electrical energy storage
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Gaurav M. Thorat ◽  
Van-Chuong Ho ◽  
Junyoung Mun

Owing to its low cost and high safety, metallic zinc has received considerable attention as an anode material for zinc aqueous batteries (ZIBs). However, the Zn metal instability as a result ultrafast of obstinate dendrite formation, free-water-induced parasite reactions, and corrosive electrolytes has detrimental effects on the implementation of ZIBs. We present an alternative stable electrolyte for ZIBs based on a zinc chloride/ethylene glycol deep eutectic solvent (DES). This electrolyte consists of abundant low-cost materials and a utilizable Zn2+ concentration of approximately 1 M. It combines the advantages of the aqueous and DES media to provide safe and reversible Zn plating/stripping with a two-fold increase in the cycling life compared to that of conventional aqueous electrolytes. With these advantages, the Zn symmetric cell operates at 0.2 mA cm−2 for 300 h. Due to its high efficiency and compositional versatility, this electrolyte enables the investigation of a non-aqueous electrolyte family for ZIBs that fulfill grid-scale electrical energy storage requirements.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 776
Aditya Kachhwaha ◽  
Ghamgeen Izat Rashed ◽  
Akhil Ranjan Garg ◽  
Om Prakash Mahela ◽  
Baseem Khan ◽  

The electrical energy storage system faces numerous obstacles as green energy usage rises. The demand for electric vehicles (EVs) is growing in tandem with the technological advance of EV range on a single charge. To tackle the low-range EV problem, an effective electrical energy storage device is necessary. Traditionally, electric vehicles have been powered by a single source of power, which is insufficient to handle the EV’s dynamic demand. As a result, a unique storage medium is necessary to meet the EV load characteristics of high-energy density and high-power density. This EV storage system is made up of two complementing sources: chemical batteries and ultracapacitors/supercapacitors. The benefits of using ultracapacitors in a hybrid energy storage system (HESS) to meet the low-power electric car dynamic load are explored in this study. In this paper, a HESS technique for regulating the active power of low-powered EV simulations was tested in a MATLAB/Simulink environment with various dynamic loading situations. The feature of this design, as noted from the simulation results, is that it efficiently regulates the DC link voltage of an EV with a hybrid source while putting minimal load stress on the battery, resulting in longer battery life, lower costs, and increased vehicle range.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 662
Ionut Victor Voicu ◽  
Florin Bode ◽  
Wassim Abboud ◽  
Hasna Louahlia ◽  
Hamid Gualous ◽  

Supercapacitors (SCs) are electrical energy storage devices which have the peculiarity of storing more electrical energy than capacitors and supply it at higher power outputs than batteries. This, together with the fact that the SCs have high cyclability and long-term stability, make them very attractive devices for electrical energy storage. Thermal transfer around a novel arrangement of a module of five rows of SCs is approached in this paper. A mixed aligned/staggered configuration is studied, aiming to explore a new possibility that can improve heat transfer more than other configurations studied before in the literature. The maximum SC current rate current is 84 A and the maximum temperature is 65 °C. The module undergoes charge and discharge cycles. The current tests are performed up to 50 A for natural convection and up to 70 A in forced convection. For the natural convection case, the SC located in the center of module is the most critical from the temperature point of view and the temperature evolution shows the necessity of a cooling system. The relative temperature reaches 27 °C for 50 A and the permanent regime cannot be reached with a current greater than 50 A. Thereafter, the impact of position and current on the temperature of SCs in forced convection is examined. The airflow mean air velocity is 0.69 m/s. The temperature of the SCs located on the third and fourth row are very close. However, the last row is the least cooled. This low temperature rise can be explained by the change from an aligned to a staggered arrangement between these rows. Compared to the natural convection case, a significant decrease is observed for the relative temperatures. The difference between the highest and lowest temperature augmentation also decrease but remain high. The temperature difference becomes greater than 5 °C if continuous current exceeds 39 A. CFD numerical simulation is performed for steady state at maximum experimental current rate in order to better understand the thermal and flow behavior. Numerical and experimental results are in good agreement, with a temperature deviation of less than 10%.

XiaoXiao Wang ◽  
Huijuan Zhao ◽  
Nanping Deng ◽  
Yanan Li ◽  
Ruru Yu ◽  

Lithium-metal battery has revived increasing attention and research on account of the growing demands for high-energy electrical energy storage, but the unsatisfied cycling stability and service safety have greatly limited...

2021 ◽  
Athanasios Katsanevakis ◽  
Dimitris Konstantinidis ◽  
Georgios Karagiannis ◽  
Athanasios Ganias ◽  
George Karagiorgis ◽  

Abstract Τhe aim of the present work is to assess the overall benefits of applying electrical energy storage, especially to isolated grids, to harvest the underlying Renwable Energy Sourses potential sustainably. One such case is Cyprus, where due to various technical constraints related to the isolated nature of the island’s electricity system, RES in the electricity sector can reach a maximum level assuming limited curtailments, as early as 2023-2024. To this end, simulations have been set up and run using the DISPA-SET tool to investigate the potential of new electricity storage facilities at effective accommodation of high Renewable Energy Technologies (RET) penetration, especially photovoltaics in the coming years. Results show that particularly in isolated grids, RET penetration has to be coupled with storage to avoid power curtailment and provide security to the whole system, reduce the energy not served and provide a long-term perspective for the decarbonaization in the electricity sector towards 2050 zero-emission targets.

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