active disturbance rejection
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Jia Song ◽  
Jiangcheng Su ◽  
Yunlong Hu ◽  
Mingfei Zhao ◽  
Ke Gao

This paper investigates the stability and performance of the linear active disturbance rejection control (LADRC)–based system with uncertainties and external disturbance via transfer functions and a frequency-domain view. The performance of LADRC is compared with the state-observer-based state feedback control (SOSFC) and state feedback control (SFC). First, the transfer functions and the error transfer functions for LADRC, SOSFC, and SFC are studied using the state-space method. It is proven that the LADRC-, SOSFC-, and SFC-based closed-loop systems have the same transfer function from the reference input to the output and achieve the same control effects for the nominal system. Then, it is proven for the first time that the LADRC has a better anti-interference ability than the SOSFC and SFC. Besides, the asymptotic stability condition of LADRC-based closed-loop system considering large parameter perturbations is given first. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis of the closed-loop system is carried out. The results show that the LADRC has stronger robustness under parameter perturbations. According to the results, we conclude that the LADRC is of great disturbance rejection ability and strong robustness.

Algorithms ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 19
Qibing Jin ◽  
Yuming Zhang

Parameter optimization in the field of control engineering has always been a research topic. This paper studies the parameter optimization of an active disturbance rejection controller. The parameter optimization problem in controller design can be summarized as a nonlinear optimization problem with constraints. It is often difficult and complicated to solve the problem directly, and meta-heuristic algorithms are suitable for this problem. As a relatively new method, the ant-lion optimization algorithm has attracted much attention and study. The contribution of this work is proposing an adaptive ant-lion algorithm, namely differential step-scaling ant-lion algorithm, to optimize parameters of the active disturbance rejection controller. Firstly, a differential evolution strategy is introduced to increase the diversity of the population and improve the global search ability of the algorithm. Then the step scaling method is adopted to ensure that the algorithm can obtain higher accuracy in a local search. Comparison with existing optimizers is conducted for different test functions with different qualities, the results show that the proposed algorithm has advantages in both accuracy and convergence speed. Simulations with different algorithms and different indexes are also carried out, the results show that the improved algorithm can search better parameters for the controllers.

2022 ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Yuwei Zhang

Abstract A fixed-time active disturbance rejection control (FTADRC) consensus tracking strategy is proposed for a class of non-affine nonlinear multi-agent systems with an event-trigger-based communication. Non-affine followers are transformed into affine ones by combining the implicit function theorem with the mean value theorem. A distributed event-triggered estimator is introduced based on its neighbor output information. It is for estimation of a leader’s signal for parts of followers, who are not able to access the leader signal in a direct manner. A distributed FTADRC control strategy is then developed via an event-triggered communication in the framework of backstepping technology. With the help of the fixed-time control, the settling time of an MAS is assignable and independent on initial conditions. Extended state observers and tracking differentiators are employed to compensate unknown dynamics of each follower in real time and estimate derivatives of virtual control laws, respectively. It is proven theoretically that the MAS achieves input-to-state practically stability and the consensus tracking error converges to a neighborhood around the origin in a fixed time. Also, Zeno behavior is excluded. Finally, two examples are performed to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 70 (3) ◽  
pp. 5133-5142
Ibrahim M. Mehedi ◽  
Rachid Mansouri ◽  
Ubaid M. Al-Saggaf ◽  
Ahmed I. M. Iskanderani ◽  
Maamar Bettayeb ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Yang Cui ◽  
Cheng Liu ◽  
Yanming Cheng ◽  
Mahmoud Al Shurafa ◽  
Ilkyoo Lee ◽  

Because the harmonics in the production process of copper electrowinning have an important impact on the electrical energy consumption, it is necessary to suppress the harmonics effectively. In this paper, a copper electrowinning rectifier with double inverse star circuit is selected as a study object in which a large number of harmonics mainly including the 5th, 7th, 11th, and 13th harmonics are generated and injected back into the power grid. The total harmonic distortion rate of the power grid is up to 29.19% before filtering. Therefore, a method combining the induction filtering method and the active filtering method is proposed to carry out comprehensive filtering. Simulation results demonstrate that the total harmonic distortion rate of the system decreases to 4.20%, which indicates that the proposed method can track the corresponding changes of harmonics when the load changes in real time and filter them out. In order to ensure and improve the effect of active filter, a current harmonic tracking control method based on linear active disturbance rejection control is proposed. Simulation results show that the total harmonic distortion rate decreases to 3.34%, which is also lower than that of hysteresis control. Compared with the conventional single filtering method, the new filtering method combining induction filtering with active filtering based on linear active disturbance rejection control in the copper electrowinning rectifier has obvious advantages.

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