antithrombotic therapy
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PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262548
Author(s):  
Satoru Kanda ◽  
Takashi Fujishiro ◽  
Takashi Omoto ◽  
Ryosuke Fujino ◽  
Kiyoshi Ishii ◽  
...  

To evaluate the effects of the discontinuation of antithrombotic drugs on intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and complications from ab interno trabeculotomy for patients with glaucoma. We performed a retrospective chart review on the data of patients treated with antithrombotic agents who have undergone ab interno trabeculotomy through Tanito microhook combined with cataract surgery at the Asahi General Hospital and the Tokyo University Hospital, with 6 months of follow-up. The patients were classified into two groups depending on whether they discontinued (AT-) or continued (AT+) antithrombotic therapy during the perioperative phase. The demographics, pre- and postoperative IOP, medication score, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and postoperative complications were analyzed preoperatively and postoperatively at 1 week and 1–6 months. The series included 44 eyes from 44 Japanese patients. The AT- and AT+ groups included 21 eyes from 21 patients and 23 eyes from 23 patients, respectively. The decrease in IOP from the baseline at 1 week postoperative was significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.009), but there were no significant differences observed in the other visits. Hyphema and IOP spikes exceeding 30 mmHg occurred in 10% and 10% of AT- participants, and in 43% and 26% of AT+ participants, respectively. Hyphema and spikes with hyphema occurred more frequently in the AT+ than in the AT- group (p = 0.02 and p = 0.05). The number of patients who had spikes was not significantly different (p = 0.27). In trabeculotomy using the Tanito microhook®, discontinuing antithrombotic therapy had better IOP-lowering effects and less postoperative complications.


2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (6) ◽  
pp. 831-836
Author(s):  
A. S. Gerasimenko ◽  
O. V. Shatalova ◽  
V. S. Gorbatenko ◽  
V. I. Petrov

Aim. To study the frequency of prescribing antithrombotic agents in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in real clinical practice, to evaluate changes of prescriptions from 2012 till 2020.Material and methods. The medical records of inpatients (Form 003/y) with the diagnosis AF, hospitalized in the cardiological department were analyzed. According to the inclusion criteria, the patients were over 18 years of age, established diagnosis of non-valvular AF. There were two exclusion criteria: congenital and acquired valvular heart disease and prosthetic heart valves. In retrospective analysis we have included 263 case histories in 2012, 502 ones in 2016 and 524 in 2020. CHA2DS2-VASc score was used for individual stroke risk assessment in AF. The rational use of the antithrombotic therapy was evaluated according with current clinical practice guidelines at analyzing moment.Results. During period of observation the frequency of antiplatelet therapy significantly decreased from 25,5% to 5,5% (р<0.001), decreased the frequency of administration of warfarin from 71,9% to 18,3% (р<0.001). The frequency of use of direct oral anticoagulants increased in 2020 compared to 2016 (р<0.001). For patients with a high risk of stroke anticoagulant therapy was administered in 71.8% of cases in 2012, 88.5% in 2016 and 92.5% in 2020. Before discharge from hospital majority of patients (72%) achieved a desired minimum international normalized ratio (INR) from 2.0 to 3.0 in 2012. In 2016 and 2020 an only 33% and 40.6% of patients achieved INR (2.0-3.0).Conclusion. Doctors have become more committed to following clinical guidelines during the period of the investigation. In 2020 antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation was suitable according to current clinical guidelines.


Author(s):  
Haijiao Jing ◽  
Nan Zuo ◽  
Valerie A. Novakovic ◽  
Jialan Shi

Cancer patients have increased SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility and are prone to developing severe COVID-19 infections. The incidence of venous thrombosis is approximately 20% in COVID-19 patients with cancer. It has been suggested that thrombus formation has been suggested to correlate with severe clinical manifestations, mortality, and sequelae. In this review, we primarily elaborate on the pathophysiological mechanisms of thrombosis in COVID-19 patients with cancer, emphasize the role of microparticles (MPs) and phosphatidylserine (PS) in coagulation, and propose an antithrombotic strategy. The coagulation mechanisms of COVID-19 and cancer synergistically amplify the coagulation cascade, and collectively promotes pulmonary microvascular occlusion. During systemic coagulation, the virus activates immune cells to release abundant proinflammatory cytokines, referred to as cytokine storm, resulting in the apoptosis of tumor and blood cells and subsequent MPs release. Additionally, we highlight that tumor cells contribute to MPs and coagulation by apoptosis owing to insufficient blood supply. A positive feedback loop of cytokines storm and MPs storm promotes microvascular coagulation storm, leading to microthrombi formation and inadequate blood perfusion. Microthrombi-damaged endothelial cells (ECs), tumor, and blood cells further aggravate the apoptosis of the cells and facilitate MPs storm. PS, especially on MPs, plays a pivotal role in the blood coagulation process, contributing to clot initiation, amplification, and propagation. Since coagulation is a common pathway of COVID-19 and cancer, and associated with mortality, patients would benefit from antithrombotic therapy. The above results lead us to assert that early stage antithrombotic therapy is optimal. This strategy is likely to maintain blood flow patency contributing to viral clearance, attenuating the formation of cytokines and MPs storm, maintaining oxygen saturation, and avoiding the progress of the disease.


2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Author(s):  
Christian Kim ◽  
Margaret L. Pfeiffer ◽  
Jessica R. Chang ◽  
Michael A. Burnstine

Cardiology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Leonardo De Luca ◽  
Leonardo Bolognese ◽  
Andrea Rubboli ◽  
Donata Lucci ◽  
Domenico Gabrielli ◽  
...  

Introduction. Current guidelines recommend dual antithrombotic therapy (DAT) for the majority of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and suggest a short course of triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) for those at very high thrombotic risk (TR) but low bleeding risk (BR). Methods. We analyze if the PARIS ischemic-hemorrhagic scale could be useful for the choice of antithrombotic strategy in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and AF treated with coronary stenting enrolled in the prospective, observational, nationwide MATADOR-PCI study. Results. Among the 588 patients discharged alive, a TAT was prescribed in 381 (64.8%) and DAT in 52 (8.8%) patients. According to the PARIS scoring system, 142 (24.2%) were classified as low, 244 (41.5%) as intermediate and 292 (34.3%) as high TR. In parallel, 87 (14.8%) were categorized in the low, 260 (44.2%) in the intermediate and 241 (41.0%) in the high-risk stratum for major bleedings. Crossing the various strata of the two PARIS risk scores, the largest group of patients consisted of those at high TR and BR (n=130, 22%), followed by those at intermediate risk according to both scores (n=122, 21%). At discharge, TAT was mainly used in patients at intermediate to high BR, while DAT in those at intermediate to high TR but low BR, according to the PARIS score. Conclusion. Our data suggest that some variables associated with increased TR or BR are poorly considered in the daily practice while the use of PARIS scales could help in the implementation of guidelines' recommendations.


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