anisotropy field
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Sergei Ovcharenko ◽  
Mikhail Gaponov ◽  
Aleksey A Klimov ◽  
Nicolas Tiercelin ◽  
Philippe Pernod ◽  

Abstract We study experimentally and theoretically the dynamics of spin relaxation motion excited by a femtosecond pulse in the TbCo2/FeCo multilayer structures with different ratios of TbCo2 to FeCo thicknesses rd = dTbCo2 / dFeCo. The main attribute of the structure is in-plane magnetic anisotropy artificially induced during sputtering under DC magnetic field. The optical pump-probe method revealed strongly damped high-frequency oscillations of the dynamical Kerr rotation angle, followed by its slow relaxation to the initial state. Modeling experimental results using the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation showed that the observed entire dynamics is due to destruction and restoration of magnetic anisotropy rather than to demagnetization. For the pumping fluence of 7 mJ/cm2, the maximal photo-induced disruption of the anisotropy field is about 14% for the sample with rd = 1 and decreases when rd increases. The anisotropy relaxation is a three-stage process: the ultrafast one occurs within several picoseconds, and the slow one occurs on a nanosecond time scale. The Gilbert damping in the multilayers is found one order of magnitude higher than that in the constituent monolayers.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 263-272
Jun Li ◽  
Yang Hong ◽  
San He ◽  
Weike Li ◽  
Han Bai ◽  

AbstractThe barium ferrite BaTixFe12−xO19 (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) (BFTO-x) ceramics doped by Ti4+ were synthesized by a modified sol—gel method. The crystal structure and magnetic structure of the samples were determined by neutron diffraction, and confirm that the BFTO-x ceramics were high quality single phase with sheet microstructure. With x increasing from 0.2 to 0.8, the saturation magnetization (Ms) decreases gradually but the change trend of coercivity (Hc) is complex under the synergy of the changed grain size and the magnetic crystal anisotropy field. Relying on the high valence of Ti4+, double resonance peaks are obtained in the curves of the imaginary part of magnetic conductivity (μ″) and the resonance peaks could move toward the low frequency with the increase of x, which facilitate the samples perform an excellent wideband modulation microwave absorption property. In the x = 0.2 sample, the maximum reflection loss (RL) can reach −44.9 dB at the thickness of only 1.8 mm, and the bandwidth could reach 5.28 GHz at 2 mm when RL is less than −10 dB. All the BFTO-x ceramics show excellent frequency modulation ability varying from 18 (x = 0.8) to 4 GHz (x = 0.4), which covers 81% of the investigated frequency in microwave absorption field. This work not only implements the tunable of electromagnetic parameters but also broadens the application of high-performance microwave absorption devices.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 4
Cristina Favieres ◽  
José Vergara ◽  
Vicente Madurga

The magnetic and transport properties of pulsed laser-deposited Co100−x–Cux thin films were tailored through their nano-morphology and composition by controlling for the deposition geometry, namely normal or oblique deposition, and their Cu content. All films were composed of an amorphous Co matrix and a textured growth of Cu nanocrystals, whose presence and size d increased as x increased. For x = 50, all films were superparamagnetic, regardless of deposition geometry. The normally deposited films showed no in-plane magnetic anisotropy. On the contrary, controllable in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in both direction and magnitude was generated in the obliquely deposited films. The magnetic anisotropy field Hk remained constant for x = 0, 5 and 10, Hk ≈ 35 kAm−1, and decreased to 28 and 26 kAm−1 for x = 20 and 30, respectively. This anisotropy had a magnetostatic origin due to a tilted nano-sheet morphology. In the normally deposited films, the coercive field Hc increased when x increased, from 200 (x = 0) to 1100 Am−1 (x = 30). In contrast, in obliquely deposited films, Hc decreased from 1500 (x = 0) to 100 Am−1 (x = 30) as x increased. Activation energy spectra corresponding to structural relaxation phenomena in obliquely deposited films were obtained from transport property measurements. They revealed two peaks, which also depended on their nano-morphology and composition.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 187
Valentina Zhukova ◽  
Paula Corte-Leon ◽  
Juan Maria Blanco ◽  
Mihail Ipatov ◽  
Alvaro Gonzalez ◽  

In this paper, a gradual change in the hysteresis loop of Co-rich glass-coated microwire stress-annealed at variable temperature is observed. Such microwires annealed with a temperature gradient also present a variable squareness ratio and magnetic anisotropy field along the microwire’s length. The obtained graded anisotropy has been attributed to a gradual modification of the domain structure along the microwire originated by a counterbalance between shape, magnetoelastic, and induced magnetic anisotropies. Accordingly, we propose a rather simple route to design graded magnetic anisotropy in a magnetic microwire.

2021 ◽  
Kun Zheng ◽  
Yu Miao ◽  
Tong Li ◽  
Shuang-Long Yang ◽  
Li Xi ◽  

Abstract The anti-trigonometric function is used to strictly solve the uniaxial anisotropic Stoner-Wohlfarth (SW) model, which can obtain the relation of the angle α (θ) between the magnetization (the anisotropy field) and the applied magnetic field. Using this analytic solution, the hysteresis loops of uniaxial anisotropic SW particles magnetized in typical directions could be numerically calculated. Then, the hysteresis loops are obtained in randomly distributed SW particle ensembles while ignoring the dipole interaction among them with the analytic solution. Finally, the correctness of the analytic solution is verified by the exact solutions of remanence, switching field, and coercivity from SW model. The analytic solution provides an important reference for understanding the magnetizing and magnetization reversal processes of magnetic materials.

2021 ◽  
Maksym Popov ◽  
Igor Zavislyak ◽  
Hongwei Qu ◽  
A. M. Balbashov ◽  
M. R. Page ◽  

Abstract This report is on the observation and analysis of nonlinear magnetoelectric effects (NLME) for in-plane currents perpendicularly to the hexagonal axis in single crystals and liquid phase epitaxy grown thin films of barium hexaferrite. Measurements involved tuning of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) at 56-58 GHz in the multidomain and single domain states in the ferrite by applying a current. Data on the shift in the resonance frequency with input electric power was utilized to estimate the variations in the magnetic parameter that showed a linear dependence on the input electric power. The NLME tensor coefficients were determined form the estimated changes in the magnetization and uniaxial anisotropy field. The estimated NLME coefficients for in-plane currents are shown to be much higher than for currents flowing along the hexagonal axis. Although the frequency shift of FMR was higher for the single domain resonance, the multi-domain configuration is preferable for device applications since it eliminates the need for a large bias magnetic field. Thus, multidomain resonance with current in the basal plane is favorable for use in electrically tunable miniature, ferrite microwave signal processing devices requiring low operating power.

2021 ◽  
Vol MA2021-02 (12) ◽  
pp. 616-616
Jinyoung Choi ◽  
Jichan Kim ◽  
Yohan Choi ◽  
Hansol Jun ◽  
Jong-Ung Baek ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 410 ◽  
pp. 714-719
Denis Vinnik ◽  
Santhoshkumar Mahadevan ◽  
Puneet Sharma

Magnetic properties of Co, Ni and Zn substituted barium hexaferrite (BaM) samples prepared by solid state ceramic method were studied. Saturation magnetisation were found higher for Zn-substituted BaM, whereas, coercivity is higher for Co2+ and Ni2+ ion substituted samples. Anisotropy field for all substituted samples was calculated by the law of approaching saturation. Remanence, squareness and thermomagnetic plot suggest Zn2+ ions restricts the magnetic interaction of various sites in BaM.

Actuators ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (5) ◽  
pp. 93
Sergey Gudoshnikov ◽  
Yury Grebenshchikov ◽  
Anastasya Popova ◽  
Vadim Tarasov ◽  
Evgeny Gorelikov ◽  

A low-frequency model of the magnetization reversal of a microwire is developed for those cases when the microwire magnetization response can go beyond the linear approximation. The analysis of the influence of external magnetic fields on the process of magnetization reversal of the microwire, including the hysteresis mode, was performed. The characteristic dependences of the amplitude of the electromotive force, U2f, arising in the pick-up coil wound around the microwire are obtained. It was established that, in the region of relatively small-acting circular and longitudinal magnetic fields, the U2f signal could have a region with the opposite sign. An extended small-angle magnetization rotation method was used to verify the proposed model and test glass-coated, amorphous, Co-rich microwires. During the experiments, the amplitude of the second harmonic, U2f, arising in the pick-up coil when an alternating electric current with the frequency f flows through the microwire, was measured as a function of the applied longitudinal magnetic field at various mechanical tensile stresses. The effective anisotropy field, the magnetostriction constant, and the residual quenching stress of the investigated microwires were determined by comparing the theoretical and experimental data.

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