Bangladesh Journal of Botany
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Published By Bangladesh Journals Online

2079-9926, 0253-5416

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1059-1066
Author(s):  
Ram Kumar ◽  
PP Sing ◽  
Md Abbas Ahmad

Response of morphological and biochemical traits against okra shoot and fruit borer in different okra varieties were studied. Among the fifteen okra varieties under test Kashi Satdhari was the most superior variety as it showed lowest (2.60) per cent shoot damage followed by D-1-87-5 (3.62%) and Pusa A-4 (4.24%). On the contrary, in Pusa Sawani highest level of shoot infestation (16.23%) followed by SB-2 (13.74%) as against Kashi Pragati (check) 10.08 per cent were recorded. Further, okra variety Kashi Satdhari (7.87%) showed lowest fruit infestation and was considered as least susceptible variety which was at par with NO-136 (8.77%), D-1-87-5 (9.12%) and Kashi Leela (9.38%). Amongst all the okra varieties evaluated for their susceptibility to fruit infestation, Pusa Sawani and VRO-03 showed relatively higher fruit infestation i.e. 35.17 and 33.41 per cent, respectively and registered as the most inferior varieties against (26.12%) Kashi Pragati (check). The correlation study between fruit infestation and morphological factors implied that primary branching and trichome length adversely affect the borer infestation. Further, phenol and phosphorus availability in host plant also showed negative effect on shoot and fruit borer infestation. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1059-1066, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1051-1057
Author(s):  
Sunny Sharma ◽  
Vishal Singh Rana

The energy exchange ratio of cultivation and different parameter values of input affecting the organic production of kiwifruit in the mid-hill Himalayan region of India during 2017 and 2018 was determined. The experimental trial was divided into 7 organic treatment i.e. T1 to T3 was sole application on equivalence 100 per cent Dairy manure (DM), Vermicompost (VC) and Poultry manure, T4 to T7 was a compound application of 50: 50 DM: PM, DM: VC and VC: PM and T7 in which DM = PM = VC applied on N equivalence. Five foliar sprays of organic formulation were applied in each of the treatment. The Energy efficiency and econometric analysis of organic kiwifruit production were examined. The highest energy inputs unit per hectare was utilized by T1 out of which over 86 per cent were from organic manure inputs and provided 26401.02 MJ/ha. The highest yield per hectare, as well as the output energy were observed in the treatment T5. Whereas the highest energy ratio, energy productivity, and specific energy were recorded under T2. Likewise, the highest productivity ratio and benefit-cost ratio were recorded under T7 which was followed by T2. From a farming point of view, the T2 gave the superior result because it has provided optimum amount output along with maximum returns. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1051-1057, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1165-1171
Author(s):  
Kürşat ÇAvuşoğlu ◽  
Di̇lek ÇAvuşoğlu

Effects of L-ornithine (150 mg/l) on the germination, seedling growth, mitotic index, chromosome aberrations and micronucleus frequency of Allium cepa L. bulbs germinated at 0.125 M salinity were studied. The radicle number of the group III bulbs germinated in the medium with ornithine alone as compared to ones of the group I (control) bulbs which germinated in distilled water medium. But, their germination percentage, radicle length and fresh weight were statistically the same as ones of the group I bulbs. Besides, the micronucleus frequency and chromosomal abnormalities in the root-tip meristematic cells of the group III bulbs showed increased germination compared to ones of the group I bulbs. However, their mitotic index statistically showed the same value as the group I bulbs. Salt stress significantly inhibited the germination and seedling growth of A. cepa bulbs. Moreover, it reduced the mitotic index in the root-meristem cells of the bulbs and fairly increased the number of chromosome aberrations and micronucleus frequency. On the other hand, the inhibitive effect of salt on the germination, seedling growth, mitotic index and micronucleus frequency was dramatically alleviated in varying degrees by ornithine application. But, it was ineffective in reducing the detrimental effect of salinity on the chromosome aberrations. The germination percentage, radicle lenght, radicle number, fresh weight, mitotic index, micronucleus frequency and chromosomal aberrations of the group II seedlings grown in 0.125 M salinity were 27%, 13.5 mm, 18.4, 7.1 g, 5.5, 18.3 and 60.8%, respectively while these values became 68%, 16.4 mm, 16.4, 10.5 g, 15.6, 7.6 and 74.8% in the group IV seedlings treated with L-ornithine. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1165-1171, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1159-1164
Author(s):  
Hemant Saini ◽  
Rajender Kumar Godara ◽  
Poonam Saini ◽  
- Vijay ◽  
- Sourabh

Effects of foliar applied macro (NPK) and micro nutrients (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and B) at different time on yield, quality and benefit: cost ratio of rainy and winter season guava were evaluated in north western Haryana, India. The two season’s data depicted that physico- chemical characters with respect to fruit set, fruit retention, fruit size, average fruit weight and yield were significantly increased with foliar application of macro and micro nutrients at vegetative, flowering and fruiting stage (T7). The shoot C: N ratio was also found highest with T7 foliar treatment which was followed by T5 in both the seasons. The T7 foliar spray resulted in maximum benefit: cost ratio in both the seasons. Proper fertilization strategies can help fruit growers to get good yield and quality fruits. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1159-1164, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1011-1019
Author(s):  
VK Verma ◽  
RN Meena ◽  
- Gaurav ◽  
MK Sing

Effects of crop geometry and nutrient management on nutrient uptake and quality parameters of potato under winter maize + potato intercropping system were studied during two consecutive years (2015-2016 and 2016-17) at BHU, Varanasi, India. Results revealed that under different crop geometry the nutrient uptake (NPK kg/ha) were obtained significantly higher with 1 : 2 row ratio in additive series as compared to other row ratio due to maximum plant population. The minimum nutrient uptake (NPK kg/ha) were obtained with 1:1 row ratio in replacement series. However, quality parameters (protein and starch) did not vary significantly by different crop geometry during both the years of investigation. Amongst nutrient management, the highest nutrient uptake (NPK kg/ha) and quality parameters (protein and starch) were obtained significantly with the application of 100% RDF + 25% N through poultry manure followed by the application of 100% RDF + 25% N through vermicompost. Thus, the results suggest that 1:2 row ratio (crop geometry) in additive series with 100% RDF + 25% N through poultry manure (nutrient management) followed by 100% RDF + 25 % N through vermicompost were feasible and practicable during both the years of investigations. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1011-1019, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1127-1132
Author(s):  
Wubo Li ◽  
Meng Li ◽  
Yunshuo Xu ◽  
Yan Shi

Effects of different dosages of potassium silicate fertilizer on photosynthetic characteristics and yield of winter wheat under field conditions were studied. Four different dosages: 0, 45, 90 and 135kg/ha were applied. Results showed that the chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate of wheat flag leaf firstly increased and then decreased with the increase of levels of potassium silicate fertilizer. By the change of SPAD values after flowering, when the application of potassium silicate fertilizer was 90 kg/ha, the existence time of chlorophyll in flag leaf was significantly long, and the net photosynthetic rate was significantly increased. The 1000-grain weight of winter wheat significantly increased and the yield the highest. Overall, when the applied amount of potassium silicate fertilizer was 90 kg/ha, the performances of winter wheat were best. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1127-1132, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1173-1180
Author(s):  
Musa Turkmen

The chemical composition of the hydrodistilled essential oils of four Salvia spp. were analysed by GCMS. Three of them (Salvia aramiensis Rech. fil., Salvia fruticosa Mill., Salvia tomentosa Mill.) analyzed in this study grow naturally in the Hatay flora. On the other hand, S. aramiensis is an endemic plant in Hatay flora. Fourth species (Salvia officinalis L.) is not growing in the flora of Turkey, but is only cultivated. The highest essential oil content (5.31%) was found in S. aramiensis and the least 1.68% was detected in S. officinalis. Eucalyptol was the main constituent for S. aramiensis, S. fruticosa and S. tomentosa. While this component was 58.65% in S. aramiensis, it was determined as 44.70 and 34.97% in S. tomentosa and S. fruticosa, respectively. In S. officinalis, the main constituent was determined as δ-Thujone (33.83%) and camphor (21.46%). Eucalyptol has been identified as the main composition in sage species which is grown in flora. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1173-1180, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1181-1189
Author(s):  
Nasrin Akhter Doel ◽  
Amm Golam Adam ◽  
Farhana Islam Khan ◽  
Hasna Hena Begum

Effects of TIBA (10, 25, 50 ppm) and Rhizobium inoculation on growth, yield and biochemical components of BRRI Dhan-55 were investigated. Results showed that application of 10 ppm TIBA produced tallest plant, higher number of tillers and leaves per plant although statistically identical to control. The Rhizobium and TIBA treatments had mostly retarding effects on dry weight of leaves, shoots and roots where the lowest values was obtained from Rhizobium application. Leaf area ratio was positively affected by TIBA and Rhizobium treatments except due to 10 ppm where, significantly maximum value was noted from Rhizobium treatment. Specific leaf weight, relative growth rate and net assimilation rate were negatively responded following all treatments and the least value was also recorded from Rhizobium treatment in each cases. Yield attributes and yield of BRRI Dhan-55 were both positively and negatively influenced by Rhizobium and TIBA treatments. The highest harvest index was found in Rhizobium treated plants. The only increase in yield per plant due to 10 ppm TIBA was 2.48 % over the control but statistically similar to control. Results showed that Rhizobium inoculation had showed lowest value in protein content of leaves and seeds. Application of TIBA treatments had significant positive effects on protein content of leaves at flowering stage. However, the influence was rather negative at both tillering and grain filling stages. The 25 ppm TIBA resulted significantly maximum protein content of seeds followed by 10 ppm. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1181-1189, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1119-1126
Author(s):  
Rocky Thokchom ◽  
KK Thakur ◽  
DP Sharma

Effects of pruning and nitrogen fertilization for the rejuvenation and physicochemical quality of fruits, bearing on declining apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L. cv. New Castle) were assessed. Studies were conducted from 2011 to 2015 on the 25 years old senile and declining apricot trees. Ten treatments comprised of a factorial combination of three pruning levels/severity (heading back of main scaffolds at 20, 40 and 60%) with three levels of nitrogen doses (500, 625 and 750g N/tree). For the first time in the year 2011, the experimental trees received the treatments during its dormant period (winter). In the successive years, all the treatments were followed by corrective pruning facilitate rapid restoration of growth and production of the orchard. The factorial treatment combination of heavy pruning (60%) with the lowest doses of nitrogen level (500g/tree) increased the qualities of fruits in terms of weight, volume, firmness, total soluble solids, sugars and acidity content. Whereas, the ascorbic acid content was facilitated by heavy pruning (60%) with the highest doses of nitrogen level (750g/tree) in all the following years. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1119-1126, 2021 (December)


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (4) ◽  
pp. 1109-1117
Author(s):  
Hanuman Prasad Parewa ◽  
J Yadav ◽  
VS Meena ◽  
A Rakshit

Effects of different levels of chemical fertilizer, farmyard manure (FYM) and bio-inoculants on nutrient content, uptake and quality parameter of wheat were studied. Results indicated that increasing levels of chemical fertilizer, FYM and bio-inoculants significantly enhanced nutrient content and uptake by wheat, while quality parameters of wheat showed significant results with bio-inoculants application. Maximum N, P and K content and their uptake in grain (80.3, 11.07 and 25.29%, respectively) and straw (32.18, 7.14 and 95.92%, respectively) were noticed with 100% NPK over control. Application of FYM @ 10 t/ha significantly increased nutrient content (NPK) in grain and straw and their uptake over the control. The total N, P and K uptake by wheat were found to be maximum 80.97, 12.68 and 86.10 kg/ha, respectively with the application of FYM over control. Combined use of fertilizer levels and FYM, and combined use of fertilizer levels and bio-inoculants significantly increased the nutrient uptake by wheat. Bangladesh J. Bot. 50(4): 1109-1117, 2021 (December)


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