placement tests
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2021 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. e021004
Atos Apollo Silva Borges ◽  
Washington Luis Pinho Rodrigues Filho ◽  
Aratuza Rodrigues Silva Rocha ◽  
Wilson Júnior de Araújo Carvalho ◽  
Ronaldo Mangueira Lima Júnior ◽  

Transfer phenomena between Portuguese (L1) and English (L2) produced by Brazilian learners are well documented in the literature. However, the identification and classification of these processes are made mainly through transcriptions, a slow and laborious process done by specialized linguists. The rapid identification of these phenomena would be of great value for software doing proficiency placement tests and could be used in language schools, distance education, computer-assisted pronunciation training (CAPT) or by autodidacts and researchers. The present work analyzed possible techniques and tools that can be used in the automatic identification of some transfer processes. The data for the grapho-phonic-phonological transfer were synthetically generated in the Google Translate™ TTS system. Then we tested three classification algorithms to perform the identification: k-Nearest Neighbor, Centroid Minimum Distance, and Artificial Neural Networks. The results indicate that these techniques are of great value for Linguistics and for new software applications in language learning.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 1141-1153
Eko Sigit Purwanto ◽  
Akhyak ◽  
Achmad Patoni ◽  
Imam Junaris

Private schools must try to improve education marketing management in order to get more students that will later support learning activities in schools. Marketing management in this research is how to introduce educational products, invite and influence people to become consumers or service users in an educational institution. This study uses a qualitative approach that has a post positivistic or interpretive paradigm with the aim of understanding the phenomena that occur in the field. This type of research is multisite. The data collection in this study was carried out by means of participant observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. Furthermore, the researchers analyzed the data using two methods, i.e.: on-site data analysis and cross-site analysis using the Miles Huberman interactive model, known as reduction and presentation of data and drawing conclusions. The results of this study are: 1) implementation of stakeholder-based educational marketing management which is carried out by carrying out the placement tests, fulfilling qualifications and improving teacher professionalism, fulfilling facilities and infrastructure, providing opportunities for students to take extra-curricular activities, targeting output (students) who are in good attitudes, smart, healthy, accomplished, and competitive, conducts routine evaluations, assimilates with stakeholders, and achieves customer satisfaction. The optimistic attitude and deep love of the alumni can then be called market fanatics, coming out from market ideology, 2) integrated supervision by combining inherent supervision and follow-up plans. Both institutions strive to guard all plans to achieve perfect targets in terms of educational marketing by eliminating errors or zero defects.

2021 ◽  
pp. 004005992110255
Stephanie W. Cawthon ◽  
Linda Goldstone ◽  
Jennifer Higgins ◽  
Martha Thurlow

Postsecondary entrance and placement tests provide critical information that shapes the trajectory of the transition from secondary to postsecondary education. Test accommodations can play an important role in reducing barriers that deaf students face during high-stakes testing. For deaf students, decisions about access and accommodations for standardized assessment typically involve an Individualized Education Program (IEP) team. Deaf students’ access needs are not homogeneous, and decisions include a variety of factors including student characteristics, the content of the test, and test accommodations policies. In this article we share information about challenges that deaf students face and suggestions for ways to help to ensure that deaf students receive the accommodations that better allow them to show what they know and can do. These steps to improve accessibility can support equity in postsecondary pathways for deaf students.

Josep R. Medina ◽  
M. Esther Gomez-Martin ◽  
Patricia Mares-Nasarre ◽  
Mireille Escudero ◽  
Itxaso Oderiz ◽  

In many countries, the health of the marine ecosystems and the sun-sand-sea tourism depend on the coral reefs, which have been retreating around the world during the last decades. Homogeneous Low-Crested Structures (HLCS), made of large rocks or pre-cast concrete units, can be placed to mimic the functions of beach protection and eventually serve as a refuge for species. HLCS is a type of multi-purpose green infrastructure which is functionally similar to conventional low-crested structures but have higher porosity and are more easily dismantled for re-use. Contrary to conventional low-crested structures, the functionality of HLCS protecting beaches depends on the selected placement grid; this paper describes physical and numerical placement tests on horizontal bottom used to characterize the layers coefficients of Cubipod HLCS. The Bullet Physic Engine (BPE) numerical model used in the gaming industry, which is based on the rigid body method, is calibrated using the physical placement tests. The layer coefficients of Cubipod HLCS measured in the physical placement tests were similar to those obtained with the BPE numerical model, which could be used to optimize placement grids of HLCS on specific sea bottom conditions. Finally, the influence of the placement grid of Cubipod HLCS on the structure height, crest freeboard and wave transmission is analyzed.Recorded Presentation from the vICCE (YouTube Link):

2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 24-34
Mónika Bagota ◽  
Csaba Csíkos ◽  
Judit Szitányi

In the academic year of 2016/17, the Department of Mathematics at the ELTE Faculty of Primary and Pre-School Education (Budapest) has introduced a new, Mathematics Primer Course for first-year students majoring in primary school education. Since this year, every first-year student to enrol has taken a compulsory placement test in Mathematics. Our supposition from this was that the students who attain weaker results do not have poorer abilities, but rather suffer lacks in their factual knowledge. Moreover, they do not possess adequate experience or skills in how best to apply their knowledge to an exact problem. By reviewing the methods and techniques to be applied when solving the placement test, we can deduce which topics demand greater emphasis in the future.

Huanhuan Cai ◽  
Tao Zhang ◽  
Yinghua Su ◽  
Zhongyue Wang ◽  
Xiaofang Zhang ◽  

Abstract In recent years, Protaetia brevitarsis Lewis has gradually become an important pest of several crops including grape (Vitis vinifera L.) and peach (Amygdalus persica L.) in Xinjiang, China. Toward improving trapping efficacy as part of a management program, various colors, types, and placement of traps and the use of an attractant were evaluated in field and laboratory studies. Laboratory color-choice tests and field tests indicated that P. brevitarsis adults preferred red. In trap placement tests, more adults were captured on traps placed 1 or 1.5 m above the ground and on top of the horizontal grape canopy. Before grape ripening, more adults were captured in traps placed in a 0.5-m border around the outside edge of the vineyard; during grape ripening, more were caught within the vineyard. Newly designed traps that were red, with a triangular baffle and a landing plate, were more efficient than traditional bucket-shaped traps. When P. brevitarsis adults were trapped and killed from June to July 2018, the population of P. brevitarsis adults in August to early September 2018 was significantly lower than in August to early September 2017, when adults had not been trapped and killed in the prior 2 mo.

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