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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Zhuo Wang ◽  
Zixuan Wang ◽  
Likai Wang

The importance of automatic pollen recognition has been examined in several areas ranging from paleoclimate studies to some daily practice such as pollen hypersensitivity forecasting. This paper attempts to present an automatic 3D pollen image recognition method based on convolutional neural network. To achieve this purpose, high feature dimensions and complex posture transformation should be taken into account. Therefore, this work focuses on a three-part novel approach: constructing spatial local key points to obtain local stable points of pollen images, computing orientational local binary pattern using local stable points as the inputs, and identifying the pollen grains using convolutional neural network as the classifier. Experiments are performed on two standard pollen image datasets: Confocal-E dataset and Pollenmonitor dataset. It is concluded that the proposed approach can effectively extract the features of pollen images and is robust to posture transformation, slight occlusion, and pollution.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 194-199
Priscelle Andeme Ngui Valandro ◽  
Loïc Chalmel

From its etymology bene (good) and volens (will), benevolence means desire to do well. Benevolence is not an arbitrary notion or a theoretical apprehension. It unquestionably reveals man's humanism, which must combine in its daily practice and management with his fellow human beings and even with himself. In education, benevolence is crucial in mother-child relations. We believe that a mother must be benevolent, at the same time as; a child who has received the love of his mother (or parents) can love himself. This is a prerequisite for the acquisition of independent thought. The true cement of any family unit is the mutual love of all those who are called to live together. Paradoxically, love is not the foundation of all families. Unfortunately, there are dysfunctional families in which there are various and varied forms of violence. Children from this type of environment find themselves victims of abuse with all the possible traumatic consequences. Based on this observation, it is easy to reason by deduction: if family love conditions the acquisition of autonomy and children who are victims of family violence do not benefit from it within their families, then children who are victims of family violence are at a disadvantage in acquiring autonomy, or even that they cannot be autonomous. Thus, one may wonder to bring a child victim of family violence to the acquisition of his autonomy? What tools can be used to help a traumatized child become autonomous? How to rebuild a child who has suffered family trauma with a view to his or her autonomy? This article offers the reader benevolence, not as an instruction manual or prescription to be applied, but as a transferable and impactable posture.

Bianchi Ilenia ◽  
Focardi Martina ◽  
Bugelli Valentina ◽  
Francesco Pradella ◽  
Giolli Carlo ◽  

Abstract Background Illegal immigration to Europe is a well-known phenomenon whose numbers are being steadily increasing in recent years. Most of the immigrants in Italy come from war zones, and many of them submit an asylum application supported by the complaint to have been victims of persecutory acts in their home countries. Material and methods One hundred ninety-six medicolegal reports are analyzed considering the different country of origin, the type of the lesions claimed, tools used, evidenced effects, location of the perpetration of the physical abuses, and the possible motivation of the alleged torture. Results Greater than 80% of the assessed asylum seekers are over 18-year males coming from African countries. Fifty-eight percent of migrants were tortured or abused in countries of transit, 95% in Libya. Economic, familial, politic, and ethnic reasons prevail in some countries of origin, while tortures or abuses perpetrated in transit countries are mainly linked to forced labor and detention. In the 42.2% of cases, no physical evidence of tortures was detected. The Istanbul Protocol resulted to have been only partly applicable and about 40% of the medicolegal reports are “inconclusive” about the compatibility of physical evidence with the alleged tortures. Conclusions The medicolegal and forensic experts involved in torture and ill-treatment cases should seek specific education and training to lower the risks of underestimation and the rate of inconclusive reports. More extensive implementation of the Istanbul Protocol in daily practice should be pursued by the authorities in charge of asylum or protection releasement.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (8) ◽  
Ulrich Weber ◽  
Anne Grethe Jurik ◽  
Robert G. W. Lambert ◽  
Walter P. Maksymowych

2021 ◽  
Vol 60 (13) ◽  
pp. 2163-2163
Tetsuya Nemoto ◽  
Satoshi Ito ◽  
Daisuke Kobayashi ◽  
Chinatsu Takai ◽  
Syunsuke Sakai ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Bram Pussig ◽  
Lodewijk Pas ◽  
Ann Li ◽  
Mieke Vermandere ◽  
Bert Aertgeerts ◽  

Abstract Background Primary healthcare-based Early Identification and Brief Intervention (EIBI) for hazardous and harmful alcohol use is both a clinically relevant and cost-effective strategy to reduce heavy drinking. Unfortunately, it remains poorly implemented in daily practice. Multiple studies have shown that training and support (T&S) programs can increase the use of EIBI. Nonetheless, gains have only been modest and short-term at best. Suggestions have been made to rely more on multicomponent programs that simultaneously address several barriers to the implementation of EIBI. The PINO-project aims to evaluate the added value of such a multicomponent program to improve EIBI delivery in daily practice. Methods/design A quasi-experimental three-arm implementation study in Flanders (Belgium) will assess the effects of tailored T&S to General Practitioners (GPs) with or without community mobilisation on EIBI delivery in general practice. The study lasts 18 months and will take place in three comparable municipalities. In municipality 1 and 2, GPs receive a tailored T&S program. The T&S is theoretically founded and tailored to the GPs’ views, needs and practice characteristics. Furthermore, community actions will be embedded within municipality 1 providing additional, contextual, support. In municipality 3, GPs are offered a minimal intervention to facilitate data collection. The primary outcome is the proportion of adult patients screened for hazardous and harmful alcohol use at the end of an 18-month implementation period. The secondary outcome is the scaling up activity at municipal level in screening rates, as assessed every 3 months, and the proportion of patients who received an additional brief intervention when necessary. Furthermore, the correlation between the opinions and needs of the GP’s, their practice organisation and their EIBI performance will be explored. Discussion The PINO-project addresses the gap between what is theoretically possible and the current practice. This is an innovative study combining T&S at GP level with community actions. At the same time, it implements and evaluates practice T&S based on the theoretical domains framework. Trial registration This trial was approved by the Ethics Committee for Research of UZ/KU Leuven (reference number s63342 and G-2020-2177-R2(MAR)) and is registered on clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04398576) in May 2020.

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