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Phytotaxa ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 512 (3) ◽  

The sectional placement of Senecio racemulifer (Asteraceae, Senecioneae) and the generic affiliation of S. acutipinnus and S. graciliflorus have been in dispute. Senecio racemulifer was tentatively considered a member of S. sect. Doria, and S. acutipinnus and S. graciliflorus were transferred to the genus Jacobaea as J. acutipinna and J. graciliflora, respectively. Our phylogenetic analyses based on nuclear ITS/ETS sequences indicate that S. racemulifer is deeply nested with Jacobaea species in a well-supported clade while S. acutipinnus and S. graciliflorus are nested with other Senecio species in a well-supported clade. We therefore transfer S. racemulifer to Jacobaea as J. racemulifera but retain S. acutipinnus and S. graciliflorus within Senecio. The names Jacobaea acutipinna, J. graciliflora, J. sect. Graciliflorae and S. ser. Racemuliferae are all synonymized. Karyological characters are reported for the three species. Jacobaea racemulifera, earlier known from the Western Tian-Shan (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan), is reported here as new to China.

2021 ◽  
Vol 106 ◽  
pp. 111-166
Ricarda Riina ◽  
Benjamin Van Ee ◽  
Maria Beatriz Rossi Caruzo ◽  
Daniela Santos Carneiro-Torres ◽  
Rafaela Freitas Dos Santos ◽  

A revised assessment of Croton L. sect. Geiseleria (A. Gray) Baill. is provided. The section as now circumscribed includes 84 species ranging across warm areas of the Americas. A nuclear ITS phylogeny of 150 accessions from 83 species and a chloroplast trnL-F phylogeny of 89 accessions from 65 species were generated to confirm correct phylogenetic placement of the species and to determine if any species previously included in the section should now be excluded. Seven new species are described, and we present a taxonomic synopsis that lists all currently accepted species along with their synonyms, distributions, and pertinent comments. We also recognize four subsections within Croton sect. Geiseleria and list their corresponding species. Based on both morphological and molecular criteria, we now recognize C. lagunillae Croizat as a distinct species, rather than as a variety of C. guildingii Griseb. (now treated as C. suavis Kunth), and we treat C. ramillatus Croizat var. magniglandulifer V. W. Steinm. as a species, C. magniglandulifer (V. W. Steinm.) B. W. van Ee. We also exclude C. tetradenius Baill. from Croton sect. Geiseleria (A. Gray) Baill. along with related species such as C. pulegiodorus Baill. and C. leptobotryus Müll. Arg., which are either members of Croton sect. Adenophylli Griseb. or else may merit new sectional status. We also exclude C. waltherioides Urb., although it is not clear to which section of Croton it belongs.

Phytotaxa ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 507 (1) ◽  
pp. 51-66

A novel species, Pogostemon monticola (Lamiaceae; Lamioideae), is described from Taiwan. Phylogenetic analysis based on nuclear ITS and five cpDNA regions supports its monophyletic status and a close relationship with P. amaranthoides, P. chinensis, P. formosanus and P. septentrionalis. Detailed morphological comparison between the new species and the four closely related taxa is presented.

Phytotaxa ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 500 (3) ◽  
pp. 217-224

Impatiens bullatisepala (Balsaminaceae), a new species supported by morphological and phylogenetic evidence from Fanjing Mountain, Guizhou province in China, is described here. It is morphologically similar to I. davidii but can be distinguished by its dorsally ridged lateral sepals with sunk reticulate veins and bullate projections on abaxial surface, 2–2.5 cm deep saccate lower sepal with ca. 0.8 cm long narrowly triangular tip at the mouth, and broadly ovate dorsal petal. Phylogenetic analyses of a combined dataset of nuclear ITS and plastid atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer DNA sequences furtherly confirmed its novelty.

PhytoKeys ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 63-75
Qianqian He ◽  
Runan Zhao ◽  
Anguo He ◽  
Zunling Zhu ◽  
Yihua Tong

Carpinus polyneura and C. dayongina are recognised as separate species in Flora of China. In this study, the results of an examination of literature, morphological comparison and phenetic clustering of nuclear ITS sequences suggest that C. dayongina is conspecific with C. polyneura. Thus, we propose reducing C. dayongina to a synonym of C. polyneura.

PeerJ ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
pp. e10964
Danmei Su ◽  
Fumin Xie ◽  
Haiying Liu ◽  
Dengfeng Xie ◽  
Juan Li ◽  

Lilium lankongense Franchet is a lily species found on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is pink with deep red spots, has a high ornamental value, and is used in hybrid breeding of horticultural lily varieties. We have insufficient knowledge of the genetic resources of L. lankongense and its phylogenetic relationships with related species. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies have shown a very close phylogenetic relationship between L. lankongense and the five species L. duchartrei, L. stewartianum, L. matangense, L. lophophorum, and L. nanum. However, molecular markers still lack sufficient signals for population-level research of the genus Lilium. We sequenced and compared the complete plastid sequences of L. lankongense and its five related species. The genomes ranged from 152,307 bp to 152,611 bp. There was a slight inconsistency detected in inverted repeat and single copy boundaries and there were 53 to 63 simple sequence repeats in the six species. Two of the 12 highly variable regions (trnC-petN and rpl32-trnL) were verified in 11 individuals and are promising for population-level studies. We used the complete sequence of 33 plastid genomes, the protein-coding region sequence, and the nuclear ITS sequence to reconstruct the phylogenetic tree of Lilium species. Our results showed that the plastid gene tree and nuclear gene tree were not completely congruent, which may be caused by hybridization, insufficient information contained in the nuclear ITS, or the small number of samples. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on plastid genomes indicated that the six Lilium species were closely related. Our study provides a preliminarily rebuilt backbone phylogeny that is significant for future molecular and morphological studies of Lilium.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Parvin Aghayeva ◽  
Salvatore Cozzolino ◽  
Donata Cafasso ◽  
Valida Ali-zade ◽  
Silvia Fineschi ◽  

DNA barcoding has rapidly become a useful complementary tool in floristic investigations particularly for identifying specimens that lack diagnostic characters. Here, we assess the capability of three DNA barcode markers (chloroplast rpoB, accD and nuclear ITS) for correct species assignment in a floristic survey on the Caucasus. We focused on two herbal groups with potential for ornamental applications, namely orchids and asterids. On these two plant groups, we tested whether our selection of barcode markers allows identification of the “barcoding gap” in sequence identity and to distinguish between monophyletic species when employing distance-based methods. All markers successfully amplified most specimens, but we found that the rate of species-level resolution amongst selected markers largely varied in the two plant groups. Overall, for both lineages, plastid markers had a species-level assignment success rate lower than the nuclear ITS marker. The latter confirmed, in orchids, both the existence of a barcoding gap and that all accessions of the same species clustered together in monophyletic groups. Further, it also allowed the detection of a phylogeographic signal.The ITS marker resulted in its being the best performing barcode for asterids; however, none of the three tested markers showed high discriminatory ability. Even if ITS were revealed as the most promising plant barcode marker, we argue that the ability of this barcode for species assignment is strongly dependent on the evolutionary history of the investigated plant lineage.

Phytotaxa ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 482 (1) ◽  
pp. 45-54

Mahonia lancasteri (Berberidaceae) is described from cultivation as a new species from west-central Sichuan, China. A detailed description, distributional data and ecological information along with color photographs are provided. In addition, a comparison of M. lancasteri with morphologically similar species, as well as information about its introduction and history in cultivation, is presented. We also performed a phylogenetic analysis using five molecular loci (nuclear ITS, accD, ndhF, rbcL and psbA-trnH) to further determine the close affinities of M. lancasteri. The new species naturally occurs in sympatry with several other Mahonia species.

T. Lebel ◽  
J.A. Cooper ◽  
M.A. Castellano ◽  
J. Nuytinck

Three Australian species with sequestrate basidiome forms are recorded for the first time in the genus Lactifluus based on nuclear ITS-LSU and morphological data. These species represent three rare independent evolutionary events resulting in sequestrate basidiomes arising from agaricoid species in three different sections in two subgenera. All three species have highly reduced basidiome forms, and no species with intermediate forms have been found. Lactifluus dendriticus is unique in the genus in having highly branched, dendritic terminal elements in the pileipellis. We provide full descriptions of two species: Zelleromyces dendriticus (= Lactifluus dendriticus comb. nov.) in Lactifluus subg. Lactifluus sect. Gerardii, and Lactifluus geoprofluens sp. nov. in Lf. subg. Lactifluus sect. Lactifluus. A reduced description is provided for the third, Lactifluus sp. prov. KV181 in Lf. subg. Pseudogymnocarpi sect. Pseudogymnocarpi, as it is currently known from a single sequence.

Plants ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 1798
Ivan A. Schanzer ◽  
Alina V. Fedorova ◽  
Olga V. Shelepova ◽  
Guzyaliya F. Suleymanova

The results of a molecular genetic study of Potentilla multifida agg. using two plastid markers (ndhC-trnV and psbA-trnH) and a nuclear ITS marker suggested that this group comprises a number of relatively young and incompletely differentiated species widely distributed in Northern Eurasia. The sequences were analyzed using tree-based (maximum likelihood) and network-based (statistical parsimony network) approaches. The plastid data suggested incomplete lineage sorting, characteristic of the group as a whole. The nuclear ITS results demonstrated quite a different pattern, with mostly conspecific accessions shaping monophyletic clades. The majority of the Potentilla sect. Multifidae species studied possess few, usually closely related plastid haplotypes, or are even monomorphic. In contrast, P. volgarica, a narrow endemic from the Volga River valley, presents plastid haplotypes belonging to two distantly related groups. Such a pattern of genetic diversity in P. volgarica may be explained by a long persistence of the species within an extremely small distribution range, on the right bank of the Volga River, most likely representing a contemporary refugium. The genealogy of plastid markers in P. volgarica suggests that this species is ancestral to P.eversmanniana, another narrow endemic from the S Urals.

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