Distance Learning Technologies
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2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (Extra-D) ◽  
pp. 605-612
Iryna Astremska ◽  
Vitalii Honcharuk ◽  
Oksana Bialyk ◽  
Nataliia Horbatiuk ◽  
Yaroslav Martynyshyn ◽  

This reflective study using exploratory research is based on a hypothesis because that the training of university teachers in the use of distance learning technologies will be effective if: the potential of distance learning technologies at the university has been determined; the essence and content of the notion "readiness of a university teacher to use distance learning technologies" are disclosed, indicators and levels of formation of the components of teacher readiness are determined university to this type of activity; the previous pedagogical conditions have been theoretically identified and experimentally substantiate. The study showed that, when conditions, means and efforts are well oriented, there are consistently satisfactory results in the use of distance learning technologies in the context of digitalization.

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 26-35
O. A. Kozlova ◽  
A. A. Protasova

Purpose of the research. The purpose of this research is to study the problems of the features of teaching technologies of modern artificial neural networks for carrying out the procedure of unambiguous authentication of students according to a pre-formed reference base of digital biometric characteristics of the authorized users in the field of distance educational technologies.In the modern world, artificial neural networks are successfully used in both applied and scientific fields. The problem of authenticating a human personality, implemented using artificial neural networks, finds practical application in solving problems such as the protection of state and corporate information resources, robotics, access control systems, information retrieval, control systems, etc., and is already beginning to find application in the field of distance educational technologies. In March 2021, the Government of the Russian Federation developed a decree on the basis of which higher educational institutions are allowed to use distance learning technologies. Conducting remotely activities of intermediate and final certification, as well as monitoring the current progress of both distance learning students and full-time and part-time students with a temporary transition to distance learning in a pandemic, the problem of identifying the student’s personality arises in order to achieve unambiguous recognition of the authorized users for the purpose of reliable assessment of learning outcomes, which can be solved using modern technologies of artificial neural networks.Materials and methods. Methods of reviewing scientific literature on the research topic, methods of collecting, structuring and analyzing the information obtained were used as materials and methods.Research results. The results of the study allow us to draw the following conclusions: to solve the problem of authenticating students in distance education systems it is first necessary to form the actual base of biometric characteristics of the authorized users, which will be compared with the biometric data of the identified users, and for the recognition procedure, the neural network must be trained in advance on special trainers datasets. The identification procedure must be repeated several times during a session to ensure that the identity of the authorized user is verified.Conclusion. Realizing the set goal to study the problematics of learning technologies of modern artificial neural networks for carrying out the procedure of unambiguous authentication of students according to a pre-formed reference base of digital biometric characteristics of authorized users in the field of distance learning technologies, and relying on the results obtained in the course of generalization and analysis of existing experience and our own studies, the authors identified two independent stages in the algorithm for the implementation of the task of identifying the student’s personality: the formation of a reference base of digital biometric characteristics of authorized users and user authentication according to the previously formed reference base, and also revealed that when training a neural network, it is necessary to take into account a sufficiently large number of different attributes affecting it. With an insufficient number of training sets (datasets), neural networks begin to perceive errors as reliable information, which, as a result, will lead to the need to retrain neural networks. With a sufficiently large number of training sets (dataset), more versions of dependencies and variability appear, which makes it possible to create rather complex machine learning models of neural networks, in which retraining takes the main place.

I. V. Ershova ◽  
E. E. Enkova

The article provides an overview of international documents and Russian normative legal acts that establish the right to education. The rights and obligations of educational organizations to ensure the right to education in the context of digitalization are noted. The possibilities and conditions for the implementation of educational programs with the use of e-learning and distance learning technologies are shown. Attention is drawn to the legalization of educational standards of the latest generation of the implementation of educational programs using digital technologies. In the aspect of local rulemaking, the system of acts regulating distance learning of the Kutafin University (MSLA) is demonstrated.It is concluded that in modern Russia, educational organizations have all the legal grounds to ensure the right of citizens to education through e-learning using distance learning technologies, but this subjective right is limited by the system of legal imperatives. The article presents the data of sociological studies conducted at the MSLA. Based on the analysis of their results, it was stated that the Kutafin University was ready for the digital challenges, providing students with the opportunity to realize the right to a high-quality higher education.

2021 ◽  
Vol 70 (2) ◽  
pp. 32-38
L.V. Mardakhayev ◽  

The article reveals the essence of professionally-oriented socialization of a student at the higher education institution, which determines the formation of his/her identity as a specialist for professional purposes. The result of socialization is characterized – is to be socialized. Internal and external factors that significantly affect the process of socialization are identified and characterized. The analysis of the influence of distance-learning technologies on profession-oriented socialization of students, including such factors as sociocultural environment of a higher educational institution, teaching and extracurricular work with students, as well as teaching staff, is presented. As a result of the study, logical conclusions are made that, in the process of professional formation of the student, complex identification changes occur in it, due to professional and personal socialization.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 178-183
N. V. Yashkova

In the context of the development of the digital economy, it is necessary to introduce elements of distance education technologies into the educational process. This will make the learning process continuous. Distance technologies allow you to master programs of higher and secondary education (especially in correspondence and full-time forms) on the job. The introduction of distance learning technologies in the educational process increases students ‘ interest in the subject being studied. In modern conditions, the development of online courses is relevant. To increase the interest of students in online courses, it is recommended to involve representatives of employers to record lectures on specific topics within the online course. An important role is played by the introduction of elements of remote technologies in the organization of current and intermediate certification.The article is written on the basis of the author’s own pedagogical experience. Systematizes the directions of introduction of distance educational technologies that can be used both for the organization of the educational process and for all types of control of students knowledge. The article dis-cusses the advantages and disadvantages of distance learning, as well as the possibility of using elements of distance learning technologies in the implementation based correspondence courses that will be relevant in the implementation of federal state educational standard 3++ (including professional standards).Examples of experience in organizing the educational process with elements of distance learning are given.

2021 ◽  
pp. 19-27
Ирина Геннадьевна Алмазова ◽  
Галина Александровна Корякина ◽  
Светлана Николаевна Числова

Анализируется проблема разработки, характеристики и реализации важного условия организации образовательного процесса в университете с применением технологий дистанционного обучения, связанного с созданием в университете качественной цифровой образовательной среды, развития технической инфраструктуры и повышения квалификации вузовских преподавателей с целью эффективного использования ими технологий дистанционного обучения в процессах цифровой трансформации высшей школы. Причем такое условие анализируется не только с позиции повышения эффективности организации исследуемого процесса, но и с позиции обеспечения деятельности вуза, отвечающей требованиям мировых стандартов, что чрезвычайно важно в формате реализуемой государственной программы Российской Федерации «Развитие образования» на 2018–2025 гг. Приводятся данные опроса студентов и преподавателей университета, освещающие результаты измерения уровня эффективности реализации проверяемого условия организации образовательного процесса в университете с применением технологий дистанционного обучения. The materials of this publication analyze the problem of development, characteristics and implementation of an important condition for the organization of the educational process at the university with the use of distance learning technologies, associated with the creation of a high-quality digital educational environment, the development of technical infrastructure and advanced training of university teachers in order to effectively use distance learning technologies in the processes of digital transformation of higher education. And a certain condition is analyzed not only from the perspective of improving the efficiency of the organization of the process under study, but the operations of the University that meets the requirements of world standards, which is extremely important in the format of the State program of the Russian Federation “Development of education” for 2018–2025. The results of study of the levels of effectiveness of the implementation of the conditions are tested and and the data of the questionnaire survey of students and teachers are provided. The article describes the terms “distant education” and “distant learning”. The synonymy of their meanings and the peculiarities of their use in the context of the characteristics of a special way of implementing the educational process at the university are noted. The features of the implementation of the selected condition that took place in 2020 are noted: flexibility in taking into account the time frame of classes and in choosing an individual pace of training; modularity; the use of various types of communication; wide coverage of the audience of students.

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