Qualitative Methodology
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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (205) ◽  
pp. 1-13
Kelly Regina Costa Gonçalves

Financial management is a topic studied by several authors, due to its paramount importance. However, small businesses, despite occupying a large space in the economic sector, find it difficult to remain in the market. Therefore, this article seeks to demonstrate the importance of accounting information for small business management. Through the qualitative methodology carried out at Miami Rio, it will be possible to identify and evaluate the difficulties that small companies face in managing the financial area. Finally, the work concludes that only through effective financial control is it possible to maintain a growth perspective for small companies.

Tori Alexis Justin ◽  
Shannon Jette

In this article, we use qualitative methodology to explore how eight physically active Black women, who self-identify as “obese,” understand and experience health and physical activity, as well as how they position themselves in relation to discourses pertaining to “obesity” and Black femininity. Drawing on Foucauldian-informed critical obesity scholarship and Black feminist thought, we explore the ways in which physically active Black women concurrently resist, reproduce, and navigate racialized and gendered obesity discourse. Our findings advance critical obesity scholarship as we indicate that participants simultaneously adapt to, negotiate, and resist obesity discourse by re-defining health, questioning the BMI, and centering their desire for corporeal “thickness” as critical to their identity as Black women.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Yonathan Silvain Roten ◽  
Régine Vanheems

Purpose Increasingly, consumers shopping online are not doing so alone. This paper aims to identify motivations for and barriers to shopping together with relatives or friends on the same screen. Design/methodology/approach This study proposes an interdisciplinary theoretical framework investigating “sharing” and related commercial practices. It adopts an exploratory qualitative methodology as the phenomenon of screen sharing has not been widely investigated in prior consumer behavior literature. Findings Social and utilitarian motives elicit joint shopping in stores and collaborative consumption. This study reveals a third motive, related to the need for control, that drives shopping on the same screen. Screen sharing can increase efficiency, social bonds and control, due to the transparent presentation of information on the screen, but it also can cause inefficiency, social tension and struggle for control over the device. Research limitations/implications Screen-sharing motives reflect different logics for sharing: distribution (use with), communication (discuss with) and collaboration (control with). Defining further antecedents and consequences of joint shopping on the same screen represents relevant goals for further research. Practical implications By adapting their online platforms, brands can provide more agreeable, efficient and empowering experiences to screen-sharing shoppers, and thus gain competitive advantages. Originality/value Marketers generally assume online shoppers are alone at their screens, but in practice, many of them are often browsing together. Especially for families confined together at home, shopping together online constitutes a common practice.

Jose Manuel Alvarez Seara

ResumenEl presente artículo realiza un breve recorrido histórico de la formación en educación física en el Uruguay hasta el presente, haciendo hincapié en la trayectoria de las instituciones públicas que realizaron y realizan en la actualidad la mencionada formación en todo el país, visibilizando los cambios que se dieron a nivel institucional y realizando un análisis desde la perspectiva de género y de diversidad sexual. Se utilizó una metodología cualitativa de revisión documental de textos publicados sobre la temática. Se observó que los cambios introducidos en los últimos años en la formación pública en educación física han sido favorables, siendo que actualmente es una formación universitaria, lo que posibilitó diversas mejoras en el acceso para estudiar y en la formación de departamentos académicos, entre otras. Asimismo a nivel de la perspectiva de género y diversidad sexual se observa que se han realizado cambios en el ISEF-UDELAR, pero que no han sido suficientes para revertir la invisibilidad del tema en la comunidad educativa, se advierte que la institución debería impulsar cambios profundos que tengan en cuenta la temática.Palabras clave: Formación en Educación Física. Género. Diversidad Sexual. Phisical education in Uruguay: formation and profesional performance in the perspective of gender and queer studiesAbstractThis article makes a brief historical overview of formation in physical education in Uruguay up to the present, emphasizing the trajectory of the public institutions that carried out and currently carry out the aforementioned formation throughout the country, making visible the changes that are taking place. They gave at the institutional level and carried out an analysis from the perspective of gender and sexual diversity. A qualitative methodology of documentary review of published texts on the subject was used. It was observed that the changes introduced in recent years in public physical education have been favorable, being that it is currently a university training, which made possible various improvements in access to study and in the formation of academic departments, among others. Likewise, at the level of the gender and sexual diversity perspective, it is observed that changes have been made in the ISEF-UDELAR, but that they have not been enough to reverse the invisibility of the subject in the educational community, it is noted that the institution should promote profound changes that take into account the theme.Keywords: Formation in Physical Education. Gender. Sexual Diversity. Educação física no Uruguai: formação e atuação profissional na perspectiva dos estudos de gênero e queerResumoEste artigo faz um breve panorama histórico da formação em educação física no Uruguai até a atualidade, destacando a trajetória das instituições públicas que realizaram e atualmente realizam a referida formação em todo o país, evidenciando as mudanças que estão ocorrendo no plano institucional, e realizando uma análise desde a perspectiva de gênero e diversidade sexual. Foi utilizada uma metodologia qualitativa de revisão documental de textos publicados sobre a temática. Observou-se que as mudanças introduzidas nos últimos anos na formação pública em educação física têm sido favoráveis, sendo atualmente uma formação universitária, o que possibilitou diversas melhorias no acesso ao estudo e na formação dos departamentos acadêmicos, entre outras. Da mesma forma, ao nível da perspectiva de gênero e diversidade sexual, observa-se que mudanças foram realizadas no ISEF-UDELAR, mas não foram suficientes para reverter a invisibilidade da temática na comunidade educacional, nota-se que a instituição deve promover mudanças profundas que contemplem o tema.Palavras-chave: Formação em Educação Física. Gênero. Diversidade Sexual.

2021 ◽  
pp. e20200053
Phillip Joy ◽  
Zac Crawford ◽  
Jad Sinno ◽  
Jared Walters ◽  
Matthew Numer

The socio-politico-cultural context of sexual orientation often influences the attitudes, beliefs, and values produced in a given society. This study employed a qualitative methodology to explore the current attitudes, beliefs, and values of Canadian undergraduate students about sexual orientation. Students in a large human sexuality course at a Canadian university completed open-ended questions on the educational platform Top Hat. The data were analyzed using discourse analysis and four threads of discourse emerged: 1) The Nature of Sexual Orientation, 2) Gender Norms and Bisexuality, 3) Shared Connections, and 4) Foundations of Friendships. These findings contribute to the growing body of knowledge relating to changing attitudes, beliefs, and values about sexual orientation of Canadian university students.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 173-189
Sharifah Faigah Syed Alwi ◽  
Fateha Abd Halim ◽  
Tengku Dewi Ahdiyaty Tengku Ahmad Mazlin ◽  
Aizurra Haidah Abdul Kadir ◽  

Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) had introduced Value-Based Intermediation (VBI) initiatives to help Islamic banks implement a structuralised form of maqasid al-shariah (objectives of shariah (Islamic law)) in their banking operations. Thus, questions were raised by the public on whether or not Islamic banking institutions in Malaysia had been achieving maqasid al-shariah in their banking operations prior to VBI. This paper aims to discuss the real concept of maqasid al-shariah that should be realised in Islamic banks and investigate whether Islamic banks had truly been achieving maqasid al-shariah in their banking operations before the introduction of VBI. Library research is conducted to obtain information on maqasid al-shariah and the qualitative methodology is adopted to gain information from three bankers representing three Islamic banks in Malaysia via semi-structured interviews. The researchers found that the fundamental concept of maqasid al-shariah in Islamic banks includes the protection of religion, life, intellect, progeny and wealth in human life through the products and services offered by the banks. The Islamic banks were found to have developed their products and services to achieve maqasid al-shariah even before VBI was introduced by BNM. However, with VBI, a proper framework in achieving maqasid al-shariah has been developed.

Mathematics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (17) ◽  
pp. 2108
Celia Moreno-Morilla ◽  
Fernando Guzmán-Simón ◽  
Eduardo García-Jiménez

This research focused on the study of learning ecologies utilizing digital technology. The qualitative methodology used has allowed the analysis of the interactions children establish with digital technologies and the manner in which they construct a learning ecology. A total of 46 12-year-olds, their families, and their teachers participated in this study. The children’s schools and homes were in neighborhoods where structural situations of poverty and social and cultural marginality concurred. The children integrated researchers into their digital community, which allowed access to the events that the community was developing through digital technologies for two years. This information was complemented by the development of systematic observations and interviews with each participant. The participants’ multimodal linguistic and literacy practices were analyzed using a social semiotics approach. The results of the research describe and interpret the interactions that took place between participants and digital technologies. The research has identified the processes of recontextualization, transduction, and transcontextualization of the discourses developed in the frame of the participants’ learning ecologies. Digital ethnography has been revealed as an adequate method for studying learning ecologies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (4) ◽  
pp. 141-168
Mauricio Rosa ◽  
Danyal Farsani

Background: “Culture hides much more than it reveals and, strangely enough, what it hides, it hides more effectively from its own participants” (Hall, 1959, p. 39). This quote corresponds well to a Persian proverb, also a well-known aphorism that has been widely cited in many ethnographic articles: “a fish will be the last to discover water.” Being immersed in water, surrounded by it, makes it invisible and almost impossible to perceive. In other words, we often do not know our interactional behaviour as mathematics teachers when we perform it in our usual and localised professional practice. Objective: To discuss mathematics teacher’s body language when teaching equations and thus perceive this language in terms of possible fruitful educational action when teaching equations in the classroom. Design: Qualitative methodology. Data collection and analysis: Based on theoretical references that deal with body language, corporeality, and perception, we analysed individually and comparatively the classes of two mathematics teachers who taught equations in Birmingham (United Kingdom) and Rolante (Brazil). Thus, particularly attentive to mathematical culture in the classroom and analysing the localised gestures in the teachers’ teaching of equations and the non-verbal behaviour, we can understand mathematics teaching through body movement, which often goes unnoticed. Results: We understand from the results of this research that perceiving the body language of mathematics teachers, which is produced with speech, gives us indications of the materialisation of the meanings attributed to the equation and how this will possibly affect the very constitution of the student’s mathematical knowledge, in terms of possible meanings attributed to each gesture. Conclusions: We consider that knowing the body language can favour the teacher’s teaching, i.e., metaphorically, knowing the sea can favour the fish to swim.

Morelia Valencia Medina ◽  
Gabriel Carmona Orantes

Este estudio presenta los resultados de un curso acerca de las relaciones e implicación entre el desarrollo personal, la profesión docente, la educación y el autoconocimiento mediante prácticas de autobservación. Se centra en el análisis de una actividad educativa consistente en la observación sostenida desde la atención hacia la interioridad personal de los propios participantes, todos profesionales docentes. Se constata que dicha acción proporciona una nueva mirada o comprensión del “sí mismo” y de la relación educadora con el alumnado. Así mismo, se muestra como se alcanzan las finalidades del curso, consistentes en producir reflexión entre los participantes sobre la Educación y su finalidad, así como, poner en valor la necesidad del trabajo interior sobre de la emocionalidad propia de los/as educadores/as y de como su autoconocimiento produce indirectamente mejoras educativas en el alumnado. El estudio se ha realizado sobre una población de 37 participantes. Se ha usado una metodología cualitativa de carácter inductivo a partir de un instrumento, cuestionario, construido “ad hoc” y aplicado según modelo pretest-post test. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó el programa ATLAS.ti.  del que se desprenden resultados significativos centrados en el efecto de desarrollo personal que constatan los educadores y educadoras mediante la práctica de la auto observación y como esta predispone a una consideración en cuanto objetivo educacional, el desarrollo de prácticas de autoconocimiento del mundo emocional de su alumnado. Finalmente, se presentan los resultados más relevantes sobre conocimiento del “Si mismo” que mayor impacto han tenido en el desarrollo del sujeto profesional docente. Personal development is a sensitive matter for those who practice a profession interacting with people. Teaching allows, perhaps more than any other field, to be aware of the relationship between one's performance and its effects on students. Therefore, the interest in knowing its different factors and aspects is sustained over the years.This study proposes to learn about the perception of primary andsecondary education teachers about the relationship between self-knowledge, through self-observation practices, with personal development and, in turn, the incidence of the latter in professional improvement.The study is based on the content analysis of the thoughts manifested by the participants of a training-educational activity. This activity consisted of sustained observation from attention to personal interiority from all teaching professionals. The population of the study consists of 37 participants. An inductive qualitative methodology is used with an instrument, questionnaire, constructed “ad hoc” and it’s applied according to the pretest-posttest model.The data analysis was performed using the ATLAS Ti program. After the analysis, the following significant results emerged:71% of the teachers expressed interest in strengthening self-observation as a way of self-knowledge and as a goal for personal development and improvement of professional practice.It is found this action provides a new understanding of the "self" and the educational relationship teachers have with students.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 145-154
Ramji Timalsina

This article aims to explore the way Bharati Gautam’s memoir Vigata ra Baduli [Past and Hiccups] (2020) connects the writer with her homeland. Home and homeland are out of some major loci of diasporic life and the discourse. Diasporic writings deal with homeland both as a real place to return and an imaginary reality for those transnational migrants who have no chance of physical return to the place left back. To study the writer’s homeland connection as expressed in the book, this study uses qualitative methodology with its interpretative approach for analysis. The theoretical input is the diasporic discourse related to home and homeland. For the diasporans, homeland is the root of their life, culture, language and in total the life they live in the hostland. The time a diaspora loses its physical, imaginary or emotional connection with the homeland, it stops being a diaspora. Thus, every diasporic writing has some kind of homeland connection. The study finds that Gautam’s memoirs deal with her love and respect for the root. These feelings are expressed through her nostalgia, symbols and culture she follows in the USA. Similarly, her own and her children’s critical thoughts on Nepal and Nepali socio-cultural praxis also highlight their connection with the homeland. It is hoped that this study is useful to find how Nepali Diaspora connects itself with Nepal. It may encourage the researchers to work in this field.

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