turbulent flows
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Fluids ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 34
Hechmi Khlifi ◽  
Adnen Bourehla

This work focuses on the performance and validation of compressible turbulence models for the pressure-strain correlation. Considering the Launder Reece and Rodi (LRR) incompressible model for the pressure-strain correlation, Adumitroaie et al., Huang et al., and Marzougui et al., used different modeling approaches to develop turbulence models, taking into account compressibility effects for this term. Two numerical coefficients are dependent on the turbulent Mach number, and all of the remaining coefficients conserve the same values as in the original LRR model. The models do not correctly predict the compressible turbulence at a high-speed shear flow. So, the revision of these models is the major aim of this study. In the present work, the compressible model for the pressure-strain correlation developed by Khlifi−Lili, involving the turbulent Mach number, the gradient, and the convective Mach numbers, is used to modify the linear mean shear strain and the slow terms of the previous models. The models are tested in two compressible turbulent flows: homogeneous shear flow and the newly developed plane mixing layers. The predicted results of the proposed modifications of the Adumitroaie et al., Huang et al., and Marzougui et al., models and of its universal versions are compared with direct numerical simulation (DNS) and experiment data. The results show that the important parameters of compressibility in homogeneous shear flow and in the mixing layers are well predicted by the proposal models.

Özgül İlhan ◽  
Niyazi Şahin

Abstract Large eddy simulation (LES) seeks to predict the dynamics of the organized structures in the flow, that is, local spatial averages u ̄ $\bar{u}$ of the velocity u of the fluid. Although LES has been extensively used to model turbulent flows, very often, the model has difficulty predicting turbulence generated by interactions of a flow with a boundary. A critical problem in LES is to find appropriate boundary conditions for the flow averages, which depend on the behavior of the unknown flow near the wall. In the light of the works of Navier and Maxwell, we use boundary conditions on the wall. We compute the appropriate friction coefficient β for channel flows and investigate its asymptotic behavior as the averaging radius δ → 0 and as the Reynolds number Re → ∞. No-slip conditions are recovered in the first limit, and free-slip conditions are recovered in the second limit. This study is not intended to develop new theories of the turbulent boundary layer; we use available boundary layer theories to improve numerical boundary conditions for flow averages.

Mathematics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 226
Alexander Musaev ◽  
Dmitry Grigoriev

The research presented in this article is dedicated to analyzing the acceptability of traditional techniques of statistical management decision-making in conditions of stochastic chaos. A corresponding example would be asset management at electronic capital markets. This formulation of the problem is typical for a large number of applications in which the managed object interacts with an unstable immersion environment. In particular, this issue arises in problems of managing gas-dynamic and hydrodynamic turbulent flows. We highlight the features of observation series of the managed object’s state immersed in an unstable interaction environment. The fundamental difference between observation series of chaotic processes and probabilistic descriptions of traditional models is demonstrated. We also present an additive observation model with a chaotic system component and non-stationary noise which provides the most adequate characterization of the original observation series. Furthermore, we suggest a method for numerically analyzing the efficiency of conventional statistical solutions in the conditions of stochastic chaos. Based on numerical experiments, we establish that techniques of optimal statistical synthesis do not allow for making effective management decisions in the conditions of stochastic chaos. Finally, we propose several versions of compositional algorithms focused on the adaptation of statistical techniques to the non-deterministic conditions caused by the specifics of chaotic processes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 128 (2) ◽  
M. Davoodianidalik ◽  
H. Punzmann ◽  
H. Kellay ◽  
H. Xia ◽  
M. Shats ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Jan Friedrich ◽  
Bianca Viggiano ◽  
Mickael Bourgoin ◽  
Raúl Bayoán Cal ◽  
Laurent Chevillard

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 79
Amanda Lopes dos Santos ◽  
Cristiano Fragassa ◽  
Andrei Luís Garcia Santos ◽  
Rodrigo Spotorno Vieira ◽  
Luiz Alberto Oliveira Rocha ◽  

The present work aims to develop a computational model investigating turbulent flows in a problem that simulates an oscillating water column device (OWC) considering a Savonius turbine in the air duct region. Incompressible, two-dimensional, unsteady, and turbulent flows were considered for three different configurations: (1) free turbine inserted in a long and large channel for verification/validation of the model, (2) an enclosure domain that mimics an OWC device with a constant velocity at its inlet, and (3) the same domain as that in Case 2 with sinusoidal velocity imposed at the inlet. A dynamic rotational mesh in the turbine region was imposed. Time-averaged equations of the conservation of mass and balance of momentum with the k–ω Shear Stress Transport (SST) model for turbulence closure were solved with the finite volume method. The developed model led to promising results, predicting similar time–spatial-averaged power coefficients (CP¯) as those obtained in the literature for different magnitudes of the tip speed ratio (0.75 ≤ λ ≤ 2.00). The simulation of the enclosure domain increased CP¯ for all studied values of λ in comparison with a free turbine (Case 1). The imposition of sinusoidal velocity (Case 3) led to a similar performance as that obtained for constant velocity (Case 2).

Ricardo Vinuesa ◽  
Oriol Lehmkuhl ◽  
Adrian Lozano-Duran ◽  
Jean Rabault

In this review we summarize existing trends of flow control used to improve the aerodynamic efficiency of wings. We first discuss active methods to control turbulence, starting with flat-plate geometries and building towards the more complicated flow around wings. Then, we discuss active approaches to control separation, a crucial aspect towards achieving high aerodynamic efficiency. Furthermore, we highlight methods relying on turbulence simulation, and discuss various levels of modelling. Finally, we thoroughly revise data-driven methods, their application to flow control, and focus on deep reinforcement learning (DRL). We conclude that this methodology has the potential to discover novel control strategies in complex turbulent flows of aerodynamic relevance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 933 ◽  
C. Chen ◽  
L. He

Recent findings on wall-bounded turbulence have prompted a new impetus for modelling development to capture and resolve the Reynolds-number-dependent influence of outer flow on near-wall turbulence in terms of the ‘foot-printing’ of the large-scale coherent structures and the scale-interaction associated ‘modulation’. We develop a two-scale method to couple a locally embedded near-wall fine-mesh direct numerical simulation (DNS) block with a global coarser mesh domain. The influence of the large-scale structures on the local fine-mesh block is captured by a scale-dependent coarse–fine domain interface treatment. The coarse-mesh resolved disturbances are directly exchanged across the interface, while only the fine-mesh resolved fluctuations around the coarse-mesh resolved variables are subject to periodic conditions in the streamwise and spanwise directions. The global near-wall coarse-mesh region outside the local fine-mesh block is governed by the augmented flow governing equations with forcing source terms generated by upscaling the space–time-averaged fine-mesh solution. The validity and effectiveness of the method are examined for canonical incompressible channel flows at several Reynolds numbers. The mean statistics and energy spectra are in good agreement with the corresponding full DNS data. The results clearly illustrate the ‘foot-printing’ and ‘modulation’ in the local fine-mesh block. Noteworthy also is that neither spectral-gap nor scale-separation is assumed, and a smooth overlap between the global-domain and the local-domain energy spectra is observed. It is shown that the mesh-count scaling with Reynolds number is potentially reduced from $O(R{e^2})$ for the conventional fully wall-resolved large-eddy simulation (LES) to $O(Re)$ for the present locally embedded two-scale LES.

Xin Li ◽  
Siyuan Zhang ◽  
Junyi Duan ◽  
Xiaobo Liu ◽  
Wanghao Wu

The compressibility effect and transport motion in highspeed turbulent boundary layer (TBL) is a fundamental problem because they dominate the average and statistical characteristics. Using the statistical methods and flow visualization technology, flat-plate TBLs at [Formula: see text] with high- and low-wall temperatures, [Formula: see text] and 1.9, are investigated based on the direct numerical simulation (DNS) datasets. Compared with previous studies, this study considers relative higher Mach number and strong cold wall temperature condition at the same time. First, the turbulent Mach number and turbulent intensity show that the compressibility effects are enhanced by the cooling process. Second, the high-order statistical moments and structure parameters confirm cold wall that causes stronger compressibility and the corresponding increased intensities of local streamwise and wall-normal transport motions. Finally, for uncovering the relationship between the compressibility effect and turbulent transport, more in-depth visualization analyses of velocity streaks are performed. It is found that ‘knot-like’ structures are generated when cooling the wall, and they lead to stronger intermittent, which results in the rapid increase of local compressibility effect and the wall-normal transport motion. Our research sheds light on providing a theoretical basis for further understanding the compressibility effects of TBL at high Mach number.

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