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Cartilage ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 194760352110354
Author(s):  
Zahra Abpeikar ◽  
Lida Moradi ◽  
Moosa Javdani ◽  
Saeid Kargozar ◽  
Mostafa Soleimannejad ◽  
...  

Objective Meniscus injuries in the inner avascular zone have weak intrinsic self-healing capacity and often progress to osteoarthritis. This study focused on evaluating the effects of polycaprolactone/silk fibroin/gelatin/ascorbic acid (PCL/SF/Gel/AA) composite scaffolds seeded with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), in the meniscus repair. Design To this end, composite scaffolds were cross-linked using N-hydroxysuccinimide and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl-aminopropyl)-1-carbodiimide hydrochloride. Scaffolds were then characterized by scanning electron microscope, mechanical tests, total antioxidant capacity, swelling, and toxicity tests. Results The PCL/SF/Gel/AA scaffolds exhibited suitable mechanical properties. Furthermore, vitamin C rendered them the highest antioxidant capacity. The PCL/SF/Gel/AA scaffolds also showed good biocompatibility and proliferation for chondrocytes. Moreover, the PCL/SF/Gel/AA scaffold seeded with allogeneic ASCs was engrafted in New Zealand rabbits who underwent unilateral punch defect in the medial meniscus of the right knee. After 2 months postimplantation, macroscopic and histologic studies for new meniscus cartilage were performed. Conclusions Our results indicated that the PCL/SF/Gel/AA composite scaffolds seeded with allogeneic ASCs could successfully improve meniscus healing in damaged rabbits.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Bangguo Wei ◽  
Wenrui Wang ◽  
Xiangyu Liu ◽  
Chenxi Xu ◽  
Yanan Wang ◽  
...  

Abstract Critical-sized bone defects caused by traumatic fractures, tumour resection, and congenital malformation are unlikely to heal spontaneously. Bone tissue engineering is a promising strategy aimed at developing in vitro replacements for bone transplantation and overcoming the limitations of natural bone grafts. In this study, we developed an innovative bone engineering scaffold based on gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogel, obtained via a two-step procedure: first, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were loaded with resveratrol (Res), a drug that can promote osteogenic differentiation and bone formation; these particles were then encapsulated at different concentrations (0.01%, 0.02%, 0.04%, and 0.08%) in GelMA to obtain the final Res-SLNs/GelMA scaffolds. The effects of these scaffolds on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and bone regeneration in rat cranial defects were evaluated using various characterization assays. Our in vitro and in vivo investigations demonstrated that the different Res-SLNs/GelMA scaffolds improved the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, with the ideally slow and steady release of Res; the optimal scaffold was 0.02 Res-SLNs/GelMA. Therefore, the 0.02 Res-SLNs/GelMA hydrogel is an appropriate release system for Res with good biocompatibility, osteoconduction, and osteoinduction, thereby showing potential for application in bone tissue engineering.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Xiaodong Hang ◽  
Xiaohan Liu ◽  
Ying Hu ◽  
Yilai Jiao ◽  
Lin Wu

The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility and osteogenic potential of a Zeolite Socony Mobil-5 (ZSM-5) coating on a Ti-24 Nb-4 Zr-7.9 Sn (Ti-2448) surface. ZSM-5-modified Ti-2448 (ZSM-5/Ti-2448) and Ti-2448 (control) groups were employed. The physical and chemical properties of the two types of samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption, and contact angle methods. The surface of the ZSM-5/Ti-2448 was rougher than that of the original Ti-2448, while the contact angle of the ZSM-5/Ti-2448 was smaller than that of Ti-2448. In addition, the ZSM-5/Ti-2448 largely increased the specific surface area and introduced silanol groups. A bone-like apatite layer could be formed on the surface of ZSM-5/Ti-2448 after 14 days of incubation in a simulated body fluid. ZSM-5/Ti-2448 was not cytotoxic. The number and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of osteoblasts on ZSM-5/Ti-2448 were significantly higher than those on Ti-2448 surfaces, obtained in vitro using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and ALP activity assays. Few inflammatory cells were observed around ZSM-5/Ti-2448 after insertion into the femurs of Japanese white rabbits after 4, 12, and 26 weeks through hematoxylin–eosin staining. The average gray scale of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) on ZSM-5/Ti-2448 peaked earlier than that on Ti-2448, according to immunohistochemical staining. These results indicate that ZSM-5/Ti-2448 has a good biocompatibility and improved early osteogenic potential compared to a noncoated Ti-2448.


Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (8) ◽  
pp. 1163
Author(s):  
Ana Júlio ◽  
Anaisa Sultane ◽  
Ana Silveira Viana ◽  
Joana Portugal Mota ◽  
Tânia Santos de Almeida

Lipidic implants are valuable controlled delivery systems that present good biocompatibility and are useful for long-lasting therapies. However, these promising systems can present inflexible drug release profiles that limit their performance. Thus, finding new materials to overcome this drawback is crucial. Herein, lipidic implants containing caffeine and poorly soluble salicylic acid and rutin were developed. The inclusion of Gelucire® 50/02, sucrose, and two biobased ionic liquids, [Cho][Phe] and [Cho][Glu], were evaluated as a mean to improve the performance of the systems. The formulation procedure, dye content distribution, drug content, drug release, water content, and lipidic erosion of the developed systems were assessed. AFM analysis of the implants containing ILs was also performed. The results demonstrated that neither Gelucire® 50/02 nor sucrose were suitable tools to improve the drug release profile. In contrast, the ILs proved to be promising materials for multiple reasons; not only did they facilitate the formulation and incorporation of the studied drugs into the implants, but they also allowed a more suitable release profile, with [Cho][Glu] allowing a higher drug release due to its ability to increase surface wrinkling. Hence, this study showcases ILs as multitalented materials in lipid-based drug implants.


Author(s):  
Hongrang Chen ◽  
Haitao Zhang ◽  
Yun Shen ◽  
Xingliang Dai ◽  
Xuanzhi Wang ◽  
...  

Background: This study aims to design a 3D printed handheld electrospinning device and evaluate its effect on the rapid repair of mouse skin wounds.Methods: The device was developed by Solidworks and printed by Object 350 photosensitive resin printer. The polylactic acid (PLA)/gelatin blend was used as the raw material to fabricate in-situ degradable nanofiber scaffolds. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and water vapor permeability test were used to evaluate the material properties of the scaffolds; cytotoxicity test was performed to evaluate material/residual solvent toxicity, and in situ tissue repair experiments in Balb/c mouse were performed.Results: The 3D printed handheld electrospinning device successfully fabricates PLA/gelatin nanofibrous membrane with uniformly layered nanofibers and good biocompatibility. Animal experiments showed that the mice in the experimental group had complete skin repair.Conclusions: The 3D printed handheld device can achieve in situ repair of full-thickness defects in mouse skin.


Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (15) ◽  
pp. 2479
Author(s):  
Bo Kyung Park ◽  
In Chul Um

Recently, the electrospun silk web has been intensively studied in terms of its biomedical applications, including tissue engineering scaffolds, due to its good biocompatibility, cytocompatibility, and biodegradability. In this study, the effect of relative humidity (RH) conditions on the morphology of electrospun silk fiber and the electrospinning production rate of silk solution was examined. In addition, the effect of RH on the molecular conformation of electrospun silk web was examined using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. As RH was increased, the maximum electrospinning rate of silk solution and fiber diameter of the resultant electrospun silk web were decreased. When RH was increased to 60%, some beads were observed, which showed that the electrospinnability of silk formic acid solution deteriorated with an increase in RH. The FTIR results showed that electrospun silk web was partially β-sheet crystallized and RH did not affect the molecular conformation of silk.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 1366-1372
Author(s):  
Yongliang Liu ◽  
Caijuan Chu ◽  
Hua Gao ◽  
Hong Jing

Spondylolisthesis (SP), particularly lumbar SP in children, is mostly caused by dysplasia. Several clinical studies have revealed that bone cement filled with hollow pedicle screws can achieve great benefits in the treatment of SP. However, most of the existing bone cement materials are based on polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and calcium phosphate cement (CPC). However, PMMA has poor biocompatibility, due to which its actual efficacy is greatly reduced. Although CPC has good biocompatibility, it exhibits certain cytotoxicity and high pressure in the bone marrow, resulting in fat droplets in blood vessels, which may cause embolisms. This study aimed to investigate the actual efficacy of a new type of bone nanocement filled with hollow pedicle screw in the treatment of 11 children with lumbar SP and to provide a feasible surgical method for the treatment of lumbar SP with hollow pedicle screw filled with bone nanocement.


Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (15) ◽  
pp. 4996
Author(s):  
Ye Xi ◽  
Zhejun Guo ◽  
Longchun Wang ◽  
Qingda Xu ◽  
Tao Ruan ◽  
...  

pH value plays an important role in many fields such as chemistry and biology; therefore, rapid and accurate pH measurement is very important. Because of its advantages in preparation, wide test range, rapid response, and good biocompatibility, iridium oxide material has received more and more attention. In this paper, we present a method for preparing iridium oxide pH microelectrodes based on the sputter deposition method. The sputtering parameters of iridium oxide are also studied and optimized. Open-circuit potential tests show that microelectrodes exhibit near-Nernstian pH response with good linearity (about 60 mV/pH), fast response, high stability (a slight periodic fluctuation of potential change <2.5 mV in 24 h), and good reversibility in the pH range of 1.00–13.00.


Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (8) ◽  
pp. 1108
Author(s):  
Oana Craciunescu ◽  
Madalina Icriverzi ◽  
Paula Ecaterina Florian ◽  
Anca Roseanu ◽  
Mihaela Trif

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease. An objective of the nanomedicine and drug delivery systems field is to design suitable pharmaceutical nanocarriers with controllable properties for drug delivery and site-specific targeting, in order to achieve greater efficacy and minimal toxicity, compared to the conventional drugs. The aim of this review is to present recent data on natural bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory properties and efficacy in the treatment of OA, their formulation in lipid nanostructured carriers, mainly liposomes, as controlled release systems and the possibility to be intra-articularly (IA) administered. The literature regarding glycosaminoglycans, proteins, polyphenols and their ability to modify the cell response and mechanisms of action in different models of inflammation are reviewed. The advantages and limits of using lipid nanoformulations as drug delivery systems in OA treatment and the suitable route of administration are also discussed. Liposomes containing glycosaminoglycans presented good biocompatibility, lack of immune system activation, targeted delivery of bioactive compounds to the site of action, protection and efficiency of the encapsulated material, and prolonged duration of action, being highly recommended as controlled delivery systems in OA therapy through IA administration. Lipid nanoformulations of polyphenols were tested both in vivo and in vitro models that mimic OA conditions after IA or other routes of administration, recommending their clinical application.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1039 ◽  
pp. 557-564
Author(s):  
Haydar Abdul Hassan Al-Ethari ◽  
Sundus Abbas Jasim ◽  
Ekhlas Khalid Zamel

In this research work, bioactive Ti15Mg alloy was prepared by powder metallurgy route to investigate its biocompatibility and mechanical properties. Many tests were performed including X-ray diffraction; optical microscope analysis, scanning electron microscope analysis, ultrasonic wave test, corrosion behavior test, Static immersion test, and the wet sliding wear test. The XRD result shows that the prepared alloy sample consist of (α-Ti phase) and Mg. The microstructure of the prepared alloy sample consisted of a biodegradable Mg or pore and alpha titanium. The effect of the Mg content on degradability was tested based on simulated body fluid of Ringer solutions using electrochemical corrosion. The findings indicate that an elastic modulus of 47GPa exhibits the alloy. There were low corrosion rates of the alloy. The Ti matrix remained integrity after 14 days of immersion in the Ringer solutions, and the magnesium phase dissolved in the solution, causing a layer to form on the alloy. The wear behavior of the prepared ally at wet sliding conditions was evaluated using pin on disc method. The in vitro analysis showed good biocompatibility with Ti15Mg alloy. The prepared alloy demonstrates good biocompatibility and bioactivity.


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