.ResultsAcross regions in India, 18% of women reported no ANC, and the prevalence of inadequate and adequate receipt of components of ANC in all six regions ranged from 16% to 43% and 34% to 81%, respectively. Our analyses revealed that in all six regions, poor households reported increased odds of receiving no or inadequate receipts of components of ANC. In all six regions, inadequate receipts of components of ANC was significantly higher among women who had limited knowledge about pregnancy complications and post-delivery complications. In all the six regions except the East region, women who delivered their babies at home reported higher odds of receiving no or inadequate receipts of components of ANC and women who had no postnatal checkup after delivery reported higher odds of receiving no or inadequate receipts of components of ANC in all regions except South, West and North East regions. Low levels of women's education and women who delivered their babies at home were associated with increased odds of receiving no or inadequate receipts of components of ANC in all six regions except North and East regions.ConclusionA better understanding of the factors associated and incorporating them into the short- and long-term intervention strategies, including free financial support from the Indian government to encourage pregnant women from lower socioeconomic groups to use health services across all regions.

Dr. Sneh Kalra

Abstract: The whole human race is acquainted with the truth that COVID-19 has taken the form of a pandemic. Almost, all the countries are endeavouring their best to circumscribe the dispersion as much as possible. This paper focuses to observe sentiments of Indians during a nationwide lockdown to find what was going on in people's minds due to lockdown and its extension announced by the Indian government. Data has collected from Twitter during the second lockdown period. The results revealed that the majority of the people shows a positive attitude for declared lockdown and need the extension of the lockdown for a month or two to control the spread across the country. Keywords: COVID-19, Lockdown, Pandemic, Sentiments, Twitter

Journalism ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 146488492110568
Arif Hussain Nadaf

The Indian government on 5 August, 2019, unilaterally removed Article 370 of its constitution that provided autonomous status to the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir. In order to pre-empt any backlash, the authorities put the entire region under strict lockdown and imposed a complete communication blackout including suspension of internet, mobile, and landline phone services. The Indian media vociferously covered the issue of higher “national interest” with no counter-narrative from local news media in the region. Using Van Djik’s socio-cognitive model, the study conducted comparative critical discourse analysis of the headlines from two major Indian online news publications; the English daily The Times of India and the Hindi daily Dainik Jagran to identify the discursive strategies adopted by these newspapers after the revocation of the Article 370. The study aimed to understand how Indian newspapers were shaping the discourse when the Indian government imposed communication restrictions and lockdown in the region. Through CDA, the study located the discursive strategies in the headlines and the ideological standpoints they reflected while covering the Article 370 controversy. The CDA found that the headline discourse in both the news publications was characterized by aggressive nationalistic assertion reinforcing domestic legitimacy for the government’s decision. The analysis further showed substantial evidence for the cultural distances between the English and Hindi language news discourse. Unlike English headlines, the Hindi headlines contained explicit linguistic subjectivities and were overtly hyperbolic in recognizing and blending itself with the nationalist assertion and socio-political expression around the abrogation of Article 370.

Diplomatica ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 335-361
Jim Sykes

Abstract In this article, I examine the discourse surrounding “listening stations” (surveillance outposts) that the Indian government has built to counter Chinese infrastructural projects in the Indian Ocean. As surveillance technologies are placed on out-of-the-way islands and deep underwater, the ocean is discursively situated in the press and diplomatic circles as a site where the geopolitical and sonic ‘noise’ of the metropole is evaded in virtue of the seeming fidelity of the sea, thus garnering potential for the listening stations to reveal China’s true geopolitical intentions. Drawing on classic securitization theory, as well as writings in the anthropology of security and sound studies, I argue that the positioning of listening stations as sites defined by listening and protection from Chinese encroachment obfuscates how they function as geopolitical speech and an expansion of Indian power. I coin the term “surveillance acoustemology” to refer to the ways that India’s listening stations spatialize India’s projected influence and its ability to hear its Chinese rival across the Indian Ocean.

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