daily practice
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Julien A. M. Vos ◽  
Robin de Best ◽  
Laura A. M. Duineveld ◽  
Henk C. P. M. van Weert ◽  
Kristel M. van Asselt

Abstract Background With more patients in need of oncological care, there is a growing interest to transfer survivorship care from specialist to general practitioner (GP). The ongoing I CARE study was initiated in 2015 in the Netherlands to compare (usual) surgeon- to GP-led survivorship care, with or without access to a supporting eHealth application (Oncokompas). Methods Semi-structured interviews were held at two separate points in time (i.e. after 1- and 5-years of care) to explore GPs’ experiences with delivering this survivorship care intervention, and study its implementation into daily practice. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 17 GPs. Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) was used as a conceptual framework. Results Overall, delivering survivorship care was not deemed difficult and dealing with cancer repercussions was already considered part of a GPs’ work. Though GPs readily identified advantages for patients, caregivers and society, differences were seen in GPs’ commitment to the intervention and whether it felt right for them to be involved. Patients’ initiative with respect to planning, absence of symptoms and regular check-ups due to other chronic care were considered to facilitate the delivery of care. Prominent barriers included GPs’ lack of experience and routine, but also lack of clarity regarding roles and responsibilities for organising care. Need for a monitoring system was often mentioned to reduce the risk of non-compliance. GPs were reticent about a possible future transfer of survivorship care towards primary care due to increases in workload and financial constraints. GPs were not aware of their patients’ use of eHealth. Conclusions GPs’ opinions and beliefs about a possible future role in colon cancer survivorship care vary. Though GPs recognize potential benefit, there is no consensus about transferring survivorship care to primary care on a permanent basis. Barriers and facilitators to implementation highlight the importance of both personal and system level factors. Conditions are put forth relating to time, reorganisation of infrastructure, extra personnel and financial compensation. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register; NTR4860. Registered on the 2nd of October 2014.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Francesco Bandera ◽  
Anita Mollo ◽  
Matteo Frigelli ◽  
Giulia Guglielmi ◽  
Nicoletta Ventrella ◽  

The left atrium (LA) is emerging as a key element in the pathophysiology of several cardiac diseases due to having an active role in contrasting heart failure (HF) progression. Its morphological and functional remodeling occurs progressively according to pressure or volume overload generated by the underlying disease, and its ability of adaptation contributes to avoid pulmonary circulation congestion and to postpone HF symptoms. Moreover, early signs of LA dysfunction can anticipate and predict the clinical course of HF diseases before the symptom onset which, particularly, also applies to patients with increased risk of HF with still normal cardiac structure (stage A HF). The study of LA mechanics (chamber morphology and function) is moving from a research interest to a clinical application thanks to a great clinical, prognostic, and pathophysiological significance. This process is promoted by the technological progress of cardiac imaging which increases the availability of easy-to-use tools for clinicians and HF specialists. Two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography and feature tracking cardiac magnetic resonance are becoming essential for daily practice. In this context, a deep understanding of LA mechanics, its prognostic significance, and the available approaches are essential to improve clinical practice. The present review will focus on LA mechanics, discussing atrial physiology and pathophysiology of main cardiac diseases across the HF stages with specific attention to the prognostic significance. Imaging techniques for LA mechanics assessment will be discussed with an overlook on the dynamic (under stress) evaluation of the chamber.

Cardiology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Leonardo De Luca ◽  
Leonardo Bolognese ◽  
Andrea Rubboli ◽  
Donata Lucci ◽  
Domenico Gabrielli ◽  

Introduction. Current guidelines recommend dual antithrombotic therapy (DAT) for the majority of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and suggest a short course of triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) for those at very high thrombotic risk (TR) but low bleeding risk (BR). Methods. We analyze if the PARIS ischemic-hemorrhagic scale could be useful for the choice of antithrombotic strategy in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and AF treated with coronary stenting enrolled in the prospective, observational, nationwide MATADOR-PCI study. Results. Among the 588 patients discharged alive, a TAT was prescribed in 381 (64.8%) and DAT in 52 (8.8%) patients. According to the PARIS scoring system, 142 (24.2%) were classified as low, 244 (41.5%) as intermediate and 292 (34.3%) as high TR. In parallel, 87 (14.8%) were categorized in the low, 260 (44.2%) in the intermediate and 241 (41.0%) in the high-risk stratum for major bleedings. Crossing the various strata of the two PARIS risk scores, the largest group of patients consisted of those at high TR and BR (n=130, 22%), followed by those at intermediate risk according to both scores (n=122, 21%). At discharge, TAT was mainly used in patients at intermediate to high BR, while DAT in those at intermediate to high TR but low BR, according to the PARIS score. Conclusion. Our data suggest that some variables associated with increased TR or BR are poorly considered in the daily practice while the use of PARIS scales could help in the implementation of guidelines' recommendations.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Olcay Kurtulan ◽  
Burçak Bilginer ◽  
Figen Soylemezoglu

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> Low-grade epilepsy-associated neuroepithelial tumors (LEATs) create a diagnostic challenge in daily practice and intraoperative pathological consultation (IC) in particular. Squash smears are extremely useful in IC for accurate diagnosis; however, the knowledge on cytopathologic features of LEATs is based on individual case reports. Here, we discuss the 3 most common and well-established entities of LEATs: ganglioglioma (GG), dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT), and papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT). <b><i>Methods:</i></b> Thirty patients who underwent surgery for GG, DNT, and PGNT between 2001 and 2021 were collected. Squash smears prepared during intraoperative consultation were reviewed by 1 cytopathologist and an experienced neuropathologist. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Among the 30 tumors, 16 (53.3%) were GG, 11 (36.6%) DNT, and 3 (10%) PGNT. Cytomorphologically, all of the 3 tumor types share 2 common features such as dual cell population and vasculocentric pattern. GG smears were characteristically composed of dysplastic ganglion cells and piloid-like astrocytes on a complex architectural background of thin- to thick-walled vessels. DNT, on the other hand, showed oligodendroglial-like cells in a myxoid thin fibrillary background associated with a delicate capillary network. Common cytological features of PGNT were hyperchromatic cells with narrow cytoplasm surrounding hyalinized vessels forming a pseudopapillary pattern and bland cells with neuroendocrine nuclei dispersed in a neuropil background. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> A higher diagnostic accuracy can be obtained when squash smears are applied with frozen sections. However, it is important to integrate clinical and radiologic features of the patient as well as to know the cytopathologic features of the LEAT spectrum in the context of differential diagnosis to prevent misinterpretation in the IC.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Anne A. H. de Hond ◽  
Artuur M. Leeuwenberg ◽  
Lotty Hooft ◽  
Ilse M. J. Kant ◽  
Steven W. J. Nijman ◽  

AbstractWhile the opportunities of ML and AI in healthcare are promising, the growth of complex data-driven prediction models requires careful quality and applicability assessment before they are applied and disseminated in daily practice. This scoping review aimed to identify actionable guidance for those closely involved in AI-based prediction model (AIPM) development, evaluation and implementation including software engineers, data scientists, and healthcare professionals and to identify potential gaps in this guidance. We performed a scoping review of the relevant literature providing guidance or quality criteria regarding the development, evaluation, and implementation of AIPMs using a comprehensive multi-stage screening strategy. PubMed, Web of Science, and the ACM Digital Library were searched, and AI experts were consulted. Topics were extracted from the identified literature and summarized across the six phases at the core of this review: (1) data preparation, (2) AIPM development, (3) AIPM validation, (4) software development, (5) AIPM impact assessment, and (6) AIPM implementation into daily healthcare practice. From 2683 unique hits, 72 relevant guidance documents were identified. Substantial guidance was found for data preparation, AIPM development and AIPM validation (phases 1–3), while later phases clearly have received less attention (software development, impact assessment and implementation) in the scientific literature. The six phases of the AIPM development, evaluation and implementation cycle provide a framework for responsible introduction of AI-based prediction models in healthcare. Additional domain and technology specific research may be necessary and more practical experience with implementing AIPMs is needed to support further guidance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 22-25
Nabhira Aftabi Binte Islam ◽  
Sharika Shahrin ◽  
Md Hamdullah

Background: To assess maintenance of consent paper in daily dental practices. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. To assess maintenance of consent paper in daily dental practice at the chambers of the dentist. Data were collected through face to face interview. Dental chambers were selected by simple random sampling technique and respondents were selected purposively in Mymensingh sadar. 50 chambers and 70 dental surgeons were interviewed. Study period was January to March, 2019. Results: In respect of distribution of the chamber owners by sex, female owners comprised 16% and 84% was male owners. By educational background of chamber owners, 40% owners had no B.D.S degree. It was found that 16% dental chambers had two dental surgeons and 84% dental chambers had one dental surgeon. Of all, 92.90% dental surgeons had knowledge about consent paper. The study showed that 80% dental surgeon sometimes, 7.1% dental surgeon always maintained consent paper in daily practice. Among the dental surgeons, 44.3% sometimes faced problem for taking consent paper in daily practice. Among all, 71.4% maintained verbal consent, 7.1% written and 21.4% maintained implied consent. Of all, 94. 3% dental surgeons maintained written consent paper only for costly treatment and specialized cases while 18.6% thought that it was not important and 40% thought that time consuming and 34.3% thought that patients were not interested. It was also found that 42% ancillary of the dental chambers had diploma degree and 58% had no degree. Conclusion: It is a general legal and ethical principle that one must get valid consent because it is the patients' rights before starting treatment or physical investigation. JOPSOM 2021; 40(1): 22-25

Antibiotics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 64
Jovana Vidović ◽  
Dragica Stojanović ◽  
Petra Cagnardi ◽  
Nebojša Kladar ◽  
Olga Horvat ◽  

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is considered one of the most prevalent global health issues in both veterinarian and human medicine. This complex problem requires a “One Health” approach with the cooperation of all healthcare sectors, as well as agriculture, finance, and consumers. We conducted a survey with the objective to assess the knowledge and attitudes of farm animal veterinarians toward AMR and antimicrobial use in the Republic of Serbia with a small focus on mastitis therapy. A total of 110 respondents completed the questionnaire, which represents a response rate of 27.3%. The majority of our respondents (n = 102, 92.7%) completely agreed that AMR currently represents severe concern in the health sector. Unfortunately, less than one-third (n = 34, 30.9%) of the respondents had only heard about antimicrobial stewardship. Participants showed a positive attitude toward prudent antimicrobial use and were open to solutions to the AMR crisis. We noticed a certain gap between farm veterinarians’ desire to improve and perform better in daily practice, while at the same time feeling like they did not have enough guidance, help, and resources.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 145
Marco Baumgartner ◽  
Tobias Kopp ◽  
Steffen Kinkel

Collaborative robots are a new type of lightweight robots that are especially suitable for small and medium-sized enterprises. They offer new interaction opportunities and thereby pose new challenges with regard to technology acceptance. Despite acknowledging the importance of acceptance issues, small and medium-sized enterprises often lack coherent strategies to identify barriers and foster acceptance. Therefore, in this article, we present a collection of crucial acceptance factors with regard to collaborative robot use at the industrial workplace. Based on these factors, we present a web-based tool to estimate employee acceptance, to provide company representatives with practical recommendations and to stimulate reflection on acceptance issues. An evaluation with three German small and medium-sized enterprises reveals that the tool’s concept meets the demands of small and medium-sized enterprises and is perceived as beneficial as it raises awareness and deepens knowledge on this topic. In order to realise economic potentials, further low-threshold usable tools are needed to transfer research findings into the daily practice of small and medium-sized enterprises.

2022 ◽  
pp. 101-126
Sacha Cartagena ◽  
Lindsey Pike

Bolstered by the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), inclusion became part of the education vernacular. This chapter provides a review of key highlights in the history of inclusive education. The impact of deficit thinking and role of social justice are emphasized as undercurrents driving legislative changes. The authors propose systems thinking as a method to identify actionable items for advancing inclusive education. An overview of promising inclusive frameworks, specifically Universal Design for Learning and social-emotional learning, are described and recommended for embedding inclusive practices into daily practice within the education system.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document