global features
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2022 ◽  
pp. 001573252110609
Mojtaba Hajian Heidary

Epidemic outbreaks are one of the important sources of the risk in the global supply chains. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, global industries that were unprepared for disruptions experienced a decline due to the pandemic. A global supply chain is a complex system set of dynamics that could be analyzed by the system dynamics approach. In this article, the impact of the recent pandemic on the global supply chain is simulated in different scenarios. A system dynamic model is developed to carry out the simulations. In order to consider the impact of the pandemic on the exogenous and endogenous variables, a force majeure factor is defined in the model. Global features considered in this article are the export and import operations, the exchange rate and the rate of tariff. In this article, a scenario analysis is performed to analyze two important factors of the global supply chain: force majeure factor and delivery delay. Results showed that improving the flexibility of production capacity is one of the important strategies that global supply chain managers should pursue. JEL Codes: F23, P45, C15, C63, E37, F17

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 140
Huixiang Shao ◽  
Zhijiang Zhang ◽  
Xiaoyu Feng ◽  
Dan Zeng

Point cloud registration is used to find a rigid transformation from the source point cloud to the target point cloud. The main challenge in the point cloud registration is in finding correct correspondences in complex scenes that may contain many noise and repetitive structures. At present, many existing methods use outlier rejections to help the network obtain more accurate correspondences, but they often ignore the spatial consistency between keypoints. Therefore, to address this issue, we propose a spatial consistency guided network using contrastive learning for point cloud registration (SCRnet), in which its overall stage is symmetrical. SCRnet consists of four blocks, namely feature extraction block, confidence estimation block, contrastive learning block and registration block. Firstly, we use mini-PointNet to extract coarse local and global features. Secondly, we propose confidence estimation block, which formulate outlier rejection as confidence estimation problem of keypoint correspondences. In addition, the local spatial features are encoded into the confidence estimation block, which makes the correspondence possess local spatial consistency. Moreover, we propose contrastive learning block by constructing positive point pairs and hard negative point pairs and using Point-Pair-INfoNCE contrastive loss, which can further remove hard outliers through global spatial consistency. Finally, the proposed registration block selects a set of matching points with high spatial consistency and uses these matching sets to calculate multiple transformations, then the best transformation can be identified by initial alignment and Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm. Extensive experiments are conducted on KITTI and nuScenes dataset, which demonstrate the high accuracy and strong robustness of SCRnet on point cloud registration task.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Wenwen Li

Compared with the most traditional fingerprint identification, knuckle print and hand shape are more stable, not easy to abrase, forge, and pilfer; in aspect of image acquisition, the requirement of acquisition equipment and environment are not high; and the noncontact acquisition method also greatly improves the users’ satisfaction; therefore, finger knuckle print and hand shape of single-mode identification system have attracted extensive attention both at home and abroad. A large number of studies show that multibiometric fusion can greatly improve the recognition rate, antiattack, and robustness of the biometric recognition system. A method combining global features and local features was designed for the recognition of finger knuckle print images. On the one hand, principal component analysis (PCA) was used as the global feature for rapid recognition. On the other hand, the local binary pattern (LBP) operator was taken as the local feature in order to extract the texture features that can reflect details. A two-layer serial fusion strategy is proposed in the combination of global and local features. Firstly, the sample library scope was narrowed according to the global matching result. Secondly, the matching result was further determined by fine matching. By combining the fast speed of global coarse matching and the high accuracy of local refined matching, the designed method can improve the recognition rate and the recognition speed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Yuanyuan Peng ◽  
Zixu Zhang ◽  
Hongbin Tu ◽  
Xiong Li

Background: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been spread widely in the world, causing a huge threat to the living environment of people.Objective: Under CT imaging, the structure features of COVID-19 lesions are complicated and varied greatly in different cases. To accurately locate COVID-19 lesions and assist doctors to make the best diagnosis and treatment plan, a deep-supervised ensemble learning network is presented for COVID-19 lesion segmentation in CT images.Methods: Since a large number of COVID-19 CT images and the corresponding lesion annotations are difficult to obtain, a transfer learning strategy is employed to make up for the shortcoming and alleviate the overfitting problem. Based on the reality that traditional single deep learning framework is difficult to extract complicated and varied COVID-19 lesion features effectively that may cause some lesions to be undetected. To overcome the problem, a deep-supervised ensemble learning network is presented to combine with local and global features for COVID-19 lesion segmentation.Results: The performance of the proposed method was validated in experiments with a publicly available dataset. Compared with manual annotations, the proposed method acquired a high intersection over union (IoU) of 0.7279 and a low Hausdorff distance (H) of 92.4604.Conclusion: A deep-supervised ensemble learning network was presented for coronavirus pneumonia lesion segmentation in CT images. The effectiveness of the proposed method was verified by visual inspection and quantitative evaluation. Experimental results indicated that the proposed method has a good performance in COVID-19 lesion segmentation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2161 (1) ◽  
pp. 012067
B Ashwath Rao ◽  
N Gopalakrishna Kini

Abstract In the machine learning and computer vision domain, images are represented using their features. Color, shape, and texture are some of the prominent types of features. Over time, the local features of an image have gained importance over the global features due to their high discerning ability in localized regions. The texture features are widely used in image indexing and content-based image retrieval. In the last two decades, various local texture features have been formulated. For a complete description of images, effective and efficient features are necessary. In this paper, we provide algorithms for 10 local texture feature extraction. These texture descriptors have been formulated since the year 2015. We have designed algorithms so that they are time efficient and memory space-efficient. We have implemented these algorithms and verified their output correctness.

Shuai Li ◽  
Yuting Guo ◽  
Zhennan Pang ◽  
Wenfeng Song ◽  
Aimin Hao ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 138-147
Mamat et al. ◽  

Content-based image retrieval involves the extraction of global feature images for their retrieval performance in large image databases. Extraction of global features image cause problem of the semantic gap between the high-level meaning and low-level visual features images. In this study RBIR, Region of Interest Based (ROI) Image Retrieval Using Incremental Frame of Color Image was proposed. It combines several methods, including filtering process, image partitioning using clustering and incremental frame formation, complementation law of theory set to generate ROI, NROI, or ER of the region. The concept of weighting as well as a significant query is also incorporated as a query strategy. Extensive experiments were also conducted on the Wang database and the color model selected was the CIE lab. Experimental results show the proposed method is efficient in image retrieval. The performance of the proposed method shows a better average IPR value of 3.51% compared to RGB and 22.92% with the HSV color model. Meanwhile, it also performs better by 36%, 5%, and 24% compared to methods CH (8,2,2), CH (8,3,3), and CH (16,4,4).

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Peng Li ◽  
Qian Wang

In order to further mine the deep semantic information of the microbial text of public health emergencies, this paper proposes a multichannel microbial sentiment analysis model MCMF-A. Firstly, we use word2vec and fastText to generate word vectors in the feature vector embedding layer and fuse them with lexical and location feature vectors; secondly, we build a multichannel layer based on CNN and BiLSTM to extract local and global features of the microbial text; then we build an attention mechanism layer to extract the important semantic features of the microbial text; thirdly, we merge the multichannel output in the fusion layer and use soft; finally, the results are merged in the fusion layer, and a surtax function is used in the output layer for sentiment classification. The results show that the F1 value of the MCMF-A sentiment analysis model reaches 90.21%, which is 9.71% and 9.14% higher than the benchmark CNN and BiLSTM models, respectively. The constructed dataset is small in size, and the multimodal information such as images and speech has not been considered.

2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (6) ◽  
pp. 1853-1860
Wei Chen ◽  
Xuan Zheng ◽  
Haijun Zhou ◽  
Zhe Li

The world is severely impacted by the coronavirus (COVID19). During the epidemic, logistics service, an often-overlooked pillar of the modern society, steps into the spotlight. However, the service capability is inevitably weakened by the epidemic. The fatigued service providers are increasingly unable to meet the high expectations of users, who therefore leave harsh comments on logistics services. It is important for managers to find information that helps to improve management, out of the biased and angry comments. Text sentiment analysis is a fundamental work in natural language processing (NLP). In recent years, graph neural network (GNN) has achieved excellent performance in various NLP tasks. Nevertheless, GNN only considers the adjacent words, as it updates graph nodes. The model thereby emphasizes local features over global features, and misses the intent of the comment text. This paper constructs a triple graph neural network (TGNN) to serve the sentiment analysis of service texts. Firstly, the corresponding node connection windows were applied on different network layers to consider both local and global features. Next, the graph attention network (GAT) was adopted as the message delivery mechanism to fuse the features of all word nodes in the graph. Experimental results show that, the TGNN can evaluate the comment texts on logistics service quality more accurately than the other models.

2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (6) ◽  
pp. 1801-1807
Songjiao Wu

Standard actions are crucial to sports training of athletes and daily exercise of ordinary people. There are two key issues in sports action recognition: the extraction of sports action features, and the classification of sports actions. The existing action recognition algorithms cannot work effectively on sports competitions, which feature high complexity, fine class granularity, and fast action speed. To solve the problem, this paper develops an image recognition method of standard actions in sports videos, which merges local and global features. Firstly, the authors combed through the functions and performance required for the recognition of standard actions of sports, and proposed an attention-based local feature extraction algorithm for the frames of sports match videos. Next, a sampling algorithm was developed based on time-space compression, and a standard sports action recognition algorithm was designed based on time-space feature fusion, with the aim to fuse the time-space features of the standard actions in sports match videos, and to overcome the underfitting problem of direct fusion of time-space features extracted by the attention mechanism. The workflow of these algorithms was explained in details. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of our approach.

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