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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Phanupong Phutrakool ◽  
Krit Pongpirul

Abstract Background Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has gained popularity among the general population, but its acceptance and use among medical specialists have been inconclusive. This systematic review aimed to identify relevant studies and synthesize survey data on the acceptance and use of CAM among medical specialists. Methods We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed and Scopus databases for the acceptance and use of CAM among medical specialists. Each article was assessed by two screeners. Only survey studies relevant to the acceptance and use of CAM among medical specialists were reviewed. The pooled prevalence estimates were calculated using random-effects meta-analyses. This review followed both PRISMA and SWiM guidelines. Results Of 5628 articles published between 2002 and 2017, 25 fulfilled the selection criteria. Ten medical specialties were included: Internal Medicine (11 studies), Pediatrics (6 studies), Obstetrics and Gynecology (6 studies), Anesthesiology (4 studies), Surgery (3 studies), Family Medicine (3 studies), Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (3 studies), Psychiatry and Neurology (2 studies), Otolaryngology (1 study), and Neurological Surgery (1 study). The overall acceptance of CAM was 52% (95%CI, 42–62%). Family Medicine reported the highest acceptance, followed by Psychiatry and Neurology, Neurological Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Anesthesiology, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Internal Medicine, and Surgery. The overall use of CAM was 45% (95% CI, 37–54%). The highest use of CAM was by the Obstetrics and Gynecology, followed by Family Medicine, Psychiatry and Neurology, Pediatrics, Otolaryngology, Anesthesiology, Internal Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Surgery. Based on the studies, meta-regression showed no statistically significant difference across geographic regions, economic levels of the country, or sampling methods. Conclusion Acceptance and use of CAM varied across medical specialists. CAM was accepted and used the most by Family Medicine but the least by Surgery. Findings from this systematic review could be useful for strategic harmonization of CAM and conventional medicine practice. Systematic review registration PROSPERO CRD42019125628 Graphical abstract

Healthcare ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 153
Francesco Di Basilio ◽  
Gianluca Esposisto ◽  
Lisa Monoscalco ◽  
Daniele Giansanti

Background. The study deals with the introduction of the artificial intelligence in digital radiology. There is a growing interest in this area of scientific research in acceptance and consensus studies involving both insiders and the public, based on surveys focused mainly on single professionals. Purpose. The goal of the study is to perform a contemporary investigation on the acceptance and the consensus of the three key professional figures approaching in this field of application: (1) Medical specialists in image diagnostics: the medical specialists (MS)s; (2) experts in physical imaging processes: the medical physicists (MP)s; (3) AI designers: specialists of applied sciences (SAS)s. Methods. Participants (MSs = 92: 48 males/44 females, averaged age 37.9; MPs = 91: 43 males/48 females, averaged age 36.1; SAS = 90: 47 males/43 females, averaged age 37.3) were properly recruited based on specific training. An electronic survey was designed and submitted to the participants with a wide range questions starting from the training and background up to the different applications of the AI and the environment of application. Results. The results show that generally, the three professionals show (a) a high degree of encouraging agreement on the introduction of AI both in imaging and in non-imaging applications using both standalone applications and/or mHealth/eHealth, and (b) a different consent on AI use depending on the training background. Conclusions. The study highlights the usefulness of focusing on both the three key professionals and the usefulness of the investigation schemes facing a wide range of issues. The study also suggests the importance of different methods of administration to improve the adhesion and the need to continue these investigations both with federated and specific initiatives.

2022 ◽  
Jorge Machado Alba

Introduction:Greater patient satisfaction with his or her inhalation device is associated with better adherence to pharmacological therapy and better clinical outcomes, such as improved quality of life, greater asthma control and fewer exacerbations. Objective: To determine the satisfaction level of a group of patients diagnosed with bronchial asthma with respect to their devices for inhalation of bronchodilators and glucocorticoids. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of patients treated in the Colombian health system. Satisfaction with inhalation devices was evaluated with the FSI-10 instrument (Evaluation of Satisfaction with the Inhaler). A score of ≥ 44 points indicated high satisfaction. Results: In total, 362 patients from 59 cities were identified, their median age was 55 years, and 74.6% were women. The average score was 44.6; 68.5% of patients showed high satisfaction, especially with metered-dose inhalers, and 63.4% did not use them with an inhalocamera. Users of metered-dose inhalers (OR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.05–3.10) and those who received training by medical specialists (OR: 2.29; 95% CI: 1.33–3.97) had high satisfaction, while patients who were older (40–64 vs. <40 years: OR: 0.38; 95% CI: 0.19–0.78 and ≥ 65 vs. <40 years: OR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.15–0.81), resided in the Caribbean region (OR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.29–0.81) and had a university education (OR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0, 32–0.90) had lower satisfaction. Conclusions: The majority of patients with asthma used metered-dose inhalers without an inhalocamera, and their overall satisfaction was higher than that of patients using other inhalation devices. Patients who received special training from medical specialists showed better satisfaction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (8) ◽  
pp. 3090
O. M. Drapkina ◽  
R. N. Shepel ◽  
L. Yu. Drozdova ◽  
D. O. Orlov

Aim. To assess the awareness and engagement of health professionals in Russia in the main aspects of cardiovascular disease prevention.Material and methods. In order to assess engagement and awareness, an online survey of Russian primary health care providers was conducted in March 2021. The survey was conducted using original questionnaire, which includes the main questions aimed at early identification of patients with modifiable cardiovascular risk factors.Results. In case of newly diagnosed hypercholesterolemia and elevated blood pressure during screening, 91,8% (n=458) of the surveyed medical specialists record the results and immediately consult the patient on these issues. Similar responses was obtained by 93% (n=464) of doctors for patients with previously prescribed antihypertensive and/or lipid-lowering therapy. In addition, 46,5% (n=232) responded that during screening, 10-30% of patients had newly diagnosed hypertension and/or total cholesterol >5 mmol/L. A total of 28,9% (n=144) of respondents noted that 30-50% of patients with newly diagnosed hypertension and/or total cholesterol >5 mmol/L are detected at screening. It is noteworthy that 41,9% (n=209) of physicians devote 1 to 5 minutes to a patient, describing the changes in lifestyle, diet and physical activity. For 35,1% (n=175) of the respondents, this takes from 5 to 10 minutes, 22% (n=110) — >10 minutes, while ~5 respondents refer patients to another specialist for this purpose.Conclusion. The survey showed a high awareness of medical specialists in the need to monitor and modify risk factors. However, ~40% of surveyed doctors do not devote enough time to explaining issues of modifying lifestyle, diet and physical activity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Jonas Czwikla ◽  
Annika Schmidt ◽  
Maike Schulz ◽  
Ansgar Gerhardus ◽  
Guido Schmiemann ◽  

Abstract Background Nursing home residents have high medical care needs. Their medical care utilization is, however, lower compared to community-dwelling elderly and varies widely among nursing homes. This study quantified the utilization of general practitioners (GPs), dentists, and medical specialists among nursing homes and residents, and investigated whether dentist utilization is associated with individual and nursing home characteristics. Methods Forty-four nursing homes invited 2124 residents to participate in a cross-sectional study. For 10 medical specialties, data on contacts in nursing homes, practices, and by telephone in the last 12 months were assessed at individual and nursing home level. The proportion of nursing homes and residents with any form of contact, and the median number and interquartile range (IQR) of contacts among individuals with contact were determined. Using multilevel logistic regression, associations between the probability of individual dental care utilization and sex, age, LTC grade, years of residence, sponsorship, number of nursing home beds, and transport and medical escort services for consultations at a practice were investigated. Results The proportion of nursing homes with any form of contact with physicians ranged from 100% for GPs, dentists, and urologists to 76.7% for gynecologists and orthopedists. Among the nursing homes, 442 residents participated (20.8% response). The proportion of residents with any contact varied from 97.8% for GPs, 38.5% for neurologists/psychiatrists, and 32.3% for dentists to 3.0% for gynecologists. Only for GPs, neurologists/psychiatrists, dentists, otorhinolaryngologists, urologists, and dermatologists, the proportion was higher for nursing home contacts than for practice and telephone contacts. Among residents with any contact, the median number of contacts was highest for GPs (11.0 [IQR 7.0-16.0]), urologists (4.0 [IQR 2.0-7.0]), and neurologists/psychiatrists (3.0 [IQR 2.0-5.0]). Dentist utilization varied widely among nursing homes (median odds ratio 2.5) and was associated with higher age. Conclusions Almost all residents had regular contact to GPs, but only one third had contact with dentists. Lower proportions with contact were found for medical specialists, except for neurologists/psychiatrists. Reasons for the large variations in dental care utilization among nursing homes should be identified. Trial registration DRKS00012383 [2017/12/06].

2021 ◽  
Vol 29 (2) ◽  
Aneliya Kozleva ◽  
Stefania Belomazheva-Dimitrova

Preventive healthcare is a top priority in modern health policy. As its main elements, the health education and health culture of the population are essential. Medical specialists bear almost little responsibility for their development and quality. Educators, the school as an institution, the family and society have a key role to play in this regard. In Bulgaria, health education is not present as an independent subject at school. It is embedded in various classroom and extracurricular forms of education. The purpose of this study is to establish the level of health knowledge among 14–19-year-old Bulgarian students achieved through the education system, family and social environment. It also explores the possibilities for enhancing the health competence of high school students.

Psychiatria ◽  
2021 ◽  
Klaudia Adamczewska-Chmiel ◽  
Martyna Bień ◽  
Katarzyna Dudzic ◽  
Krzysztof Krysta ◽  
Marek Krzystanek


The article is devoted to such an important aspect of future medical specialists’ professional activity as communication. It is a tool for diagnosing and solving morphological-anatomical, psychological, therapeutic, field-specific tasks, when the specialist uses terminological and professional communication (doctor’s communication with a patient and his/her family, medical staff). The essence of the concept «exercise» is considered. The focus is on the methodological effectiveness of the developed set of activities aimed at the formation of professional communicative competency of foreign students of medical specialties during the classes of Business Ukrainian Language in higher education institutions. The didactic material involved corresponds to the educational purpose and educational objectives. It is mentioned that each exercise has a clear structure: 1) purpose – the formation of future medical specialists’ business communication skills (providing arguments, learning techniques and rules of reasoned discourse, discussing issues in an effective and rational way, answering questions clearly, effective interaction, group decision-making, generating ideas, modeling professional activities to find the most constructive models); 2) tasks aimed at producing their own language and speech patterns; 3) guidelines and models for the task; 4) materials that imitate the subject and social contexts of professional activity, promote the development of various types of speech activity (listening, speaking, reading, writing). Doing the activities, students simulate professional communicative situations. It requires them to analyze theoretical knowledge, which is the basis for making effective decisions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
pp. 245-256
Stéphanie van der Burgt ◽  
Anne de la croix ◽  
Gerda Croiset ◽  
Marike Broekman ◽  
Saskia Peerdeman ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
K. J. Anneveldt ◽  
I. M. Verpalen ◽  
I. M. Nijholt ◽  
J. R. Dijkstra ◽  
R. D. van den Hoed ◽  

Abstract Background Although promising results have been reported for Magnetic Resonance image-guided High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MR-HIFU) treatment of uterine fibroids, this treatment is not yet widely implemented in clinical practice. During the implementation of a new technology, lessons are learned and an institutional learning-curve often has to be completed. The primary aim of our prospective cohort study was to characterize our learning-curve based on our clinical outcomes. Secondary aims included identifying our lessons learned during implementation of MR-HIFU on a technical, patient selection, patient counseling, medical specialists and organizational level. Results Our first seventy patients showed significant symptom reduction and improvement of quality of life at 3, 6 and 12 months after MR-HIFU treatment compared to baseline. After the first 25 cases, a clear plateau phase was reached in terms of failed treatments. The median non-perfused volume percentage of these first 25 treatments was 44.6% (range: 0–99.7), compared to a median of 74.7% (range: 0–120.6) for the subsequent treatments. Conclusions Our findings describe the learning-curve during the implementation of MR-HIFU and include straightforward suggestions to shorten learning-curves for future users. Moreover, the lessons we learned on technique, patient selection, patient counseling, medical specialists and organization, together with the provided supplements, may be of benefit to other institutions aiming to implement MR-HIFU treatment of uterine fibroids. Trial registration ISRCTN14634593. Registered January 12, 2021—Retrospectively registered,

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