heparin binding
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 523-532
Xin Yan ◽  
Chunfeng Liang ◽  
Xinghuan Liang ◽  
Li Li ◽  
Zhenxing Huang ◽  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> This study aimed to identify the potential key genes associated with the progression and prognosis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in ACC cells and normal adrenocortical cells were assessed by microarray from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The biological functions of the classified DEGs were examined by Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway (KEGG) enrichment analyses and a protein–protein interaction (PPI) network was mapped using Cytoscape software. MCODE software was also used for the module analysis and then 4 algorithms of cytohubba software were used to screen hub genes. The overall survival (OS) examination of the hub genes was then performed by the ualcan online tool. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Two GSEs (GSE12368, GSE33371) were downloaded from GEO including 18 and 43 cases, respectively. One hundred and sixty-nine DEGs were identified, including 57 upregulated genes and 112 downregulated genes. The Gene Ontology (GO) analyses showed that the upregulated genes were significantly enriched in the mitotic cytokines is, nucleus and ATP binding, while the downregulated genes were involved in the positive regulation of cardiac muscle contraction, extracellular space, and heparin-binding (P < 0.05). The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway (KEGG) pathway examination showed significant pathways including the cell cycle and the complement and coagulation cascades. The protein– protein interaction (PPI) network consisted of 162 nodes and 847 edges, including mitotic nuclear division, cytoplasmic, protein kinase binding, and cell cycle. All 4 identified hub genes (FOXM1, UBE2C, KIF11, and NDC80) were associated with the prognosis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) by survival analysis. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusions:</title> The present study offered insights into the molecular mechanism of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) that may be beneficial in further analyses. </sec>

2022 ◽  
Zixuan Liu ◽  
Mingming Chen ◽  
Yini Sun ◽  
Xu Li ◽  
Liu Cao ◽  

Heparin-binding protein (HBP), as a granule protein secreted by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) participates in the pathophysiological process of sepsis. It has been reported that HBP is a biomarker of sepsis, which is related to the severity of septic shock and organ dysfunction. HBP binds to vascular endothelial cells as one of the primary target sites. However, it is still unclear whether HBP-binding protein receptors exist on the surface of ECs. The effect of HBP on vascular permeability in sepsis and its mechanism needs to be explored. We conducted in vivo and in vitro study. We demonstrated that HBP bound to transforming growth factor-β receptor type 2 (TGF-β-R2) as a ligand. GST pull-down analysis reveals that HBP mainly interacts with the extracellular domain of TGF-β-R2. HBP induced acute lung injury (ALI) and vascular leakage via activation of TGF-β/SMAD2/3 signaling pathway. Permeability assay suggests TGF-β-R2 is necessary for HBP-induced increased permeability. We also defined the role of HBP and its potential membrane receptor TGF-β-R2 in the blood-gas barrier in the pathogenesis of HBP-related ALI.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Soojung Lee ◽  
Jonathan Chang ◽  
Sung-Min Kang ◽  
Eric Parigoris ◽  
Ji-Hoon Lee ◽  

AbstractThis manuscript describes a new method for forming basal-in MCF10A organoids using commercial 384-well ultra-low attachment (ULA) microplates and the development of associated live-cell imaging and automated analysis protocols. The use of a commercial 384-well ULA platform makes this method more broadly accessible than previously reported hanging drop systems and enables in-incubator automated imaging. Therefore, time points can be captured on a more frequent basis to improve tracking of early organoid formation and growth. However, one major challenge of live-cell imaging in multi-well plates is the rapid accumulation of large numbers of images. In this paper, an automated MATLAB script to handle the increased image load is developed. This analysis protocol utilizes morphological image processing to identify cellular structures within each image and quantify their circularity and size. Using this script, time-lapse images of aggregating and non-aggregating culture conditions are analyzed to profile early changes in size and circularity. Moreover, this high-throughput platform is applied to widely screen concentration combinations of Matrigel and epidermal growth factor (EGF) or heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) for their impact on organoid formation. These results can serve as a practical resource, guiding future research with basal-in MCF10A organoids.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. e000345
Marla Ashley Sacks ◽  
Yomara Stephanie Mendez ◽  
Faraz A Khan ◽  
Robert Propst ◽  
Craig W Zuppan ◽  

BackgroundNecrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the leading gastrointestinal cause of death in premature infants and causes long-term disabilities. Previously, enteral heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) administered after birth demonstrated decreased incidence and severity of NEC in a neonatal animal model of NEC. We investigated the potential prophylactic strategy of preventing NEC using prenatally administered HB-EGF.MethodsAn HB-EGF (800 µg/kg/dose) dose was injected into pregnant rats via tail vein or intraperitoneal route 2 hours prior to delivery. After cesarean section (C-section) at 21 days’ gestation, the rat pups were subjected to the NEC protocol by inducing stressors: hypoxia, hypothermia, hypertonic feeds, and orogastric gavage of lipopolysaccharide (2 mg/kg). Postnatally, pups were monitored for 96 hours and assessed for the development of clinical and postmortem histological NEC.ResultsThe experimental NEC incidence in untreated, stressed rat pups was 66%. Compared with untreated pups, the maternal administration of HB-EGF correlated with a significant NEC incidence and severity decrease in rat pups. The strongest decrease was seen when HB-EGF was administered via the intraperitoneal route 2 hours prior to C-section (66% vs 31%, *p<0.05). Prenatal HB-EGF administration significantly increased pups’ survival after NEC protocol exposure, with the greatest benefit observed in the group that received HB-EGF intraperitoneally 2 hours before delivery.ConclusionsPrenatal administration of HB-EGF decreases the incidence and severity of NEC, preserves gut barrier function and increases survival. This may represent a novel prophylactic clinical strategy for NEC offered to mothers at risk of delivering a premature infant.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Jane Fisher ◽  
Fredrik Kahn ◽  
Elena Wiebe ◽  
Pontus Gustafsson ◽  
Thomas Kander ◽  

Heparin-binding protein (HBP) is a promising biomarker for the development and severity of sepsis. To guide its use, it is important to understand the factors that could lead to false-positive or negative results, such as inappropriate release and inadequate clearance of HBP. HBP is presumably released only by neutrophils, and the organs responsible for its elimination are unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine whether non-neutrophil cells can be a source of circulating HBP and which organs are responsible for its removal. We found that in two cohorts of neutropenic patients, 12% and 19% of patients in each cohort, respectively, had detectable plasma HBP levels. In vitro, three leukemia-derived monocytic cell lines and healthy CD14+ monocytes constitutively released detectable levels of HBP. When HBP was injected intravenously in rats, we found that plasma levels of HBP decreased rapidly, with a distribution half-life below 10 min and an elimination half-life of 1–2 h. We measured HBP levels in the liver, spleen, kidneys, lungs, and urine using both ELISA and immunofluorescence quantitation, and found that the majority of HBP was present in the liver, and a small amount was present in the spleen. Immunofluorescence imaging indicated that HBP is associated mainly with hepatocytes in the liver and monocytes/macrophages in the spleen. The impact of hematologic malignancies and liver diseases on plasma HBP levels should be explored further in clinical studies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Yuan Dong ◽  
Xincan Zhou ◽  
Ying Zhang ◽  
Yan Liu ◽  
Xianghui Zhou ◽  

Objective. To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum heparin-binding protein (HBP), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cell count (WBC) in an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods. A prospective research model was used to select 63 patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who were hospitalized in Xuzhou First People’s Hospital from January 2020 to June 2020, and among the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who were followed up in our hospital during the same period, 18 patients were in the stable phase, and 43 healthy patients in our hospital during the same period were selected as the healthy control group. 18 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were selected as the observation group, and 43 healthy people who underwent examination at the same time as the control group. For patients with acute COPD recombination, 5 ml of venous blood was collected according to whether the condition of COPD patients with acute exacerbation was stable or not. 5 ml of venous blood was collected for acute exacerbation. According to their clinical symptoms (such as cough, sputum, and asthma), dyspnea score (MRC score), and pulmonary function (FEV1 and FEV1/FVC), it is determined whether the patient’s condition is stable. Patients in the stable COPD group will collect 5 ml of venous blood during the outpatient follow-up, and those in the healthy physical examination group will collect veins on the day of the physical examination. In 5 ml of blood, the levels of HBP and CRP in the blood were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent method and the immunoturbidimetric method, respectively, and the peripheral blood WBC was measured by a blood cell analyzer and its supporting reagents. The differences of the three indicators in each group were statistically analyzed. Normally distributed measurement data were compared using t-test, homogeneity of variance of nonnormally distributed measurement data were compared using one-way analysis of variance, uneven variance of nonnormally distributed measurement data were compared using a rank-sum test, and Pearson linear analysis was used for correlation test. Subject working characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn, P < 0.05 means the difference is statistically significant, the receiver working characteristic curve was established, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to analyze blood HBP. The value of blood CRP and peripheral blood WBC counts alone or in combination in the diagnosis of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Results. The level of blood heparin-binding protein in the acute exacerbation phase was significantly higher than that in the stable phase and healthy controls ( P < 0.05 ). In the acute exacerbation stage and stable stage group, the blood heparin binding protein, the percentage of leukocytes, neutrophils, and CRP were detected. There is a correlation between ( P < 0.05 ) and a correlation with lung function (FEV1) ( P < 0.05 ). The predictive value of heparin-binding protein, white blood cells, neutrophil percentage, CRP, etc. for the acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with the area under the heparin-binding protein curve, is the largest, and compared with the stable phase, the comparison of heparin-binding protein, white blood cells, and CRP is statistically significant ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion. Heparin-binding protein increases in the stable phase and acute exacerbation phase and is related to other inflammatory factors. It is one of the important inflammatory factors in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Heparin-binding protein, white blood cells, CRP, etc. have diagnostic and predictive value for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Heparin-binding protein has the best predictive result, and the combined index test has a better diagnostic predictive value, which is better than single index detection.

Shock ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Konstantinos Katsaros ◽  
Georgios Renieris ◽  
Asimina Safarika ◽  
Evangelia-Maria Adami ◽  
Theologia Gkavogianni ◽  

Mirjana Kovac ◽  
Olivera Markovic ◽  
Sanja Lalic-Cosic ◽  
Gorana Mitic

AbstractCoagulation dysfunction is a serious issue in patients with Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). With regard to recently published studies, a high number of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to COVID-19 developed life-threatening thrombotic complications despite anticoagulation. We report a case of young woman with the type-II heparin-binding site (HBS) antithrombin (AT) deficiency (Budapest 3-homozygous), who developed acute deep vein thrombosis on two occasions due to COVID-19 infection in the course of stable anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonist. The first thrombotic event was observed during mild COVID-19 infection, while the second thrombotic event she developed 2 months after she was negative for severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Our case highlights the complexity of the treatment in this particular type of thrombophilia and the need for precaution even in mild forms of viral infection. In the treatment of acute thrombosis, AT-deficient patients may benefit from the use of AT concentrate along with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH), while in cases of type II-HBS, AT supplementation is mandatory.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Natalia Kulesskaya ◽  
Dmitry Molotkov ◽  
Sonny Sliepen ◽  
Ekaterina Mugantseva ◽  
Arturo Garcia Horsman ◽  

Heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (pleiotrophin) is a neurite outgrowth-promoting secretory protein that lines developing fiber tracts in juvenile CNS (central nervous system). Previously, we have shown that heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM) reverses the CSPG (chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan) inhibition on neurite outgrowth in the culture medium of primary CNS neurons and enhances axon growth through the injured spinal cord in mice demonstrated by two-photon imaging. In this study, we have started studies on the possible role of HB-GAM in enhancing functional recovery after incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) using cervical lateral hemisection and hemicontusion mouse models. In vivo imaging of blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signals associated with functional activity in the somatosensory cortex was used to assess the sensory functions during vibrotactile hind paw stimulation. The signal displays an exaggerated response in animals with lateral hemisection that recovers to the level seen in the sham-operated mice by injection of HB-GAM to the trauma site. The effect of HB-GAM treatment on sensory-motor functions was assessed by performance in demanding behavioral tests requiring integration of afferent and efferent signaling with central coordination. Administration of HB-GAM either by direct injection into the trauma site or by intrathecal injection improves the climbing abilities in animals with cervical hemisection and in addition enhances the grip strength in animals with lateral hemicontusion without affecting the spontaneous locomotor activity. Recovery of sensory signaling in the sensorimotor cortex by HB-GAM to the level of sham-operated mice may contribute to the improvement of skilled locomotion requiring integration of spatiotemporal signals in the somatosensory cortex.

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