Open Education
Latest Publications


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

366
(FIVE YEARS 292)

H-INDEX

5
(FIVE YEARS 5)

Published By Plekhanov Russian University Of Economics (Prue)

2079-5939, 1818-4243
Updated Saturday, 28 August 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (4) ◽  
pp. 4-12
Author(s):  
D. A. Barkhatova ◽  
A. L. Simonova ◽  
P. S. Lomasko ◽  
L. B. Khegay

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (4) ◽  
pp. 13-22
Author(s):  
A. P. Sergushicheva ◽  
E. N. Davydova

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (4) ◽  
pp. 23-38
Author(s):  
T. A. Kustitskaya ◽  
R. V. Esin

The aim of the study. The fourth industrial revolution demands highly qualified personnel as important factor of economic growth, which imposes serious requirements on the formation of key and subject competencies among graduates of higher educational institutions. A particularly important role is assigned to the mathematical competence which is required to solve complex and science-intensive problems. Given the growing share of e-learning and distance learning at the university, it is necessary to intensively develop the methodology for mathematical competence formation in the electronic environment, and create effective teaching tools on its basis. The current level of digitalization of education already allows organizing independent work of students in the electronic environment at a sufficiently high level. In the literature we can find various methods and tools, aimed at the formation of the cognitive component of competencies. However, the issue of skills’ development in the electronic environment is still underrepresented. The purpose of this study is to develop a methodology for creating electronic training problems, which aims at forming a practical component of mathematical competence – the competency of solving mathematical problems.Materials and methods. In the study we performed a comparative analysis of scientific and methodological literature, regulatory and methodological documents, as well as professional and federal educational standards of higher education. The development of a model of electronic training problems was carried out using methods of structural modeling. The developed methodology was implemented in the educational process, and the confirmation of its effectiveness was obtained by statistical analysis of the results of the pedagogical experiment.Results. We proposed a methodology for electronic training problems development aimed at formation of mathematical problems solving competency. The methodology is based on existing approaches to problem solving formalization. In the presented structural model of an electronic training problem, the aspects of problem solving discovered earlier by other authors, are supplemented by the contextual aspect. This aspect is intended for linking the regarded problem with the material, studied at the moment and, if possible, with future professional activity of a student. The proposed methodology for organizing feedback in an electronic training problem contributes to the formation of metacognitive skills among students through the elements of tutoring.Conclusion. On the basis of the proposed methodology, 8 electronic training problems were developed for the course “Probability and Mathematical Statistics” and tested in the educational process of the Siberian Federal University. The effectiveness of the electronic training problems for the development of mathematical problems solving competency was assessed in the course of a pedagogical experiment. The purpose of the experiment was to study the impact of the electronic training problems in the competency formation for particular topics of the course. Using student’s test for independent samples and the Mann-Whitney test we confirmed that the designed electronic training problems positively affect the formation of mathematical problems solving competency. In the future, the proposed methodology can be included in the teaching toolkit for the formation of mathematical competence in an electronic environment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (4) ◽  
pp. 47-54
Author(s):  
A. A. Mikryukov ◽  
A. V. Kuular

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (4) ◽  
pp. 39-46
Author(s):  
G. N. Kalyanov
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 36-45
Author(s):  
V. A. Sizov ◽  
D. M. Malinichev ◽  
Kh. K. Kuchmezov ◽  
V. V. Mochalov

The purpose of this article is to develop students’ critical thinking for solving problems in the field of information security by using the method of problem learning in teaching the discipline “Information Security”. The role of this method in the development of critical thinking, research creativity of students and their achievement of a better understanding of educational material in the field of information security is emphasized.Materials and research methods. The main conditions for the effectiveness of problem learning in the study of the discipline “Information Security” are highlighted by the method of analysis of the subject area: motivation of students, the feasibility and significance of problem situations offered to students on various aspects of information security, dialogical friendly communication between lecturer and students. As research materials, an example of using the method of problem learning in solving the task of information protection in state information systems with terminal access devices is considered. The example presents the problem of increasing the efficiency of information protection in state information systems with terminal access devices, i.e. state information systems using the “thin client” architecture, as well as a way to solve it by assessing threats and improving the relevant mechanisms for ensuring information security, presented in the regulatory documents governing the requirements for information protection in state information systems with terminal access devices. Results. The paper considers the practical task of creating and resolving a problem situation for the protection of information in state information systems with terminal access devices, which can be used in the educational process to solve similar tasks by the method of problem learning.The creation of a problematic situation is based on the existing contradictions in the regulations governing the functioning and protection of information of this type of systems in which the protected information is processed in order to comply with legislation and ensure the functioning of authorities. As a result of using a systematic approach, which involves considering the process of information protection in the form of a set of stages in the formation of requirements for state information systems using the architecture of the “thin client”, improving the regulatory framework, the trainees form proposals for the protection of information in state information systems using the architecture of the “thin client” to ensure the design security of state information systems, taking into account the complex of urgent threats to information security. The presented solution to the problem situation in the considered task requires from the trainees general cultural competencies, such as: identifying contradictions, colliding opposing points of view, comparing facts, considering the problem from different points of view, generalizing, concretizing facts, etc.Conclusions. Thus, the paper substantiates the method of problem learning in the study of the discipline “Information Security” and presents an example of its use in solving the problem of information protection in state information systems with terminal access devices. As a result, the trainees must identify threats that are absent in the information security threat databank of the Federal Service for Technical and Export Control of the Russian Federation (FSTEC of Russia) and determine the directions for further development of information security and information protection in state information systems with terminal access devices. The practical solution of this problem by a group of students within the framework of the study of the discipline “Information Security” showed a high level of competence development.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 46-61
Author(s):  
L. S. Makhmutkhodjaeva

Purpose of the study. The digital turn in higher education and pedagogical technologies requires the use of a variety of teaching approaches and methods. The quarantine period in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic caused the need for a radical transformation of the higher education system, its new paradigm in a modern digital society. In such conditions, it becomes necessary to form a digital educational environment and many countries, including the Republic of Uzbekistan, have faced this task. Students need to develop skills in working with information, in particular, the use of information and communication technologies in the process of solving cognitive tasks and performing creative tasks in cognitive and educational activities. All these processes update the topic of the article and require an analysis of the experience of using electronic educational resources in the Republic of Uzbekistan.Materials and methods. The methodological basis of the research was the activity-oriented, personality-oriented, systemic, project-based and individually creative approaches. The analysis of the historiography of the problem showed: despite a significant number of studies in the field of application of various information technologies in historical research, there are still no works that would summarize data on working with electronic educational resources in the Republic of Uzbekistan. This article is an attempt to offer an analysis of the possibilities, as well as the main advantages of using electronic educational resources in teaching disciplines in higher education, using the example of Uzbekistan.Results. The article examines electronic resources for distance education that are present in the CIS countries, since online educational resources as a complex of various educational materials, for which gadgets are used, can improve the quality of education and diversify the forms of teaching. The author analyzes the conditions and prospects for the development of distance education in the Republic of Uzbekistan, notes a conceptual approach to educational digital platforms that contribute to improving the quality of education. The system of higher education of the Republic as well as the conditions and prospects for the development of distance education in the Republic of Uzbekistan are investigated. The author identifies the main trends in the modern online educational environment. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of electronic educational resources have been identified. The article defines the strategic goals for the development of higher education in the Republic of Uzbekistan at a new stage of development, and also presents an analysis of Internet resources for distance education that are available in Uzbekistan. Conclusion. Thus, we come to the conclusion that in the current conditions, many countries are switching to digital and electronic means of education; the article shows the main Internet resources that contribute to the effectiveness of the system of professional training for bachelors, using the example of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The effectiveness, intensity, activation, individualization, and communicativeness of the educational process depend to a greater extent on how electronic resources are used, what tasks are solved during their use.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 15-25
Author(s):  
I. E Zhukovskaya

The article analyzes the main directions for improving the activities of higher educational institutions in the context of the digital transformation of the global economic system.The author shows that in the modern period in the Republic of Uzbekistan, close attention is paid to the development of the educational sphere and, in particular, higher education. A number of regulatory documents have been adopted; a set of measures is being successfully realized to implement the President’s Decree of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On approval of the concept of development of the higher education system of the Republic of Uzbekistan until 2030”. In this publication, an analysis of literary and Internet sources on the problem of optimizing educational, pedagogic and scientific activities in a higher educational institution is carried out on the basis of improving the digital infrastructure, as well as the methods and forms of education. In addition, the article notes that digital technological solutions find their effective application not only in optimizing the dialogue between the Faculty members of the university and students, but also serve as a reliable assistant to the university leadership in monitoring the educational process and in making competent management decisions. In this article, the author presents the experience of using digital technologies at the Tashkent State Economic University. In particular, it is noted that digital technological solutions make the educational process more adaptive, complex and interesting. The use of a virtual environment provides students with tremendous opportunities for self-development and research activities. In addition, innovative technologies help students to participate in the scientific development of start-up projects together with students from other universities and practitioners.The author also notes that the experience of using digital and advanced pedagogical technologies has shown that in the modern period it is very important to combine in the educational process and in the management activities of the university both face-to-face communication of the Faculty members with students, and the use of a full range of the latest digital technologies.The purpose of this article is to study the main directions of modernization of the activities of higher educational institutions based on the optimal use of digital technologies to improve the quality of education and management processes in universities in order to prepare highly qualified specialists for the sectors and spheres of the national economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the context of the digital transformation of the global economic system.Materials and methods. When writing this article, the scientific basic method of theoretical and empirical research was used: comparison of cognitive operations that underlie judgments about the similarity or difference of objects, methods of monographic research, questionnaire survey, methods of working with specialized software products, Internet sources, methods of analysis, synthesis, juxtaposition, induction, and deduction.Results. In this article, the author has proved that the formation of a digital economy contributes to the development of the digital infrastructure of the university, an increase in the level of digital competence of all participants in the educational process at the university, which in turn serves as a guarantee of the training of highly qualified specialists for various industries and spheres of the national economy and, as a result, the growth of the country’s competitiveness in the global economic market.Conclusion. This paper presents the results of studying the impact of digital technologies on the activities of higher education institutions. It is shown that the use of digital technological solutions contributes to the individualization and personalization of education, the provision of instant feedback between the lecturer and students, which in turn entails a change in the role of the lecturer in the modern educational process of the university, contributes to the development of a conscious approach to teaching by students and the elimination of fear of failures in mastering educational material. In addition, in this paper, based on the study of scientific research, it is illustrated that at present, artificial intelligence systems are gradually being introduced into the educational process, which contribute to increasing the efficiency of learning foreign languages with the help of language bots, mathematical disciplines through the personalization of learning, are well applicable as simulators for teaching medical sciences. The author also notes that fostering the importance of digital ethics and privacy is becoming a very important factor in the modern educational environment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 4-14
Author(s):  
O. A. Vakurova ◽  
O. A. Filippova

Purpose of research. Today, the informatization of school education has reached a qualitatively new level, schools now have access to fast Internet, modern computer equipment, etc. However, the quality of independent written work of students may significally fall, due to open and free access to fabricated texts (essays, reports, essays), as well as the lack of basic skills of independent work and curiosity among the younger generation. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to pose the problem of formation and evaluation of skills for independent preparation of written work in General education, to consider the current state of affairs in this area of primary education, to develop proposals and solutions to this problem.Materials and methods. To solve this problem, the authors of the article have analyzed the works of Russian and foreign authors in the field of pedagogy, as well as works on the digital generation and the information society formation in the Russian Federation and legislative acts (Federal law «on education in the Russian Federation» dated 29.12.2012 N 273-FZ, national project «Education», order of the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation dated December 17, 2010 No. 1897 «on approval of the Federal state educational standard of basic General education», The procedure for admitting citizens to study in educational programs of primary General, basic General and secondary General education, approved by order of the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation of January 22, 2014, No. 32, etc.).Results. The study has revealed the current situation in teaching and explaining the basic skills of independent and creative work of students: the lack of methodological foundations and practice of teaching the basics of academic ethics and academic writing, the lack of automated means of monitoring the independent performance of written works.Conclusion. In the article, the authors provide basic recommendations and suggestions for improving the current situation, such as the introduction of elements of informing the school system about the requirements for independence in the performance of educational work as part of academic ethics, elements of independence control (systems for detecting borrowings in written works), the development of programs for teachers to master the means of controlling the independence of students’ written work.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 26-35
Author(s):  
O. A. Kozlova ◽  
A. A. Protasova

Purpose of the research. The purpose of this research is to study the problems of the features of teaching technologies of modern artificial neural networks for carrying out the procedure of unambiguous authentication of students according to a pre-formed reference base of digital biometric characteristics of the authorized users in the field of distance educational technologies.In the modern world, artificial neural networks are successfully used in both applied and scientific fields. The problem of authenticating a human personality, implemented using artificial neural networks, finds practical application in solving problems such as the protection of state and corporate information resources, robotics, access control systems, information retrieval, control systems, etc., and is already beginning to find application in the field of distance educational technologies. In March 2021, the Government of the Russian Federation developed a decree on the basis of which higher educational institutions are allowed to use distance learning technologies. Conducting remotely activities of intermediate and final certification, as well as monitoring the current progress of both distance learning students and full-time and part-time students with a temporary transition to distance learning in a pandemic, the problem of identifying the student’s personality arises in order to achieve unambiguous recognition of the authorized users for the purpose of reliable assessment of learning outcomes, which can be solved using modern technologies of artificial neural networks.Materials and methods. Methods of reviewing scientific literature on the research topic, methods of collecting, structuring and analyzing the information obtained were used as materials and methods.Research results. The results of the study allow us to draw the following conclusions: to solve the problem of authenticating students in distance education systems it is first necessary to form the actual base of biometric characteristics of the authorized users, which will be compared with the biometric data of the identified users, and for the recognition procedure, the neural network must be trained in advance on special trainers datasets. The identification procedure must be repeated several times during a session to ensure that the identity of the authorized user is verified.Conclusion. Realizing the set goal to study the problematics of learning technologies of modern artificial neural networks for carrying out the procedure of unambiguous authentication of students according to a pre-formed reference base of digital biometric characteristics of authorized users in the field of distance learning technologies, and relying on the results obtained in the course of generalization and analysis of existing experience and our own studies, the authors identified two independent stages in the algorithm for the implementation of the task of identifying the student’s personality: the formation of a reference base of digital biometric characteristics of authorized users and user authentication according to the previously formed reference base, and also revealed that when training a neural network, it is necessary to take into account a sufficiently large number of different attributes affecting it. With an insufficient number of training sets (datasets), neural networks begin to perceive errors as reliable information, which, as a result, will lead to the need to retrain neural networks. With a sufficiently large number of training sets (dataset), more versions of dependencies and variability appear, which makes it possible to create rather complex machine learning models of neural networks, in which retraining takes the main place.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document