seismic damage
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Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 36 ◽  
pp. 752-764
Author(s):  
Jian Zhong ◽  
Ming Ni ◽  
Huiming Hu ◽  
Wancheng Yuan ◽  
Haiping Yuan ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 252 ◽  
pp. 113737
Author(s):  
Hoang D. Nguyen ◽  
James M. LaFave ◽  
Young-Joo Lee ◽  
Myoungsu Shin

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mingzhen Wang ◽  
Lin Gao ◽  
Zailin Yang

Abstract The seismic damage state of building structure can be evaluated by observing the fundamental period change of structure. Firstly, the fundamental period calculation formula that adapts to the deformation pattern and distribution mode of horizontal seismic action for reinforced concrete frame structure is derived. Secondly, the seismic damage assessment standard of building structure considering period variation is established. Then, the seismic damage assessment method of building structure is constructed. Finally, the seismic damage example is used to verify the established evaluation method. The results show that the established research method has high accuracy and good engineering practicability.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Guangjun Sun ◽  
Zhijie Yuan ◽  
Bingyan Wu ◽  
Fu Zhao

The actual earthquake resistance performance and the seismic damage state of bridges during future earthquakes are important issues that need to be resolved. Using an expressway reinforced concrete (RC) girder bridge in a high seismic intensity area of China as the research object, the damage correlation between different structural components of the bridge is analyzed, and the key components that determine the structural safety state of the bridge are determined. Then, the safety evaluation indexes of the bridge pier and bearing are researched, and a two-stage seismic safety evaluation methodology for RC girder bridges is proposed. The first stage is a rapid and general evaluation using empirical statistical methods, and the second stage is a precise evaluation obtained by calculating the damage index of the components. Subsequently, the seismic damage prediction matrix is presented. Considering the modification of the bridge span number, service life, and skew angle, a seismic safety evaluation from a typical single bridge to a group of bridges of the same type is implemented. Finally, an actual expressway bridge in China is presented as a numerical example to illustrate the application of the method. The research results show that damage to the key components, including bearings, piers, and abutments, is the deciding factor of the bridge damage state. The seismic damage states of piers and bearings can be conveniently assessed according to the pier top displacement angle and bearing shear deformation during earthquakes. According to the suggested standard of RC girder bridge seismic damage, the seismic safety evaluation of the whole bridge structure can be obtained using the seismic safety evaluation of individual key components of the bridge structure. According to the evaluation results of individual bridges and considering the modification of influencing factors, an earthquake performance evaluation of a group of bridges of the same type can be obtained. The two-stage seismic safety evaluation methodology proposed in this study is effective and efficient.


2022 ◽  
Vol 251 ◽  
pp. 113530
Author(s):  
Liangjie Qi ◽  
Masahiro Kurata ◽  
Yoshiki Ikeda

Author(s):  
Sumirah Nisar

Abstract: Retrofitting is the modification of existing structures to make them more resistant to seismic activity, ground motion etc. Many of the existing reinforced concrete structures throughout the world are in urgent need of rehabilitation, repair or reconstruction because of deterioration due to various factors like corrosion, lack of detailing, failure of bonding between beamcolumn joints etc. Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composite has been accepted in the construction industry as a promising substitute for repairing and in incrementing the strength of RCC structures. It stabilizes the current structure of buildings and making them earthquake resistant. This paper presents a representative overview of the current state of using FRP materials as a retrofitting technique for the structures not designed to resist seismic action. It summarizes the scopes and uses of FRP materials in seismic strengthening of RCC structures and masonry retrofitting. Keywords: Retrofitting, Rehabilitation, Seismic damage, fibre


Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 239
Author(s):  
Tongfa Deng ◽  
Jinwen Huang ◽  
Maosen Cao ◽  
Dayang Li ◽  
Mahmoud Bayat

Curved beam bridges, whose line type is flexible and beautiful, are an indispensable bridge type in modern traffic engineering. Nevertheless, compared with linear bridges, curved beam bridges have more complex internal forces and deformation due to the curvature; therefore, this type of bridge is more likely to suffer damage in strong earthquakes. The occurrence of damage reduces the safety of bridges, and can even cause casualties and property loss. For this reason, it is of great significance to study the identification of seismic damage in curved beam bridges. However, there is currently little research on curved beam bridges. For this reason, this paper proposes a damage identification method based on wavelet packet norm entropy (WPNE) under seismic excitation. In this method, wavelet packet transform is adopted to highlight the damage singularity information, the norm entropy of wavelet coefficient is taken as a damage characteristic factor, and then the occurrence of damage is characterized by changes in the damage index. To verify the feasibility and effectiveness of this method, a finite element model of Curved Continuous Rigid-Frame Bridges (CCRFB) is established for the purposes of numerical simulation. The results show that the damage index based on WPNE can accurately identify the damage location and characterize the severity of damage; moreover, WPNE is more capable of performing damage location and providing early warning than the method based on wavelet packet energy. In addition, noise resistance analysis shows that WPNE is immune to noise interference to a certain extent. As long as a series of frequency bands with larger correlation coefficients are selected for WPNE calculation, independent noise reduction can be achieved.


Author(s):  
Konstantinos Morfidis ◽  
Konstantinos Kostinakis

The angle of seismic excitation is a significant factor of the seismic response of RC buildings. The procedure required for the calculation of the angle for which the potential seismic damage is maximized (critical angle) contains multiple nonlinear time history analyses using in each one of them different angles of incidence. Moreover, the seismic codes recommend the application of more than one accelerograms for the evaluation of seismic response. Thus, the whole procedure becomes time consuming. Herein, a method to reduce the time required for the estimation of the critical angle based on Multilayered Feedforward Perceptron Neural Networks is proposed. The basic idea is the detection of cases in which the critical angle increases the class of seismic damage compared to the class which arises from the application of the seismic motion along the buildings’ structural axes. To this end, the problem is expressed and solved as Pattern Recognition problem. As inputs of networks the ratios of seismic parameters’ values along the two horizontal seismic records' components, as well as appropriately chosen structural parameters, were used. The results of analyses show that the neural networks can reliably detect the cases in which the calculation of the critical angle is essential.


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