antibiotic drug
Recently Published Documents





Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 539
Kevin Schindler ◽  
Fabio Zobi

Organometallic compounds are increasingly recognized as promising anticancer and antibiotic drug candidates. Among the transition metal ions investigated for these purposes, rhenium occupies a special role. Its tri- and dicarbonyl complexes, in particular, attract continuous attention due to their relative ease of preparation, stability and unique photophysical and luminescent properties that allow the combination of diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, thereby permitting, e.g., molecules to be tracked within cells. In this review, we discuss the anticancer and antibiotic properties of rhenium tri- and dicarbonyl complexes described in the last seven years, mainly in terms of their structural variations and in vitro efficacy. Given the abundant literature available, the focus is initially directed on tricarbonyl complexes of rhenium. Dicarbonyl species of the metal ion, which are slowly gaining momentum, are discussed in the second part in terms of future perspective for the possible developments in the field.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 432
Sulejman Alihodžić ◽  
Hana Čipčić Paljetak ◽  
Ana Čikoš ◽  
Ivaylo Jivkov Elenkov

Unprecedented tandem allylic alkylation/intermolecular Michael addition was used in the preparation of novel bicyclic azalides. NMR spectroscopy was used not only to unambiguously determine and characterize the structures of these unexpected products of chemical reaction but also to investigate the effect the rigid bicyclic modification has on the conformation of the whole molecule. Thus, some of the macrolides prepared showed antibacterial activity in the range of well-known antibiotic drug azithromycin.

Mohammed Ashraf Uddin ◽  
Bupasha Hekim Sutonu ◽  
Malik Abdul Rub ◽  
Shamim Mahbub ◽  
Maha Moteb Alotaibi ◽  

Antibiotics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 54
Kelvin Kau-Kiat Goh ◽  
Wilson Ghim-Hon Toh ◽  
Daryl Kim-Hor Hee ◽  
Edwin Zhi-Wei Ting ◽  
Nathalie Grace Sy Chua ◽  

Fosfomycin-based combination therapy has emerged as an attractive option in our armamentarium due to its synergistic activity against carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB). The ability to simultaneously measure fosfomycin and other antibiotic drug levels will support in vitro and clinical investigations to develop rational antibiotic combination dosing regimens against CRGNB infections. We developed an analytical assay to measure fosfomycin with nine important antibiotics in human plasma and cation-adjusted Mueller–Hinton II broth (CAMHB). We employed a liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method and validated the method based on accuracy, precision, matrix effect, limit-of-detection, limit-of-quantification, specificity, carryover, and short-term and long-term stability on U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines. Assay feasibility was assessed in a pilot clinical study in four patients on antibiotic combination therapy. Simultaneous quantification of fosfomycin, levofloxacin, meropenem, doripenem, aztreonam, piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftazidime/avibactam, cefepime, and tigecycline in plasma and CAMHB were achieved within 4.5 min. Precision, accuracy, specificity, and carryover were within FDA guidelines. Fosfomycin combined with any of the nine antibiotics were stable in plasma and CAMHB up to 4 weeks at −80 °C. The assay identified and quantified the respective antibiotics administered in the four subjects. Our assay can be a valuable tool for in vitro and clinical applications.

2022 ◽  
Aparna D Saraf ◽  
shweta sharma ◽  
Shilpee Sachar

This work reports the physicochemical behavior of antibiotic drug, cefixime (CEF) in presence of cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (DTAB), dodecyl ethyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, (DDAB),...

Catalysts ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 24
Giora Rytwo ◽  
Arye Lev Zelkind

Ofloxacin is a highly efficient and widely used antibiotic drug. It is classified as a refractory pollutant due to its poor biodegradability. Consequently, it is commonly found in water sources, requiring efficient methods for its removal. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) offer efficient alternatives since those yield complete degradation not achieved in adsorption or membrane processes. Previous studies suggest ofloxacin degradation follows a pseudo-first or -second order processes, whereas for full removal of refractory pollutants—lower pseudo-orders are required. Monitoring the actual “pseudo-order” degradation kinetics of ofloxacin is needed to evaluate any proposed AOP process. This study presents a simple procedure to evaluate pseudo-orders of AOPs. Photolysis of 20 μM ofloxacin solutions follow pseudo-zero order kinetics, with half-life times (t1/2) of approx. 60 min. TiO2 heterogenous catalysts have been shown to have no influence at low concentrations (0.2 mg L−1), but a significant reduction of half-life time (t1/2 = 20 min) and increase in pseudo-order (0.8) is measured at 2.0 mg L−1. Similar results are obtained with homogenous catalysis by 2.0 mg L−1 H2O2. The combination of H2O2 and TiO2 catalysts shows additional reduction in half-time life with increase in the pseudo-order to 1.2. The conclusions are (1) heterogenous and homogenous photocatalysis can effectively degrade ofloxacin, (2) combined photocatalysis yields higher pseudo-order, being less prone to achieve full removal, and (3) analysis of specific pseudo-orders in AOPs of refractory pollutants helps to further elucidate the efficiency of the processes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 1909-1912
N. Sarathkumar

Cholera is an acute infectious disease in countries with poor sanitation. The main clinical symptom of cholera is gastroenteritis and a symptom of the disease includes mild to moderate dehydration, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain. Antibiotic drug resistance in V. cholera has become a serious problem mostly in developing countries and muti-drug resistance to different antibiotics as well as Tetracycline, Ampicillin, Kanamycin, Trimethoprim, Sulphonamides Streptomycin and Gentamicin. Multi-drug resistant V. cholera showed resistance against three or more three contrasting classes of antibiotics for recent decades. Fifty diarrheal samples were collected from the different hospitals in and around the Tirupur district. 25 positive V. cholerae were isolated. The isolates were characterized morphologically and biochemically. The confirmed strains were taken to decide susceptibility patterns by the disc diffusion method. Vibrio cholerae isolated in this study was subjected to an antibiogram against 10 commonly used antibiotics. All the tested isolates showed maximum resistance to Erythromycin (97%) and minimum resistance was noted in Trimethoprime (50%) respectively. Electrophoretic examination of plasmid DNA was carried out by Agarose gel Electrophoresis on 0.7%. More than 90% of resists showed were taken for plasmid isolation. The molecular weights of the fragments were evaluated by using a 10,000 bp DNA ladder and it was determined to be 1500 bp respectively. It is crucial to know the sensitivity and resistance pattern of any bacterial species for intercession an effective drug of choice in future

2021 ◽  
Baye Sitotaw ◽  
Fikremariam Ayalew ◽  
Abayeneh Girma ◽  
Kindu Geta ◽  
Mulugeta Kibret

Abstract Background The emergence of antibiotic resistance (ABR) among environmental microbes has been challenging global health. ABR can be transferred to human-associated bacteria aggravating the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Due to poor solid waste disposal practices, municipal solid waste dumpsite (MSWDS) can be a reservoir for antimicrobial resistant microorganisms, such as bacteria. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of antibiotic resistance (ABR) bacteria at Bahir Dar city MSWDS. Methods Soil samples were collected from three randomly selected sites within the dumpsite from November 2020 to May 2021. Bacteria were isolated, identified and tested for ABR using standard procedures. Results In this study, 71 distinct colonies were isolated and identified to ten bacterial genera based on cultural characteristics and biochemical tests. The pooled antibiotic résistance rate was 85.9%. Resistance to the tested antibiotics ranged between 0% for erythromycin and 100% for amoxicillin among the bacterial isolates. High proportions of the isolates were found to be resistant to amoxicillin (100%), vancomycin (87%) and nalidixic acid (73.3%). Substantial proportions of the isolates were also resistant to Streptomycin (54.5%), sulfonamide (50%) and tetracycline (48.5%). On the other hand, high sensitivity rates to erythromycin (90.91%), ciprofloxacin (83.10%), chloramphenicol (77.46%) and gentamicin (63.49%) were recorded. All isolates related to Staphylococcus spp., and most isolates related to Pseudomonas, Escherichia, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Enterococcus, Citrobacter, Shigella and Proteus species were resistant at least to one antibiotic drug. The overall multidrug resistance (MDR) rate was 49.3%, and a high rate of MDR was demonstrated among isolates related to Escherichia spp. (75%), Staphylococcus spp. (68.8%), Pseudomonas spp. (62.5%) and Klebsiella spp. (60%), where each isolate resisted at least 5 antibiotic drugs. Conclusion From the present study, it can be concluded that a high incidence of ABR exists in Bahir Dar city MSWDS. The occurrence of the high level of ABR to commonly used antibiotics in this study demands a proper waste management system, as well as surveillance programs to monitor for antimicrobial resistance determinants in municipal solid wastes. Moreover, detailed studies on the isolates and ABR genes will give a better insight into the prevalence of ABR in the waste dumpsite.

2021 ◽  
Manikanta P ◽  
Hari Prasad B R ◽  
Sanjay B P ◽  
Sandeep S ◽  
Santhosh A S ◽  

Abstract The work demonstrates the development of an electrochemical sensor for quantification of Chloramphenicol (CA) using pencil graphite electrode (PGE) modified with Gadolinium tungstate nano flakes and carbon nano fibers composite (PGE/GWNfs/CNFs). The composite was further characterized and confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. The prepared GWNfs/CNFs nano composite was fabricated by drop casting method to get PGE/GWNfs/CNFs working electrode. The modified electrode is then analyzed by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) methods for its electrochemical and electrocatalytic property. The electrochemical investigation of developed sensor shows enhanced activity towards electro-oxidation of CA. The DPV studies revealed high efficacy characteristics such as sensitivity in the range 0.03984 µA µM-1cm-2, selectivity, good linear range (5-50 μM), and low detection limit (0.4 μM). The study benchmarks the use of GWNfs/CNFs as an excellent transducer material in electrochemical sensing of CA in standard samples thus, it finds an efficient potential application in the analysis of CA in environment sample analysis.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document