discrepancy analysis
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Diagnostics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 34
Sung Jin Jo ◽  
Hyun Mi Kang ◽  
Jung Ok Kim ◽  
Hanwool Cho ◽  
Woong Heo ◽  

Infectious diarrhea is a global pediatric health concern; therefore, rapid and accurate detection of enteropathogens is vital. We evaluated the BioFire® FilmArray® Gastrointestinal (GI) Panel with that of comparator laboratory tests. Stool samples of pediatric patients with diarrhea were prospectively collected and tested. As a comparator method for bacteria, culture, conventional PCR for diarrheagenic E. coli, and Allplex GI-Bacteria(I) Assay were tested. For discrepancy analysis, BD MAX Enteric Bacterial Panel was used. As a comparator method for virus, BD MAX Enteric Virus Panel and immunochromatography was used and Allplex GI-Virus Assay was used for discrepancy analysis. The “true positive” was defined as culture-positive and/or positive results from more than two molecular tests. Of the 184 stool samples tested, 93 (50.5%) were true positive for 128 pathogens, and 31 (16.9%) were positive for multiple pathogens. The BioFire GI Panel detected 123 pathogens in 90 of samples. The BioFire GI Panel demonstrated a sensitivity of 100% for 12 targets and a specificity of >95% for 16 targets. The overall positive rate and multiple pathogen rate among patients in the group without underlying diseases were significantly higher than those in the group with hematologic disease (57.0% vs. 28.6% (p = 0.001) and 20.4% vs. 4.8% (p = 0.02), respectively). The BioFire GI Panel provides comprehensive results within 2 h and may be useful for the rapid identification of enteropathogens.

2021 ◽  
Hsi-Tseng Chou ◽  
Jake W. Liu ◽  
Teng Chang ◽  
Yi-Sheng Chang
X Band ◽  

Björn Herrmann ◽  
Karin Malm

AbstractThe new Abbott Alinity m STI Assay was compared with Abbott m2000 RealTime PCR. For Chlamydia trachomatis, 26 (7.5%) of 347 samples were positive in the Alinity assay and 24 (6.9%) in the m2000 assay. Corresponding figures for Neisseria gonorrhoeae were 23 (6.6%) and 17 (4.9%). For Mycoplasma genitalium, 22 (7.9%) of 279 samples were positive in the Alinity assay and 18 (6.5%) in the m2000 assay, for which DNA extraction was performed on an m2000sp instrument combined with in-house real-time PCR. The Alinity assay has at least the same sensitivity as the m2000 assay. The specificity was evaluated by discrepancy analysis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (4) ◽  
Gustavo dos Santos De Lucca ◽  
Anderson Daleffe ◽  
Gustavo Sebastião Scheffer ◽  
Marcio Afonso de Souza ◽  
Clauber Roberto Marques ◽  

Heather Yoeli ◽  
Jane Macnaughton

Anecdotal experience and qualitative accounts suggest that singing groups, classes or choirs specifically for people with COPD (henceforth referred to as COPD-SGs) are effective in improving health. However, this is not reflected in the quantitative evidence. This meta-ethnography deployed phenomenological methods to explore this discrepancy. Analysis identified the phenomena of being together, being uplifted and being involved as central benefits of COPD-SGs. When viewed through the phenomenological lens of body-social as distinct from body-subject and body-object, findings demonstrated that the qualitative effectiveness of COPD-SGs is greatest on a collective basis. Qualitative research into the effectiveness of COPD-SGs offers more favourable results because phenomenological approaches can identify collective benefits that quantitative methods cannot. COPD-SGs should seek to maximise these collective benefits by rediscovering their cultural and artistic heritage within the national and global Arts in Health (AiH) movement, which has long emphasised the radical creative and healing power of group activity.

2020 ◽  
Vol 20 (5) ◽  
pp. 1341-1350 ◽  
Katelynn Madill‐Thomsen ◽  
Agnieszka Perkowska‐Ptasińska ◽  
Georg A. Böhmig ◽  
Farsad Eskandary ◽  
Gunilla Einecke ◽  

2019 ◽  
Vol 26 (1) ◽  
pp. 48
I Putu Suyoga Dharma ◽  
Pande Agus Adiwijaya

This research aimed at discovering the readiness of English teachers in implementing authentic assessment in Senior High Schools which would implement curriculum 2013 in Bangli Regency. This is an evaluative study with discrepancy analysis approach proposed by Provust. Here, the idealimplementation of authentic assessment was compared to the real implementation by the English teachers. Two English teachers in SMAN 2 Bangli and SMAN 1 Tembuku were taken as the subjects of the research. The objects involved planning, executing, and reporting of authentic assessment in the form of portfolio, performance, project, and self-assessment. To collect the data, three rubrics for planning, executing, and reporting with Likert scale were used. This research discovers: 1) interms of planning, the teachers’ readiness is classified into average, 2) in terms of execution, the teachers’ readiness is classified into not ready, and 3) in terms of reporting, the teachers’ readiness is classified into not ready. There were three main problems faced by the teachers in implementingauthentic assessment, namely: a) lack of authentic assessment knowledge, b) lack of experience in designing authentic assessment, and c) lack of sharing from friends who get workshop about authentic assessment. From this research, it is suggested that a) teachers to join workshop and toread references about authentic assessment, and b) government should held more workshop about authentic assessment.

2019 ◽  
Vol 35 (3) ◽  
pp. 05019001 ◽  
Seongah Kim ◽  
Sangyoon Chin ◽  
Soonwook Kwon

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