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2022 ◽  
Vol 72 ◽  
pp. 103339
Lulu Wang ◽  
Huazheng Zhu ◽  
Zhongshi He ◽  
Yuanyuan Jia ◽  
Jinglong Du

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Guohua Zhou ◽  
Bing Lu ◽  
Xuelong Hu ◽  
Tongguang Ni

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can have a good diagnostic function for important organs and parts of the body. MRI technology has become a common and important disease detection technology. At the same time, medical imaging data is increasing at an explosive rate. Retrieving similar medical images from a huge database is of great significance to doctors’ auxiliary diagnosis and treatment. In this paper, combining the advantages of sparse representation and metric learning, a sparse representation-based discriminative metric learning (SRDML) approach is proposed for medical image retrieval of brain MRI. The SRDML approach uses a sparse representation framework to learn robust feature representation of brain MRI, and uses metric learning to project new features into the metric space with matching discrimination. In such a metric space, the optimal similarity measure is obtained by using the local constraints of atoms and the pairwise constraints of coding coefficients, so that the distance between similar images is less than the given threshold, and the distance between dissimilar images is greater than another given threshold. The experiments are designed and tested on the brain MRI dataset created by Chang. Experimental results show that the SRDML approach can obtain satisfactory retrieval performance and achieve accurate brain MRI image retrieval.

V Shwetha ◽  
C. H. Renu Madhavi ◽  
Kumar M. Nagendra

In this research article, we have proposed a novel technique to operate on the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data images which can be classified as image classification, segmentation and image denoising. With the efficient utilization of MRI images the medical experts are able to identify the medical disorders such as tumors which are correspondent to the brain. The prime agenda of the study is to organize brain into healthy and brain with tumor in brain with the test MRI data as considered. The MRI based technique is an methodology to study brain tumor based information for the better detailing of the internal body images when compared to other technique such as Computed Tomography (CT).Initially the MRI image is denoised using Anisotropic diffusion filter, then MRI image is segmented using Morphological operations, to classify the images for the disorder CNN based hybrid technique is incorporated, which is associated with five different set of layers with the pairing of pooling and convolution layers for the comparatively improved performance than other existing technique. The considered data base for the designed model is a publicly available and tested KAGGLE database for the brain MRI images which has resulted in the accuracy of 88.1%.

Ahmed Shihab Ahmed ◽  
Hussein Ali Salah

The technology <span>of the multimodal brain image registration is the key method for accurate and rapid diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases. For achieving high-resolution image registration, a fast sub pixel registration algorithm is used based on single-step discrete wavelet transform (DWT) combined with phase convolution neural network (CNN) to classify the registration of brain tumors. In this work apply the genetic algorithm and CNN clasifcation in registration of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image. This approach follows eight steps, reading the source of MRI brain image and loading the reference image, enhencment all MRI images by bilateral filter, transforming DWT image by applying the DWT2, evaluating (fitness function) each MRI image by using entropy, applying the genetic algorithm, by selecting the two images based on rollout wheel and crossover of the two images, the CNN classify the result of subtraction to normal or abnormal, “in the eighth one,” the Arduino and global system for mobile (GSM) 8080 are applied to send the message to patient. The proposed model is tested on MRI Medical City Hospital in Baghdad database consist 550 normal and 350 abnormal and split to 80% training and 20 testing, the proposed model result achieves the 98.8% </span>accuracy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 0-0

Brain tumor (Glioma) is one of the deadliest diseases that attack humans, now even men or women aged 20-30 are suffering from this disease. To cure tumor in a person, doctors use MRI machine, because the results of MRI images are proven to provide better image results than CT-Scan images, but sometimes it is difficult to distinguish between the MRI images having tumors with that images not having tumor from MRI image results. It is because of resulting contrast is like any other normal organ. However, using features of image processing techniques like scaling, contrast enhancement and thresh-holding based in Deep Neural Networks the scheme can classify the results more appropriately and with high accuracy. In this paper, this study reveals the nitty-gritty of Brain tumor (Gliomas) and Deep Learning techniques for better inception in the field of computer-vision.

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (B) ◽  
pp. 26-30
Bestia Kumala Wardani ◽  
Yuyun Yueniwati ◽  
Agus Naba

BACKGROUND: Primary malignant brain tumor and metastases on the brain have a similar pattern in conventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), even though both require entirely different treatment and management. The pathophysiological difference of peritumoral edema can help to distinguish the case of primary malignant brain tumor and brain metastases. AIM: This study aimed to analyze the ratio of the area of peritumoral edema to the tumor using Otsu’s method of image segmentation technique with a user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI). METODS: Data was prepared by obtaining the examination results of Anatomical Pathology and MRI imaging. The area of peritumoral edema was identified from MRI image segmentation with T2/FLAIR sequence. While the area of tumor was identified using MRI image segmentation with T1 sequence. RESULTS: The Mann-Whitney test was employed to analyze the ratio of the area of peritumoral edema to tumor on both groups. Data testing produced a significance level of 0.013 (p < 0.05) with a median value (Nmax-Nmin) of 1.14 (3.31-0.08) for the primary malignant brain tumor group and a median value (Nmax-Nmin) of 1.17 (10.30-0.90) for the brain metastases group. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant difference in the ratio of the area of peritumoral edema to the area of tumor from both groups, in which brain metastases have a greater value than the primary malignant brain tumor.

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