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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Qiuyue Ma ◽  
Yuxiao Wang ◽  
Shushun Li ◽  
Jing Wen ◽  
Lu Zhu ◽  

Abstract Background Acer truncatum (purpleblow maple) is a woody tree species that produces seeds with high levels of valuable fatty acids (especially nervonic acid). The species is admired as a landscape plant with high developmental prospects and scientific research value. The A. truncatum chloroplast genome has recently been reported; however, the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) is still unexplored. Results We characterized the A. truncatum mitogenome, which was assembled using reads from PacBio and Illumina sequencing platforms, performed a comparative analysis against different species of Acer. The circular mitogenome of A. truncatum has a length of 791,052 bp, with a base composition of 27.11% A, 27.21% T, 22.79% G, and 22.89% C. The A. truncatum mitogenome contains 62 genes, including 35 protein-coding genes, 23 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. We also examined codon usage, sequence repeats, RNA editing and selective pressure in the A. truncatum mitogenome. To determine the evolutionary and taxonomic status of A. truncatum, we conducted a phylogenetic analysis based on the mitogenomes of A. truncatum and 25 other taxa. In addition, the gene migration from chloroplast and nuclear genomes to the mitogenome were analyzed. Finally, we developed a novel NAD1 intron indel marker for distinguishing several Acer species. Conclusions In this study, we assembled and annotated the mitogenome of A. truncatum, a woody oil-tree species producing nervonic acid. The results of our analyses provide comprehensive information on the A. truncatum mitogenome, which would facilitate evolutionary research and molecular barcoding in Acer.

ZooKeys ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1081 ◽  
pp. 111-125
Wenjing Li ◽  
Ning Qiu ◽  
Hejun Du

Rhodeus cyanorostris Li, Liao & Arai, 2020 is a freshwater fish that is endemic to China and restricted to Chengdu City in Sichuan Province. This study is the first to sequence and characterize the complete mitochondrial genome of R. cyanorostris. The mitogenome of R. cyanorostris is 16580 bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and a control region (D-loop). The base composition of the sequence is 28.5% A, 27.6% C, 26.4% T, and 17.5% G, with a bias toward A+T. The genome structure, nucleotide composition, and codon usage of the mitogenome of R. cyanorostris are consistent with those of other species of Rhodeus. To verify the molecular phylogeny of the genus Rhodeus, we provide new insights to better understand the taxonomic status of R. cyanorostris. The phylogenetic trees present four major clades based on 19 mitogenomic sequences from 16 Rhodeus species. Rhodeus cyanorostris exhibits the closest phylogenetic relationship with R. pseudosericeus, R. amarus, and R. sericeus. This study discloses the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of R. cyanorostris for the first time and provides the most comprehensive phylogenetic reconstruction of the genus Rhodeus based on whole mitochondrial genome sequences. The information obtained in this study will provide new insights for conservation, phylogenetic analysis, and evolutionary biology research.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Odalisca Breedy ◽  
Judith Camps-Castellà ◽  
G. Försterra ◽  
Verena Häussermann

Ingrid M. D. Di Benedetto ◽  
Valeria N. Debarbora ◽  
Alicia P. Benitez Ibalo ◽  
Elena B. Oscherov ◽  
Analía G. Autino ◽  

In this study two species of soft ticks belonging to the genus Ornithodoros were recorded in three areas in the province of Corrientes, Argentina. Four larvae were identified as Ornithodoros hasei (Schulze, 1935) on Molossus molossus (Molossidae) in Paraje Tres Cerros (Department of San Martín), while 56 larvae were identified as Ornithodoros sp. cf. O. mimon Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969 on Eptesicus furinalis and Myotis levis (Vespertilionidae) in Paraje Galarza (Department of Santo Tomé) and Colonia Carlos Pellegrini (Department of San Martín). These last two locations are found within the Esteros del Iberá eco-region.  The known distribution range of O. hasei and O. cf. O. mimon is expanded to include the province of Corrientes. Two new ectoparasite-host associations were recorded for Argentina between O. hasei on M. molossus and O. cf. O. mimon on M. levis. The morphological differences together with the results of the phylogenetic analysis show that O. hasei presents genetic similarity with specimens from Brazil, and in Argentina, with ticks from Santa Fe. Instead, Ornithodoros sp. cf. O. mimon recorded in Corrientes and Uruguay belong to a different taxon than the O. mimon recorded in Brazil and Santa Fe, Argentina. Based on this, O. mimon should be considered a complex of species in which the specimens from Corrientes are provisionally considered as Ornithodoros sp. cf. O. mimon until their taxonomic status can be determined.

2022 ◽  
Magdalena Śwecimska ◽  
Patrycja Golinska ◽  
Michael Goodfellow

Abstract A genomic-based polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status and biotechnological and ecological potential of a Streptomyces strain, isolate SF28T, that was recovered from the litter layer in a polish Pinus sylvestris forest. The isolate had morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with its classification in the genus Streptomyces. It formed long straight chains of spores with smooth surfaces, contained LL-diaminopimelic acid and glucose and ribose in whole-organism hydrolysates, produced major proportions of straight, iso- and anteiso- fatty acids, hexa- and octa-hydrogenated menaquinones with nine isoprenoid units and had a polar lipid pattern composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, glycophospholipids and three uncharacterized components. Phylogenetic trees prepared using 16S rRNA gene and multilocus gene sequences of conserved housekeeping genes showed that the isolate formed a branch that was loosely associated with the type strains of several validly published Streptomyces species. A draft genome generated for the isolate was rich in natural product-biosynthetic gene clusters with the potential to produce new specialised metabolites, notably antibiotics, and stress related genes which provide an insight into how they may have adapted to the harsh conditions that prevail in acidic forest soils. A phylogenomic tree based on the genomes of the isolate and its phylogenetic neighbours confirmed that it formed a distinct lineage well separated from its closest evolutionary relatives. The isolate shared low average nucleotide index and digital DNA:DNA hybridization values with its phylogenomic neighbours and was also distinguished from them using a combination of cultural and micromorphological properties. Given this wealth of taxonomic data it is proposed that isolate SF28T (=DSM 113360T=PCM 3163T) be classified in the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces pinistramenti sp. nov. The isolate showed pronounced antimicrobial activity, especially against fungal plant pathogens.

Diversity ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 29
Izabela S. Mendes ◽  
Bruno F. Melo ◽  
Júnio S. Damasceno ◽  
Daniel F. Teixeira ◽  
Daniel C. Carvalho

Hypomasticus copelandii is a Neotropical freshwater fish widely distributed across coastal drainages of southeastern Brazil, a highly impacted region of South America. The interspecific phylogenetic relationships within the genus and the taxonomic status of the species remain uncertain. Using two mitochondrial and one nuclear locus, we performed a phylogenetic, species delimitation, and time-calibrated analyses to test the hypothesis that H. copelandii is a species complex currently delimited by different Atlantic coastal systems. Results indicate that H. copelandii presents two well-delimited genetic lineages: one in the northern drainages of the Jucuruçu, Mucuri and Doce rivers, and the other in the southern region represented by the Paraíba do Sul River Basin. The time-calibrated phylogeny indicated a split between the two genetic lineages at around 2.8 million years ago (Ma), which might be related to headwater capture events during the Plio-Pleistocene. The discovery of a distinct genetic lineage for H. copelandii suggests distinct management plans for the northern and southern drainages. Such hidden diversity within the H. copelandii provides useful information for taxonomy and conservation across a severely impacted region of Brazil.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-61
Ana Isabel Camacho ◽  
Paloma Mas-Peinado ◽  
E. Karen López-Estrada ◽  
Beatriz A. Dorda ◽  
Isabel Rey

Abstract The “Iberobathynella group”, or Iberobathynellini tribe, is a complex of six genera consisting of 33 nominal species and several cryptic species with an amphiatlantic distribution (in Europe, North Africa and North America). A modern systematic revision of this group of subterranean crustaceans is presented here. A phylogenetic and biogeographic study using morphological and molecular data (mitocondrial coi and nuclear 18S) was carried out and allowed to a) re-evaluate the taxonomic status and validity of previously erected subtribes, genera and subgenera that show congruence in the data; b) assess whether the identified mitochondrial lineages represent cryptic species; c) provide a plausible phylogenetic hypothesis for the relationships within Iberobathynellini and with the other two genera of the family Parabathynellidae that inhabit North America and Europe (Montanabathynella and Parabathynella, respectively); d) propose a plausible temporal and historical framework (paleobiogeographic scenario) for the diversification and evolution of the Iberobathynellini tribe based on the current distribution of morphotypes and their estimated times of divergence. Our results show that in parabathynellids, molecular and morphological divergences are not always congruent. Subtribe and subgenus are invalid categories so they must be eliminated. Paraiberobathynella genus needs to be revisited. The molecular dating results support the early divergence of the Iberobathynellini Tribe (Upper Cretaceous, around 78 Mya) and the vicariance by plate tectonics as main factor to explain the amphi-Atlantic distribution shown by this ancient subterranean crustacean group. Since there are species morphologically very similar to I. magna and I. imuniensis, but genetically different, we can ensure the existence of at least three cryptic species. Texanobathynella is undoubtedly a valid genus distinct from Iberobathynella. Montanabathynella and Parabathynella are two well-differentiated genera closely related to the Iberobathynellini tribe.

2021 ◽  
Vol 51 (4) ◽  
pp. 378-385
Eun-Mi SUN ◽  
Seon A YUN ◽  
Seung-Chul KIM ◽  
Hyoung-Tak IM

Saussurea taquetii reported from Jejudo Island is either treated as a synonym of S. japonica or is recognized as a distinct taxon. Saussurea japonica and S. pulchella belong to the sect. Theodorea by having peculiar outer phyllaries with pale purplish scarious apical appendages; they are closely related to each other morphologically and are known to occur widely throughout the Korean Peninsula. To assess the taxonomic status of S. taquetii, we investigated representative populations of S. taquetii from jejudo Island, Korea, and S. japonica from Kyushu in Japan. We conducted a comparative study morphologically using specimens of three species from KH, CNU, and TI. Saussurea taquetii is very similar morphologically and ecologically to S. japonica in Kyushu. Unlike previous floristic treatments, we concluded that the two taxa, S. pulchella and S. taquetii, occur on the Korean Peninsula and on jejudo Island, respectively.

2021 ◽  
Vol 43 (4) ◽  
pp. 45-54
Phan Thi Yen ◽  
Werner Klotz ◽  
Thomas von Rintelen ◽  
Dang Van Dong ◽  
Do Van Tu

The freshwater shrimp species Caridina cucphuongensis (family Atyidae) was poorly described by Dang (1980). Moreover, the taxonomic status of this species is hard to verify as the types have been lost. This study provides a redescription of the species and designation of a neotype specimen. The Caridina cucphuongensis Dang, 1980 is characterized by short rostrum with large teeth on the dorsal margin, long stylocerite, subrectangular endopod of male first pleopod, and short appendix interna of the male second pleopod.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Nick Sun ◽  
Chi-Chun Huang ◽  
Yu-Wei Tseng ◽  
Tulshi Laxmi Suwal ◽  
Meng-Jou Chi ◽  

The Chinese pangolin Manis pentadactyla is critically endangered because of over-exploitation and illegal trafficking and includes three subspecies. However, the taxonomic status of the three subspecies of the Chinese pangolin has not been well resolved, which impedes regional conservation and illegal trade traces. In this study, the complete mitogenome sequence of M. p. pentadactyla, an endemic subspecies of the Chinese pangolin in Taiwan, was determined. The complete mitogenome of M. p. pentadactyla is 16,570 base pairs (bp) in length with 13 protein-coding genes (PCG), 23 transfer RNAs (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNAs and a 1164 bp control region. The overall base composition of the genome showed a slight A + T bias (59.9%), positive AT skew (0.1515) and negative GC skew (-0.3406), which is similar to that of other pangolins. All PCGs started with a typical ATN codon and all tRNAs were typical cloverleaf-shaped secondary structures, except for tRNA-Ser(GCU). Phylogenetic analysis indicated a monophyletic relationship for M. p. pentadactyla and M. p. aurita and was monophyletic for M. p. pentadactyla, but paraphyletic for M. p. aurita. The paraphyly of M. p. aurita resulted from an incomplete lineage sorting. This study enriched the mitogenome database of the Chinese pangolin and the molecular information obtained should be very useful for future research on mitogenome evolution and genetic diversification in M. pentadactyla.

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