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2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 101071
Jin-fan Zhang ◽  
Sohum Mehta ◽  
Jin Zhang

2022 ◽  
Vol 1249 ◽  
pp. 131590
Pankaj Verma ◽  
Udai P. Singh ◽  
Ray J. Butcher ◽  
Somesh Banerjee ◽  
Partha Roy

Mengdi Zhang ◽  
Clayton Seitz ◽  
Garrick Chang ◽  
Fadil Iqbal ◽  
Hua Lin ◽  

Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 268
Parivash Nouri ◽  
Anja Zimmer ◽  
Stefanie Brüggemann ◽  
Robin Friedrich ◽  
Ralf Kühn ◽  

Advances in the regenerative stem cell field have propelled the generation of tissue-specific cells in the culture dish for subsequent transplantation, drug screening purposes, or the elucidation of disease mechanisms. One major obstacle is the heterogeneity of these cultures, in which the tissue-specific cells of interest usually represent only a fraction of all generated cells. Direct identification of the cells of interest and the ability to specifically isolate these cells in vitro is, thus, highly desirable for these applications. The type VI intermediate filament protein NESTIN is widely used as a marker for neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs/NPCs) in the developing and adult central and peripheral nervous systems. Applying CRISPR-Cas9 technology, we have introduced a red fluorescent reporter (mScarlet) into the NESTIN (NES) locus of a human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) line. We describe the generation and characterization of NES-mScarlet reporter hiPSCs and demonstrate that this line is an accurate reporter of NSCs/NPCs during their directed differentiation into human midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons. Furthermore, NES-mScarlet hiPSCs can be used for direct identification during live cell imaging and for flow cytometric analysis and sorting of red fluorescent NSCs/NPCs in this paradigm.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Sara Hernández-Pérez ◽  
Pieta K. Mattila

AbstractFacilitated by the advancements in microscopy, our understanding of the complexity of intracellular vesicle traffic has dramatically increased in recent years. However, distinguishing between plasma membrane-bound or internalised ligands remains a major challenge for the studies of cargo sorting to endosomal compartments, especially in small and round cells such as lymphocytes. The specific hybridization internalisation probe (SHIP) assay, developed for flow cytometry studies, employs a ssDNA fluorescence internalisation probe and a complementary ssDNA quenching probe to unambiguously detect the internalized receptors/cargo. Here, we adopted the SHIP assay to study the trafficking of receptor/ligand complexes using B lymphocytes and B cell receptor-mediated antigen internalization as a model system. Our study demonstrates the potential of the SHIP assay for improving the imaging of internalized receptor/ligand complexes and establishes the compatibility of this assay with multiple imaging modalities, including live-cell imaging and super-resolution microscopy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Soojung Lee ◽  
Jonathan Chang ◽  
Sung-Min Kang ◽  
Eric Parigoris ◽  
Ji-Hoon Lee ◽  

AbstractThis manuscript describes a new method for forming basal-in MCF10A organoids using commercial 384-well ultra-low attachment (ULA) microplates and the development of associated live-cell imaging and automated analysis protocols. The use of a commercial 384-well ULA platform makes this method more broadly accessible than previously reported hanging drop systems and enables in-incubator automated imaging. Therefore, time points can be captured on a more frequent basis to improve tracking of early organoid formation and growth. However, one major challenge of live-cell imaging in multi-well plates is the rapid accumulation of large numbers of images. In this paper, an automated MATLAB script to handle the increased image load is developed. This analysis protocol utilizes morphological image processing to identify cellular structures within each image and quantify their circularity and size. Using this script, time-lapse images of aggregating and non-aggregating culture conditions are analyzed to profile early changes in size and circularity. Moreover, this high-throughput platform is applied to widely screen concentration combinations of Matrigel and epidermal growth factor (EGF) or heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) for their impact on organoid formation. These results can serve as a practical resource, guiding future research with basal-in MCF10A organoids.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Ana Beatriz Santa Cruz Garcia ◽  
Kevin P. Schnur ◽  
Asrar B. Malik ◽  
Gary C. H. Mo

AbstractGasdermin D forms large, ~21 nm diameter pores in the plasma membrane to drive the cell death program pyroptosis. These pores are thought to be permanently open, and the resultant osmotic imbalance is thought to be highly damaging. Yet some cells mitigate and survive pore formation, suggesting an undiscovered layer of regulation over the function of these pores. However, no methods exist to directly reveal these mechanistic details. Here, we combine optogenetic tools, live cell fluorescence biosensing, and electrophysiology to demonstrate that gasdermin pores display phosphoinositide-dependent dynamics. We quantify repeated and fast opening-closing of these pores on the tens of seconds timescale, visualize the dynamic pore geometry, and identify the signaling that controls dynamic pore activity. The identification of this circuit allows pharmacological tuning of pyroptosis and control of inflammatory cytokine release by living cells.

2022 ◽  
Weina Liu ◽  
Md Noor A Alam ◽  
Yan Liu ◽  
Viatcheslav N. Agafonov ◽  
Haoyuan Qi ◽  

Nanodiamonds (NDs) with color centers are excellent emitters for various bioimaging and quantum biosensing applications. In our work, we explored new applications of NDs with silicon-vacancy centers (SiV) obtained by high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) synthesis based on metal-catalyst-free growth. They are coated with a polypeptide biopolymer which is essential for efficient cellular uptake. The unique optical properties of NDs with SiV are their high photostability and narrow emission in the near-infrared region. Our results demonstrate for the first time that NDs with SiV allow live-cell dual-color imaging and intracellular tracking. Also, intracellular thermometry as well as challenges associated with SiV atomic defects in NDs are investigated and discussed for the first time. NDs with SiV nanoemitters provide new avenues for live-cell bioimaging, diagnostic (SiV as a nanosized thermometer), and theranostic (nanodiamonds as drug carrier) applications.

ACS Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Richard Lincoln ◽  
Wenzhou Zhang ◽  
Terri C. Lovell ◽  
Katarzyna Jodko-Piórecka ◽  
Pierre A. Devlaminck ◽  

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