thoracoscopic lobectomy
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Wei Wei ◽  
Xi Zheng ◽  
Yu Gu ◽  
Wenting Fu ◽  
Chunlin Tang ◽  

Abstract Background Postoperative delirium (POD) is characterized by acute brain dysfunction, especially in elderly patients. Postoperative pain is an important factor in the development of delirium, and effective pain management can reduce the risk of POD. Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) can effectively relieve postoperative pain and inhibit the perioperative stress and inflammatory response. We investigated whether the combination of TPVB with general anesthesia reduced the occurrence of POD following thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods A total of 338 elderly patients, aged 65–80 years, who underwent elective surgery for video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATS) were randomly assigned to either a patient-controlled intravenous analgesia group (PIA) or a patient-controlled paravertebral-block analgesia group (PBA). POD was evaluated using the 3-min diagnostic confusion assessment method (3D-CAM). The postoperative quality of recovery (QoR) was assessed with Chinese version of QoR-40 scale. Pain intensity was measured using the visual analog scale (VAS) score. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and neurofilament light (NFL) levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Results Delirium occurred in 47 (28%) of 168 cases in the PIA group and 28 (16.5%) of 170 cases in the PBA group (RR 1.7, p = 0.03). PBA was also associated with a higher rate of overall recovery quality at day 7 after surgery (27.1% vs. 17.3%, P = 0.013) compared with PIA. The incremental change in surgery-induced TNF-α and NFL was greater in the PIA group than PBA group (p < 0.05). Conclusion Thoracic paravertebral block analgesia is associated with lower incidence of postoperative delirium, probably due to its anti-neuroinflammatory effects. Furthermore, as a component of multimodal analgesia, TPVB provides not only superior analgesic but also opioid-sparing effects. Trial registration The study was registered on the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Center (; registration number: ChiCTR 2,000,033,238) on 25/05/2018.

Anuj Shah ◽  
John W. Nance ◽  
Ray Chihara ◽  
Edward Y. Chan ◽  
Min P. Kim

2021 ◽  
Vol 49 (12) ◽  
pp. 030006052110627
Min Li ◽  
Mingqing Peng

Objective Restrictive fluid therapy is recommended in thoracoscopic lobectomy to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications, but it may contribute to hypovolemia. Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) regulates fluid infusion to an amount required to avoid dehydration. We compared the effects of GDFT versus restrictive fluid therapy on postoperative complications after thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods In total, 124 patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy were randomized into the GDFT group (group G, n = 62) or restrictive fluid therapy group (group R, n = 62). The fluid volume and postoperative complications within 30 days of surgery were recorded. Results The total fluid volume in groups G and R was 1332 ± 364 and 1178 ± 278 mL, respectively. Group R received a smaller colloid fluid volume (523 ± 120 vs. 686 ± 180 mL), had a smaller urine output (448 ± 98 vs. 491 ± 101 mL), and received more norepinephrine (120 ± 66 vs. 4 ± 18 µg) than group G. However, there were no significant differences in postoperative pulmonary complications, acute kidney injury, length of hospital stay, or in-hospital mortality between the two groups. Conclusion Restrictive fluid therapy performs similarly to GDFT in thoracoscopic lobectomy but is a simpler fluid strategy than GDFT. Trial registration: This study has been registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2100051339) ( ).

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Xiuyan Wang ◽  
Xuan Zhou ◽  
Lin Li ◽  
Cuijie Liu

This paper aimed to study the application value of Internet of Things (IoT) edge computing algorithm-based ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane block combined with edaravone anesthesia in thoracoscopic lobectomy. A total of 110 patients undergoing thoracoscopic resection were selected as subjects. The patients were anesthetized with erector spinae plane block combined with edaravone before surgery and underwent chest ultrasound scan. IoT edge computing algorithm was constructed and applied to ultrasound images of patients to enhance and denoise the images. It was found that, in different mixed noise mixtures (Gaussian noise 10% + speckle noise 90%; Gaussian noise 30% + speckle noise 70%), the edge computing algorithm can still maintain the edge information of the output image, showing better performance on edge information detection and denoising compared with the Prewitt and Canny operator. In addition, visual analog scale (VAS) scores decreased with postoperative time after edaravone anesthesia induction and erector spinae plane block lobectomy and reached the lowest level after five days. In short, erector spinae plane block combined with edaravone showed good sedative and analgesic effects on patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy. Ultrasound images processed by IoT edge computing algorithm showed high accuracy in the identification of lung lesions, which was worth applying to clinical diagnosis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Yan Cui ◽  
Yang Sun ◽  
Meng Xia ◽  
Dan Yao ◽  
Jun Lei

This research was aimed to study CT image features based on the backprojection filtering reconstruction algorithm and evaluate the effect of ropivacaine combined with dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine on assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy to provide reference for clinical diagnosis. A total of 110 patients undergoing laparoscopic resection were selected as the study subjects. Anesthesia induction and nerve block were performed with ropivacaine combined with dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine before surgery, and chest CT scan was performed. The backprojection image reconstruction algorithm was constructed and applied to patient CT images for reconstruction processing. The results showed that when the overlapping step size was 16 and the block size was 32 × 32, the running time of the algorithm was the shortest. The resolution and sharpness of reconstructed images were better than the Fourier transform analytical method and iterative reconstruction algorithm. The detection rates of lung nodules smaller than 6 mm and 6–30 mm (92.35% and 95.44%) were significantly higher than those of the Fourier transform analytical method and iterative reconstruction algorithm (90.98% and 87.53%; 88.32% and 90.87%) ( P < 0.05 ). After anesthesia induction and lobectomy with ropivacaine combined with dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine, the visual analogue scale (VAS) decreased with postoperative time. The VAS score decreased to a lower level (1.76 ± 0.54) after five days. In summary, ropivacaine combined with dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine had better sedation and analgesia effects in patients with thoracoscopic lobectomy. CT images based on backprojection reconstruction algorithm had a high recognition accuracy for lung lesions.

2021 ◽  
Shuyang CHEN ◽  
Meiyan CHEN ◽  
Lei GU ◽  
Qing WANG ◽  
Yanjing YOU ◽  

Abstract Background: The use of immunosuppressors and a relatively weaken cell-mediated immunity make organ transplant recipients particularly vulnerable to cryptococcosis infection. Patients infected usually present only nonspecific symptoms, making it extremely possible for misdiagnosis and inappropriate choice of therapeutic approach. Methods: We compiled and analysed data of patients received kidney transplant in our hospital between April 2006 to January 2021. Results: 18 patients were enrolled into the study, ranging between 27-68 years old. The median time from kidney transplantation to pathologically-confirmed infection was 4.09 years. All patient’s respiratory system was affected, showing symptoms including sputum-producing cough and fever. 3 patients (16.67%) also developed central nervous system (CNS) infections. Nodule-shaped infectious sites were frequently observed (10, 58.82%) in chest CT. Blood works showed no specific changes. 7 patients received thoracoscopic lobectomy in suspicion of lung cancer. 3 patients first received antifungal therapy for a period of time and then underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy. No recurrence whatsoever was observed in all 10 surgically-intervened patients. 8 patients received only antifungal therapy, 7 of them showed a substantial reduction in the size of the infectious site. Fluconazole was most frequently prescribed for antifungal therapy. Conclusion: Most patients developed pulmonary cryptococcosis 2 years after transplantation. Patients usually demonstrate symptoms like fever and sputum-producing cough. The possibility of cryptococcal meningitis shouldn’t be ruled out if corresponding symptoms occur. CT presentation may be confused with lung cancer. Fluconazole is commonly prescribed for treatment and can usually yield satisfied outcome. In patients received unsatisfactory antifungal therapy, surgical therapy should be considered a possibility.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Jin-Xi Huang ◽  
Song-Ming Hong ◽  
Jun-Jie Hong ◽  
Qiang Chen ◽  
Hua Cao

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the outcomes and pulmonary function test (PFT) of thoracoscopic segmentectomy and lobectomy in infants with congenital lung malformation and study the result of PFT on a medium-term basis.Methods: The clinical data of 19 infants with congenital lung malformation who underwent thoracoscopic surgery in our hospital from January 2018 to March 2019 were retrospectively studied; these infants were paired with another 19 infants who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy during the same period using propensity score matching. Age-matched healthy individuals with similar body sizes were recruited for PFT as the control group. Patient characteristics, postoperative PFT, and outcomes were extracted for statistical analysis.Results: The average length of hospital stay did not significantly differ between segmentectomy and lobectomy groups. The segmentectomy group had more chest tube drainage than the lobectomy group. PFT 1 month after the operation showed that the tidal volume of the lobectomy group was lower than that of the segmentectomy group. Time to peak expiratory flow/time of expiration and peak flow/terminal airway velocity (V25%) indicated small airway dysfunction in the lobectomy group, and no obvious abnormalities were found in “time of inspiratory/time of expiration” in either group. Reexamination of pulmonary function 2 years after the operation showed that the small airway function of the segmentectomy group returned to normal, and no significant difference in pulmonary function was noted among the three groups.Conclusion: The short-term pulmonary function recovery was better after segmentectomy than after lobectomy. Patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy and segmentectomy have normal lung function 2 years after the operation.

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