primary anastomosis
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Denise Schlee ◽  
Till-Martin Theilen ◽  
Henning Fiegel ◽  
Martin Hutter ◽  
Udo Rolle

Summary Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare congenital disease which is usually not of the detected prenatally. Due to the lack of prenatal diagnosis, some newborns with EA are born outside of specialized centers. Nevertheless, centralized care of EA has been proposed, even if a clear volume–outcome association in EA management remains unconfirmed. Furthermore, whether outcomes differ between outborn and inborn patients with EA has not been systematically investigated. Therefore, this single-center, retrospective study aimed to investigate EA management and outcomes with a special focus on inborn versus outborn patients. The following data were extracted from the medical records of infants with EA from 2009 to 2019: EA type, associated anomalies, complications, and long-term outcome. Patients were allocated into inborn and outborn groups. Altogether, 57 patients were included. Five patients were excluded (referral before surgery, loss of data, death before surgery [n = 1], and incorrect diagnosis [diverticulum, n = 1]). Among all patients, the overall survival rate was 96%, with no mortalities among outborn patients. The overall hospitalization period was shorter for outborn patients. The median follow-up durations were 3.8 years and 3.2 years for inborn and outborn patients, respectively. Overall, 15% of patients underwent delayed primary anastomosis (long-gap atresia [n = 4] and other reasons [n = 4]). Early complications included three anastomotic leakages and one post-operative fistula; 28% of patients developed strictures, which required dilatation, and 38% of patients showed relevant gastroesophageal reflux, which required fundoplication, without any differences between the groups. The two groups had comparable low mortality and expected high morbidity with no significant differences in outcome. The outborn group showed nonsignificant trends toward lower morbidity and shorter hospitalization periods, which might be explained by the overall better clinical status.

Chetan Baragi ◽  
Raveendra Totad ◽  
Shankarsnehit Patil ◽  
Nandini Takkalaki

Background: Anterior urethral strictures develop due to a process of fibrosis and cicatrix formation of the urethral mucosa and the surrounding tissues. Its surgical management is a challenging problem, and has changed dramatically in the past several decades. Open surgical repair using grafts has become the gold standard procedure for anterior urethral strictures that are not amenable to excision and primary anastomosis. Oral mucosa harvested from the inner cheek (buccal mucosa) is an ideal material, and is most commonly used for substitution urethroplasty. Objective of current study was to establish the efficacy of the buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty by different onlay techniques in anterior urethral strictures.Methods: The study was a prospective study, done between August 2009 and December 2011. 25 cases of long anterior urethral strictures were managed by onlay urethroplasty by different techniques. Follow up ranged from 8-20 months.Results: 3 patients lost follow up after first visit. Post operative uroflowmetry was done in all patients after 1 month at the time of first follow up visit. Of 25 cases 21 (84%) were successful and 4 (16%) failed.Conclusions: In our study we have found that buccal mucosal graft can be safely used for substitution urethroplasty in all long anterior urethral strictures including cases with balanitis xerotic obliterance. It was very efficient in terms of less graft shrinkage or contracture as it is a full thickness graft.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (4) ◽  
pp. 42-48
Yu. S. Pankratova ◽  
O. Yu. Karpukhin ◽  
M. I. Ziganshin ◽  
A. F. Shakurov

AIM: to evaluate the prospects of using a colorectal invaginated anastomosis in patients with complicated diverticular disease (CDD).PATIENTS AND METHODS: during the period from 2014 to 2020, colorectal invaginated anastomosis, was used in 42 patients: 18 patients with CDD and 20 patients with colorectal cancer for stoma closure after Hartmann’s procedure. The comparison group consisted of 24 patients with CDD and 20 patients with colorectal cancer for stoma closure after Hartmann’s procedure: colorectal anastomosis was created here using traditional double-row handsewn technique. All patients underwent surgery with open access, while the primary anastomosis was performed in 20 (47.6%) patients, and in 22 (52.4%) patients of the group underwent stoma takedown.RESULTS: no anastomosis leakage developed in the main group. Moreover, the presence of single small diverticula with a diameter of 2–3 mm near the area of the anastomosis was not an indication to extend the resection borders. In the control group, in 13 (54.2%) patients, small diverticula were detected in the anastomosis are as well and required to expand the proximal border of resection. In this group, anastomosis leakage occurred in 2 (6.8%) patients with diverticular disease and required Hartmann’s procedure.CONCLUSION: the colorectal invaginated anastomosis is justified for patients with CDD during stoma takedown because it minimizes the risk of anastomosis leakage.

Tatjana T. König ◽  
Emilio Gianicolo ◽  
Luisa Frankenbach ◽  
Eva Wittenmeier ◽  
Oliver J. Muensterer

Abstract Introduction Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare malformation that often requires a series of procedures, including surgical primary anastomosis, staged repair, and endoscopic procedures. Actual numbers and trends in interventions and variety in treatment strategies remain unclear. Materials and Methods Data from the German federal bureau of statistics containing all EA-related inpatient procedures encoded from 2005 until 2018 were analyzed for children during the first year of life. The sum of esophageal anastomoses and replacements was used to calculate an estimate of incidence of EA. Results Over 14 years, 12,627,888 inpatient cases were recorded in infants in Germany. The mean incidence of EA was 1 per 4,217 live births. On average, 163.3 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 150.8–176.1) esophageal anastomoses, 11.2 (95% CI: 8.7–13.7) esophageal lengthening procedures, and 6.7 (95% CI: 5.42–8.00) esophageal replacements were recorded annually. Overall, 187.8 (95% CI: 147.1–200.4) endoluminal treatments (ballon dilatation, bougienage, stent placement, or injection) were performed per 100 anastomoses. Over the years, bougienage was increasingly replaced by ballon dilatation as primary treatment. Boys had a significantly higher number of esophageal procedures than girls, but the incidence of endoscopic treatments in relation to anastomoses was the same for both genders. Conclusion The low incidence of EA in relation to a relatively large number of units treating those patients in Germany may pose challenges for maintaining competency and training of all specialists involved. The number of esophagoscopic treatments for esophageal stricture per anastomosis is lower than previously estimated.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Marius Kryzauskas ◽  
Augustinas Bausys ◽  
Justas Kuliavas ◽  
Klaudija Bickaite ◽  
Audrius Dulskas ◽  

Abstract Background The proportion of elderly colorectal cancer (CRC) patients requiring surgery is increasing. Colorectal resection for left-sided cancers is the most controversial as the primary anastomosis or end-colostomy and open or minimally invasive approaches are available. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the short- and long-term outcomes in elderly patients after resection with primary anastomosis for left-sided CRC. Methods The cohort study included left-sided colorectal cancer patients who underwent resection with primary anastomosis. The participants were divided into non-elderly (≤75 years) and elderly (> 75 years) groups. Short- and long-term postoperative outcomes were investigated. Results In total 738 (82%) and 162 (18%) patients were allocated to non-elderly and elderly groups, respectively. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) was less prevalent in the elderly (42.6% vs 52.7%, p = 0.024) and a higher proportion of these suffered severe or lethal complications (15.4% vs 9.8%, p = 0.040). MIS decreased the odds for postoperative complications (OR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.19–0.89, p = 0.038). The rate of anastomotic leakage was similar (8.5% vs 11.7%, p = 0.201), although, in the case of leakage 21.1% of elderly patients died within 90-days after surgery. Overall- and disease-free survival was impaired in the elderly. MIS increased the odds for long-term survival. Conclusions Elderly patients suffer more severe complications after resection with primary anastomosis for left-sided CRC. The risk of anastomotic leakage in the elderly and non-elderly is similar, although, leakages in the elderly seem to be associated with a higher 90-day mortality rate. Minimally invasive surgery is associated with decreased morbidity in the elderly.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
Adel Zeinalpour ◽  
Maryam Abbasi ◽  
Faezeh Shams ◽  
Barmak Gholizadeh

Introduction: A newly appeared challenge for the healthcare system is the variety of clinical symptoms of COVID-19. In this research, we report 2 cases admitted to Modarres Hospital with unusual postoperative anastomotic failure. Case Presentation: In a 72-year-old man with a perforated peptic ulcer in D2 and signs of leakage after the first operation and during the second operation due to massive unexpected hemorrhage, we found fully disrupted anastomosis on the second part of the duodenum. Accordingly, the suture ligature of the bleeding ulcer with the closure of the duodenal stump and loop gastrojejunostomy and tube duodenostomy were performed. During the postoperative period, he developed dyspnea, and the diagnostic test of SARS-CoV-2 confirmed him as a case of COVID-19. Unfortunately, 1 week after the second surgery, evidence of anastomotic leakage appeared again by bile discharge from drains; although it was managed conservatively, he died because of respiratory failure. In another case, a 65-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency ward with closed-loop small bowel obstruction. After emergency laparotomy, resection of ischemic bowel with primary anastomosis was performed. The same as the previous case, she developed dyspnea, and the diagnostic test resulted positive for COVID-19. After 2 weeks, she was admitted to the hospital with signs of anastomotic leakage that was subsequently confirmed by abdominal computed tomography (CT); although it was managed conservatively, she died because of respiratory failure due to COVID-19. Conclusions: These cases were unique in that intestinal microangiopathies can cause very severe problems, weaken the body, and eventually death, as we have seen in these 2 cases.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Cesare Piazza ◽  
Davide Lancini ◽  
Michele Tomasoni ◽  
Anil D’Cruz ◽  
Dana M. Hartl ◽  

Airway involvement by advanced thyroid carcinoma (TC) constitutes a negative prognosticator, besides being a critical clinical issue since it represents one of the most frequent causes of death in locally advanced disease. It is generally agreed that, for appropriate laryngo-tracheal patterns of invasion, (crico-)tracheal resection and primary anastomosis [(C)TRA] is the preferred surgical technique in this clinical scenario. However, the results of long-term outcomes of (C)TRA are scarce in the literature, due to the rarity of such cases. The relative paucity of data prompts careful review of the available relevant series in order to critically evaluate this surgical technique from the oncologic and functional points of view. A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement on the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. English-language surgical series published between January 1985 and August 2021, reporting data on ≥5 patients treated for TC infiltrating the airway by (C)TRA were included. Oncologic outcomes, mortality, complications, and tracheotomy-dependency rates were assessed. Pooled proportion estimates were elaborated for each end-point. Thirty-seven studies were included, encompassing a total of 656 patients. Pooled risk of perioperative mortality was 2.0%. Surgical complications were reported in 27.0% of patients, with uni- or bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy being the most common. Permanent tracheotomy was required in 4.0% of patients. Oncologic outcomes varied among different series with 5- and 10-year overall survival rates ranging from 61% to 100% and 42.1% to 78.1%, respectively. Five- and 10-year disease specific survival rates ranged from 75.8% to 90% and 54.5% to 62.9%, respectively. Therefore, locally advanced TC with airway invasion treated with (C)TRA provides acceptable oncologic outcomes associated with a low permanent tracheotomy rate. The reported incidence of complications, however, indicates the need for judicious patient selection, meticulous surgical technique, and careful postoperative management.

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