sensor faults
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Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 157
Mingjun Liu ◽  
Aihua Zhang ◽  
Bing Xiao

A velocity-free state feedback fault-tolerant control approach is proposed for the rigid satellite attitude stabilization problem subject to velocity-free measurements and actuator and sensor faults. First, multiplicative faults and additive faults are considered in the actuator and the sensor. The faults and system states are extended into a new augmented vector. Then, an improved sliding mode observer based on the augmented vector is presented to estimate unknown system states and actuator and sensor faults simultaneously. Next, a velocity-free state feedback attitude controller is designed based on the information from the observer. The controller compensates for the effects of actuator and sensor faults and asymptotically stabilizes the attitude. Finally, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 684
Abdelaziz Abboudi ◽  
Sofiane Bououden ◽  
Mohammed Chadli ◽  
Ilyes Boulkaibet ◽  
Bilel Neji

In this paper, an observer-based robust fault-tolerant predictive control (ORFTPC) strategy is proposed for Linear Parameter-Varying (LPV) systems subject to input constraints and sensor failures. The main objective of this work is to establish a real observer based on a virtual observer to be used to estimate both states and sensor failures of the system. The proposed virtual observer is employed to improve the observation precision and reduce the impacts of the sensor faults and the external disturbances in the LPV systems. In addition, a real observer is proposed to overcome the virtual observer margins and to ensure that all states and sensor faults of the system are properly estimated, without the need for any fault isolation modules. The proposed solution demonstrates that, using both observers, a robust fault-tolerant predictive control is established via the Lyapunov function. Moreover, sufficient stability conditions are derived using the Lyapunov approach for the convergence of the proposed robust controller. Furthermore, the proposed approach simultaneously computes the gains of the real observer and the controller from a linear matrix inequality (LMI), which is deduced from the estimation errors. Finally, the performance of the proposed approach is investigated by a simulation example of a quarter-vehicle model, and the simulation results under a sensor fault illustrate the robustness and performance of the proposed method.

Manipulation of robots is carried out by the operators through a sequence of commands. However, the accuracy of the manipulation is still hindered due to parameter uncertainty. This results in less accurate robotic operations and hence affects the job performance. Due to measurement errors and sensor faults, the operation of robots malfunctions. Generally, errors are reduced with the use of high precision sensors and correcting hardware faults. However, corrections can also be made on a software platform to handle the correction process. Presently, the Denavit–Hartenberg (DH) parameters of a robotic manipulator are optimized for forward kinematics problems. The optimization is carried out using the JAYA approach. The 6R MTAB Aristo XT robot is selected as a case study for the experimental validation of the proposed approach. Experimental results reveal that the optimization of DH parameters improves accuracy for forward kinematic estimation problems. The proposed JAYA approach can further be extended to other robotic manipulators for parameter optimization problems.

Kaoutar Ouarid ◽  
Mohamed Essabre ◽  
Abdellatif El Assoudi ◽  
El Hassane El Yaagoubi

Singular nonlinear systems have received wide attention in recent years, and can be found in various applications of engineering practice. On the basis of the Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) formalism, which represents a powerful tool allowing the study and the treatment of nonlinear systems, many control and diagnostic problems have been treated in the literature. In this work, we aim to present a new approach making it possible to estimate simultaneously both non-measurable states and unknown faults in the actuators and sensors for a class of continuous-time Takagi-Sugeno singular model (CTSSM). Firstly, the considered class of CTSSM is represented in the case of premise variables which are non-measurable, and is subjected to actuator and sensor faults. Secondly, the suggested observer is synthesized based on the decomposition approach. Next, the observer’s gain matrices are determined using the Lyapunov theory and the constraints are defined as linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Finally, a numerical simulation on an application example is given to demonstrate the usefulness and the good performance of the proposed dynamic system.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Mati Ullah ◽  
Chunhui Zhao ◽  
Hamid Maqsood ◽  
Mahmood Ul Hassan ◽  
Muhammad Humayun

PurposeThis paper aims to design an adaptive nonlinear strategy capable of timely detection and reconstruction of faults in the attitude’s sensors of an autonomous aerial vehicle with greater accuracy concerning other conventional approaches in the literature.Design/methodology/approachThe proposed scheme integrates a baseline nonlinear controller with an improved radial basis function neural network (IRBFNN) to detect different kinds of anomalies and failures that may occur in the attitude’s sensors of an autonomous aerial vehicle. An integral sliding mode concept is used as auto-tune weight update law in the IRBFNN instead of conventional weight update laws to optimize its learning capability without computational complexities. The simulations results and stability analysis validate the promising contributions of the suggested methodology over the other conventional approaches.FindingsThe performance of the proposed control algorithm is compared with the conventional radial basis function neural network (RBFNN), multi-layer perceptron neural network (MLPNN) and high gain observer (HGO) for a quadrotor vehicle suffering from various kinds of faults, e.g. abrupt, incipient and intermittent. From the simulation results obtained, it is found that the proposed algorithm’s performance in faults detection and estimation is relatively better than the rest of the methodologies.Practical implicationsFor the improvement in the stability and safety of an autonomous aerial vehicle during flight operations, quick identification and reconstruction of attitude’s sensor faults and failures always play a crucial role. Efficient fault detection and estimation scheme are considered indispensable for an error-free and safe flight mission of an autonomous aerial vehicle.Originality/valueThe proposed scheme introduces RBFNN techniques to detect and estimate the quadrotor attitude’s sensor faults and failures efficiently. An integral sliding mode effect is used as the network’s backpropagation law to automatically modify its learning parameters accordingly, thereby speeding up the learning capabilities as compared to the conventional neural network backpropagation laws. Compared with the other investigated techniques, the proposed strategy achieve remarkable results in the detection and estimation of various faults.

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