voltage conversion
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Juan Pablo Villegas Ceballos ◽  
Carlos Andres Ramos-Paja ◽  
Elkin Edilberto Henao-Bravo

This paper proposes a battery charger solution based on the Zeta DC/DC converter to provide a general interface between batteries and microgrid direct current (DC) buses. This solution enables to interface batteries and DC buses with voltage conversion ratios lower, equal, and higher than one using the same components and without redesigning the control system, thus ensuring global stability. The converter controller is designed to require only the measurement of a single inductor current, instead of both inductors currents, without reducing the system flexibility and stability. The controller stability is demonstrated using the sliding-mode theory, and a design procedure for the parameters is developed to ensure a desired bus performance. Finally, simulations and experiments validate the performance of the proposed solution under realistic operation conditions.

Axioms ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 18
Shih-Kuen Changchien ◽  
Kun-Li Wen

Analysis of power converter performance has tended to be engineering-oriented, focusing mainly on voltage stability, output power and efficiency improvement. However, there has been little discussion about the weight relations between these factors. In view of the previous inadequacy, this study employs regression, rough set and GM(1,N) to analyze the relations among the factors that affect the converter, with a symmetrical half-bridge power converter serving as an example. The four related affecting factors, including the current conversion ratio, voltage conversion ratio, power conversion ratio and output efficiency, are firstly analyzed and calculated. The respective relative relations between output efficiency and the other three factors are obtained. This research can be referred to by engineers in their design of symmetrical half-bridge power converters.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 332-348
Yuqi Wei ◽  

Conventional line frequency transformers have the disadvantages of large volume and low efficiency. The medium or high frequency transformers based on power converters can achieve high power conversion with small footprint have drawn popularity in numerous industrial applications. Unregulated resonant converters, LLC and CLLC resonant converters, with fixed voltage conversion ratio operating at resonant frequency, which are also known as DC transformers (DCXs), are attractive owning to their high efficiency characteristic. Nevertheless, there are issues associated with DCXs in real applications. Regulation capability and automatic resonant frequency tracking capability are the two most important issues for DCXs. The main work of this paper is to characterize the resonant converters based DCXs, and overview the issues and solutions associated with DCXs. Guidelines can be provided for researchers and engineers when designing the resonant converters based DCXs.

2021 ◽  
Zhining Zhang ◽  
Boxue Hu ◽  
Yue Zhang ◽  
Jin Wang ◽  
Jacob Mueller ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2091 (1) ◽  
pp. 012034
V M Vishnevsky ◽  
V P Morozov ◽  
K A Alikin

Abstract The increasing demand for tethered unmanned aerial platforms in various fields and applications, particularly in telecommunications, leads to growing requirements for the amount and quality of electrical power supplied on board. The paper explores the challenges in hardware, electronic and circuit design of the systems that supply power to the equipment installed on tethered aerial platforms. The arguments for implementing a two-stage DC voltage conversion are provided. In the study the expressions for static and dynamic parameters of the on-board bus voltage regulator and stability conditions for the first stage stabilizer with multiple feedback loops were determined. Additionally, the design of the error signal generation circuit is provided.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
pp. 5710-5721
Shima Sadaf ◽  
Nasser Al-Emadi ◽  
Atif Iqbal ◽  
Mahajan Sagar Bhaskar

2021 ◽  
Vol 2108 (1) ◽  
pp. 012073
Runzhuo Ma

Abstract Power electronic transformers(PET) are the key energy conversion equipment in the operation of modern smart grids, the main function of PET is to achieve the conversion of AC voltage to AC voltage, while taking into account the DC ports. This article mainly studies three-stage power electronic transformers based on three-phase uncontrolled rectifier, full-bridge isolated DC-DC converter and three-phase inverter. The operation mechanism and actual working process of the three parts of the PET are analyzed respectively, and the transformer is simulated and analyzed based on the Matlab/Simulink simulation platform. The rectifier converts the AC voltage on the grid side into a rippled DC voltage; the DC-DC converter transforms the obtained DC voltage, taking into account the access of the DC ports; the inverter converts the obtained DC voltage into AC voltage through unipolar modulation and connects to the grid. The experimental results show that the PET constructed in this way can operate safely and stably, which has good voltage conversion and electrical isolation functions, and can be connected to DC loads.

S. Saravanan ◽  
P. Usha Rani ◽  
Mohan P. Thakre

This article discusses a transformer-free, high-efficiency DC-DC converter besides renewable energy applications. The traditional buck-boost, classic Zeta, Sepic, and Cuk converter does have the benefits of a simple design, low cost, as well as the capacity to execute voltage step-up and step-down. Conversely, because of the detrimental consequences of the parasitic constraints of the device, the voltage conversion gain of the traditional DC-DC converter is much more restricted and the efficiency is also significantly smaller, whereas this proposed converter does have a higher voltage gain and efficiency because it is used in a single power switch, resulting in reduced switching losses and voltage stress. The said converter's design is very simple, which simplifies the operation control and reduces switching and conduction losses, leading to an efficiency of 97.4 percent. This converter seems to have the same capabilities as the Zeta converter, including continuous desired output current and desired buck-boost operation. Such an article offers the operation principle and steady evaluation, as well as a comparison with other existing high step-up configurations. The proposed converter employs a fuzzy logic controller, which improves the voltage level as well as reduces the time taken to set the voltage output of a conventional PI and ANN controller, especially in comparison to the FLC controller. For deployment, Experimental Result and MATLAB/Simulink has been used, and the modeling results indicate that the proposed controller performance has improved

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 6349
Cao Anh Tuan ◽  
Takaharu Takeshita

A compact and highly efficient unidirectional DC–DC converter is required as a battery charger for electrical vehicles, which will rapidly become widespread in the near future. The single active bridge (SAB) converter is proposed as a simple and high-frequency isolated unidirectional converter, which is comprised of an active H-bridge converter in the primary side, an isolated high frequency transformer, and a rectifying secondary diode bridge output circuit. This paper presents a novel, unidirectional, high-frequency isolated DC–DC converter called a Secondary Resonant Single Active Bridge (SR–SAB) DC–DC converter. The circuit topology of the SR–SAB converter is a resonant capacitor connected to each diode in parallel in order to construct the series resonant circuit in the secondary circuit. As a result, the SR–SAB converter achieves a higher total power factor at the high frequency transformer and a unity voltage conversion ratio under the unity transformer turns ratio. Small and nonsignificant overshoot values of current and voltage waveforms are observed. Soft-switching commutations of the primary H-bridge circuit and the soft recovery of secondary diode bridge are achieved. The operating philosophy and design method of the proposed converter are presented. Output power control using transformer frequency variation is proposed. The effectiveness of the SR–SAB converter was verified by experiments using a 1 kW, 48 VDC, and 20 kHz laboratory prototype.

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