estimation problem
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2022 ◽  
pp. 104-122
Zuleyha Akusta Dagdeviren ◽  
Vahid Akram

Internet of things (IoT) envisions a network of billions of devices having various hardware and software capabilities communicating through internet infrastructure to achieve common goals. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) having hundreds or even thousands of sensor nodes are positioned at the communication layer of IoT. In this study, the authors work on the connectivity estimation approaches for IoT-enabled WSNs. They describe the main ideas and explain the operations of connectivity estimation algorithms in this chapter. They categorize the studied algorithms into two divisions as 1-connectivity estimation algorithms (special case for k=1) and k-connectivity estimation algorithms (the generalized version of the connectivity estimation problem). Within the scope of 1-connectivity estimation algorithms, they dissect the exact algorithms for bridge and cut vertex detection. They investigate various algorithmic ideas for k connectivity estimation approaches by illustrating their operations on sample networks. They also discuss possible future studies related to the connectivity estimation problem in IoT.

2022 ◽  
Vol 134 ◽  
pp. 103477
Xavier Ros-Roca ◽  
Lídia Montero ◽  
Jaume Barceló ◽  
Klaus Nökel ◽  
Guido Gentile

Qingxuan Gongye ◽  
Peng Cheng ◽  
Jiuxiang Dong

For the depth estimation problem in the image-based visual servoing (IBVS) control, this paper proposes a new observer structure based on Kalman filter (KF) to recover the feature depth in real time. First, according to the number of states, two different mathematical models of the system are established. The first one is to extract the depth information from the Jacobian matrix as the state vector of the system. The other is to use the depth information and the coordinate point information of the two-dimensional image plane as the state vector of the system. The KF is used to estimate the unknown depth information of the system in real time. And an IBVS controller gain adjustment method for 6-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) manipulator is obtained using fuzzy controller. This method can obtain the gain matrix by taking the depth and error information as the input of the fuzzy controller. Compared with the existing works, the proposed observer has less redundant motion while solving the Jacobian matrix depth estimation problem. At the same time, it will also be beneficial to reducing the time for the camera to reach the target. Conclusively, the experimental results of the 6-DOF robot with eye-in-hand configuration demonstrate the effectiveness and practicability of the proposed method.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-35
Matias D. Cattaneo ◽  
Michael Jansson

This paper highlights a tension between semiparametric efficiency and bootstrap consistency in the context of a canonical semiparametric estimation problem, namely the problem of estimating the average density. It is shown that although simple plug-in estimators suffer from bias problems preventing them from achieving semiparametric efficiency under minimal smoothness conditions, the nonparametric bootstrap automatically corrects for this bias and that, as a result, these seemingly inferior estimators achieve bootstrap consistency under minimal smoothness conditions. In contrast, several “debiased” estimators that achieve semiparametric efficiency under minimal smoothness conditions do not achieve bootstrap consistency under those same conditions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (22) ◽  
pp. 11060
Simone Monaco ◽  
Salvatore Greco ◽  
Alessandro Farasin ◽  
Luca Colomba ◽  
Daniele Apiletti ◽  

Wildfires are one of the natural hazards that the European Union is actively monitoring through the Copernicus EMS Earth observation program which continuously releases public information related to such catastrophic events. Such occurrences are the cause of both short- and long-term damages. Thus, to limit their impact and plan the restoration process, a rapid intervention by authorities is needed, which can be enhanced by the use of satellite imagery and automatic burned area delineation methodologies, accelerating the response and the decision-making processes. In this context, we analyze the burned area severity estimation problem by exploiting a state-of-the-art deep learning framework. Experimental results compare different model architectures and loss functions on a very large real-world Sentinel2 satellite dataset. Furthermore, a novel multi-channel attention-based analysis is presented to uncover the prediction behaviour and provide model interpretability. A perturbation mechanism is applied to an attention-based DS-UNet to evaluate the contribution of different domain-driven groups of channels to the severity estimation problem.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 192
Anas D. Khalaf ◽  
Anwar Zeb ◽  
Tareq Saeed ◽  
Mahmoud Abouagwa ◽  
Salih Djilali ◽  

In this work, we present the analysis of a mixed weighted fractional Brownian motion, defined by ηt:=Bt+ξt, where B is a Brownian motion and ξ is an independent weighted fractional Brownian motion. We also consider the parameter estimation problem for the drift parameter θ>0 in the mixed weighted fractional Ornstein–Uhlenbeck model of the form X0=0;Xt=θXtdt+dηt. Moreover, a simulation is given of sample paths of the mixed weighted fractional Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process.

Hao Yang ◽  
Yilian Zhang ◽  
Wei Gu ◽  
Fuwen Yang ◽  
Zhiquan Liu

This paper is concerned with the state estimation problem for an automatic guided vehicle (AGV). A novel set-membership filtering (SMF) scheme is presented to solve the state estimation problem in the trajectory tracking process of the AGV under the unknown-but-bounded (UBB) process and measurement noises. Different from some existing traditional filtering methods, such as Kalman filtering method and [Formula: see text] filtering method, the proposed SMF scheme is developed to provide state estimation sets rather than state estimation points for the system states to effectively deal with UBB noises and reduce the requirement of the sensor precision. Then, in order to obtain the state estimation ellipsoids containing the true states, a set-membership estimation algorithm is designed based on the AGV physical model and S-procedure technique. Finally, comparison examples are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed SMF scheme for an AGV state estimation problem in the present of the UBB noises.

Symmetry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (9) ◽  
pp. 1715
Lijuan Chen ◽  
Zihao Zhang ◽  
Yapeng Zhang ◽  
Xiaoshuang Xiong ◽  
Fei Fan ◽  

For non-linear systems (NLSs), the state estimation problem is an essential and important problem. This paper deals with the nonlinear state estimation problems in nonlinear and non-Gaussian systems. Recently, the Bayesian filter designer based on the Bayesian principle has been widely applied to the state estimation problem in NLSs. However, we assume that the state estimation models are nonlinear and non-Gaussian, applying traditional, typical nonlinear filtering methods, and there is no precise result for the system state estimation problem. Therefore, the larger the estimation error, the lower the estimation accuracy. To perfect the imperfections, a projection filtering method (PFM) based on the Bayesian estimation approach is applied to estimate the state. First, this paper constructs its projection symmetric interval to select the basis function. Second, the prior probability density of NLSs can be projected into the basis function space, and the prior probability density solution can be solved by using the Fokker–Planck Equation (FPE). According to the Bayes formula, the proposed estimator utilizes the basis function in projected space to iteratively calculate the posterior probability density; thus, it avoids calculating the partial differential equation. By taking two illustrative examples, it is also compared with the traditional UKF and PF algorithm, and the numerical experiment results show the feasibility and effectiveness of the novel nonlinear state estimation filter algorithm.

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