hemophilia a
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2022 ◽  
Vol 28 ◽  
pp. 7-13
Alexandre Hikiji Watanabe ◽  
Shaun Wen Huey Lee ◽  
Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha ◽  
Ming Y. Lim ◽  
Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262273
Carolina J. Delgado-Flores ◽  
David García-Gomero ◽  
Stefany Salvador-Salvador ◽  
José Montes-Alvis ◽  
Celina Herrera-Cunti ◽  

Background Different prophylactic and episodic clotting factor treatments are used in the management of hemophilia. A summarize of the evidence is needed inform decision-making. Objective To compare the effects of factor replacement therapies in patients with hemophilia. Methods We performed a systematic search in PubMed, Central Cochrane Library, and Scopus. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to December 2020, which compared different factor replacement therapies in patients with hemophilia. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed whenever possible. The certainty of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. The study protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021225857). Results Nine RCTs were included in this review, of which six compared episodic with prophylactic treatment, all of them performed in patients with hemophilia A. Pooled results showed that, compared to the episodic treatment group, the annualized bleeding rate was lower in the low-dose prophylactic group (ratio of means [RM]: 0.27, 95% CI: 0.17 to 0.43), intermediate-dose prophylactic group (RM: 0.15, 95% CI: 0.07 to 0.36), and high-dose prophylactic group (RM: 0.07, 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.13). With significant difference between these subgroups (p = 0.003, I2 = 82.9%). In addition, compared to the episodic treatment group, the annualized joint bleeding rate was lower in the low-dose prophylactic group (RM: 0.17, 95% CI: 0.06 to 0.43), intermediate-dose prophylactic group (RM of 0.14, 95% CI: 0.07 to 0.27), and high-dose prophylactic group (RM of 0.08, 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.16). Without significant subgroup differences. The certainty of the evidence was very low for all outcomes according to GRADE methodology. The other studies compared different types of clotting factor concentrates (CFCs), assessed pharmacokinetic prophylaxis, or compared different frequencies of medication administration. Conclusions Our results suggest that prophylactic treatment (at either low, intermediate, or high doses) is superior to episodic treatment for bleeding prevention. In patients with hemophilia A, the bleeding rate seems to have a dose-response effect. However, no study compared different doses of prophylactic treatment, and all results had a very low certainty of the evidence. Thus, future studies are needed to confirm these results and inform decision making.

2022 ◽  
Rong Chen ◽  
Dmitry Gultyaev ◽  
Johanna Lister ◽  
Rong Han ◽  
Nan Hu ◽  

Abstract Background: Long-term prophylactic therapy is considered the standard of care for hemophilia A patients. This study models the long-term clinical and cost outcomes of two factor VIII (FVIII) products using a pharmacokinetic (PK) simulation model in a Chinese population. Methods: Head-to-head PK profile data of BAY 81-8973 (KOVALTRY®) and antihemophilic factor (recombinant) plasma/albumin-free method (rAHF-PFM, ADVATE®) were applied to a two-state (alive and dead) Markov model to simulate blood FVIII concentrations at a steady state in prophylactically-treated patients with hemophilia A. Worsening of the Pettersson score was simulated and decline was associated with the probability of having orthopaedic surgery. The only difference between the compounds was FVIII concentration at a given time; each subject was treated with 25 IU/kg every 3 days. The model used a lifetime horizon, with cycle lengths of 1 year. Results: Cumulative bleeding events, joint bleeding events, and major bleeding events were reduced by 19.3%, 9.3% and 19.3%, respectively for BAY 81-8973 compared to rAHF-PFM. Hospitalizations and hospitalization days were also reduced by 19.3% for BAY 81-8973 compared to rAHF-PFM. BAY 81-8973 resulted in both cost savings and a gain in quality adjusted life years (QALYs) compared to rAHF-PFM. Conclusion: Based on modeled head-to-head comparisons, differences in PK-properties between BAY 81-8973 and rAHF-PFM result in a reduced number of bleeding events, leading to reduced costs and increased quality of life for BAY 81-8973. These results should be used to inform clinical practice in China when caring for patients with severe hemophilia A.

F1000Research ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. 1049
Bendix Samarta Witarto ◽  
Visuddho Visuddho ◽  
Andro Pramana Witarto ◽  
Henry Sutanto ◽  
Bayu Satria Wiratama ◽  

Background: Patients with severe hemophilia often present with painful joint and soft tissue bleeding which may restrict them from their daily activities. The current standard of care still relies on a regular prophylactic factor VIII (FVIII), which has a high daily treatment burden. Recently, rurioctocog alfa pegol, a third-generation recombinant FVIII with a modification in its polyethylene glycol (PEG) component, has been developed. Several trials have studied this synthetic drug as bleeding prophylaxis in severe hemophilia A. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of rurioctocog alfa pegol for previously treated patients with severe hemophilia A. Methods: This study was conducted in conformity with the PRISMA guidelines. Data were retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Wiley Online Library, and CINAHL (via EBSCOhost). Study qualities were assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS) and Modified Jadad scales. Results: Four studies involving 517 previously treated severe hemophilia A patients were included in this study. The pooled mean of total annualized bleeding rate (ABR) and hemostatic efficacy was 2.59 (95% CI = 2.04–3.14) and 92% (95% CI = 85%–97%), respectively. Only 30 (2.3%) non-serious and one (1.4%) serious adverse events were considered related to rurioctocog alfa pegol treatment. At the end of the studies, no development of FVIII inhibitory antibodies was observed. None of the developed binding antibodies to FVIII, PEG-FVIII, or PEG was correlated to the treatment efficacy and safety. Conclusions: Despite the limited availability of direct comparison studies, our analyses indicate that rurioctocog alfa pegol could serve as a safe and effective alternative for bleeding prophylaxis in previously treated hemophilia A patients. Moreover, it appears to have low immunogenicity, which further increases the safety profile of the drug in such clinical conditions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (6) ◽  
pp. 685-689
Abdi Meriem ◽  
Zemani-Fodil Faouzia

Hemophilia A (HA) is the most severe X-linked inherited bleeding disorder caused by hemizygous mutations in the F8 gene. Several F8 mutations are responsible of HA including intron 1 and 22 micro-inversions, large and small deletions, insertions, duplications, and point mutations. In a previous study, we determined the molecular causes of HA in 85% of patients group studied. However, no mutation were found in three unrelated patients origi-nating from Western Algeria. In the present study, we sought to characterize the molecular origin of HA in three patients by investigating rearrangements in the F8 gene using the MLPA method. Comparaison between case results and healthy controls showed absence of deletions or duplications in the F8 gene in these three hemophiliacs A patients. This finding has already been reported in many studies where any F8 mutation or rearrangement has been identified. Further analysis are required in order to determine the molecular origin of the disease in these families. It would be very interesting to look for deep intonic mutations and to study epigenetic mechanisms as well as DNA methylation and miRNAs.

Akbar Dorgalaleh ◽  
Yadolah Farshi ◽  
Kamand Haeri ◽  
Omid Baradarian Ghanbari ◽  
Abbas Ahmadi

AbstractIntracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the most dreaded complication, and the main cause of death, in patients with congenital bleeding disorders. ICH can occur in all congenital bleeding disorders, ranging from mild, like some platelet function disorders, to severe disorders such as hemophilia A, which can cause catastrophic hemorrhage. While extremely rare in mild bleeding disorders, ICH is common in severe coagulation factor (F) XIII deficiency. ICH can be spontaneous or trauma-related. Spontaneous ICH occurs more often in adults, while trauma-related ICH is more prevalent in children. Risk factors that can affect the occurrence of ICH include the type of bleeding disorder and its severity, genotype and genetic polymorphisms, type of delivery, and sports and other activities. Patients with hemophilia A; afibrinogenemia; FXIII, FX, and FVII deficiencies; and type 3 von Willebrand disease are more susceptible than those with mild platelet function disorders, FV, FXI, combined FV–FVIII deficiencies, and type 1 von Willebrand disease. Generally, the more severe the disorder, the more likely the occurrence of ICH. Contact sports and activities can provoke ICH, while safe and noncontact sports present more benefit than danger. An important risk factor is stressful delivery, whether it is prolonged or by vacuum extraction. These should be avoided in patients with congenital bleeding disorders. Familiarity with all risk factors of ICH can help prevent occurrence of this diathesis and reduce related morbidity and mortality.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 623
Junya Zhao ◽  
Miaojin Zhou ◽  
Zujia Wang ◽  
Lingqian Wu ◽  
Zhiqing Hu ◽  

Hemophilia A (HA) is caused by mutations in the coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) gene (F8). Gene therapy is a hopeful cure for HA; however, FVIII inhibitors formation hinders its clinical application. Given that platelets promote coagulation via locally releasing α-granule, FVIII ectopically expressed in platelets has been attempted, with promising results for HA treatment. The B-domain-deleted F8 (BDDF8), driven by a truncated ITGA2B promoter, was targeted at the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) locus of HA patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (HA-iPSCs). The F8-modified, human induced pluripotent stem cells (2bF8-iPSCs) were differentiated into induced hematopoietic progenitor cells (iHPCs), induced megakaryocytes (iMKs), and mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs), and the FVIII expression was detected. The ITGA2B promoter-driven BDDF8 was site-specifically integrated into the rDNA locus of HA-iPSCs. The 2bF8-iPSCs were efficiently differentiated into 2bF8-iHPCs, 2bF8-iMKs, and 2bF8-iMSCs. FVIII was 10.31 ng/106 cells in lysates of 2bF8-iHPCs, compared to 1.56 ng/106 cells in HA-iHPCs, and FVIII was 3.64 ng/106 cells in 2bF8-iMSCs lysates, while 1.31 ng/106 cells in iMSCs with CMV-driven BDDF8. Our results demonstrated a high expression of FVIII in iHPCs and iMSCs derived from hiPSCs with site-specific integration of ITGA2B promoter-driven BDDF8, indicating potential clinical prospects of this platelet-targeted strategy for HA gene therapy.

Shuxian Song ◽  
Meghan J. Lyle ◽  
Misty L. Noble-Vranish ◽  
Dominic M. Min-Tran ◽  
James Harrang ◽  

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