aggregate stability
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Author(s):  
Bin Xue ◽  
Li Huang ◽  
Jianwei Lu ◽  
Xiaokun Li ◽  
Ruili Gao ◽  
...  

Soil organic carbon (SOC) and iron (Fe) oxides are known to affect the formation and stability of soil aggregates. However, the effects of SOC and Fe oxides on soil aggregates stability under straw returning and potassium (K) fertilizer application in paddy–upland rotation systems are less well-studied. This study primarily investigated soil aggregates dynamics and their stability indices (mean weight diameter, MWD; geometric mean diameter, GMD), and soil binders (SOC and iron oxides) after rice and rape harvests under four treatments: F1,mineral nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer; F2, mineral NPK fertilizer; F3, mineral NP fertilizer with straw returning; F4, mineral NPK fertilizer with straw returning in rice–rape cropping system. Straw returning treatments (F3 and F4) significantly (P <0.05) increased MWD and GMD, but the effect of K is not obvious. The soil aggregates stability was higher after the rape harvest than rice harvest, but SOC content was the opposite. Straw input can increase the contents of SOC, alkane-C and aromatic-C concentrations, especially in >0.25 mm aggregates. Long-term straw incorporation significantly increased the amorphous (Feo) and complex iron oxides (Fep) concentrations. SOC and Fep in bulk soil and >5 mm aggregates were significantly related with MWD, and significant relationship was observed between MWD and Feo in <5 mm fractions. Thus, the high levels of SOC, alkane-C, Feo and Fep in soil after straw returning were responsible for the aggregate stability, but the effect of potassium application is not obvious in a rice–rape cropping system.


2022 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 02005
Author(s):  
Rustam Gakaev

The spatial variability of the stability of soil aggregates and its relationship with runoff and soil erosion were studied in a semi-arid environment in the field in order to assess the validity of the stability of structures as an indicator of soil erosion in soils of sandy loam ridges. The influence of soil and relief properties on the variability of aggregate stability was also investigated. Significant relationships were found in the number of water droplets required to break down the aggregate, as well as the rate of runoff and erosion. The most significant correlation was found between the number of droplet impacts and the soil organic matter content. The stability of aggregates in the upper soil layer is apparently a valuable indicator of field runoff and inter-season soil erosion of sandy loamy ridges in semi-arid conditions.


Author(s):  
Nancy E. Ebido ◽  
Ifeoma G. Edeh ◽  
Benedict O. Unagwu ◽  
Ogorchukwu V. Ozongwu ◽  
Sunday Ewele Obalum ◽  
...  

There are insufficient data supporting the enormous potential of biochar in highly weathered tropical soils. This glasshouse study assessed rice-husk biochar (RHB) effects on soil organic carbon, aggregate stability and nitrogen fertility of sandy-loam Ultisols which were evaluated using spinach (<em>Celosia argentea</em>) growth. Five RHB rates 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 g per two-kg-soil (0, 7.5, 15, 30 and 60 t ha<sup>−1</sup>, respectively) were studied under 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks of incubation (WOI). Batched potting of treatments enabled sowing on one date. Treatment effects on soil quality were assessed at sowing and spinach growth six weeks later. Soil organic carbon generally increased with RHB rate, with the greatest increments (37%) in maximum rate relative to no-biochar control for 8 WOI. Aggregate stability also generally increased with RHB rate, the range being 7.21%-17.21% for 8 WOI, beyond which it decreased in 10 and 20 but not 40 g pot<sup>–1</sup>. Total nitrogen was always highest in maximum rate, increasing with rate only for 8 WOI. Treatment affected plant height more clearly than leaf count. Optimum rates were 5 or 10 g pot<sup>–1</sup> for 8 and 4 WOI, respectively (plant height) and 10 g pot<sup>–1</sup> for 8 WOI (leaf count). Soil organic carbon influenced soil aggregate stability (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.505) which in turn was quadratically related to plant height (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.517), indicating stability threshold for spinach. Adding RHB at 40 g pot<sup>–1</sup> (≈ 60 t ha<sup>−1</sup>) to coarse-textured tropical soils is suggested to sustain its soil aggregating effect beyond the growth phase of short-cycle leafy vegetables which require a lower rate (10 g pot<sup>–1</sup>) 8 weeks before sowing. The observed role of soil aggregate stability in spinach growth rather than the overall effects of RHB should guide further search for edapho-agronomic optimum rate of RHB.


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1029-1034
Author(s):  
Md Tareq Bin Salam ◽  
Md Tipu Sultan ◽  
Mehjabin Hossain ◽  
Must Alima Rahman

Effects of cropping pattern on soil carbon sequestration and their aggregate stability in long term agricultural fields was investigated in 2018. Four cropping patterns were selected that have been cultivated for last ten years. Results showed that Soil organic carbon (SOC) value was improved for vegetable field from 4.06 to 9.11 g/kg and carbon stock (20.14 Mg C ha/yr) as well as soil carbon sequestration rate was the highest in vegetable field (1.12 Mg C ha/yr). The logarithmic relationship between the C input and C sequestration rate showed the strong correlation (r = 0.72, p < 0.05). In terms of aggregate stability, vegetable field put the best result (0.41 mm) (p > 0.05). The straight-line relation between aggregate stability and Cstock established that they are strongly correlated (r = 0.81, p < 0.05). Finally, results indicated that Vegetable-Vegetable-Vegetable cropping pattern was the best soil carbon sequester along with the best aggregate stability. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1029-1034, 2021 (December)


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