synthesis conditions
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 3
Diba Grace Auliya ◽  
Soni Setiadji ◽  
Fitrilawati Fitrilawati ◽  
Risdiana Risdiana

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is one of the most superior materials and has been used as a substitute for vitreous humor in the human eye. In previous research, we have succeeded in producing PDMS with low and medium viscosity using octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) monomer with a low grade of 96%. Both have good physical properties and are comparable to commercial product PDMS and PDMS synthesized using D4 monomer with a high grade of 98%. An improvement of the synthesis process is needed to ensure that PDMS synthesized from a low-grade D4 monomer under specific synthesis conditions can repeatedly produce high-quality PDMS. Apart from good physical properties, the PDMS as a substitute for vitreous humor must also be safe and not cause other disturbances to the eyes. Here, we reported the process of synthesizing and characterizing the physical properties of low- and medium-viscosity PDMS using a low-grade D4 monomer. We also reported for the first time the in vitro toxicity test using the Hen’s Egg Test Chorioallantoic Membrane (HET-CAM) test method. We have succeeded in obtaining PDMS with viscosities of 1.15 Pa.s, 1.17 Pa.s, and 1.81 Pa.s. All samples have good physical properties such as refractive index, surface tension, and functional groups that are similar to commercial PDMS. The HET-CAM test results showed that all samples did not show signs of irritation indicating that samples were non-toxic. From the results of this study, it can be concluded that PDMS synthesized from a low-grade D4 monomer under specific synthesis conditions by the ROP method is very safe and has the potential to be developed as a substitute for vitreous humor in human eyes.

RSC Advances ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 1486-1493
Na Feng ◽  
Ying Liu ◽  
Xianglin Dai ◽  
Yingying Wang ◽  
Qiong Guo ◽  

Cerium oxide nanozymes possess enzyme mimetic activities with outstanding free radical scavenging activity, facile synthesis conditions, and excellent biocompatibility. Here, we summarise the latest applications of CeO2-based nanozymes in cancer research and treatment.

Alex Carvalho Alavarse ◽  
Emilli Caroline Garcia Frachini ◽  
Rafael Leonardo Cruz Gomes da Silva ◽  
Vitoria Hashimoto Lima ◽  
Amin Shavandi ◽  

Doğan ÇİRMİ ◽  
Özkan GÖRMEZ ◽  
Barış SAÇLI ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 311
Natalia Yu. Stozhko ◽  
Maria A. Bukharinova ◽  
Ekaterina I. Khamzina ◽  
Aleksey V. Tarasov

Gold nanoparticles are widely used in electrosensing. The current trend is to phytosynthesize gold nanoparticles (phyto-AuNPs) on the basis of the “green” chemistry approach. Phyto-AuNPs are biologically and catalytically active, stable and biocompatible, which opens up broad perspectives in a variety of applications, including tactile, wearable (bio)sensors. However, the electrochemistry of phytosynthesized nanoparticles is not sufficiently studied. This work offers a comprehensive study of the electrochemical activity of phyto-AuNPs depending on the synthesis conditions. It was found that with an increase in the aliquot of the plant extract, its antioxidant activity (AOA) and pH, the electrochemical activity of phyto-AuNPs grows, which is reflected in the peak potential decrease and an increase in the peak current of phyto-AuNPs electrooxidation. It has been shown that AOA is an important parameter for obtaining phyto-AuNPs with desired properties. Electrodes modified with phyto-AuNPs have demonstrated better analytical characteristics than electrodes with citrate AuNPs in detecting uric and ascorbic acids under model conditions. The data about the phyto-AuNPs’ electrochemistry may be useful for creating highly effective epidermal sensors with good biocompatibility.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 136
Nikolay P. Simonenko ◽  
Andrey G. Musaev ◽  
Tatiana L. Simonenko ◽  
Philipp Yu. Gorobtsov ◽  
Ivan A. Volkov ◽  

In this article, a facile, one-step method for the formation of silver thin-film nanostructures on the surface of Al2O3 substrates using the hydrothermal method is proposed. The dependence of the SERS effect intensity of the formed films during the detection of methylene blue (MB) low concentrations on the synthesis conditions, additional temperature treatment, and laser radiation wavelength (532 and 780 nm) in comparison with similar dye films on commercial SERS substrates is shown. The detection limit of the analyte used for the indicated lasers is estimated. The effect of the synthesis temperature on the particle size, crystal structure, and microstructure features of the obtained thin films based on silver nanoparticles is demonstrated. Using spreading resistance microscopy, the interface between the substrate and Ag particles is studied, and the dependence of the size of the corresponding gap between them and the nature of microstructural defects on the parameters of hydrothermal treatment of reaction systems in the presence of Al2O3 substrates is shown. As a result of the study, the factors associated with the properties of the obtained SERS substrates and the parameters of recording the spectra, which affect the amplification factor of the spectral lines intensity of the analyte, are revealed.

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 107
Victor A. Gerasin ◽  
Marina V. Zhurina ◽  
Natalia A. Kleshcheva ◽  
Nikolai A. Sivov ◽  
Dmitry I. Mendeleev

During radical polymerization of novel biocidal methacrylate guanidine monomers, a cyclic byproduct was discovered and identified as 2-imino-5-methyltetrahydropyrimidin-4(1H)-one (THP). Its methacrylate salt (MTHP) was synthesized and characterized via 1H and 13C NMR and pyrolysis chromatography. Synthesis conditions of both THP and MTHP were optimized to high yields, and both MTHP homopolymerization (in aqua) and copolymerization with diallyldimethylammonium chloride (in aqua in salt form) were successfully carried out with middle to high yields, providing a promising platform for potential tailored biocide polymers.

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