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2021 ◽  
pp. 98-103
Author(s):  
Անի Հակոբյան

The article tells about the life and work of an important figure of Armenian national music Betros Alahaidoyan: musicologist, ethnographer, conductor and publicist. A pupil of Barseg Kanachian and specializing in musicology in Europe, he then worked for Brussels State Radio. On the 70th anniversary of the Genocide and the 50th anniversary of Komitas' death, he decided that it is time to do important work for the Armenian nation. Since 1985, leaving his permanent job and place of residence, Alahaidoyan traveled to Armenian communities, nursing homes in Europe, Eastern countries, the USA and made very important documentary and ethnographic records. A huge amount of material containing 430 compact cassettes and 125 reel-to-reel tapes are now in NAS RA Institute of Art, Department of Folk Music: in the audio archive named after Aram Kocharyan. With great love and pride, we undertake to study the material and publish musical and ethnographic collections.


Dementia ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 147130122110539
Author(s):  
Marit Mjørud ◽  
Janne Røsvik

Introduction Person-centred care is a philosophy rather than a method ready for implementation and utilization in daily clinical work. Internationally, few methods for person-centred care have been widely adopted in clinical dementia care practice. In Norway, the VIPS practice model is one that is commonly used for the implementation and use of person-centred care in primary healthcare. Method Nursing home physicians, managers and leaders in the municipalities, care institutions and domestic nursing care services were eligible for inclusion if their workplace had implemented and used the VIPS practice model for a minimum of 12 months. Individual interviews were conducted via Facetime, Skype or telephone and analysed with qualitative content analysis. Findings In all, 20 respondents were included: one manager of health and care services in the municipality, six managers and leaders working in domestic care or daytime activity centres and 10 managers/leaders and three physicians working in nursing homes. Two global categories emerged: category 1: Change in staff’s professional reasoning with two sub-categories: (a) an enhanced professional level in discussions and (b) a change in focus from task to person; and category 2: Changes in the clinical work, with three sub-categories: (a) effective interventions, (b) a person-centred work environment and (c) changes in cooperation between stakeholders. Conclusion Regular use of the VIPS practice model appeared to change the work culture for the benefit of both service users and frontline staff. Increased cooperation between frontline staff, nurses, physicians and next of kin was described. Staff were more focused on the needs of the service users, which resulted in care interventions tailored to the needs of the individual with dementia, loyalty to care plans and fewer complaints from next of kin.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Julian Hirt ◽  
Laura Adlbrecht ◽  
Steffen Heinrich ◽  
Adelheid Zeller

Abstract Background: Elder abuse in long-term care is an important public health concern with social, health-related, and economic implications. Staff-to-resident abuse is of particular interest since institutions should protect residents’ rights and prevent harm. To provide an up-to date comprehensive overview of staff-to-resident abuse in nursing homes, we performed a scoping review considering types of abuse, their prevalence and associated factors, descriptions, experiences, and preventive interventions.Methods: We performed a scoping review following the framework provided by Arksey and O’Malley. We searched MEDLINE (via PubMed), CINAHL, PsycINFO via Ovid, and Cochrane Library. Additionally, we performed free web searching using Google Scholar and checked relevant reviews. Two reviewers independently selected studies. We narratively synthesised the results.Results: Out of 3876 references retrieved by our search, we included 46 studies in 47 reports. The prevalence rates of abuse varied widely, ranging from 0 to 93% depending on the type of abuse. Associated factors of abuse at the staff, resident, and nursing home level were evaluated inconsistently. Abuse was perceived ambiguous: even though it was considered unacceptable, it was underreported. We found only four studies addressing preventive interventions. Of these, four made recommendations for intervention development. Only one study with an experimental design examined a multi-component intervention including education and mutual support.Conclusions: The review yielded heterogenous evidence not allowing a concrete conclusion on prevalence and associated factors. However, the results show the significance of the problem and indicate that there are associate factors of abuse that can be influenced by appropriate interventions. These are amongst other staff education, organisational culture, and conditions. Further research should investigate the composition and content of preventive interventions and their potential to reduce abusive behaviours.


GeroPsych ◽  
2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marie-Kristin Doebler

Abstract. This article suggests that the term “culture” can explain the heterogeneity of age(ing) in nursing homes as well as (dis-)similarities opposed to organizational parameters (e.g., size, location, ownership). It introduces an analytical tool for the systematic analysis of culture which encompasses 15 thematic dimensions grouping as conceptualizations of age(ing), social relationships, and care. Two nursing homes from an explorative project in Bavarian nursing homes are used for illustrating the tool’s possible applications: systematic description, explanation, and comparisons of locally effective cultures; determining ambivalences’ manifestations and sources. The article ends with a discussion of underlying implications of the findings for theory and praxis and the benefits and weaknesses of this study, connected with the hope to broaden the perception of nursing homes which are more than organizations designed to house older people safely; they are also culturally shaped places of social life.


2021 ◽  
Vol 47 (12) ◽  
pp. 48-56
Author(s):  
Denise D. Quigley ◽  
Leah V. Estrada ◽  
Gregory L. Alexander ◽  
Andrew Dick ◽  
Patricia W. Stone

2021 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. S611-S612
Author(s):  
G.G. Topal ◽  
S. Sevim ◽  
D. Gumus ◽  
M. Kizil
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Anu Garg ◽  
Kate Szymanski ◽  
Ganesh Merugu

Abstract Background: Determine the nutritional value of the food provided to the average patient in the nursing home and compare to the guidelines for the age matched community dwelling individual. Methods: We obtained weekly meal plans. Nutritional value of each meal was calculated from the USDA food composition database with reference to the supply company. The 3 nursing homes ranged in ownership and in star rating and averaged 120 beds per facility. Food companies were comparable. Results: Patients received 1.58 cups of vegetables with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.31 daily. 1.26 cups of fruit (SD of 0.08) and 0.79 cups of dairy (SD 0.26) daily. Average of 5,308mg of sodium (SD 770.4) daily. 474.08 mg of added sugar (SD 137.88) daily. Saturated fats were 10.86% (SD 0.01) of the calories. Conclusions: Intake of fruits, dairy and vegetables was below recommended levels. Calories and sodium were above recommended values. Added sugar and saturated fats were within recommendations. Several changes can be made to improve nutrition in the nursing home to bring the nutrition closer to expectations in the average community dwelling adult values. We recommend further study concerning interventions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. S585
Author(s):  
I. Galicia Ernst ◽  
E. Kiesswetter ◽  
G. Torbahn ◽  
C.C. Sieber ◽  
M. Hiesmayr ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kelly Sabbe ◽  
Roos van der Mast ◽  
Tinne Dilles ◽  
Bart Van Rompaey

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