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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Nadir Husein ◽  
Vishwajit Upadhye ◽  
Albina Viktorovna Drobot ◽  
Viacheslav Valeryevich Bolshakov ◽  
Anton Vitalyevich Buyanov

Abstract Reliable information about the inflow composition and distribution in a multilateral well is of great importance and an existing challenge in the oil and gas industry. In this paper, we present an innovative method for dynamic monitoring of inflow profile based on quantum marker technology in a multi-lateral well located in West Siberia. Marker systems were placed in the well during the well reconstruction by horizontal side tracking with the parent borehole remaining in production. This way of reconstruction allows development of the reservoir drainage area with a lateral hole and bringing the oil reserves from the parent borehole into production, which results in an increased flow rate and improved oil recovery rate. Placement of marker systems into parent borehole and side-track for fluid distribution monitoring allows to evaluate the flow rate from every borehole and estimate the effectiveness of performed well reconstruction. Marker systems are placed into the parent borehole as a downhole sub installed into the well completion string. For the side-track polymer-coated marked proppant was injected during hydraulic fracturing to place markers. The developed method was reliably used for an accurate and fast determination of the inflow distribution in a multi-lateral well which allows more efficient field development and also enabled us to provide effective solutions for following challenges: Providing tools for timely water cut diagnostics in multilateral wells and information for water shut-off method selection; Selecting the optimal well operating mode for effective field development and premature flooding prevention in one or both boreholes; Evaluating whether well construction was performed efficiently, and an increased production rate was achieved; Leading to a considerable economic savings in capital expenditure.


2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Khaled Elsayed ◽  
Walid Tawfik ◽  
Ashraf E. M. Khater ◽  
Tarek S. Kayed ◽  
Mohamed Fikry

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nieves Carro ◽  
Ana Mouteira ◽  
Isabel García ◽  
María Ignacio ◽  
Julio Cobas

AbstractA fast, effective and low cost sample preparation method based on miniaturized matrix solid-phase dispersion (micro-MSPD) combined with gas chromatography coupled to tandem triple-quadrupole-mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) has been developed for the determination of six phthalate diesters (DMP, DEP, DBP, BzBP, DEHP and DnOP) in mussel samples. The six target compounds have been included in the list of priority pollutants by United States Environmental Protection Agency. The extraction step was optimized on real spiked mussel coming from Galician Rías by means of a factorial design. The final procedure involved the use of 0.45 g of sample, 0.5 g of dispersant agent (Florisil) and 3 mL of organic solvent (ethyl acetate). The optimized method was validated giving satisfactory analytical performance, low detection limits (0.09 to 6.73 ng g−1 dw) and high recoveries (93 and 114%). The validated method was applied to four real mussel samples coming from Galician Rías.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (03) ◽  
pp. 59-67
Author(s):  
Gustavo Fehrenbach ◽  
Daniel Ricardo Arsand ◽  
Sergiane Caldas Barbosa ◽  
Kátia Castagno ◽  
Pedro Filho ◽  
...  

Landfills are sites designed to receive and final disposal of a broad variety of urban solid wastes (USW). The decomposition and biodegradation processes generate a leachate of high complexity and toxicity, containing persistent and recalcitrant contaminants that are not usually monitored. Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a synthetic compound applied mostly on the production of polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins, and is an endocrine disruptor. The presence of BPA in USW urges the development of feasible analytical methods to support the effluent treatment plants and reduce the risks of contamination. The main goal of this work was to develop an efficient, eco-friendly, fast and simple method for routine analysis of BPA in the leachate from landfill. A vortex assisted liquid-liquid extraction (VALLME) using 1-octanol as solvent was performed. BPA recoveries at spiking levels of 2.5, 6.5 and 12.5 µg L-1 were between 60 to 104% with relative standard deviation (RSD) lower than 26%. The linearity of the method was evaluated and the correlation coefficient was (r) 0.9985. The limit of quantification (LOQ) was 2.5 µg L-1 with a pre-concentration factor of 20. The method has advantages such as low consumption of extraction solvent (150 µL), low cost, easy and fast determination.


Author(s):  
Rogério Lopes ◽  
Behzad V. Farahani ◽  
Francisco Q. de Melo ◽  
Nuno V. Ramos ◽  
Pedro M. G. P. Moreira

The dynamic assessment of a passenger bus is of the highest importance when aiming at high safety standards and low emissions for environmental sustainability. This work studies the dynamic response of a bus considering its modal analysis, for which simple dynamic models were developed for fast determination of the lowest frequencies, mainly arising from the suspension flexibility. In addition, complex natural vibration modes, impossible to determine using simplified models, were calculated via finite element method (FEM) modeling. To study the tire elastic behavior, as the key link between the vehicle and the road, specific deformation models, leading to a stiffness matrix to be combined with that of the vehicle spring suspension at each wheel/axis, were developed. This study aims at proposing a set of mathematical formulations to describe the modal behavior of passenger buses in detail, which could be applicable in any other long vehicle with similar conditions. Two main factors are studied, namely the suspension and the tire deformation effect. An acceptable agreement was verified between the simplified approach and FEM model results for the evaluation of natural frequencies and associated modes.


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