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2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 107660
Author(s):  
Paul Arévalo ◽  
Andrea A. Eras-Almeida ◽  
Antonio Cano ◽  
Francisco Jurado ◽  
Miguel A. Egido-Aguilera

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 955
Author(s):  
Salma Elhenawy ◽  
Majeda Khraisheh ◽  
Fares AlMomani ◽  
Mohammad Al-Ghouti ◽  
Mohammad K. Hassan

Due to fossil fuel depletion and the rapid growth of industry, it is critical to develop environmentally friendly and long-term alternative energy technologies. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a powerful platform for extracting energy from various sources and converting it to electricity. As no intermediate steps are required to harness the electricity from the organic substrate’s stored chemical energy, MFC technology offers a sustainable alternative source of energy production. The generation of electricity from the organic substances contained in waste using MFC technology could provide a cost-effective solution to the issue of environmental pollution and energy shortages in the near future. Thus, technical advancements in bioelectricity production from wastewater are becoming commercially viable. Due to practical limitations, and although promising prospects have been reported in recent investigations, MFCs are incapable of upscaling and of high-energy production. In this review paper, intensive research has been conducted on MFCs’ applications in the treatment of wastewater. Several types of waste have been extensively studied, including municipal or domestic waste, industrial waste, brewery wastewater, and urine waste. Furthermore, the applications of MFCs in the removal of nutrients (nitrogen and sulphates) and precious metals from wastewater were also intensively reviewed. As a result, the efficacy of various MFCs in achieving sustainable power generation from wastewater has been critically addressed in this study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mingqiang Wang ◽  
Ahmet E. Emre ◽  
Ji-Young Kim ◽  
Yiting Huang ◽  
Li Liu ◽  
...  

AbstractLithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries have a high specific capacity, but lithium polysulfide (LPS) diffusion and lithium dendrite growth drastically reduce their cycle life. High discharge rates also necessitate their resilience to high temperature. Here we show that biomimetic self-assembled membranes from aramid nanofibers (ANFs) address these challenges. Replicating the fibrous structure of cartilage, multifactorial engineering of ion-selective mechanical, and thermal properties becomes possible. LPS adsorption on ANF surface creates a layer of negative charge on nanoscale pores blocking LPS transport. The batteries using cartilage-like bioinspired ANF membranes exhibited a close-to-theoretical-maximum capacity of 1268 mAh g−1, up to 3500+ cycle life, and up to 3C discharge rates. Essential for safety, the high thermal resilience of ANFs enables operation at temperatures up to 80 °C. The simplicity of synthesis and recyclability of ANFs open the door for engineering high-performance materials for numerous energy technologies.


Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 527
Author(s):  
Oskar Juszczyk ◽  
Juliusz Juszczyk ◽  
Sławomir Juszczyk ◽  
Josu Takala

A harmful impact of climate change and global warming has concerned various sectors of the international community. Numerous energy policies aiming at climate change mitigation have been implemented on a national and global scale. Renewable energy technologies (RETs) play a critical role in enhancing sustainable solutions that significantly limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Such innovative technologies can facilitate energy transition through providing, e.g., energy security, sustainable development, and effective usage of indigenous resources. However, the commercialization of RETs is extremely challenging. The barriers can be of a different nature, although this study focused on socioeconomic and regulatory issues. There is ample evidence that energy policies play a central role in supporting adoption of renewables. It is also claimed that RETs require the whole ecosystem to support their successful diffusion. In this study, we explored multifarious barriers for widespread RET diffusion in two European Union countries, Finland and Poland, indicating the most common barriers existing in the literature as well as analyzing major bottlenecks from the viewpoint of renewable energy companies’ executives. We also present statistics of the most commonly used RETs in these countries in order to express the diffusion issues more appropriately. The research shows that inflexible, ineffective, and excessive regulatory frameworks; limited financing options; as well as an insufficient level of societal awareness have been seen as the main bottlenecks for RET diffusion in both countries. The outcomes of this study provide useful insights for the researchers in the energy transition field as well as practical managerial and regulatory implications aimed at overcoming these challenges.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Shaghayegh Naghdi ◽  
Alexey Cherevan ◽  
Ariane Giesriegl ◽  
Rémy Guillet-Nicolas ◽  
Santu Biswas ◽  
...  

AbstractMetal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are commended as photocatalysts for H2 evolution and CO2 reduction as they combine light-harvesting and catalytic functions with excellent reactant adsorption capabilities. For dynamic processes in liquid phase, the accessibility of active sites becomes a critical parameter as reactant diffusion is limited by the inherently small micropores. Our strategy is to introduce additional mesopores by selectively removing one ligand in mixed-ligand MOFs via thermolysis. Here we report photoactive MOFs of the MIL-125-Ti family with two distinct mesopore architectures resembling either large cavities or branching fractures. The ligand removal is highly selective and follows a 2-step process tunable by temperature and time. The introduction of mesopores and the associated formation of new active sites have improved the HER rates of the MOFs by up to 500%. We envision that this strategy will allow the purposeful engineering of hierarchical MOFs and advance their applicability in environmental and energy technologies.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Dorothee Baur ◽  
Philip Emmerich ◽  
Manuel Johann Baumann ◽  
Marcel Weil

Abstract Background The widespread use of sustainable energy technologies is a key element in the transformation of the energy system from fossil-based to zero-carbon. In line with this, technology acceptance is of great importance as resistance from the public can slow down or hinder the construction of energy technology projects. The current study assesses the social acceptance of three energy technologies relevant for the German energy transition: stationary battery storage, biofuel production plants and hydrogen fuel station. Methods An online survey was conducted to examine the public’s general and local acceptance of energy technologies. Explored factors included general and local acceptance, public concerns, trust in relevant stakeholders and attitudes towards financial support. Results The results indicate that general acceptance for all technologies is slightly higher than local acceptance. In addition, we discuss which public concerns exist with regard to the respective technologies and how they are more strongly associated with local than general acceptance. Further, we show that trust in stakeholders and attitudes towards financial support is relatively high across the technologies discussed. Conclusions Taken together, the study provides evidence for the existence of a “general–local” gap, despite measuring general and local acceptance at the same level of specificity using a public sample. In addition, the collected data can provide stakeholders with an overview of worries that might need to be addressed when planning to implement a certain energy project.


Author(s):  
Seif Bayoumi ◽  
Erkan Oterkus ◽  
Hassan El-Gamal ◽  
Atilla Incecik

The prompt estimation of power and geometrical aspects enables faster and more accurate financial assessment of wave energy converters to be deployed. This may lead to better commercialisation of wave energy technologies, as they require location-based customisation, unlike the mature wind energy technologies with developed benchmark. The adopted approach provides simple and efficient modelling tool allowing the study of the system from different perspective. The aim of this study is to select the optimum dynamic model to predict the captured power of a spar-buoy Oscillating Water Column (OWC) wave energy converter. Four dynamic models were developed to predict the system dynamics and results were validated experimentally. In-depth investigations on the effect of the mass and damping ratios of the oscillating bodies on the accuracy of the adopted models were performed. Such investigations included the proposed one-way coupling model and three two-degree of freedom models and three reduced-scale models, in addition to analytical and numerical solutions. Pneumatic power was calculated for the reduced-scale model where orifices’ covers simulated the power take-off mechanism damping experimentally. Analysis and comparisons between the adopted models are finally provided.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 666
Author(s):  
Sunil Kumar Sharma ◽  
Swati Mohapatra ◽  
Rakesh Chandmal Sharma ◽  
Sinem Alturjman ◽  
Chadi Altrjman ◽  
...  

Energy-efficient retrofits embrace enhancement of the building envelope through climate control strategies, employment of building-integrated renewable energy technologies, and insulation for a sustainable city. Building envelope improvements with insulation is a common approach, yet decision-making plays an important role in determining the most appropriate envelope retrofit strategy. In this paper, the main objective is to evaluate different retrofit strategies (RS) through a calibrated simulation approach. Based on an energy performance audit and monitoring, an existing building is evaluated on performance levels and improvement potentials with basic energy conservation measures. The considered building is experimentally monitored for a full year, and monitoring data are used in calibrating the simulation model. The validation of the base model is done by comparing the simulation analysis with the experimental investigation, and good agreement is found. Three different retrofit strategies based on Intervention of minor (RS1), Moderate (RS2), and Major (RS3) are analyzed and juxtaposed with the base model to identify the optimal strategy of minimizing energy consumption. The result shows that total energy intensity in terms of the percentage reduction index is about 16.7% for RS1, 19.87 for RS2, and 24.12% for RS3. Hence, RS3 is considered the optimal retrofit strategy and is further simulated for a reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and payback investigation. It was found that the annual reduction in CO2 emissions of the building was 18.56%, and the payback period for the investment was 10.6 years.


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