organometallic compounds
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Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 539
Kevin Schindler ◽  
Fabio Zobi

Organometallic compounds are increasingly recognized as promising anticancer and antibiotic drug candidates. Among the transition metal ions investigated for these purposes, rhenium occupies a special role. Its tri- and dicarbonyl complexes, in particular, attract continuous attention due to their relative ease of preparation, stability and unique photophysical and luminescent properties that allow the combination of diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, thereby permitting, e.g., molecules to be tracked within cells. In this review, we discuss the anticancer and antibiotic properties of rhenium tri- and dicarbonyl complexes described in the last seven years, mainly in terms of their structural variations and in vitro efficacy. Given the abundant literature available, the focus is initially directed on tricarbonyl complexes of rhenium. Dicarbonyl species of the metal ion, which are slowly gaining momentum, are discussed in the second part in terms of future perspective for the possible developments in the field.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Dinorah Gambino ◽  
Lucía Otero

Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), Chagas disease or American Trypanosomiasis (CD), and leishmaniases are protozoan infections produced by trypanosomatid parasites belonging to the kinetoplastid order and they constitute an urgent global health problem. In fact, there is an urgent need of more efficient and less toxic chemotherapy for these diseases. Medicinal inorganic chemistry currently offers an attractive option for the rational design of new drugs and, in particular, antiparasitic ones. In this sense, one of the main strategies for the design of metal-based antiparasitic compounds has been the coordination of an organic ligand with known or potential biological activity, to a metal centre or an organometallic core. Classical metal coordination complexes or organometallic compounds could be designed as multifunctional agents joining, in a single molecule, different chemical species that could affect different parasitic targets. This review is focused on the rational design of palladium(II) and platinum(II) compounds with bioactive ligands as prospective drugs against trypanosomatid parasites that has been conducted by our group during the last 20 years.

А.Н. Моисеев ◽  
В.С. Евстигнеев ◽  
А.В. Чилясов ◽  
М.В. Костюнин

The dependence of iodine incorporation in CdTe layers on the deposition conditions during metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy is investigated. The growth of the layers was carried out from dimethylcadmium and diethyltellurium in the hydrogen flow in a vertical reactor with a hot wall condition at a total pressure of 20 kPa. The total iodine concentration was determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry, the electrically active concentration was determined from the Hall effect measurement. The iodine incorporation depends on the crystallographic orientation of the substrate (were studied (100), (310), (111)A, (111)B, (211)A and (211)B), the concentration of the doping precursor (flux range 5·10–8–3·10–6 mol/min), the mole ratio of organometallic compounds (DMCd/DETe=0.25–4), growth temperature (335–390°C) and the walls of the reactor above the pedestal (hot wall zone 290–320°C). The total iodine concentration reached 5·1018 cm–3 and the activation efficiency was ~4 %. After thermal annealing in cadmium vapor at 500°C the activation efficiency was ~100 %.

Anuj Joshi ◽  
Charles Killeen ◽  
Tanner Thiessen ◽  
Harmen S. Zijlstra ◽  
J. Scott McIndoe

Sci ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
pp. 46
Nikolaos Chalmpes ◽  
Georgios Asimakopoulos ◽  
Maria Baikousi ◽  
Athanasios B. Bourlinos ◽  
Michael A. Karakassides ◽  

Hypergolic materials synthesis is a new preparative technique in materials science that allows a wide range of carbon or inorganic solids with useful properties to be obtained. Previously we have demonstrated that metallocenes are versatile reagents in the hypergolic synthesis of inorganic materials, such as γ-Fe2O3, Cr2O3, Co, Ni and alloy CoNi. Here, we go one step further by using metallocene dichlorides as precursors for the hypergolic synthesis of additional inorganic phases, such as photocatalytic titania. Metallocene dichlorides are closely related to metallocenes, thus expanding the arsenal of organometallic compounds that can be used in hypergolic materials synthesis. In the present case, we show that hypergolic ignition of the titanocene dichloride–fuming nitric acid pair results in the fast and spontaneous formation of titania nanoparticles at ambient conditions in the form of anatase–rutile mixed phases. The obtained titania shows good photocatalytic activity towards Cr(VI) removal (100% within 9 h), with the latter being dramatically enhanced after calcination of the powder at 500 °C (100% within 3 h). Notably, this performance was found to be comparable to that of commercially available P25 TiO2 under identical conditions. The cases of zirconocene, hafnocene and molybdocene dichlorides are discussed in this work, which aims to show the wider applicability of metallocene dichlorides in the hypergolic synthesis of inorganic materials (ZrO2, HfO2, MoO2).

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 3921
María Moral-Zamorano ◽  
Isabel Quijada-Garrido ◽  
Verónica San-Miguel ◽  
Berna Serrano ◽  
Juan Baselga ◽  

The functionalization of smart polymers is opening a new perspective in catalysis, drug carriers and biosensors, due to the fact that they can modulate the response regarding conventional devices. This smart response could be affected by the presence of organometallic complexes in terms of interactions which could affect the physical chemical properties. In this sense, the thermoresponsive behavior of copolymers based on N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) could be affected due to the presence of hydrophobic groups and concentration effect. In this work, the functionalization of a copolymer based on NIPAM and dopamine methacrylamide with different amounts of bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium (IV) dichloride was carried out. The resulting materials were characterized, showing a clear idea about the mechanism of functionalization through FTIR spectroscopy. The thermoresponsive behavior was also studied for various polymeric solutions in water by UV–vis spectroscopy and calorimetry. The hydrophobic interactions promoted by the organometallic complex could affect the transition associated with the lower critical solution temperature (LCST), specifically, the segments composed by pure NIPAM. That fact would explain the reduction of the width of the LCST-transition, contrary to what could be expected. In addition, the hydrophobicity was tested by the contact angle and also DNA interactions.

2021 ◽  
Sarah A.P. Pereira ◽  
A. Catarina Baptista L. ◽  
Lorenzo Biancalana ◽  
Fabio Marchetti ◽  
Paul Dyson ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2103 (1) ◽  
pp. 012111
A S Mazinov ◽  
V S Gurchenko ◽  
A S Tyutyunik ◽  
V Y Ilina ◽  
A I Dmitriev

Abstract This paper presents the results of using hybrid-organic zinc complex C24H24N6O3Zn as a component for creating fullerene C60-based heterostructures. The synthesis technique of the complex compound, the microscopy of the film surfaces obtained, their optical and luminescence properties are described in the paper. The introduction of zinc complex to fullerene shows that there occurs a potential barrier at the active layer interface. The obtained thin-film structures have rectifying light volt-ampere characteristics.

2021 ◽  
Vol 95 (11) ◽  
pp. 2229-2233
Maryam Khalkhali ◽  
Mehran Aghaie ◽  
Maziar Noei ◽  
Hossein Aghaie

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